Natural Sciences Courses

Natural Sciences Courses

Biochemistry

BCH 313: General Biochemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the chemistry and metabolism of bio-molecules. Topics include structure, properties, biosynthesis, and catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and porphyrins. Also discussed are the roles of enzymes, vitamins and coenzymes in biocatalysis. Science credit may not be earned for both BCH 313 and BCH 317. Prerequisites: BIO 110; CHE 301. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BCH 313L: Biochemistry Laboratory

1 Credit Hour(s)

Fundamental techniques in general biochemistry. Corequisite: BCH 313. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BCH 317: Bioorganic Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to basic organic chemistry with biochemistry. Intended for Physician Assistant and Physical Therapy majors. Prerequisites: CHE 111/L; BIO 110/L. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BCH 317L: Bioorganic Chemistry Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Lab techniques in organic chemistry and biochemistry. Corequisite: BCH 317. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BCH 401: Biological Organic Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

An exploration of the chemical structures, stereo- chemistry and reactions of organic molecules of biological importance such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Prerequisites: CHE 302 and BCH 313. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BCH 440: Molecular Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as BIO 440. A detailed presentation of the structure and function of biological molecules and macromolecular complexes. The experimental approaches used in modern laboratories are emphasized. Prerequisites: BCH 313 and 313L. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BCH 440L: Molecular Biology Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as BIO 440L. Laboratory techniques and experimentation involving proteins and nucleic acids. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in BCH 440. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

Biology

BIO 100: Introduction to Biological Science

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An introduction to the concepts of biology through the study of the structure, function and evolution of living organisms. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 103: Human Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A survey of the major aspects of human biology. Emphasis is placed on structure and function of the human body. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 105: Survey of Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to help students develop the critical reading and reasoning skills that are required to be a successful science student. Topics covered in the course include improving study strategies, comprehension & reasoning, critical data interpretation, and examination techniques.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 109: General Biology I

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A study of the basic principles of biology. Part I focuses on the molecular and cellular aspects of living systems and evolution. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry, minimum mathematics competency of MTH 124 or equivalent course or math placement. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 109L: General Biology I Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Lab techniques and experimentation in biological processes with emphasis on cellular level processes. Co or prerequisite: BIO 109. Laboratory, 2 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 110: General Biology II

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A study of the basic principles of biology. Part II deals with systematic organization and function of living organisms and ecology. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in BIO 109. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 110L: General Biology II Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory examination of the structure, function and classification of organisms. Co or prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in BIO 109L. Laboratory, 2 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 117: Human Nutrition

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to human nutrition and dietary needs with relevant discussion of basic structure and function of the human body. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 118: Anatomy of Movement

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Discusses the principles and physical movements of Yoga and Tai Chi. Students will learn to analyze movements and understand the role of muscles, tendon and joints in a posture. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 200: Science and Contemporary Social Issues

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Contextual Integration; Information Literacy. Provides the basic scientific background requisite to understanding the science behind important contemporary issues such as genetic engineering, stem cell research, cloning, reproductive technologies, the genetic basis of behavior (e.g., violence), and pressing environmental concerns. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 207: Anatomy and Physiology I

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 207L: Anatomy and Physiology I Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques and study in Anatomy and Physiology I. Co-requisite: BIO 207.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 208: Anatomy and Physiology II

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Prerequisite: BIO 207.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 208L: Anatomy and Physiology Lab II

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques and study in Anatomy and Physiology II. Co-requisite: BIO 208.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 219: Introduction to Microbiology

4 Credit Hour(s)

This course is an overview of the fundamental principles of microbiology, including morphology, activities and distribution of microbes, culture methods, diseases of microbial etiology and some aspects of applied microbiology for the health sciences. Laboratory emphasis is on bacterial culturing, aseptic technique, identification of organisms, and the exploration of conditions necessary for microbial growth as well as microbial control. Pre-requisite: High school biology; limited to students at Manhattan site. Corequisite: BIO 219L.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 219L: Introduction to Microbiology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory emphasis is on bacterial culturing, aseptic technique, identification of organisms, and the exploration of conditions necessary for microbial growth as well as microbial control. Corequisite: BIO 219.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 302: General Ecology

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the study of populations, communities and ecosystems with emphasis on theory and experimentation. Prerequisites: BIO-109 and BIO 110; MTH 134 or equivalent; or permission of the instructor. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 302L: General Ecology Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Lab includes field and laboratory experimentation in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on experimental design, data analysis and scientific writing. Laboratory, 3 hours. Corequisite: BIO 302.
Session: Fall
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 303: Plant Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

An overview of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of the plant kingdom. Lab includes field identification, plant structure, and physiological experimentation. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 303L: Plant Biology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory, 3 hours, in Plant Biology. Co-requisite: BIO 303.
Session: Fall
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 304: Conservation Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as SUST 304. An interdisciplinary science course that combines theory and applied research to address the problems of widespread loss of biological and genetic diversity. Prerequisite: BIO 110, and CMP 101. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 308: Genetics

3 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the fundamental principles of genetics from viruses through humans, focusing on transmission and molecular genetics. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110; CHE 101 or CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring).
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 308L: Genetics Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques and experimentation in genetics. Co or prerequisite: BIO 308. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring).
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 315: General Microbiology

3 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the structure, classification, physiology, ecology, genetics and economic importance of viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotic microorganisms. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110 and CHE 111.
Session: Fall and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 315L: General Microbiology Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the structure, classification, physiology, genetics and economic importance of viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotic microorganisms. Pre or corequisite: BIO 315.
Session: Fall and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 316: Anatomy and Physiology

4 Credit Hour(s)

A survey of the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology and dissection and experimentation to enhance the understanding of human systems. Intended for healthcare studies students and other non-majors. Prerequisite: BIO 103 or 109. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 2 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 316L: Anatomy and Physiology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Anatomy & Physiology. Co-requisite: BIO 316.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 319: Costa Rica Natural History/Conservation

3 Credit Hour(s)

This field-based study-abroad course will provide students with both an international and interdisciplinary environmental experience in Costa Rica. Students will be exposed to the biodiversity of multiple ecosystems and the issues related to conservation and ecotourism in Costa Rica. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 322: Invertebrate Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

A comprehensive study of the anatomy, physiology and classification of invertebrates. Lab includes field identification. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 322L: Invertebrate Biology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Invertebrate Biology. Corequisite: BIO 322.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 323: Animal Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

An overview of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of the animal kingdom. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 324: Vertebrate Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

A comprehensive study of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of vertebrates. Lab includes field identification. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 324L: Vertebrate Biology

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Vertebrate Biology. Corequisite: BIO 324.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 325: Cell Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

A study of structure/function relationships in cells. Topics include cell theory, research techniques, nuclear and cell division, cytoplasmic organelles and biological membranes. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Offered Alternate Years (Fall).
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 325L: Cell Biology Lab Laboratory

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to complement and expand on topics of cellular biology covered in the accompanying lecture, Bio 325: Cell Biology. The course deepens student understanding of lecture topics by providing supplemental instruction and practical, hands-on manipulation of cellular material. The course is designed to introduce students to many commonly used biological laboratory techniques and provide a foundation for the use of these methods in subsequent upper-division courses. Pre/corequisite: BIO-325.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 330: General Anatomy

4 Credit Hour(s)

A course in systemic anatomy covering the morphology of the human body along with the functional potential of its parts. (Not open to those who have taken BIO 207 BIO 208.) Prerequisite: BIO 100, BIO 103, or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall).
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 330L: General Anatomy Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Anatomy. Corequisite: BIO 330.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 333: Developmental Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the reproductive mechanisms and development of multi-cellular organisms. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 333L: Developmental Biology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Developmental Biology. Corequisite: BIO 333.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 335: Animal Behavior

4 Credit Hour(s)

An evolutionary and ecological approach to ethology including study of neuronal, hormonal and physiological mechanisms underlying adaptive behavior of animals. Laboratory includes observations and quantification of behavior in zoo, field and lab settings. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 335L: Animal Behavior Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Animal Behavior. Corequisite: BIO 335.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 337: Dinosaur Paleobiology

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course focuses on the Dinosauria; a clade of archosaurs that is now totally (or, depending on who you talk to, partially) extinct. Although this course will primarily be looking at this taxon, we will also be exploring greater topics based within historical science in general that must be understood in order to have a firm grasp of the more specific material. In addition, the dinosaurs are a charismatic group, and we will talk about their application outside of science. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 340: General Physiology

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to general physiology. Emphasis placed on cellular physiology, biological control mechanisms and coordinated body functions. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHE 101 or CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 2 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 340L: General Physiology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Physiology. Corequisite: BIO 340.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 343: Comparative Vertebrate Physiology

4 Credit Hour(s)

Lecture only fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Why do certain animals only live in certain environments? Students will be able to answer this question by evaluating the roles of each major organ system within vertebrates and, through student-chosen examples, explaining how each system has evolved to address specific environmental challenges. By doing this, students will develop a more holistic understanding for how these organ systems work in combination with each other. This class requires students to deliver 5 in-class presentations throughout the term. Prerequisites: BIO 109/L and BIO 110/L.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 343L: Comparative Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques and study in vertebrate physiology; 3 experimental topics and a field trip (and completion of a project) to the zoo are included in this lab. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 344: Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

4 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to establish a fundamental understanding of the functional significance of anatomical structures across vertebrates. The evolution of the entire group will be discussed, as the relationship between organisms is reflected within their anatomy. A "systems-approach" will be taken, and each organ system will be considered for the diversity of vertebrates. The structuring of anatomical features will be discussed in reference to its biomechanical and functional significance, as well as how it caters to the lifestyle of said organism. Although memorization is an essential part of any anatomy class, we will focus less on recall and identification and more on the "logic" behind the structure/function relationship of the anatomical features investigated. Pre requisite: BIO-110/L. Corequisite: BIO 344.
Session: Fall
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 344L: Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. Corequisite: BIO 344.
Session: Fall
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 350: Vertebrate Paleontology

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the study of the origin and evolution of the vertebrates using the fossil record. Dinosaurs and the American mastodon will serve as examples of how we reconstruct organisms and environments from the remote past. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
Session: As Needed (UG)

BIO 407: Pathophysiology

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to present information to the professional RN regarding alterations in the physiology of adult patients with common acute chronic disease specifically related to the pulmonary, renal, cardiovascular, endocrine, hematologic, immune, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and neurologic systems. It is based on a systems approach and is intended to promote an understanding of how and why symptoms appear, so that the student has a reasonable explanation for the finding he/she elicits on assessment. This course also assists the student in developing a comprehensive approach to the management of patient problems associated with the aforementioned problems. Emphasis is placed on decision making that utilizes a complete data base consisting of physical, psychological, environmental, social and economic findings. Prerequisite: Nursing majors only or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

BIO 417: Immunology

3 Credit Hour(s)

A detailed study of the principles of immunology. The course focuses on the details of the nonspecific and specific defenses of the body, immunological dysfunction and immunodiagnostics. Prerequisite: BIO 315 and CHE 101 or CHE 111.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 436: Evolutionary Biology

4 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the development and current state of evolutionary biology. Critical discussion of important writings in the field is emphasized. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110 plus two 300- level biology courses, MTH 134. Lecture, 3 hours; Seminar, 2 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 436L: Evolutionary Biology Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques in Evolutionary Biology. Co-requisite: BIO 436.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

BIO 440: Molecular Biology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as BCH 440. A detailed presentation of the structure and function of biological molecules and macromolecular complexes. The experimental approaches used in modern laboratories are emphasized. Prerequisite: BCH 313 and 313L. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 440L: Molecular Biology Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as BCH 440L. Laboratory techniques and experimentation involving proteins and nucleic acids. Co-requisite: BIO 440. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

BIO 541: Neurobiology I

4 Credit Hour(s)

An integrated study of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Topics include surface anatomy and blood supply of the brain, meninges, sensory receptors and the electrical properties of neuronal membranes. Prerequisites: BIO 340 and professional phase status in Physical Therapy, or by permission of Natural Science Dept. Chair. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 2 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

BIO 541L: Neurobiology I Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Neurobiology I. Corequisite: BIO 541.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

BIO 542: Neurobiology II

4 Credit Hour(s)

A continuation of the study of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Topics include neuroanatomical pathways, motor control systems, and physiology of synapses. Prerequisite: BIO 541. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory 2 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

BIO 542L: Neurobiology II Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Neurobiology II. Corequisite: BIO 542.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

Chemistry

CHE 100: Chemistry for a Changing World

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the major concepts of chemistry with a focus on the application of chemical principles to everyday life. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 101: General Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An introduction to inorganic chemistry. Topics include bonding, equations, reactivity, solutions, and equilibrium. This course cannot be used as science elective credit for science majors. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry or MTH 97 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 101L: General Chemistry Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to laboratory techniques in chemistry required of students in the Environmental Studies program who do not take CHE 110L. Corequisite:CHE 101.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 102: Preparation for Chemistry I

3 Credit Hour(s)

This is a preparatory course for the study of general chemistry for science majors (CHE110) and is offered ONLY to students who choose to leave CHE110 due to anticipated unacceptable performance in CHE 110. The course will focus on major areas of problem solving needed for introductory chemistry and the appropriate manipulation of numbers. Topics covered: mass and unit conversions to and from the metric system; atomic structure and nomenclature for compounds; balancing chemical reactions and making chemical conversions through stoichiometric relationships; correctly writing and interpreting various types of reactions to aqueous solutions and balancing redox reactions; using the gas laws to predict properties of the gases, and to predict the reacted or expected amounts within chemical reactions of reactant or product gases. Successful completion of the course allows students to proceed to CHE 110. Pre-requisite: Prior enrollment but non-completion of CHE 110/L.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 102L: Prep for Chemistry I Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

A laboratory course to accompany CHE 102. The focus of these experiments will be on major areas of problem solving. Prerequisite: Prior enrollment but non-completion of CHE 110L.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 104: General Chemistry

4 Credit Hour(s)

This course is a continuation of CHE 101. The focus of the course is the fundamental structure and properties of the major classes of organic compounds with particular reference to organic molecules and biopolymers that are important in pharmacology, nutrition and medicine such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. The course is primarily intended for those who are interested in nursing or health care studies majors. May not be taken for science elective credit by science majors. Course cannot be used in place of CHE 301 or BCH 317. Not offered at Main campus.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 110: Chemistry I

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the basic principles, theories and techniques of chemistry. Topics include stoichiometry, atomic structure, bonding, states of matter, equilibrium, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry and chemical reactions. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry; mathematics competency of MTH 124 or higher. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 110L: Chemistry I Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Chemistry I. Corequisite: CHE 110.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 111: Chemistry II

4 Credit Hour(s)

A continuation of the study of the basic principles, theories and techniques of chemistry. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in CHE 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 111L: Chemistry II Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Chemistry II. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in CHE 110. Corequisite: CHE 111.
Session: Fall and Spring and Summer
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 112: Introduction to Forensic Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

A fundamental exploration of forensic chemical techniques, data analysis, and formal presentation of data collected. Chemical techniques for this course include fingerprinting techniques, chromatography, density gradients, and spectroscopy. Prerequisites: CHE 101 or CHE 110.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 112L: Introduction to Forensic Chemistry Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for general forensic chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 112.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 301: Organic Chemistry I

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to organic functional groups. Bonding, reaction mechanisms, synthetic chemistry, isomers (position, functional and stereo), oxidation-reduction and the chemistry of organic molecules are covered. Science credit may not be earned for both BCH 317 and CHE 301. Prerequisites: CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 301L: Organic Chemistry I Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to organic techniques and synthesis. Pre/corequisite: CHE 301. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 302: Organic Chemistry II

3 Credit Hour(s)

An expanded view of reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry. The development of a more complete synthetic correlation chart. Special topics include spectroscopy and molecular rearrangements. Prerequisite: CHE 301. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 302L: Organic Chemistry II Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Organic synthesis and spectroscopy. Pre/corequisite: CHE 302. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 303: Introduction to Physical Chemistry

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to physical chemistry including thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics and quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: MTH 144, PHY 102 or PHY 152, CHE 302. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

CHE 303L: Introduction to Physical Chemistry Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Intro to Physical Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 303.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)

CHE 304: Advanced Physical Chemistry

4 Credit Hour(s)

A continuation of the study of the basic principles of physical chemistry. Prerequisite: CHE 303. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 304L: Advanced Physical Chemistry Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Advanced Topics in Physical Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 304.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 309: Chemistry III

3 Credit Hour(s)

A discussion of bonding theories, chemistry of the elements, coordination compounds and stereochemistry of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CHE 302/L.
Session: Spring
Year: Odd Years (UG)

CHE 311: Contemporary Chemical Analysis

4 Credit Hour(s)

The principles and techniques of quantitative analytical chemistry. The topics include gravimetric, volumetric, electrochemical and instrumental techniques. Prerequisite: CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 311L: Contemporary Chemical Analysis Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Contemporary Chemical Analysis. Corequisite: CHE 311.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

CHE 312: Modern Instrumental Analysis

4 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the use of modern analytical instruments. Theory of operation and hands-on practical applications are covered. Prerequisite: CHE 301 or BCH 317. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 312L: Modern Instrumental Analysis Laboratory

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Modern Instrumental Analysis. Corequisite: CHE 312.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 314: Chemistry of Emotion

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competencies Critical Thinking; Communication Skills; This course provides students with an overview of the endocrine and nervous systems. It focuses on an understanding of neuropeptides and their relationship to emotion. This course also includes various ways of understanding the complex pathways in which our emotions are influenced by environment and the role our emotions play on our health and overall well-being. Students are introduced to various therapies, both traditional and complementary, which can alter the type and amount of neuropeptides and neurotransmitters in the body.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 337: Forensic Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

An advanced approach to application of modern qualitative and quantitative techniques used in a forensic laboratory. The emphasis is on investigating common interferences that exist in forensic evidence along with how to work with unknown materials. Prerequisites: CHE 110, CHE 111 and BCH 317 or CHE 301.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 337L: Forensic Chemistry Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for Forensic Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 337.
Session: As Needed (UG)

CHE 410: Organic Chemistry III

3 Credit Hour(s)

A detailed study of reaction mechanisms, molecular rearrangements, stereochemistry and instrumental techniques. Prerequisites: CHE 302/L. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

Cytotechnology

CYT 507: Cytology of the Female Genital Tract- Squamous

2 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose benign through malignant squamous cell lesions in the female genital tract. A multitude of benign cervical cytologic changes will be addressed including identification of infectious agents. Human papillomavirus and its impact on cervical cytology will serve as a primary focus of this course. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 509: Cytology of the Female Genital Tract- Glandular and Other

2 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose benign through malignant glandular cell lesions in female genital tract. A multitude of endocervical and endometrial cytologic changes will be addressed. Other areas of interest addressed in this course include vulvar, ovarian, fallopian tube and uterine changes. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 510: Introduction to Cytology, Cytopreparation

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course serves as an introductory course to the realm of cytology. Areas of interest include laboratory safety, the profession of cytotechnology, and cytopreparation. Specifies to cytology will also be introduced, including fixatives, anatomy, and histology. The papanicolaou stain will concept of Pap smear to microscopic slide will be taught. Lastly, microscopic screening will be introduced by understanding the light microscope. All focus of this course will be on gynecologic specimens. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 605: Cytology of Body Cavity Fluids and Cerebrospinal Fluied

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of body cavity fluids (BCF) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to triage those specimens that are atypical, suspicious or malignant to IHC, flow cytometry and molecular testing. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 607: Cytology of the Respiratory Tract

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of the respiratory tract and to triage those specimens that are malignant to immunohistochemistry (IHC), flow cytometry and molecular testing. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 609: Cytology of the Urinary Tract

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of the urinary tract and to triage those specimens that are abnormal to the appropriate adjuctive testing (FISH, IHC, Flow cytometry). The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 610: Cytology Laboratory Management

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to introduce students to the fundamentals of cytology laboratory management. This course develops the cytotechnology students' ability to prepare and assist in the basic laboratory management techniques as applies to cytology. The course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 612: Cytology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and to triage those specimens that are abnormal to the appropriate adjunctive testing (IHC and Flow cytometry). This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 614: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology I: Collection Method, Breast, Thyroid, Lymph Node

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and to triage those specimens that are abnormal to the appropriate adjunctive testing (IHC and Flow cytometry). This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 615: Oncology for Scientists I

2 Credit Hour(s)

Defines the cancer cell morphologically, as well as molecularly, covering topics such as the cell cycle, cancer-associated genes, regulation of cancer cell expression, cancer genetics, carcinogenesis, metastasis, apoptosis, and laboratory research techniques.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 616: Oncology for Scientists II

2 Credit Hour(s)

Builds upon the theoretical basis of the previous semester, covering the immune system, hormones, chemotherapy and drug development. A large part of the semester deals with the clinical and pathological description of various organ systems presented by Institute medical staff. Ancillary lectures on cancer epidemiology, prevention, statistics, bioinformatics, and clinical treatment (chemotherapy, diagnostic imaging, radiation therapy, photodynamic therapy) are also presented. The students will also have the opportunity to meet with patients and their treating physicians. (Spring)
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 618: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology Ii: Salivary, Bone and Soft Tissue, Pancreas, Liver, Kidney, Adrenal, Metatases

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to fine needle aspiration cytology as well as the knowledge base needed to report and diagnose infectious, benign and malignant lesions of the salivary gland, bone and soft tissue, pancreas, liver, kidney, and adrenal glands. Metastatic tumors will be covered in full detail. Students will be able to triage those specimens that are abnormal to the appropriate adjunctive testing (FISH, IHC, Flow Cytometry). This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 620: Immunohistochemistry

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to introduce students to the fundamentals of immunohistochemical staining (IHC) and the use of IHC with cytrologic specimens. This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 641: Cytology Clinical Practicum I

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to engage in health related work based learning experience. This will enable the student to apply specialized occupational theory, skills and concepts. Direct supervision is provided by the clinical professional. The clinical rotations provide students with experience in local area clinical laboratories so that the student may demonstrate competency in each clinical student which will be a combination of on-site and off-site rotations.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 642: Cytology Clinical Practicum II

2 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to engage in a health-related work-based learning experience. This will enable the student to apply specialized occupational theory, skills, and concepts. Direct supervision is provided by the clinical professional. The clinical rotations provide students with the experience in local area clinical laboratories so that the student may demonstrate competency in each clinical area determined by the established objectives. A clinical schedule will be provided to each student which will be a combination of on-site and off-site rotations.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 643: Cytology Clinical Practicum III

3 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to engage in a health-related work-based learning experience. This will enable the student to apply specialized occupational theory, skills, and concepts. Direct supervision is provided by the clinical professional. The clinical rotations provide students with the experience in local area clinical laboratories so that the student may demonstrate competency in each clinical area determined by the established objectives. A clinical schedule will be provided to each student which will be a combination of on-site and off-site rotations.
Session: Summer
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 650: Cytology Research and Professional Development I

1 Credit Hour(s)

The Cytotechnology program culminates with completion of the research component of the program. The research project will be completed over multiple terms (one credit per term for a total of 3 credits). Students will demonstrate the ability to critically evaluate published professional literature and explain the basic principles of the scientific method. Students will perform a cytology related project for presentation and potential publication of their research findings. O
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 652: Cytology Research and Professional Development II

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge base needed to conduct and complete an advanced research/thesis project involving a study of interest in the cytopathology laboratory. This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (GR)

CYT 653: Cytology Research and Professional Development III

1 Credit Hour(s)

This course is designed to provide student with the knowledge base needed to conduct and complete an advanced reseach/thesis project involving a study of interest in the cytopathology laboratory. This course is offered off-site at Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
Session: Summer
Year: All Years (GR)

Environmental Studies

ENS 201: Introduction to Environmental Science

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A survey of ecological principles, human modifications of environment, population dynamics, environmental pollutants and the effects on ecological systems. Intended for non-science majors, cannot be used for major credit for science majors.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

ENS 205: Planet Earth I: Physical Features

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as NSC 205. An introduction to physical aspects of geology, hydrology, the atmosphere and oceanography of the Earth and the application of these principles from a scientific perspective to land use and planning. Cannot receive credit for both ESC 107 and ENS/NSC 205.
Session: As Needed (UG)

ENS 211: Environmental and Energy Policies I

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as PSC 211. A survey of major environmental and energy policies and the intergovernmental administrative system established to implement them. Topics include a history of the environmental movement, green politics, international environmental issues and the contrasts between scientific and political decision-making. If taken as ENS 211, this course cannot be used as a science elective.
Session: As Needed (UG)

ENS 212: Environmental and Energy Policies II

3 Credit Hour(s)

A continuation of ENS/PSC 211. Prerequisite: GVT/ENS 211.
Session: As Needed (UG)

ENS 219: Politics, Planning and Land Use

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as PSC 219. Principles and practice of land management policies at the state and local levels of government. Topics include zoning power of local government, preparation of master plans, variance procedures, federal mandates and Environmental Impact Statements.
Session: As Needed (UG)

ENS 303: Environmental Toxicology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as NSC 303. Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of different types of toxins, their routes into organisms, environmental fates and roles in metabolic pathways. Applications to environmental and occupational health as well as detection and risk assessment are included. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110/L and CHE 111/L.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

ENS 304: Environmental Chemistry

3 Credit Hour(s)

An examination of the chemical aspects of pollution (water, air and land) including detection and remediation methods. Chemistry for the sustainable use of natural resources is discussed. Prerequisite: CHE 110.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

ENS 304L: Environmental Chemistry Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Employs the practical application of chemical analysis for detection and remediation methods of pollution in water, air and land. The chemistry of some alternative energy sources are also explored. Corequisite: ENS 304.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

ENS 309: Population Dynamics

3 Credit Hour(s)

An examination of the relationships between human and animal populations and their environment. Topics include demography, population growth and relevant models, population genetics and environmental stresses on populations. Prerequisite: BIO 302.
Session: As Needed (UG)

ENS 310: Global Water Issues

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as SUST 310. Fulfills core competencies: Information Literacy; Contextual Integration. This course investigates the environmental, technological and health-related issues associated with the availability and quality of water worldwide. Case studies of global water problems will incorporate the role of socioeconomic and political issues. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 110 or ENS 201, or Permission of Instructor.
Session: Fall
Year: Odd Years (UG)

Environmental Science

ESC 107: Introduction to Earth Science

3 Credit Hour(s)

An introduction to the earth sciences with emphasis on geology, oceanography and meteorology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

Forensic Science

FOR 101: Introduction to Forensic Science

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing-Intensive. An introduction to the fascinating world of how science solves crimes. The topics for this course include and are not limited to: the history of forensic science, crime scene investigation, trace analysis, drugs, arson, fingerprints, firearms, tool mark analysis and document analysis. Lecture, 3 hours. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

Natural Science

NSC 130: Scientific Excavation as a Window on the Past

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Two Western New York scientific excavation projects will be used to demonstrate the application of the scientific method to real-life situations in complex and sometimes misleading field situations. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 201: Comprehensive Science I

3 Credit Hour(s)

An integrated approach to the sciences, covering physics, chemistry, earth science, astronomy and biology. Interconnections of these disciplines is emphasized to promote a basic science literacy and informed civic involvement. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 202: Comprehensive Science II

3 Credit Hour(s)

Continuation of NSC 201. Cannot be used for science credit for science majors.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 205: Planet Earth I: Physical Features

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as ENS 205. An introduction to physical aspects of geology, hydrology, the atmosphere and oceanography of the Earth and the application of these principles from a scientific perspective to land use and planning. Cannot receive credit for both ESC 107 and ENS/NSC 205.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 209: Service Learning in the Natural Sciences

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning requirement. A course that involves students working together to use their scientific knowledge to benefit the community. Project topics will vary each semester, but will involve students in identifying relevant community problems, developing proposed solutions and helping to implement these in the community. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 231: Natural Science: Scientific Language & Literacy Seminar

3 Credit Hour(s)

A seminar on research problems and recent advances in natural science. Emphasis is placed on using different forms of media and presentation to communicate scientific ideas. Prerequisites: Biology, Biochemistry or Natural Science major; Sophomore status = min. grade C in CHE 111, BIO 110, and 3 credits in an additional 300/400 level BIO or CHE.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 244: Scientific Techniques and Data Interpretation

3 Credit Hour(s)

A survey of basic methods of data collection and analysis. Students will learn about the theory and practice of basic laboratory skills that are considered necessary for entry-level laboratory positions or beginning graduate studies in the sciences. Methods of data collection and analysis for different techniques and instrumentation will be reviewed. Prerequisite: BIO 110, CHE 111.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 303: Environmental Toxicology

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as ENS 303. Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of different types of toxins, their routes into organisms, environmental fates and roles in metabolic pathways. Applications to environmental and occupational health as well as detection and risk assessment are included. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110/L and CHE 111/L.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 306: Teaching Science in Middle and High School

3 Credit Hour(s)

An investigation of the diverse methods for presenting science material in the middle and high school classroom to meet the national and state standards for science education. Classroom visitation will be required outside of course time. Prerequisites: Upper division status in biology, EDU 313 and EDU 327.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 307: Pharmacotherapeutics

3 Credit Hour(s)

Cross-listed as NUR 307. (Not open to Biology, Biochemistry or Natural Science majors). This elective course presents the latest information about the newest medications and up-to-the minute information about traditional drugs in a manner that is relevant to the needs of the professional nurse caring for patients in a variety of clinical settings. Through a nursing process approach, the course stresses pharmacological principles that will aid the nurse in the administration of medications. The course is designed for the nurse who already has a basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. Problem-solving sessions throughout the course focus on therapeutic usages and monitoring of each of the classes of agents. Prerequisites: BIO 207-208 or BIO 330-340. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 310: Biostatistics

3 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking. An introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics with emphasis on applications in biological and health sciences. Prerequisite: MTH 134, BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Computer Lab, 1 hour.
Session: Fall and Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 331: Natural Science Literature Survey

2 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with NSC 443, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. An introduction to the general principles and procedures of scientific research with emphasis on the use of scientific literature and methods of research. Prerequisite: Upper division status in Biochemistry, Biology or Natural Science and successful completion of BCH 317 or CHE 302 and 3 additional courses in BIO or CHE at the 300/400 level. Seminar, 1 hour; Literature work, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 342: Biomaterials

3 Credit Hour(s)

An examination of the range of biomaterials available for orthopedics, cardiology, plastic surgery, dentistry, and other applications. The selection of materials and their manufacture for implantation in the body are discussed. Issues surrounding safety of biomaterials in the body, as well as the FDA processes governing implants and clinical trials are examined. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHE 111.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 401: Research Problems in Cell Biology

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in cell biology under supervision. Prerequisites: BIO 325; NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 404: Research Problems in Mammalian Physiology

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in mammalian physiology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 405: Research Problems in Genetics and Microbiology

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in Genetics and/or Microbiology. Prerequisites: NSC 331, permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 406: Research Problems in Organic and Environmental Chemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in organic or environmental chemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 407: Research Problems in Molecular Biology and Biochemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in molecular biology and/or biochemistry. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 408: Research Problems in Biochemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in molecular biology and/or biochemistry. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 409: Research Problems in Analytical and Physical Chemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in analytical or physical chemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 410: Research Problems in Ecology and Environmental Biology

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in ecology and evolutionary biology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 412: Research Problems in Zoology and Natural History

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in zoology and/or natural history under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 413: Research Problems in Organic & Biochemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in organic chemistry and/or biochemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 414: Research Problems in Developmental Biology

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in developmental biology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 415: Research Problems: Bioengineering and Wound Healing

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in bioengineering and/or wound healing under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 416: Research Problems: Inorganic Biochemistry

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in inorganic biochemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NCS 331; permission of instructor.
Session: As Needed (UG)

NSC 443: Natural Science Research Seminar

2 Credit Hour(s)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy; Writing Intensive. Together with NSC 331, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. A capstone seminar focusing on research conducted by seniors and faculty. Prerequisites: NSC 331, with a grade of C or better; Senior status in Biochemistry, Biology or Natural Science. Seminar, 1 hour; Literature and/or Laboratory Work, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

NSC 458: Natural Science Directed Study

1-3 Credit Hour(s)

Independent study or project in a natural science discipline under supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisites: Senior status in a natural science discipline and permission of the department chairperson.
Session: As Needed (UG)

Physics

PHY 101: Physics I

3 Credit Hour(s)

A study of the elements of physics. Part I covers mechanics, heat and sound. Prerequisite: MTH 134 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

PHY 101L: Physics I Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Experimental analysis of concepts discussed in Part I lecture. Co or prerequisite: PHY 101. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: All Years (UG)

PHY 102: Physics II

3 Credit Hour(s)

A continuation of the study of the elements of physics. Part II covers electricity, magnetism, light and radioactivity. Prerequisite: PHY 101. Lecture, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

PHY 102L: Physics II Lab

1 Credit Hour(s)

Experimental analysis of concepts discussed in Part II lecture. Co or prerequisite: PHY 102. Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Spring
Year: All Years (UG)

PHY 151: General Physics I Lecture

4 Credit Hour(s)

A typical course in general physics intended for students in Biochemistry and Mathematics. Emphasis is placed on fundamental principles and theories. Prerequisite: MTH 144 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours.
Session: Fall
Year: Odd Years (UG)

PHY 151L: General Physics I Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Physics I. Corequisite: PHY 151.
Session: Fall
Year: Odd Years (UG)

PHY 152L: General Physics II Lab

0 Credit Hour(s)

Laboratory techniques for General Physics II. Corequisite: PHY 152.
Session: Spring
Year: Even Years (UG)