All Courses

Accounting

ACC 225: Financial Accounting (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Fundamentals of financial accounting, the accounting cycle with emphasis on analysis of financial statements for service, merchandising, and manufacturing operations. Problems supplement the theory, principles and management applications. Pre-req: MTH 124 or equivalent; Sophomore Status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ACC 225: Financial Accounting (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Fundamentals of financial accounting, the accounting cycle with emphasis on analysis of financial statements for service, merchandising, and manufacturing operations. Problems supplement the theory, principles and management applications. Pre-req: MTH 124 or equivalent; Sophomore Status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ACC 226: Managerial Accounting (3)

A continuation of ACC 225 with emphasis on the application of the accounting model to corporations. In addition, there is an introduction to the use of accounting information in management decision-making settings. Problems supplement the theory, principles, and management application. Prerequisite: ACC 225; MTH 124 or equivalent. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ACC 226: Managerial Accounting (3)

A continuation of ACC 225 with emphasis on the application of the accounting model to corporations. In addition, there is an introduction to the use of accounting information in management decision-making settings. Problems supplement the theory, principles, and management application. Prerequisite: ACC 225; MTH 124 or equivalent. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ACC 311: Intermediate Accounting I (3)

Study of generally accepted accounting principles, emphasizing financial statement presentation and an in-depth study of accounting for current assets and liabilities. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 311: Intermediate Accounting I (3)

Study of generally accepted accounting principles, emphasizing financial statement presentation and an in-depth study of accounting for current assets and liabilities. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 312: Intermediate Accounting II (3)

A continuation of ACC 311, focusing on non-current assets and liabilities, stockholder's equity and analytical procedures. Theoretical discussion of generally accepted accounting principles. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 311. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 312: Intermediate Accounting II (3)

A continuation of ACC 311, focusing on non-current assets and liabilities, stockholder's equity and analytical procedures. Theoretical discussion of generally accepted accounting principles. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 311. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 315: Cost Accounting (3)

Analysis of costs and their use in the managerial functions of an enterprise. Topics include principles of cost accounting for inventory costing and income determination, standard costs and budgets. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: Acceptance to upper division in Accounting; ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 315: Cost Accounting (3)

Analysis of costs and their use in the managerial functions of an enterprise. Topics include principles of cost accounting for inventory costing and income determination, standard costs and budgets. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: Acceptance to upper division in Accounting; ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 318: Income Tax Theory (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the preparation of tax returns for individuals and provides primary content for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 318: Income Tax Theory (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the preparation of tax returns for individuals and provides primary content for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 319: Advanced Income Tax Accounting (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the preparation of tax returns for corporations, partnerships, estates and trusts, and provides primary content for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Prerequisite: ACC 318. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ACC 319: Advanced Income Tax Accounting (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the preparation of tax returns for corporations, partnerships, estates and trusts, and provides primary content for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Prerequisite: ACC 318. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ACC 325: Introduction to Forensic Accounting (3)

Fraud examination will begin with the study of various types of fraud as well as factors that contribute to fraudulent activity. Ethics are a key concept in this course, and will be analyzed within the context of various business activities, and students will study both preventive and detective strategies to mitigate risk of fraud. Fraud examination methods will comprise a significant portion of the course and will include investigating fraud, investigating concealment, inquiry methods, and fraud reporting. Students will also study the impact of fraud on financial statements, organizations, financial transactions, and legal proceedings. Prerequisites: ACC311; Junior Status. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ACC 325: Introduction to Forensic Accounting (3)

Fraud examination will begin with the study of various types of fraud as well as factors that contribute to fraudulent activity. Ethics are a key concept in this course, and will be analyzed within the context of various business activities, and students will study both preventive and detective strategies to mitigate risk of fraud. Fraud examination methods will comprise a significant portion of the course and will include investigating fraud, investigating concealment, inquiry methods, and fraud reporting. Students will also study the impact of fraud on financial statements, organizations, financial transactions, and legal proceedings. Prerequisites: ACC311; Junior Status. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ACC 332: Effective Communication/Research Methods For Accountants (3)

This course is designed to improve the student's oral and written communication skills in the field of Accounting. Students will be introduced to major accounting research tools in such areas as compliance, tax planning, assurance services, and auditing. Fraud and other investigative techniques are also explored. The student will use the research process to write and orally present an Accounting paper. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 332: Effective Communication/Research Methods For Accountants (3)

This course is designed to improve the student's oral and written communication skills in the field of Accounting. Students will be introduced to major accounting research tools in such areas as compliance, tax planning, assurance services, and auditing. Fraud and other investigative techniques are also explored. The student will use the research process to write and orally present an Accounting paper. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 360: Fund Accounting (3)

An in-depth study of accounting principles adopted by nonprofit organizations. Financial reporting for cities, school districts, hospitals and government agencies. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ACC 360: Fund Accounting (3)

An in-depth study of accounting principles adopted by nonprofit organizations. Financial reporting for cities, school districts, hospitals and government agencies. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ACC 415: Advanced Accounting Problems (3)

Advanced approach to generally accepted accounting principles applied to business activities. Problem-solving techniques and discussions of opinions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board as they relate to topical matters. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisites: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 415: Advanced Accounting Problems (3)

Advanced approach to generally accepted accounting principles applied to business activities. Problem-solving techniques and discussions of opinions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board as they relate to topical matters. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade . Prerequisites: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 420: Auditing (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the conduct of independent audits and provides primary content (Generally Accepted Auditing Standards) for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, business statistics in auditing, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade. Prerequisite: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 420: Auditing (3)

This course focuses on the responsibilities of professional accountants in the conduct of independent audits and provides primary content (Generally Accepted Auditing Standards) for the professional accounting component of the degree program. Coursework also addresses ethics, finance, business statistics in auditing, economics, computer information systems, and the legal environment of business. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade. Prerequisite: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ACC 430: Forensic Investigations (3)

Application of theory is an important aspect of forensic accounting. In this course, a number of case studies will be analyzed that require the application of skills learned in ACC 325 Introduction to Forensic Accounting and MIS 428 Forensic Accounting Data Analysis Techniques. The topics of these case studies will include what is commonly referred to as the fraud tree: asset misappropriation, corruption schemes, financial statement fraud schemes and other fraud schemes. Prerequisite: ACC 325. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ACC 430: Forensic Investigations (3)

Application of theory is an important aspect of forensic accounting. In this course, a number of case studies will be analyzed that require the application of skills learned in ACC 325 Introduction to Forensic Accounting and MIS 428 Forensic Accounting Data Analysis Techniques. The topics of these case studies will include what is commonly referred to as the fraud tree: asset misappropriation, corruption schemes, financial statement fraud schemes and other fraud schemes. Prerequisite: ACC 325. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ACC 490: Accounting Theory and Professional Ethics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Fulfills Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This is the capstone course for the Accounting curriculum. This course integrates the practical applications and theoretical concepts covered in previous accounting courses with ethical issues facing the profession. Class discussions, textbook reading, outside reading, projects, case studies, and other educational experiences will be used to explore this complex area of study. This class provides a fundamental study and critical evaluation of 'business ethics' in light of recent developments in the accounting profession. A research paper is a major requirement of this course. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade. Prerequisites: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ACC 490: Accounting Theory and Professional Ethics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Fulfills Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This is the capstone course for the Accounting curriculum. This course integrates the practical applications and theoretical concepts covered in previous accounting courses with ethical issues facing the profession. Class discussions, textbook reading, outside reading, projects, case studies, and other educational experiences will be used to explore this complex area of study. This class provides a fundamental study and critical evaluation of 'business ethics' in light of recent developments in the accounting profession. A research paper is a major requirement of this course. Accounting majors must earn a minimum of a "C" grade. If they do not earn the required final grade, they will be allowed to repeat the course only once to earn the minimum grade. Prerequisites: ACC 312. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Animation

ANIM 201: History of Animation (3)

History of Animation will introduce students to the context, culture and technology necessary for an understanding of the world of animation. In addition to a history of animation and its practitioners and development, the course also explores what happens to history when it is animated and how animation has been used during the twentieth century to interpret the past. The course also pays attention to the aesthetic of the animated image as well as the unique ability of the image to communicate. Finally, the offering will explore the tools, technology used in animation, and the various techniques: claymation, cel animation, CGI, and so forth. Participants will view animations from various studios, feature- length animated films, and experimental shorts. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 203: Editing and Sound Basics (2)

This course will instruct students on how to create sound designs and audio recordings for later application to advanced Animation projects. Examples of tasks assigned and demonstrated include: audio recording, sound edition, sound transformation, and sound design. Students will create a variety of sound work using digital audio equipment to support their career track in animation. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ANIM 210: Introduction to Animation (2)

This course is designed to introduce the student to the fundamentals of traditional animation and computer animation through a series of exercises increasing in difficulty throughout the term. The course combines lectures with studio exercises to introduce students to the foundations of animation principles as well as more advanced concepts of body mechanics. The course will begin with simple exercises utilizing single objects such as bouncing balls and progress to slightly more complex animation. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 211: Animation Basics I (2)

This course is designed to build upon the basic concepts discussed in ANIM 210. The student will gain a more in-depth understanding of the fundamentals of traditional animation and computer animation through a series of exercises increasing in difficulty throughout the term. The course combines lectures with studio exercises to further emphasize foundations of animation principles as well as a deeper understanding of body mechanics. The course will begin with simple exercises utilizing simplified characters and progress to full body character animation. Prerequisite: ANIM 210; restricted to Animation majors. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ANIM 212: Animation Basics II (3)

This course builds on the preceding Animation Basics 1 course. A sound-sync exercise is animated to match an existing pre-recorded soundtrack. A preliminary animal walk is handled as well as bipedal 3/4 walk cycle (with a choice between two provided characters). More emphasis is stressed on conveying personality through action. More clean-up and inbetweening exercises will be incorporated during this course. (UG)

ANIM 215: Cartooning (3)

This course is an introduction to the design of the basic cartoon character stressing a solid dimensional approach. Students will begin with basic stick figure exercises that will help to make the connection between life drawing and cartoon design. Visual arts literacy (or equivalent experience) is necessary in order to take this course, as many fundamental skills such as life drawing, perspective, object drawing and composition are vital to this course of study. Prerequisites: ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 217: Layout I and Storyboarding (3)

This course is an introduction to the layout process as it relates to various types of animated filmmaking. The course utilizes the elements of perspective and composition, freehand drawing skills and the use of solid construction drawing to create actual background layouts and character poses for an animated film. By learning to analyze and deconstruct existing storyboard panels, students will become familiar with the layout process. Prerequisites: ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 218: Layout II (3)

An in-depth study of the layout process, its creative and technical focus, which reflects the realities of a true studio environment. Rendering for different styles, looks, moods; multi-level scenes and feature layouts; analyzing layout tests from major studios. Prerequisite: ANIM 217. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ANIM 250: Character Design (3)

In Character Design, students will learn to create believable, complex, and multi-faceted 2D animated characters. Students will focus on facial expressions, animation design styles, personality, psychology and the context of the environment in creating a fully developed character. Prerequisite: ANIM 212. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 274: Gesture Drawing: Drawing in Action (3)

Drawing from life is the foundation for understanding motion. Shifts in pose, reflected in proportion, balance and articulation, create a believable sense of organic motion. Gestural Drawing will direct the student to observe motion in the physical world, and examine how motion can be individualized and determined by circumstance. Prerequiste: ART 204. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ANIM 311: Animation Basics III (3)

Students will continue to build on their knowledge of classical animation principles with more complicated exercises featuring physical action lending itself to exaggeration and comic invention. Timing and pre-production planning continue to be an absolute must in order to achieve the desired effects onscreen. Clean-up and inbetweening exercises will again be provided. Prerequisite: ANIM 212. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 317: Maya Animation I (3)

Maya Animation I is designed to provide the student with initial experience in animating characters in 3D using Maya. Students have already learned the basics of Classical 2D animation in years one and two, and this course is intended to bridge the gap between Classical and 3D animation. The students will start animating simple shapes immediately on provided 3D rigs, starting with the bouncing ball and moving on to more complex bipedal characters, with the emphasis on acting rather than action and technology. The lessons are designed to introduce the students to the basic animator's toolbox in Maya, such as the Graph editor, function curves and the Outliner, focusing on the end usage (or "playing") rather than the technical inner workings of the program. Prerequisite: ANIM 211. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 318: Maya Animation II (3)

In Maya Animation II, students will further their understanding of Maya by creating a short animation using modeling, rigging, animation, texturing, lighting, and rendering. Prerequiste: ANIM 317. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ANIM 320: Two-Dimensional Effects in Animation (3)

Two-Dimensional Effects in Animation centers on the mastery of observable physical phenomenon in Animation, including fire, water, smoke, dust, running water, and bubbles popping. Students will recreate these effects in traditional pencil-drawing animation, as well as in Adobe After Effects. Prerequisite: ANIM 211. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ANIM 327: Background Painting (3)

Background Painting will introduce the student to the practice of creating background environments for figurative images, including architecture, landscape, and surrounding objects. The student will explore color, value, perspective, theatrical composition, lighting and stylization. In addition, the student will explore how the background enhances the subject, whether it is an animated project, illustration, or comic art. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 333: Maya Modeling & Texturing (3)

Maya Modeling and Texturing builds off the skill sets introduced in Maya Animation I and II to provide the student with a more complex understanding of computer geometry in order to examine the basic elements of computer models. Modeling, animation, lighting, texture mapping and rendering are explored within a production setting. Prerequisite: ANIM 318. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 341: Digital Compositing (3)

In Digital Compositing, the animation student will learn how to combine two or more sources (from film, video, still sources, etc.), to make a new image. Students will gain the ability to manipulate frame composition, timing, and color by editing in Adobe After Effects, and in other post-production software tools. Prerequisite: ANIM 311. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 411: Animation Basics IV (3)

This final course in Animation Basics builds on all the skills developed in previous courses and involves a 2-character performance piece with acting and lip sync. The final Inbetweening exercises will be dealt with in this course. Prerequisite: ANIM 311. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ANIM 421: Advanced Lighting (3)

In Advanced Lighting, students will apply previous training in lighting to create realistic environments and objects. Prerequisite: ANIM 411. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 429: Dynamics & Particles (3)

In Dynamics and Particles, students will explore Particle Systems and Paint Effects to create advanced images. Class projects will complete dynamic animations with the use of particle systems to integrate realistic motion with visual effects. This course will complete the sequence of 3D skill sets standard in the industry. Prerequisite: ANIM 318. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 432: Maya Character Modeling & Rigging (3)

In Maya Character Modeling and Rigging, animation students will continue to explore Maya and learn how to customize Maya to speed up workflow. Advanced topics will be introduced, including squash and stretch, utility nodes, and scripting. Prerequisite: ANIM 333. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ANIM 450: Advanced Character Animation (3)

Advanced Character Animation is a culmination of previous character modeling and animation courses. Students combine previously learned skill sets to produce character animations that demonstrate motivation and personality. Prerequisite: ANIM 318. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Anthropology

ANT 210: Contemporary Native America (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The course introduces students to the current conditions of American Indians/First Nations/ indigenous peoples of North America. A foundation will be laid in ethnography, which will cover the anthropological culture area concept and culture areas. Emphasis will be placed on the Southwest, Prairie/Plains, Northwest Coast, Arctic, and Northeast (including the Great Lakes) areas. Aspects of culture change, assimilation, and acculturation will be discussed as models for viewing historical culture contact. With this, the effects of important legislative influences will be introduced. The post-World War II environment of termination and urbanization will introduce a discussion of sustainability of traditional cultures, which characterize the struggles of native communities as evidenced in movements such as A.I.M. and others. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Art

ART 101: Introduction to the Visual Arts (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. An exploration of the principles of design and the creative process in the plastic arts through a series of studio projects in a variety of media; periods of lecture and discussion devoted to aesthetics and the history of art. Non-majors only. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ART 103: Foundation Design I (3)

An exploration of pictorial composition in two-dimensional representation with emphasis on the basic elements of design. Limited to BFA, BS Art and BS Art Ed majors only. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 104: Foundation Design II (3)

A study of space, light and color with emphasis on three-dimensional expression. Prerequisite: ART 103. Limited to BFA, BS Art and BS Art Ed majors only. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 105: Foundation Drawing I (3)

Development of visual perception and organization through drawing from nature and life in a variety of drawing media. Limited to BFA, BS Art and BS Art Ed majors only. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 106: Foundation Drawing II (3)

A variety of thematic drawing experiences emphasizing work in ink, color pencil and mixed media. Prerequisite: ART 105. Limited to BFA, BS Art and BS Art Ed majors only. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 107: Visual Experience (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. An investigation of the visual aspects of the world through artistic themes, techniques, and landmarks. Methods of analyzing form will aid students in experiencing aesthetic responses to historical artistic examples and the contemporary, immediate environment. Non-majors only. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ART 155: Photography for Non-Majors (3)

Introduction to the essential principles of photography and its use as a creative tool. Non-majors only. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 204: Figure Drawing I (3)

Drawing from the human figure to include experimentation in a variety of media. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 205: Figure Drawing II (3)

Continuation of figure study, incorporating the figure as an integral element of composition. Prerequisite: ART 204. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 218: Creative Drawing (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. The course will be simultaneously an introduction to basic drawing techniques and an exploration of how to work with imagery to express ideas. Students will develop drawing skills with a range of media and will learn how to use these skills to create meaningful, personal drawings that communicate with viewers. For non-majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 219: Graphic Design I (3)

An introduction to traditional and contemporary production methods and practices used by Graphic Design professionals. Emphasis is placed on terminology and technical production practices. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 225: Watercolor Painting I (3)

An introductory course in painting using watercolor and casein painting techniques. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 226: Watercolor Painting II (3)

Advanced study of watercolor painting processes, materials and techniques, with emphasis on contemporary Western watercolor and Oriental watercolor painting. Prerequisite: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 229: Ceramics for Non-Majors (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Introduction to ceramics, the aesthetic possibilities of clay, basic construction techniques and a basic experience of glazing for those students not majoring in Art, Graphic Design, or Art Education. Non-majors only. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ART 230: Computer Rendering (3)

Students are introduced to vector- and raster-based computer software as they explore drawing and painting/image processing applications. Emphasis is placed on the Macintosh computer as a tool for artists and graphic designers. Students examine the effects of digitally producing/altering graphic, photography-based, and typographic images. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 240: Woodcuts and Monoprints (3)

Introduction to these two basic forms of printmaking with attention to both aesthetics and processes. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Summer Only. (UG)

ART 251: Ceramics I (3)

Introduction to ceramics, the aesthetic possibilities of clay, basic construction techniques and a basic experience of glazing. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Semester (UG)

ART 267: Sculpture I (3)

Introduction to sculpture process concentrating on working in the round and relief. Experiences in a wide variety of common materials and techniques. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 275: History of Art: Ancient-Medieval (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. Illustrated lectures and discussions on the art of the ancient world from prehistoric times through medieval art. Open to Non-majors. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 285: History of Art: Renaissance-Modern (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. Study of the development of artistic expression from the fourteenth through the mid-twentieth century. Open to Non-majors, but not recommended for freshmen. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 287: The History of Design (3)

Study of the history of design, especially the history of visual communication design, from the ancient world to the present. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 301: Publication Design and the Computer (3)

Students learn about the role of graphic communication design in the production of publications. Emphasis is placed on traditional print publications such as posters, brochures, magazines, and newsletters. The production of screen-based publications is introduced. Prerequisite: ART 219. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 306: Figure Drawing III (3)

Advanced work from the figure. Special focus based on student's major field of study. Required for Drawing/Illustration majors. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 319: Graphic Design II (3)

The history of typography, the anatomy of the letterform, typeface classifications, typographic terminology and the effective usage of type to convey visual/verbal messages are explored in this course. Prerequisite: ART 219. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 320: Graphic Design III (3)

Continued exploration of the role of typography in graphic visual communication as combined with graphic and pictorial elements in the production of screen-based interactive visual communication projects. Prerequisite: ART 319. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 325: Introductory Oil Painting (3)

Introductory course in painting using oil as the vehicle of expression. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 326: Introductory Acrylic Painting (3)

A painting course emphasizing the use of the acrylic medium. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 327: Fibers I (3)

Principles of design and their creative application in the use of fibers, for various off-loom construction techniques. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 331: Art Reading List (3)

An examination of selected writings on art from Modernist periods. Prerequisite: ART 275 or ART 285. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 334: Digital Photography (3)

This studio course is designed for students with either limited or no experience in photography. It will include a study grounded in the historical, conceptual and practical developments of the art of photography as embodied in the use of digital image making technologies. Students are given a set of basic experiences in the conceptual and practical use of this relatively new art form. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ART 344: Art in Space and Environment (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. A collaborative experience with THA 326, Performance in Space, that leads students to address issues relating to art and theater in a site-specific context. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 345: Advanced Drawing I (3)

Emphasis on the development of an idea through a sequence of drawings. Prerequisites: ART 204, 205. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 346: Advanced Drawing II (3)

Provides the drawing major with a bridge between the high level of instructor participation characteristic of preceding drawing/illustration courses and the expected independence of the senior project semesters. Prerequisite: ART 345. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 348: Seminar and Practice in Graphic Design (3)

This course will focus on an inquiry of the traditional and expanded roles that graphic designers have filled. It will encompass investigation and research into current topics of sustainable practices, opportunities, and theories as applied to the professional practice of graphic design. Issues to be addressed include ethics, current events, and the role of the designer as problem seeker. Prerequisite: ART 319. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 351: Ceramics II (3)

Technical and creative experiences in throwing on the wheel and a creative exploration of glazing. Prerequisite: ART 251. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 355: History of Non-Western Art (3)

An overview of artistic traditions outside the influence of Europe with particular emphasis on the arts of East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Open to Non-majors. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 356: Women in Art (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Illustrated discussion of women in the arts, centering on the obstacles and reception of women in the artistic establishment, and the depiction of women by both male and female artists. Open to non-majors. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 367: Sculpture II (3)

Theory and practice of sculptural composition utilizing modeling and carving with introductory welding and casting. Prerequisite: ART 267. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 368: Sculpture III (3)

Continued exploration of sculptural techniques with emphasis on understanding the character and value of the material to the final work. Prerequisite: ART 367. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 381: Illustration I (3)

Exploration of mostly black and white media, investigation of drawing aid apparatus, drawing techniques. An introduction to extensive conceptual problems will be given. Prerequisite: ART 204. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 382: Illustration II (3)

A combined drawing and painting experience with specific directions toward narrative images. Media and technique to be compatible with photo/print production. Prerequisite: ART 381. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 383: Illustration III (3)

Advanced exploration of illustration in various media. Prerequisite: ART 382. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 420: Graphic Design IV (3)

The role of the graphic visual communication designer in the field of advertising is addressed as students produce an advertising campaign. The history of advertising is explored in its relationship to the development of today's most popular forms of advertising including print, broadcast/video, out-of-home and screen-based and interactive media. Prerequisite: ART 319. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 425: Painting III (3)

Advanced painting problems in various media. Prerequisites: ART 325, 326. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 426: Painting IV (3)

Advanced study in painting. Prerequisite: ART 425. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 427: Fibers II (3)

Work in fibers emphasizing on-loom textile construction techniques. Prerequisite: ART 327. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 435: Advanced Typography (3)

Advanced design projects which explore the expressive potential of type in a variety of conceptual applications. Additionally, projects focus on the design process as the central component in the development of solutions to visual communication problems. Prerequisite: ART 319. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 436: Overview of Aesthetics (3)

Aesthetics studies the nature of reception and appreciation of the visual realm. Often described as "the philosophy of beauty," aesthetics encompasses the role of visual experience, beauty/ugliness, and visual and poetic expression. This course investigates the history of aesthetics, with a focus on the development of modern aesthetics. Prerequisite: ART 331. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 439: Serigraphy (3)

Exploration of printmaking processes using the photo-mechanically produced image. Prerequisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ART 441: Advanced Printmaking (3)

Opportunity for advanced students to continue exploration of and involvement with chosen printmaking processes and procedures. Prerequisites: ART 240, 340, 439. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 443: Issues and Methodologies in Contemporary Art (2)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with ART 498, Senior Exhibition, combination of courses satisfies Research and Presentation requirement. Diverse exercises in criticism and analysis to broaden the art student's aesthetic awareness, judgment and sensitivity. Prerequisite: ART 331. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 445: Special Projects (3)

Advanced study in a studio area with special authorization of a faculty member and approval of the department chairperson. May be repeated; two uses total, senior year only. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ART 446: History of Contemporary Art:1940- Present (3)

Study of contemporary art history based on the visual and historical movements of the second half of the twentieth century. Prerequisite: ART 285. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 455: Photography (3)

An exploration of various film photography practices including photograms, pinhole and 120 film cameras, as well as developing and printing methods. This course is about film photography as an art form of conceptual expression and articulation. Recommended for Art Education majors. No previous darkroom experience is needed. Pre-requisites: ART 104 and ART 106. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ART 456: Advanced Photography (3)

Advanced work in the creative use of film and papers. Prerequisites: ART 455 or approval of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 464: Sculpture IV (3)

Advanced study in sculpture. Prerequisite: ART 368. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ART 490: Senior Project (3)

Advanced study in a major discipline in preparation for and including an exhibition of completed works; supervision by a major instructor and a faculty review board. Normally elected in the final semester, and only after the completion of the entire numbered sequence of courses in the major discipline. Required of all BFA candidates. A BFA degree may not be earned without a grade of "C" or higher in this course. Prerequisite: ART 443. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ART 498: Senior Art Exhibit (1)

With ART 443, fulfills Research and Presentation requirement. Required of all BFA Art, BFA Graphic Design, BS Art, and BS Visual Arts Education majors. Prerequisite: ART 443. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

Arts Administration

ARTA 450: Practicum Seminar in Arts Administration and Management (3)

Students will intern at a practicing arts organization, where they will gain experience in day-to-day operation and support procedures. Students will meet weekly with the faculty advisor to chart time, troubleshoot about organizational issues and discuss assignments. The faculty advisor will correspond closely with the cooperating organization to monitor student progress. Prerequisite: BA 211. (UG)

Athletic Training

ATH 101: Introduction to Athletic Training (1)

This is the first in a sequence of two courses designed to introduce students to the profession of athletic training. Topics will include the history of the athletic training profession, the sports medicine team, scope of practice, professional organizations, and roles of other health care professionals. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ATH 201: Seminar in Athletic Training (2)

This course is the second in a sequence of two courses designed to introduce students to the professional phase of the athletic training curriculum. Topics will include athletic training room policies and procedures, risks associated with physical activity, an introduction to medical terminology, principles of therapeutic communication, and sociocultural issues. Prerequisite: ATH 101. Offered Each (Spring). (UG)

ATH 300: Applied Physics for the Assessment of Human Movement and Therapeutic Agents (3)

This lecture/lab course provides an overview of vector mechanics, linear and rotational kinematics and dynamics, work, energy, power, fluids, heat, sound, electricity, and magnetism. An introduction to these physical properties as they apply to the examination of human movement and intervention strategies to promote restoration of function through therapeutic agents or modalities will be explored. Prerequisite: BIO 330/L and BIO 340/L. Corequisite: ATH 300L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ATH 300L: Applied Physics for the Assessment of Human Movement and Therapeutic Agents Lab (1)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for ATH 300. (UG)

Business Administration

BA 101: Introduction to Business Administration (1)

This course is designed as an introduction to business for first year business students, transfer students or other students considering a business major. Students will be introduced to the field of business which will include an overview of the functional specialization areas, industries within which business professionals are employed and the related career opportunities, industries and organization cultures by completing a number of relevant personality and interest assessments. Additionally, students will be introduced to faculty, coursework, learning modalities, and professional expectations and standards with the Business Administration department. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BA 201: Introduction to International Business (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The course introduces students to key factors relevant to international management on both organizational and socioeconomic levels. Macroeconomic influences such as international politics, economics, culture, and foreign competition are described and analyzed to highlight their importance for globally operating organizations. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BA 211: Effective Business Communications (3)

Writing Intensive. The ability to communicate effectively is ranked as one of the most important skills needed by employers. It has also been shown to have a high direct correlation with income. This course is a study of the analysis and practical application of effective communication in the business environment. The course will develop and reinforce written, oral and interpersonal communications skills necessary in a diverse and technological culture. Prerequisites: C or better in CMP 101 and MIS 280. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

BA 220: Diversity and Cross-Cultural Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. This course focuses on how cultural backgrounds affect a person's behavior during cross cultural communications. The student learns to identify how culture plays a role in the dynamics of a workplace, either domestic or foreign, as well as in other situations. Through readings, videos and class application activities the student learn how to effectively interact people of diverse cultural backgrounds. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in CMP 101. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

BA 221: The Environment and the Law (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Through analyzing case studies about man-made disasters such as air, water pollution, deforestation and war, students will come to understand the synergistic affects of human's interaction with environments. The students will then look at various avenues for reaching a level of sustainability within this environment including a synopsized view of environmental laws such as the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Toxic Substance Control Act, OSHA and RCRA. The course incorporates field trips and experiential learning. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BA 250: Entrepreneurship (3)

This course is designed for students who wish to familiarize themselves with the concepts, issues, and techniques of new venture creation and entrepreneurship. It would also assist the student in future creation or acquisition of a business. Topics include (but are not limited to) overview of the process necessary to plan a small business, purchase existing business or franchise, legal requirements, marketing plan/marketing research, conducting competitive analysis, e-entrepreneurship, management and financing of a small business, and the creation of a business plan. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BA 331: Reading List in Business Administration (3)

Readings in topics in Business Administration intended to supplement and integrate the work done in other courses. Prerequisites: Department Chair approval . Offered when needed. (UG)

BA 350: Business Law I (3)

An introduction to the American legal system. Exploration of the law of personal and real property, contracts and the law of sales under the Uniform Commercial Code. Prerequisites: BA 211 for Business students, Junior status all students. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BA 351: Business Law II (3)

Emphasis will be placed on negotiable instruments, business organizations, agency and employment, and secured interests. Prerequisite: BA 350. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BA 401: Business Professional and Personal Horizons (2)

This course is designed as the complement to BA101 for Business Administration seniors to assist in their transition to the world beyond the undergraduate college setting. Students will be encouraged to reflect on their past personal, academic and professional growth while a student. The focus will then shift to planning for life beyond the undergraduate academic environment. Many decisions must be made relative to long term career planning, job search and graduate study. Resume writing, identifying references, the graduate school application process, GREs GMATs and LSATs, professional certifications and future financial planning are topics to be covered to assist with this process. Work-life balance issues will also be presented to help students thoughtfully consider the choices and trade-offs working professionals must make. Prerequisites junior or senior status Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BA 405: Legal Issues in Sport Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving.This course provides an understanding of the law as it applies to professional and amateur sport organizations, including analysis of contract law, adm inistrative law, antitrust law, labor law, and tort liability. Prerequisites: BA 350 for business students, Junior status for all other students. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BA 443: Proseminar (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Fulfills Research and Presentation requirement; Writing Intensive. This course includes an Introduction to both scholarly and original research through two individual projects: one with a thesis in the area of Business Administration which includes a significant ethical component. (This topic is selected by the student subject to approval by the instructor.); the second is a study of corporate ethics and social responsibility through an integrated ethics project. Current literature on various business ethics topics is also examined. The course will develop written and oral research presentation skills. Prerequisite: Senior status, having completed 15 credits 300/400 level Business courses. Offered Fall and Spring semesters. (UG) (UG)

BA 457: Independent Study Or Research (1 - 6)

Offered As Needed. (UG)

Biochemistry

BCH 313: General Biochemistry (3)

An introduction to the chemistry and metabolism of bio-molecules. Topics include structure, properties, biosynthesis, and catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and porphyrins. Also discussed are the roles of enzymes, vitamins and coenzymes in biocatalysis. Science credit may not be earned for both BCH 313 and BCH 317. Prerequisites: BIO 110; CHE 301. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BCH 313L: Biochemistry Laboratory (1)

Fundamental techniques in general biochemistry. Corequisite: BCH 313. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BCH 317: Bioorganic Chemistry (3)

An introduction to basic organic chemistry with biochemistry. Intended for Physician Assistant and Physical Therapy majors. Prerequisites: CHE 111/L; BIO 110/L. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BCH 317L: Bioorganic Chemistry Lab (1)

Lab techniques in organic chemistry and biochemistry. Corequisite: BCH 317. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BCH 401: Biological Organic Chemistry (3)

An exploration of the chemical structures, stereo- chemistry and reactions of organic molecules of biological importance such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Prerequisites: CHE 302 and BCH 313. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BCH 440: Molecular Biology (3)

Cross-listed as BIO 440. A detailed presentation of the structure and function of biological molecules and macromolecular complexes. The experimental approaches used in modern laboratories are emphasized. Prerequisites: BCH 313 and 313L. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

BCH 440L: Molecular Biology Lab (1)

Cross-listed as BIO 440L. Laboratory techniques and experimentation involving proteins and nucleic acids. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in BCH 440. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

Biology

BIO 100: Introduction to Biological Science (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An introduction to the concepts of biology through the study of the structure, function and evolution of living organisms. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 103: Human Biology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A survey of the major aspects of human biology. Emphasis is placed on structure and function of the human body. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 103L: Human Biology Laboratory (1)

This science laboratory will introduce the students to techniques and experimentation in the study of the human body in health and illness. Co- or prerequisite: BIO103 (UG)

BIO 109: General Biology I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A study of the basic principles of biology. Part I focuses on the molecular and cellular aspects of living systems and evolution. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry, minimum mathematics competency of MTH 124 or equivalent course or math placement. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall, Spring, Summer). (UG)

BIO 109L: General Biology I Lab (1)

Lab techniques and experimentation in biological processes with emphasis on cellular level processes. Co or prerequisite: BIO 109. Laboratory, 2 hours. (UG)

BIO 110: General Biology II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A study of the basic principles of biology. Part II deals with systematic organization and function of living organisms and ecology. Prerequisite: BIO 109. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall, Spring, Summer). (UG)

BIO 110L: General Biology II Lab (1)

Laboratory examination of the structure, function and classification of organisms. Co or prerequisite: BIO 110. Laboratory, 2 hours. (UG)

BIO 117: Human Nutrition (3)

An introduction to human nutrition and dietary needs with relevant discussion of basic structure and function of the human body. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 118: Anatomy of Movement (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Discusses the principles and physical movements of Yoga and Tai Chi. Students will learn to analyze movements and understand the role of muscles, tendon and joints in a posture. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 200: Science and Contemporary Social Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Contextual Integration; Information Literacy. Provides the basic scientific background requisite to understanding the science behind important contemporary issues such as genetic engineering, stem cell research, cloning, reproductive technologies, the genetic basis of behavior (e.g., violence), and pressing environmental concerns. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 207: Anatomy and Physiology I (4)

An introduction to the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 207L: Anatomy and Physiology I Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques and study in Anatomy and Physiology I. Co-requisite: BIO 207. (UG)

BIO 208: Anatomy and Physiology II (4)

An introduction to the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Prerequisite: BIO 207. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 208L: Anatomy and Physiology Lab II (0)

Laboratory techniques and study in Anatomy and Physiology II. Co-requisite: BIO 208. (UG)

BIO 219: Introduction to Microbiology (4)

This course is an overview of the fundamental principles of microbiology, including morphology, activities and distribution of microbes, culture methods, diseases of microbial etiology and some aspects of applied microbiology for the health sciences. Laboratory emphasis is on bacterial culturing, aseptic technique, identification of organisms, and the exploration of conditions necessary for microbial growth as well as microbial control. Pre-requisite: High school biology; limited to students at Manhattan site. Corequisite: BIO 219L. (UG)

BIO 219L: Introduction to Microbiology Lab (0)

Laboratory emphasis is on bacterial culturing, aseptic technique, identification of organisms, and the exploration of conditions necessary for microbial growth as well as microbial control. Corequisite: BIO 219. (UG)

BIO 302: General Ecology (3)

An introduction to the study of populations, communities and ecosystems with emphasis on theory and experimentation. Prerequisites: BIO-109 and BIO 110; MTH 134 or equivalent; or permission of the instructor. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Fall). (UG)

BIO 302L: General Ecology Lab (1)

Lab includes field and laboratory experimentation in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on experimental design, data analysis and scientific writing. Laboratory, 3 hours. Corequisite: BIO 302. Offered Alternate Years (Fall). (UG)

BIO 303: Plant Biology (4)

An overview of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of the plant kingdom. Lab includes field identification, plant structure, and physiological experimentation. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Fall). (UG)

BIO 303L: Plant Biology Lab (0)

Laboratory, 3 hours, in Plant Biology. Co-requisite: BIO 303. (UG)

BIO 304: Conservation Biology (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as SUST 304. An interdisciplinary science course that combines theory and applied research to address the problems of widespread loss of biological and genetic diversity. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110, and CMP 101. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

BIO 308: Genetics (3)

A study of the fundamental principles of genetics from viruses through humans, focusing on transmission and molecular genetics. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110; CHE 101 or CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

BIO 308L: Genetics Lab (1)

Laboratory techniques and experimentation in genetics. Co or prerequisite: BIO 308. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

BIO 315: General Microbiology (3)

A study of the structure, classification, physiology, ecology, genetics and economic importance of viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotic microorganisms. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110 and CHE 111. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BIO 315L: General Microbiology Lab (1)

A study of the structure, classification, physiology, genetics and economic importance of viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotic microroganisms. Pre or corequisite: BIO 315. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BIO 316: Anatomy and Physiology (4)

A survey of the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology and dissection and experimentation to enhance the understanding of human systems. Intended for health care studies students and other non-majors. Prerequisite: BIO 103 or 109. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 2 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 316L: Anatomy and Physiology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Anatomy & Physiology. Co-requisite: BIO 316. (UG)

BIO 319: Costa Rica Natural History/Conservation (3)

This field-based study-abroad course will provide students with both an international and interdisciplinary environmental experience in Costa Rica. Students will be exposed to the biodiversity of multiple ecosystems and the issues related to conservation and ecotourism in Costa Rica. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and permission of instructor. Offered as needed. (UG)

BIO 322: Invertebrate Biology (4)

A comprehensive study of the anatomy, physiology and classification of invertebrates. Lab includes field identification. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 322L: Invertebrate Biology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Intertebrate Biology. Corequisite: BIO 322. (UG)

BIO 323: Animal Biology (4)

An overview of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of the animal kingdom. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 324: Vertebrate Biology (4)

A comprehensive study of the anatomy, physiology and taxonomy of vertebrates. Lab includes field identification. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Fall). (UG)

BIO 324L: Vertebrate Biology (0)

Laboratory techniques for Vertebrate Biology. Corequisite: BIO 324. (UG)

BIO 325: Cell Biology (3)

A study of structure/function relationships in cells. Topics include cell theory, research techniques, nuclear and cell division, cytoplasmic organelles and biological membranes. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Offered Alternate Years (Fall). (UG)

BIO 325L: Cell Biology Lab Laboratory (1)

This course is designed to complement and expand on topics of cellular biology covered in the accompanying lecture, Bio 325: Cell Biology. The course deepens student understanding of lecture topics by providing supplemental instruction and practical, hands-on manipulation of cellular material. The course is designed to introduce students to many commonly used biological laboratory techniques and provide a foundation for the use of these methods in subsequent upper-division courses. Pre/corequisite: BIO-325. (UG)

BIO 330: General Anatomy (4)

A course in systemic anatomy covering the morphology of the human body along with the functional potential of its parts. (Not open to those who have taken BIO 207 BIO 208.) Prerequisite: BIO 100, BIO 103, or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

BIO 330L: General Anatomy Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Anatomy. Corequisite: BIO 330. (UG)

BIO 333: Developmental Biology (4)

A study of the reproductive mechanisms and development of multi-cellular organisms. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

BIO 333L: Developmental Biology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Developmental Biology. Corequisite: BIO 333. (UG)

BIO 334: Forensic Entomology (4)

Cross-listed as FOR 334. A study of insects important in forensic science. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 334L: Forensic Entomology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Forensic Entomology. Co-requisite: BIO 334. (UG)

BIO 335: Animal Behavior (4)

An evolutionary and ecological approach to ethology including study of neuronal, hormonal and physiological mechanisms underlying adaptive behavior of animals. Laboratory includes observations and quantification of behavior in zoo, field and lab settings. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

BIO 335L: Animal Behavior Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Animal Behavior. Corequisite: BIO 335. (UG)

BIO 340: General Physiology (4)

An introduction to general physiology. Emphasis placed on cellular physiology, biological control mechanisms and coordinated body functions. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHE 101 or CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 2 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

BIO 340L: General Physiology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Physiology. Corequisite: BIO 340. (UG)

BIO 350: Vertebrate Paleontology (3)

An introduction to the study of the origin and evolution of the vertebrates using the fossil record. Dinosaurs and the American mastodon will serve as examples of how we reconstruct organisms and environments from the remote past. Prerequisite: BIO 110. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 407: Pathophysiology (3)

This course is designed to present information to the professional RN regarding alterations in the physiology of adult patients with common acute chronic disease specifically related to the pulmonary, renal, cardiovascular, endocrine, hematologic, immune, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and neurologic systems. It is based on a systems approach and is intended to promote an understanding of how and why symptoms appear, so that the student has a reasonable explanation for the finding he/she elicits on assessment. This course also assists the student in developing a comprehensive approach to the management of patient problems associated with the aforementioned problems. Emphasis is placed on decision making that utilizes a complete data base consisting of physical, psychological, environmental, social and economic findings. Prerequisite: Nursing majors only or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 417: Immunology (3)

A detailed study of the principles of immunology. The course focuses on the details of the nonspecific and specific dfenses of the body, immunological dysfunction and immunodiagnostics. Prerequisite: BIO 315 and CHE 101 or CHE 111. Offered As Needed. (UG)

BIO 436: Evolutionary Biology (4)

A study of the development and current state of evolutionary biology. Critical discussion of important writings in the field is emphasized. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110 plus two 300- level biology courses, MTH 134. Lecture, 3 hours; Seminar, 2 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

BIO 436L: Evolutionary Biology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques in Evolutionary Biology. Co-requisite: BIO 436. (UG)

BIO 440: Molecular Biology (3)

Cross-listed as BCH 440. A detailed presentation of the structure and function of biological molecules and macromolecular complexes. The experimental approaches used in modern laboratories are emphasized. Prerequisite: BCH 313 and 313L. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

BIO 440L: Molecular Biology Lab (1)

Cross-listed as BCH 440L. Laboratory techniques and experimentation involving proteins and nucleic acids. Co-requisite: BIO 440. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

Communication Arts

CA 102: American Sign Language, Level I (3)

Cross-listed as SED 102. An introductory course in the use of manual communication within the framework of everyday conversation. The course includes background on language, deafness, deaf Americans and their culture, communication modes, approximately 370 signs, the numbers 1-30, and the American Manual Alphabet. At the culmination of this course, the student will begin to develop functional proficiency in American Sign Language using everyday situations as context for communication, listen and speak effectively using ASL, gain a basic understanding of language, deaf Americans and their history and culture, and form reasons, values, and judgments about the larger culture we exist in, and the deaf culture. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

CA 106: American Sign Language, Level II (3)

Cross-listed as SED 106. This course is a continuation and extension of American Sign Language I for students who have completed the first level course SED 102 American Sign Language I. The course will further develop the communicative competencies of manual sign language beyond the basic level. Students will continue with the examination and understanding of deaf culture, history and language, along with exposure to ASL sentence types, time, and all aspects of grammar, syntax and pragmatic use of manual sign. Prerequisite: CA/SED 102. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

CA 205: Oral & Visual Communication (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. This course assists the student in understanding communication principles, both oral and visual, and mastering the techniques of speaking and presenting that are instrumental to the achievement of success in our society. It also raises the consciousness of the place of culture in human interaction and the ethics surrounding the role of the "speaker." Offered As Needed. (UG)

CA 206: Storytelling and Story Development (3)

The goal of Storytelling and Story Development is to teach students the process of telling a story, or developing a story which achieves an emotional impact with the audience. Different goals in storytelling will be addressed, including attempts to educate, persuade, entertain, or provoke. Through a process of reflection, students will critically analyze and explore different types of stories, including historical accounts, myths, folk and fairy tales, journals, diaries, personal tales and tandem telling. Prerequisite: ANIM 217. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

CA 207: Screenplay Writing (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will provide the student with the necessary skills that are needed to write a full-length feature film screenplay. The course will examine format rules and specific screenplay structure, which will be broken down and analyzed using a minimum of five Oscar-winning screenplays. Upon course conclusion, the student will have a completed story treatment, detailing a three act story, a completed first act, and a specific outline for acts II and III. Prerequisite: CMP101. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CA 221: Human Communication (3)

An introductory study of the fundamental concepts and theories of human communication, exploring and defining its nature from an anthropological/ cultural point of view. The course will examine such topics as animal vs. human communicative processes, the various elements of communication, a study of the nature of human interaction and the concept of audience, and representative types of communicative techniques. Offered Each Year. (UG)

CA 222: Introduction to Mass Communication (3)

Cross-listed as PR 222.This course will emphasize the application of theories and concepts to specific forms of human communication including mass media, the graphic arts, interpersonal and group communications, and written communication. Offered Each Year. (UG)

CA 301: Dynamics of Interpersonal Communication (3)

Cross-listed as PR 301. A thorough and intensive study of dyadic (two-person) interaction, its component parts, and its basic issues and concerns. Particular attention is given to the evolution of human relationships. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CA 303: Communication in a Multi-Cultural Society (3)

An examination of the social and cultural implications of interaction among diverse cultures, both international and domestic; the problems inherent in such interaction; and the rewards and benefits which result. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CA 317: Journalism (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as CMP 317. An introductory course in the fundamentals of journalism, with an emphasis on writing news stories, reviews, interviews, and editorials. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed (UG)

CA 318: Writing for Media (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as CMP 318. This course emphasizes non-fiction writing in such areas as in-depth reporting of public affairs, contemporary profiles, issue-related stories, magazine writing and criticism. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Complementary Alternative Therapies

CAT 201: Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology (1)

This course will introduce the learner to the field of Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) as it applies to the nature of the Mind-Body connection and its influence on health and well being. Current scientific theory and research regarding the mind's ability to either positively or negatively influence the physical body's form and immune response will be offered and discussed. The theoretical applicability of several complementary healthcare practices in positively influencing this constant mind-body and body-mind dialogue in promoting wellness will be explored. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 202: Found of Meditation and Guided Imagery (2)

This class will include an introduction to various forms of contemporary and wisdom tradition meditations and mental imagery exercises including concentrative, mindfulness and transcendental. The roots and theory of meditation and mental imagery will be discussed along with an overview of scientific inquiry regarding performance effects on the physical body and mind as it relates to health. Specific instruction regarding the performance of meditation and mental imagery will be offered in a lab type setting. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 203: Science of Prayer in Healing (1)

In this course, an overview of prayer will be offered from a basis of theoretical foundation and purported efficacy on health and healing rather than from the perspective of spirituality or religiosity. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 204: Introduction to Hypnotherapy (3)

It is the objective of this course to introduce the student to the use of classical and modern hypnosis techniques, including hypnotic inductions, deepening techniques, depth testing procedures, delivering hypnotic suggestions, emerging the client as well as educating the student in safety and ethical considerations of working with clients using hypnosis. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 213: Foundations of Yoga (2)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This class will provide an introduction to the practice of Hatha Yoga. The origins, postures, stretches, and breathing techniques aimed at spiritual and physical well-being will be discussed and practiced along with an overview of scientific inquiry regarding performance effects on the physical body and mind as it relates to health. Specific instruction regarding the performance of basic techniques to balance and liberate an individual's natural flow of energy or prana will be offered in a lab setting. Offered Each Year (Fall and Spring). (UG)

CAT 214: Foundations of Tai Chi (1)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This class will provide an introduction to the practice of the Tai Chi art form. The ancient Chinese physical art form's series of slow choreographed movements combined with coordinated breathing and mental concentration will be discussed and practiced along with an overview of scientific inquiry regarding performance effects on the physical body and mind as it relates to health. Specific instruction regarding the performance of basic techniques to balance yin & yang and movement of chi, the vital life force, throughout the body will be offered in a lab setting. Offered Each Year (Fall) (UG)

CAT 220: Foundations of Energy Therapies (1)

The content of this course centers upon quantum physics perspective of matter and the physical body. Representative theory and research supporting the notion that all matter is composed merely of various forms of vibrations and energy waves will be offered and discussed. The non-local nature of these vibrations and energy waves will be discussed as it pertains to the holistic notion of the individual and the universe. The assertion that matter is merely non-local energy will be explored as it relates to several complementary healthcare practices. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 221: Introduction to Chakra System (1)

This course will discuss the complex and vibrant human energy field system referred to as the chakra system. Its rich history as part of the Ayurvedic system of health care in India and its relationship to human health will be explored. Physical and especially psychological perspectives will be presented in depth. Through lecture and application, we will explore how the chakras affect the patient/client on a physical, mental, and spiritual level. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CAT 222: Reiki I (1)

This course introduces the history and the philosophy of this universal method of energy healing, and explores its techniques for adjustment of their energy patterns. The course and practice focus on the Reiki principle that the body recognizes the universal life energy and uses it to promote balance and total health. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 223: Reiki II (1)

This course builds upon CAT 222 and explores the training necessary for application of advanced Reiki attunement techniques in the promotion of healing in others. Prerequisite: CAT 222. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 224: Qi Gong Healing Method (1)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This class will provide an introduction to the practice of one branch of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the healing art of Qi Gong. This art form utilizes various movement exercises, self- massage and meditations. Origins and techniques will be discussed and practiced along with an overview of scientific inquiry regarding performance effects on the physical body and mind as it relates to health. Specific instruction regarding the performance of basic techniques will be offered in a lab setting. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

CAT 225: Acupressure (1)

This course focuses on the history, philosophy, theory and practice of acupressure and the Shiatsu, Chinese and Japanese Massage techniques. There is an overview of the 12 primary channels and the two governing vessels, as well as the acu-points, which are commonly used in bodywork. This course is also designed to focus on a wide range of techniques and clinical applications of massage therapy that can be used as a preventative treatment or to assist those suffering from common ailments. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 226: Healing and Therapeutic Touch (1)

This course introduces the origins and practices of therapeutic touch. Course explores the use of the hands on or near the body to help or heal. The concepts and techniques performed are based on the premise that interaction between persons can be viewed as exchanges of energy between two interacting fields. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 228: Introduction to Reflexology (1)

This course provides an introduction to the gentle art and pressure therapy of Reflexology. Students explore the basic theory and learn the principles and holistic, physiological effects of application of pressure to specific reflex points on the hands and feet. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 230: Herbal Studies (3)

The study of the ways that herbs and herbal remedies have traditionally been used in the Western and Eastern societies. Explore the philosophy of herbalism and distinct nutritional and therapeutic benefits that herbs can offer. Learn the fundamentals of preparing and using herbs for health enhancement. Specific health practices, which utilize the therapeutic applications of herbs and other botanical substances, will be discussed. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CAT 231: Aromatherapy: The Science of Fragrance (1)

The course provides an introduction to aromatherapy and the uses, principles and physiological and psychological effects of essential oils. The course will explore the history, basic theory and practice of aromatherapy as well as current evidence of its effectiveness in treating many health conditions. Laboratory experiences will grant students the opportunity to explore the blending and use of essential oils. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CAT 232: Foundations of Homeopathy (2)

Introduces the basic principles of homeopathy. Course sessions introduce the system of healing based on the natural law of like cures like. Topics include information about homeopathic case taking and analysis, homeopathic first aid and home care and its uses for patient education and its application in acute and chronic ailments. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CAT 233: Introduction to Naturopathy (2)

This course will discuss the history, philosophy and fundamental principles of the healing art of naturopathy. Course sessions will include information about naturopathic practices and their application and use in creating a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing. Naturopathic approach to health maintenance, prevention of illness and disease and therapeutic interventions for the treatment of acute and chronic ailments are presented. Offered as Needed (UG)

CAT 303: Traditional Chinese Medicine (3)

This course provides an overview of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and introduces the basic concepts and theories. It will provide an introduction to the philosophy and theories fundamental to TCM, including the essential principles of Yin and Yang, five elements and internal organ systems. Acupuncture as a therapy will also be introduced, including meridian theory and acupuncture points. Students will be exposed to the diagnostic methods of TCM and as well as techniques such as cupping, moxibustion, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, Tuina and herbology. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Chemistry

CHE 100: Chemistry for a Changing World (3)

An introduction to the major concepts of chemistry with a focus on the application of chemical principles to everyday life. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CHE 101: General Chemistry (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An introduction to inorganic chemistry. Topics include bonding, equations, reactivity, solutions, and equilibrium. This course cannot be used as science elective credit for science majors. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry or MTH 97 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

CHE 101L: General Chemistry Lab (1)

An introduction to laboratory techniques in chemistry required of students in the Environmental Studies program who do not take CHE 110L. Corequisite:CHE 101. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CHE 102: Preparation for Chemistry I (3)

This is a preparatory course for the study of general chemistry for science majors (CHE110) and is offered ONLY to students who choose to leave CHE110 due to anticipated unacceptable performance in CHE 110. The course will focus on major areas of problem solving needed for introductory chemistry and the appropriate manipulation of numbers. Topics covered: mass and unit conversions to and from the metric system; atomic structure and nomenclature for compounds; balancing chemical reactions and making chemical conversions through stoichiometric relationships; correctly writing and interpreting various types of reactions to aqueous solutions and balancing redox reactions; using the gas laws to predict properties of the gases, and to predict the reacted or expected amounts within chemical reactions of reactant or product gases. Successful completion of the course allows students to proceed to CHE 110. Pre-requisite: Prior enrollment but non-completion of CHE 110/L. (UG)

CHE 102L: Prep for Chemistry I Lab (1)

A laboratory course to accompany CHE 102. The focus of these experiments will be on major areas of problem solving. Prerequisite: Prior enrollment but non-completion of CHE 110L. (UG)

CHE 104: General Chemistry (4)

This course is a continuation of CHE 101. The focus of the course is the fundamental structure and properties of the major classes of organic compounds with particular reference to organic molecules and biopolymers that are important in pharmacology, nutrition and medicine such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. The course is primarily intended for those who are interested in nursing or health care studies majors. May not be taken for science elective credit by science majors. Course cannot be used in place of CHE 301 or BCH 317. Not offered at Main campus. (UG)

CHE 104L: General Chemistry Laboratory (0)

A laboratory course to accompany CHE 104 in which the different properties, preparation of, and detection of organic molecules and biopolymers that are important in pharmacology and nutrition and health will be investigated. Prerequisite: CHE 101L; Co-requisite: CHE 104. Not offered at Main campus. (UG)

CHE 110: Chemistry I (4)

An introduction to the basic principles, theories and techniques of chemistry. Topics include stoichiometry, atomic structure, bonding, states of matter, equilibrium, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry and chemical reactions. Prerequisite: One year of high school chemistry; mathematics competency of MTH 124 or higher. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall, Spring). (UG)

CHE 110L: Chemistry I Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Chemistry I. Corequisite: CHE 110. (UG)

CHE 111: Chemistry II (4)

A continuation of the study of the basic principles, theories and techniques of chemistry. Prerequisite: CHE 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall, Spring). (UG)

CHE 111L: Chemistry II Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Chemistry II. Corequisite: CHE 111. (UG)

CHE 112: Introduction to Forensic Chemistry (3)

A fundamental exploration of forensic chemical techniques, data analysis, and formal presentation of data collected. Chemical techniques for this course include fingerprinting techniques, chromatography, density gradients, and spectroscopy. Prerequisites: CHE 101 or CHE 110. (UG)

CHE 112L: Introduction to Forensic Chemistry Lab (1)

Laboratory techniques for general forensic chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 112. (UG)

CHE 301: Organic Chemistry I (3)

An introduction to organic functional groups. Bonding, reaction mechanisms, synthetic chemistry, isomers (position, functional and stereo), oxidation-reduction and the chemistry of organic molecules are covered. Science credit may not be earned for both BCH 317 and CHE 301. Prerequisites: CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

CHE 301L: Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)

An introduction to organic techniques and synthesis. Pre/corequisite: CHE 301. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

CHE 302: Organic Chemistry II (3)

An expanded view of reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry. The development of a more complete synthetic correlation chart. Special topics include spectroscopy and molecular rearrangements. Prerequisite: CHE 301. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

CHE 302L: Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)

Organic synthesis and spectroscopy. Pre/corequisite: CHE 302. Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

CHE 303: Introduction to Physical Chemistry (4)

An introduction to physical chemistry including thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics and quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: MTH 144, PHY 102 or PHY 152, CHE 302. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

CHE 303L: Introduction to Physical Chemistry Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Intro to Physical Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 303. (UG)

CHE 304: Advanced Physical Chemistry (4)

A continuation of the study of the basic principles of physical chemistry. Prerequisite: CHE 303. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CHE 304L: Advanced Physical Chemistry Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Advanced Topics in Physical Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 304. (UG)

CHE 309: Chemistry III (3)

A discussion of bonding theories, chemistry of the elements, coordination compounds and stereochemistry of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CHE 302/L. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

CHE 311: Contemporary Chemical Analysis (4)

The principles and techniques of quantitative analytical chemistry. The topics include gravimetric, volumetric, electrochemical and instrumental techniques. Prerequisite: CHE 111. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered Each Year. (UG)

CHE 311L: Contemporary Chemical Analysis Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Contemporary Chemical Analysis. Corequisite: CHE 311. (UG)

CHE 312: Modern Instrumental Analysis (4)

An introduction to the use of modern analytical instruments. Theory of operation and hands-on practical applications are covered. Prerequisite: CHE 301 or BCH 317. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CHE 312L: Modern Instrumental Analysis Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Modern Instrumental Analysis. Corequisite: CHE 312. (UG)

CHE 337: Forensic Chemistry (3)

An advanced approach to application of modern qualitative and quantitative techniques used in a forensic laboratory. The emphasis is on investigating common interferences that exist in forensic evidence along with how to work with unknown materials. Prerequisites: CHE 110, CHE 111 and BCH 317 or CHE 301. (UG)

CHE 337L: Forensic Chemistry Lab (1)

Laboratory techniques for Forensic Chemistry. Corequisite: CHE 337. (UG)

CHE 410: Organic Chemistry III (3)

A detailed study of reaction mechanisms, molecular rearrangements, stereochemistry and instrumental techniques. Prerequisites: CHE 302/L. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Chinese

CHI 100: Survival Chinese (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress two language skills (listening and speaking) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the novice low level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the novice-mid level. Over the course of the semester, the student will gradually acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to progress from simple repetition of memorized structures to creation and communication in the target language. To this end, great stress will be placed on the repetition, revision and pronunciation of vocabulary and grammatical items. By the end of CHI 100, the student will be competent in listening and speaking skills at the novice-mid level. This course is intended for students who have less than 2 years of High School Chinese. (UG)

CHI 101: Elementary Chinese I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the novice low level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the novice-mid level. Over the course of CHI 101 and CHI 102, the student will gradually acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to progress from simple repetition of memorized structures to creation and communication in the target language. To this end, great stress will be placed on the repetition, revision and pronunciation of vocabulary and grammatical items. By the end of CHI 101, the student will be competent in reading, writing, listening and speaking skills at the novice-mid level. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students who have less than 2 years of High School Chinese. (UG)

CHI 102: Elementary Chinese II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the novice low level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the novice-high level. Over the course of CHI 101 and CHI 102, the student will gradually acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to progress from simple repetition of memorized structures to creation and communication in the target language. To this end, great stress will be placed on the repetition, revision and pronunciation of vocabulary and grammatical items. By the end of CHI 102, the student will be competent in reading,writing, listening and speaking skills at the novice-high level. Prerequisite: CHI 101. (UG)

CHI 105: Intermediate Chinese I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the "novice-high" level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the "intermediate-low" level. Learners in 105 should be prepared to further develop speaking skills, proficiency, and accuracy in the L2. Learners move out of concrete concepts and into abstract concepts, they comprehend main ideas and details of authentic materials, both written and spoken. The L2 is used exclusively by both learner and instructor. The student will acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to begin communication in the target language in entry-level professional settings. By the end of CHI 105, the student will be competent in reading, writing, listening and speaking skills at the intermediate-low level. Prerequisites: Successful completion of CHI 102 or three years high school Chinese. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CHI 106: Intermediate Chinese II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the "intermediate-low" level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the "intermediate-mid" level. Learners in 106 should be prepared to further develop speaking skills, proficiency, and accuracy in the L2. Learners move out of concrete concepts and into abstract concepts, they comprehend main ideas and details of authentic materials, both written and spoken. The L2 is used exclusively by both learner and instructor. The student will acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to begin communication in the target language in entry-level professional settings. By the end of CHI 106, the student will be competent in reading, writing, listening and speaking skills at the intermediate-mid level. Prerequisites: CHI 105. Offered as Needed. (UG)

CHI 110: Chinese for Teachers (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will stress four language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) as well as cultural awareness. The student will progress from the novice low level of language proficiency (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: ACTFL) to the novice-mid level. Over the course of the semester, the student will gradually acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to progress from simple repetition of memorized structures to creation and communication in the target language. It also aims to provide teachers with the knowledge, skills, and tools that they need to bring basic Chinese language to their classrooms. To this end, great stress will be placed on the repetition, revision and pronunciation of vocabulary and grammatical items, as well as the development of student skills in teaching basic Chinese to the elementary and/or secondary level. By the end of CHI 110, the student will be competent in listening, speaking, reading and writing skills at the novice-mid level. Prerequisite: This course is intended for Education majors or those seeking secondary teacher certification who successfully complete CHI 100. (UG)

Composition

CMP 101: English Composition (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. The primary emphasis is on developing rhetorical awareness: an understanding of the contexts, purposes, and expectations that govern college-level writing. Course topics include: the technical and stylistic skills of expository writing; strategies for critical and purposeful reading, writing, and inquiry; and information literacy. These skills will be addressed through group and individual instruction and through assignments in expository writing and research. Prerequisite: college-level competence as determined by standardized test scores and high school GPA. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

CMP 212: Writing for the Campus Newspaper (3)

This course introduces students to the culture and practices of the campus newspaper, from reporting and reviewing to editing and production. Students will learn how to originate topics, investigate and write news stories for the college community and within the framework of journalistic ethics. Prerequisite: CMP 101. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CMP 301: Professional Writing (3)

This is a cross-curricular course in which students study and practice the discourse of various disciplines: Business, Fine and Performing Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, and Natural and Health Sciences. Students learn to recognize and utilize the central conventions of writing in these disciplines by using techniques of rhetorical analysis. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CMP 311: Advanced English Composition (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Fulfills Research & Presentation requirement. This advanced course in composition is designed to help students expand and refine their technical and stylistic writing skills. Through analysis of professional writing, the students will learn to identify structures and techniques of effective writing and research. Through extensive directed writing experience, the student will learn to emulate techniques of effective written communication and research. Prerequisite: Completion of 45 credits or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

CMP 312: Creative Writing (3)

Writing Intensive. Fundamental principles in the writing of poetry, the short story, and drama. Individual and class criticism in a workshop format. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CMP 315: Advanced Composition for Health Professionals (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with PT 312, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. This course in composition is designed to help students in the health and natural sciences expand and refine their technical and stylistic skills through an extensive directed writing experience based on professional models. Students will use medical and scientific terminology, write case-based reports and analysis, learn documentation methods and, and write standard research forms used in professional communications. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Fall and Spring Semesters. (UG)

CMP 317: Journalism (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as CA 317. An introductory course in the fundamentals of journalism, with an emphasis on writing news stories, reviews, interviews, and editorials. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed (UG)

CMP 318: Writing for Media (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as CA 318. This course emphasizes non-fiction writing in such areas as in-depth reporting of public affairs, contemporary profiles, issue-related stories, magazine writing and criticism. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CMP 420: Promotional Writing (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as PR 420. This course introduces students to a style of marketing writing commonly known as "copywriting." Students will learn to write text (copy) whose aim is to promote products and services. Among units focused on will be brochures, print advertisements, broadcast advertisements, public service announcements for radio and television, direct mail, and other elements of marketing communications. CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

CMP 92: Developmental English Language Skills (3)

This course is designed to assist students in obtaining basic college-level proficiency in English grammar with direct application to paragraph and essay writing. Offered in HEOP Summer Program. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

CMP 95: Basic Grammar (3)

This course is designed for students who need to review the parts of speech, grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Students will master these concepts while simultaneously learning to vary their sentence types. Offered As Needed. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

CMP 97: Basic Rhetoric (3)

This course emphasizes audience and purpose, invention, the main idea, focus, and coherence. Students will incorporate these concepts into their writing process while learning to use evidence to develop different modes of paragraphs. Offered Each Semester. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

Computer Science

CSC 100: Computer Literacy (3)

This course is designed to provide students with the basic concepts of computing systems and information systems. Students gain knowledge of how computers are used in today's society and are introduced to applications packages. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 101: Introduction to Computer Programming (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Introduction to programming. Problems analysis and algorithms. Discussion of computer systems and use. A substantial amount of BASIC programming is included. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 201: Introduction to Computer Science (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Introduction to the basic concepts of computer science. Covers fundamental computer science concepts and programming in C++. Includes these topics: computing system concepts, problem solving, algorithm design, top-down development, program testing and documentation, data types (built-in and enumerated), data manipulation, sequences, selection, loops, modules, parameters, arrays, records, strings, files, introduction to sorting and searching techniques and other basic algorithms. Requires extensive programming. Prerequisite: MTH 131 or MTH 144 or equivalent placement. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 212: Introduction to Computer Science II (3)

A continuation of CSC 201. Covers abstract data structures and their operations, and software concepts. Includes these topics: program development (interpreting specifications, top-down development, information hiding, structured testing), implementation of built-in data types and structures, files, pointers, stacks, queues, linked lists, recursion, trees, graphs, searching and sorting algorithms, and an introduction to complexity analysis of algorithms. Requires extensive programming. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in CSC 201. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 310: Introduction to Computer Systems and Organization (3)

Study of the relationships between computer systems, software concepts and programming technologies. Computer architecture, language processors and systems resources are also studied. Prerequisite: CSC 212. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 350: Data Structures (3)

Essentials of data structures and data structure algorithms. Includes lists, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary trees, sorting, hashing, etc. Programming in a modern language. Prerequisite: CSC 212. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 405: Operating Systems (3)

Study of some of the functions of the operating system, such as management of processes, storage and files. An operating system is studied in depth. The history and development of operations systems, process concepts, management and scheduling, real and virtual storage, file storage and access will also be covered. Prerequisites: CSC 310 and 350. Offered As Needed. (UG)

CSC 416: Numerical Analysis (3)

Cross-listed as MTH 416. Study of finite differences, interpolation, root finding algorithms, numerical differentiation and integration, linear systems and matrices, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite: MTH 145. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Economics

ECO 201: Principles of Microeconomics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Introduction to fundamentals of supply and demand, elasticity, equilibrium and economic behavior under pure competition and monopoly. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ECO 202: Principles of Macroeconomics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A look at inflation and unemployment, the Keynesian Model, the determination of output and employment and fiscal policy within the context of the Keynesian Model. Prerequisite: ECO 201 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ECO 206: The Economics of Sustainable Development (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course applies economic concepts to current topics in sustainability. Economic growth and inter- and intra-regional trade are examined in terms of their short term and long-range environmental impacts. Critical analysis is applied to the viability of various growth strategies to economic development. The geographical context for this course examines sustainability at the local, regional, and global scales. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ECO 209: Economics of Poverty (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. An understanding of basic issues in poverty-economics. Classes and groups which are characterized as impoverished are identified. Causes of poverty and anti-discrimination and anti-poverty socioeconomic policies are evaluated. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ECO 213: Economics of Inequality (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course covers the full spectrum of the distribution of income from the disadvantaged to the advantaged. It discusses various ways to measure inequality and the distribution of income. It also investigates the theoretical explanations of the causes of inequality, and presents some techniques that may be used to overcome inequality. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ECO 221: Political Economy of East Asia (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 221. An analysis of the successful industrialization of East Asia. Topics include the roles of development strategies, political institutions, industrial policy, culture, financial and monetary policies and China's recent transition toward a market economy. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ECO 232: International Political Economy (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 232. Study of the globalization of the world economy, why nations trade with each other and why they sometimes practice trade protectionism. Examines the growing importance of regional economic blocs, such as the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Other topics include the rise and decline of American economic hegemony, the rise of Japan's economic power, global trade conflicts, economic reforms in the former Soviet Union and China, and causes of development and underdevelopment in the third world. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ECO 333: International Economics (3)

This course looks at the modern theory of international trade, its qualifications and possible alternatives. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ECO 343: Global Economic Geography (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. An examination of the basic principles which determine the location of economic activities. Consideration of the impact of contemporary changes in resources and populations on the international economic order. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202.Offered As Needed. (UG)

Early Childhood Special Education

ECSE 222: Infant Development and Intervention with Assistive Technology (3)

This course prepares teacher candidates to understand and appreciate the complex developmental issues and comprehensive interdisciplinary service needs of infants who are disabled or are at risk for a disability, and their families. From an educational perspective, it is impossible to view the needs and goals for the young child apart from those of the family. Early intervention (EI) services are now found throughout the United States, and recent research on brain development highlights the unique characteristics and needs of infants and the critical role of their caregivers in fostering optimal growth and development. The transactional model of EI emphasizes the importance of the continual and progressive interactions between the infant and the environment and is an essential position of the course objectives. Current research on the use of assistive technology in facilitating the infant's interactions with the environment will also be explored and incorporated into class discussions and assignments. A 30-hour field experience (practicum) is required. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ECSE 279: Typical and Atypical Child Development and Intervention Strategies for Preschoolers with Special Needs: Part I (3)

This course provides an overview of issues and strategies involved in providing appropriate educational-development programming to toddlers and preschoolers with disabilities. Recognizing the importance of linking an understanding of child development and learning to curriculum development and implementation, this course will integrate an exploration of the various domains of child development with the design and implementation of individual and developmentally appropriate intervention strategies. Part I will include an introduction to young children with special needs and the historical and legal mandates for providing for special needs in early education. Also addressed will be the developmental stages and factors affecting development, partnership with families, sensorimotor development, self-help skill development, and social and emotional development. Due to the unique instructional needs of young children with special needs, a field-based, college-supervised observational and teaching experience of two hours in an early childhood setting is required. A three (3) hour field experience (practicum) is required. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ECSE 280: Typical and Atypical Child Development and Intervention Strategies for Preschoolers with Special Needs: Part II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Fulfils Research & Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This course will build on information covered in ECSE 279: Part 1, but will also expand to include a study of communication and literacy, cognitive development, a brief overview of assessment, Individual Education Plans, developing developmentally appropriate lesson plans, the role and use of technology, and effective use of paraprofessionals and volunteers in early intervention programs. Teacher candidates will be required to submit to the annual Academic Festival a proposal for a presentation or a poster on a topic related to course objectives. A 5-hour field experience (practicum) is required. A grade of "C" or better is required in this course for admission to upper division for ECSE teacher candidates. Prerequisites: SED 270 and ESCE 279 with a grade of C or better. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ECSE 324: Transdisciplinary Intervention and Family Involvement (3)

With the implementation of family-centered services and the inclusion of young children with special needs in naturalistic environments, personnel need to be able to work collaboratively as members of teams with family members, with others in their own disciplines, and with individuals from an array of other disciplines. The early childhood special educator must be knowledgeable about the philosophical base, methodological approaches, and terminology of the disciplines with which collaboration/consultation occurs. In transdisciplinary team approaches, all team members share their expertise, become sensitive to understanding perspectives of other team members, and cross boundaries of their professional disciplines to maximize what they can offer to the child and his or her family. Students will receive instruction from a parent of a child with a disability and a team of professionals who will model transdisciplinary service delivery and instruct students in a cross-disciplinary model of intervention. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better for ECSE 280, EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ECSE 325: Early Childhood Assessment Methods for Mild/Moderate Disabilities: A Practicum (3)

This course provides an overview of issues, the legal basis, and the functions of assessment of infants, toddlers and preschoolers with special needs. Assessment is an important and ongoing responsibility of professionals who work with young children with special needs and is necessary not only to meet federal and state mandates but also to plan appropriate intervention strategies and to monitor the effectiveness of services provided. Special emphasis will be placed on incorporating current research into the course objectives, including recognition of the high priority now placed on family-centered assessment and intervention, on assessment in the natural environment, and on the importance afforded to the role of interdisciplinary assessment strategies. After reviewing assessment issues and instruments in class, teacher candidates will select one or more authentic and performance-based assessment tools; conduct an assessment of a young child in a natural environment, using both informal and formal assessment methods; review the child's records; interview significant care givers; and then, based on the findings, develop and implement an intervention strategy and record the results. All phases of the process will be monitored and supervised by college and professional personnel. A 25-hour field experience (practicum) is required. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better for ESCE 280, EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ECSE 473: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Preschool Level for Students with Disabilities (Birth-Pre K) (6)

For students in the Early Childhood/Early Childhood Special Education program. One professional laboratory experience includes observations of young children with disabilities, birth through age five, with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327, EDU 471 or 472, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 Overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

ECSE 474: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Preschool Level for Students with Disabilities (Pre K-Grade 2) (6)

For students in the Early Childhood/Early Childhood Special Education program. One professional laboratory experience includes observations of young children with disabilities, pre-school through second grade, with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327, EDU 471 or 472, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

Education

EDU 103: Arts, Movement and Music for the Young Child (3)

Incorporating the theory of Multiple Intelligences and developmentally appropriate practices, this course prepares students to develop and implement meaningful, integrated learning experiences that focus on children's needs and interests to interact with their environment through music, art, and movement. Teacher candidates will be taught to incorporate into their daily instructional planning activities and strategies which encourage young children's physical, social, emotional, aesthetic and cognitive development across a wide variety of sensory and physical experiences, utilizing an array of materials, equipment, and environmental adaptations. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 203: Learning Theory (3)

Designed to provide a thorough understanding of psychological concepts, principles, and theories central to the teaching-learning process, including classroom problems encountered by teachers. A one(1)-hour field experience (practicum) is required. This course requires a grade of C or better for admission to upper division. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 217: Facilitating Reading Literacy for Regular and Special Needs Learners at the Primary Level (4)

This course focuses on the natural, integrative, developmental processes by which young, primary level children (Grades K-3) continue to acquire speech, language, and communication from the early childhood years. Emphasized are the development and utilization of a broad spectrum of pedagogical strategies designed to foster a continuing competence and confidence in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. All major methods of teaching reading and the related language arts are explored in depth. Diagnostic, prescriptive, and evaluative techniques are addressed, including major modifications which must be made to accommodate the needs of children with disabilities. The critical assessment of commercial reading and other language arts programs/materials/ strategies designed for the emergent and early reader is also a major intended course outcome. Prerequisites: EDU 203 and EDU 237 with a C or better. A 45-hour field experience (practicum) is required. MORNING SECTION teacher candidates should not register for any courses immediately preceding this course or following until 12:00 noon. For EVENING SECTION the field experience is on Wednesday and Friday mornings, from 8:00 AM to 12:00 PM - please reserve this time. This course requires a grade of C or better for admission to upper division. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 218: Facilitating Reading Literacy for Regular and Special Needs Learners at the Intermediate Level (4)

This course extends the study completed in EDU 217 by exploring in depth alterations/ modifications/ extensions of strategies which further facilitate language development and reading acumen for intermediate level and middle school children and youths. Emphasized are the development and utilization of a broad spectrum of pedagogical methodologies designed to foster reading literacy and confidence and competence in writing, speaking, and listening. Diagnostic, prescriptive, and evaluative techniques appropriate to the intermediate child and middle school youth are addressed, including major modifications which must be made to accommodate the needs of students with disabilities. The critical assessment of commercial reading and other language arts programs/materials/strategies, designed for the fluent reader, is also a major intended course outcome. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 217. A teacher candidate must earn a C or better in this course to continue in the Childhood(1-6) & Special Education(1-6) certification program. Offered Each Year(Spring). (UG)

EDU 237: Instructional Design: Theory and Practice (3)

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the instructional process. The primary focus is on the introduction to and examination of instructional design, with special emphasis on the utilization of behavioral objectives in planning instruction. Also addressed are the personal and professional characteristics and competencies necessary for effecting educationally meaningful teaching-learning experiences for children and youth. The relationship between theory and instructional design is covered in depth. Prerequisites: grade of C or better in EDU 203 or first time repeating or concurrent enrollment in EDU 203 and permission of instructor. A grade of C or better is required in this course for admission to upper division. Teacher candidates are dismissed from the program if they fail to receive a C or better on the second attempt. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 267: Practicum in Teaching Language Arts at the Elementary School Level (3)

The primary purpose of this course is to assist in the development of a competent, professional classroom teacher who is aware of and can demonstrate those personal and professional competencies necessary for producing effective teaching-learning experiences. In this regard, the course will provide elementary and special education majors with: 1) a foundation in the aspects of an elementary school classroom; 2) field experiences and opportunities to work with children on a teacher-pupil basis; and 3) opportunities for students to apply the fundamentals learned in EDU 237/EDU 217/EDU 218 by planning,preparing, and presenting teaching-learning experiences in the area of language arts within a classroom setting. Prerequisites: grade of C or better in EDU 217 and EDU 237. A field experience (practicum) of 40 hours is required. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

EDU 301: Methods and Materials: Art (Elementary) (3)

The focus of this course is on art instruction as it applies to the Childhood Level Art Educator. Emphasis will be placed on elementary level lesson and unit planning, instructional strategies for diverse learners, understanding characteristics of child and artistic development, and multiple instructional strategies that encourage students' critical and creative thinking and art skills. Teacher candidates will be required to observe, assist, and/or teach elementary students in a variety of settings. A field experience (practicum) of 30 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better for EDU 203, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered as Needed. (UG)

EDU 302: Methods and Materials: Art (Secondary) (3)

The focus of this course is on art instruction as it applies to the Adolescence Level Art Educator. Emphasis will be placed on high school lesson and unit planning, communicating with students, administrators, and community members, assessment of student learning and artwork, and school/community involvement. Teacher candidates will be required to observe, assist, and/or teach high school students in a variety of settings. A field experience (practicum) of 30 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better for EDU 203, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered as Needed. (UG)

EDU 303: Children's Literature (3)

Extensive survey of children's literature with special attention to standards of evaluation, principles of selection, and analysis of the reading interests of young children. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 217. A field experience (practicum) of 25 hours is required. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

EDU 311: Methods & Materials: Art (Middle School) (3)

The focus of this course is on art instruction as it applies to the Middle Level Art Educator. Emphasis will be placed on middle level lesson and unit planning, the contextual aspect of learners, understanding characteristics of adolescent and artistic development, classroom management and motivation, and professional development. Teacher candidates will be required to observe, assist, and/or teach middle school students in a variety of settings. A field experience (practicum) of 30 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better for EDU 203, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered as Needed. (UG)

EDU 313: Foundations of Education (3)

The purposes of this course are: 1) to provide an overview of the historical, philosophical, curricular, and sociological foundations upon which pedagogical practice in the United States rests; 2) to analyze education as a social institution; 3) to discuss contemporary educational issues from an historical perspective; and 4) to discuss educational statutes, legislation, and judicial decisions as they pertain to classroom teachers. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 314: Promoting English Language Arts Across the Content Areas (3)

The primary purpose of this course is to provide Adolescence Education students with the tools necessary to infuse English Language Arts skills into their content specific courses. Teacher candidates will participate in classroom discussions, prepare and present demonstrations, and create original projects. Background information will be presented in short lectures. A field experience (practicum) of 20 hours is required. Prerequisites: grade of C or better in EDU 203 and EDU 237. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

EDU 316: Elementary Education Methods: Social Studies (3)

This course focuses on understanding the structure and concepts of a multi-disciplinary social studies curriculum. Emphasis is given to the examination of a variety of methods and materials utilized in social studies instruction. A field experience (practicum) of 25 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper division course. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 319: Assessment Methods in Education (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with EDU 327, combination of both courses meets Research and Presentation requirement. Assessment methods in education are intended to provide teacher candidates with the knowledge and skills necessary to examine the relationship between assessment methodology and its utilization in the classroom. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to articulate the nature of assessment, compare and contrast the concepts of validity and reliability, outline appropriate testing procedures and practices, integrate standardized test results in planning classroom instruction, appraise different types of classroom assessment tools, and critique factors used to grade student performance. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year(Spring). (UG)

EDU 320: Elementary Education Methods: Math, Science and Technology (4)

This course provides an in-depth study of the major elements of an elementary level mathematics program, as well as an in-depth study of the major knowledge, concepts, and processes related to elementary level science instruction. Primary attention is directed toward an examination of the multiple/alternative methods and materials utilized in mathematics and science instruction. A field experience (practicum) of 30 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

EDU 321: Foundations in Early Childhood Education (3)

This introductory/survey course examines the role of infant stimulation, nursery school and kindergarten programming in the early formal education process. Stressed are the professional responsibilities of the teacher/educator, with special emphasis on planning and organizing skills. Experiences are designed to help the teacher candidate understand the philosophical foundations of early childhood education and formulate a personal educational philosophy and approach consistent with the best educational theory and practice in our present day culture. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 326: Planning and Managing the Teaching and Learning Environment with Assistive Technology (3)

This course will prepare students to establish and maintain physically and psychologically safe and healthy learning environments for young children that focus on children's needs and interests and takes into account culturally valued content and children's home experiences. Course objectives and assignments will require teacher candidates to demonstrate understanding of the influence of the physical setting, schedule, routines, and transitions on children's learning and to use these experiences to promote children's growth across the domains of development: social/emotional, cognitive, language/communication, self-help, and fine and gross motor. A field experience (practicum) of 10 hours is required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 327: Teaching to the Standards (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy; Together with EDU 319, combination of both courses meets Research and Presentation requirement. This course is designed to familiarize the teacher candidate with the standards movement in New York State. This course will provide a national as well as state perspective on educational reform. The primary emphasis will involve a review of the Common Core content-area learning standards now in effect in New York State. A connection between curriculum, instruction, and assessment will be established, allowing students the opportunity to develop a learning experience that incorporates the New York State Common Core standards. Implications of these standards with respect to individuals with disabilities will also be addressed. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Corequisite: Concurrent registration in Student Teaching courses. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Semester (Fall and Spring). (UG)

EDU 336: Language/Literacy Development for the Adolescent Learner (3)

This interdisciplinary course will allow Adolescence teacher candidates to discuss the theories of how learners continue to acquire and use literacy as they enter adolescence and how this differs/complements elementary acquisition. In addition, specific skills will be reviewed on how to help adolescents become better readers, writers, speakers and listeners. This course will use the seminar approach. Teacher candidates will participate in classroom discussions, prepare and present demonstrations, and create original projects. A field experience (practicum) of 20 hours is required. Prerequisites: grade of C or better in EDU 203,EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 402: Methods in Classroom Management for Secondary Education (3)

The primary purpose of this course is to provide Adolescence majors with a comprehensive, in-depth examination of strategies for creating a positive learning environment through the use of effective classroom management techniques. Particular emphasis will be placed on an introduction and examination of the development and implementation of classroom rules,procedures and consequences to enhance instruction, and prevention strategies and skills necessary to prevent classroom misconduct. Teacher candidates will examine teacher attributes and productive use of class time strategies to respond to minor classroom disruptions; diagnose and remediate chronic misbehavior; identify methods to create an effective learning environment; and investigate beliefs and theories related to classroom management. Field experience (practicum) of 20 hours required. Prerequisite: grade of C or better for EDU 203, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered each year (Fall). (UG)

EDU 457: Independent Study or Research (1 - 6)

Research project arranged for the individual or a small group under the guidance and direction of a faculty member of the Education Department. Prerequisite: Permission of department chairperson and instructor required. Offered As Needed. (UG)

EDU 458: Directed Study (1 - 6)

An examination by an individual teacher candidate of a specialized topic in the field of education or the completion of a specialized project related to teaching at either the elementary or secondary school level under the guidance and direction of a faculty member of the education department. Prerequisite: Permission of department chairperson and instructor required. Offered As Needed. (UG)

EDU 471: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Preschool and Primary School Level (Birth-Pre K) (6)

For teacher candidates in the Early Childhood/Early Childhood Special Education program. One professional laboratory experience includes observations of young children, preschool through second grade, with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327, ECSE 472 or ECSE 473, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 472: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Preschool adn Primary School Level (PreK-Grade 2) (6)

For teacher candidates in the Early Childhood/Early Childhood Special Education program. One professional laboratory experience includes observations of young children, preschool through second grade, with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327, ECSE 472 or ECSE 473, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 473: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Primary School Level (1-3) (6)

One professional laboratory experience at the childhood primary level (1-3) includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327 and EDU 474, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 474: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Intermediate Level (4-6) (6)

One professional laboratory experience at the childhood intermediate level (4-6) includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all Education courses, with the exception of EDU 327 and EDU 473, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 475: Student Teaching and Seminar at Childhood Level (1-6) (6)

For dual certification majors. One professional laboratory experience covers observation of special education classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for EDU 327 and SED 476, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 477: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Elementary School Level: Art (K-6) (6)

One professional elementary level (K-6) laboratory experience in Art includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for ART 498 and EDU 478, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 478: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Secondary School Level: Art (7-12) (6)

One professional secondary level (7-12) laboratory experience in Art includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for ART 498 & EDU 477, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 Overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

EDU 479: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Early Secondary School Level (7-9) (6)

English, French, Mathematics, Natural Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, General Science), Social Studies, and Spanish. One professional laboratory experience at the early adolescent level (7-9) includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for EDU 327 and EDU 480, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester (UG)

EDU 480: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Secondary School Level (10-12) (6)

English, French, Mathematics, Natural Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, General Science), Social Studies, and Spanish. One professional laboratory experience at the secondary level (10-12) includes observations of regular classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Teacher candidates are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for EDU 327 and EDU 479, which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

English

ENG 91: Essential Reading Skills (3)

This course is designed to develop the skills to comprehend and retain information from college-level texts. Offered Each Year (Fall). Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

ENG 94: Developmental Reading and Study Skills (3)

This course is designed to assist students in developing selective reading, study, and thinking skills necessary for successful performance in college-level courses. Offered in HEOP Summer Program. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

Environmental Studies

ENS 201: Introduction to Environmental Science (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A survey of ecological principles, human modifications of environment, population dynamics, environmental pollutants and the effects on ecological systems. Intended for non-science majors, cannot be used for major credit for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 201: Introduction to Environmental Science (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A survey of ecological principles, human modifications of environment, population dynamics, environmental pollutants and the effects on ecological systems. Intended for non-science majors, cannot be used for major credit for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 205: Planet Earth I: Physical Features (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 205. An introduction to physical aspects of geology, hydrology, the atmosphere and oceanography of the Earth and the application of these principles from a scientific perspective to land use and planning. Cannot receive credit for both ESC 107 and ENS/NSC 205. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

ENS 205: Planet Earth I: Physical Features (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 205. An introduction to physical aspects of geology, hydrology, the atmosphere and oceanography of the Earth and the application of these principles from a scientific perspective to land use and planning. Cannot receive credit for both ESC 107 and ENS/NSC 205. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

ENS 206: Planet Earth II: Geographical Features (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 206. An examination of the features that distinguish the different ecosystems. Topics include the use of spatial statistics, remote sensing and interpretation of land/satellite data as a means of distinguishing the features. This course cannot be used as credit in the major for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 206: Planet Earth II: Geographical Features (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 206. An examination of the features that distinguish the different ecosystems. Topics include the use of spatial statistics, remote sensing and interpretation of land/satellite data as a means of distinguishing the features. This course cannot be used as credit in the major for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 211: Environmental and Energy Policies I (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 211. A survey of major environmental and energy policies and the intergovernmental administrative system established to implement them. Topics include a history of the environmental movement, green politics, international environmental issues and the contrasts between scientific and political decision-making. If taken as ENS 211, this course cannot be used as a science elective. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ENS 211: Environmental and Energy Policies I (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 211. A survey of major environmental and energy policies and the intergovernmental administrative system established to implement them. Topics include a history of the environmental movement, green politics, international environmental issues and the contrasts between scientific and political decision-making. If taken as ENS 211, this course cannot be used as a science elective. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ENS 212: Environmental and Energy Policies II (3)

A continuation of ENS/PSC 211. Prerequisite: GVT/ENS 211. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 212: Environmental and Energy Policies II (3)

A continuation of ENS/PSC 211. Prerequisite: GVT/ENS 211. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 219: Politics, Planning and Land Use (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 219. Principles and practice of land management policies at the state and local levels of government. Topics include zoning power of local government, preparation of master plans, variance procedures, federal mandates and Environmental Impact Statements. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 219: Politics, Planning and Land Use (3)

Cross-listed as PSC 219. Principles and practice of land management policies at the state and local levels of government. Topics include zoning power of local government, preparation of master plans, variance procedures, federal mandates and Environmental Impact Statements. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 303: Environmental Toxicology (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 303. Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of different types of toxins, their routes into organisms, environmental fates and roles in metabolic pathways. Applications to environmental and occupational health as well as detection and risk assessment are included. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110/L and CHE 111/L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ENS 303: Environmental Toxicology (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 303. Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of different types of toxins, their routes into organisms, environmental fates and roles in metabolic pathways. Applications to environmental and occupational health as well as detection and risk assessment are included. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110/L and CHE 111/L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

ENS 304: Environmental Chemistry (3)

An examination of the chemical aspects of pollution (water, air and land) including detection and remediation methods. Chemistry for the sustainable use of natural resources is discussed. Prerequisite: CHE 110. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ENS 304: Environmental Chemistry (3)

An examination of the chemical aspects of pollution (water, air and land) including detection and remediation methods. Chemistry for the sustainable use of natural resources is discussed. Prerequisite: CHE 110. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

ENS 304L: Environmental Chemistry Lab (1)

Employs the practical application of chemical analysis for detection and remediation methods of pollution in water, air and land. The chemistry of some alternative energy sources are also explored. Corequisite: ENS 304. (UG)

ENS 304L: Environmental Chemistry Lab (1)

Employs the practical application of chemical analysis for detection and remediation methods of pollution in water, air and land. The chemistry of some alternative energy sources are also explored. Corequisite: ENS 304. (UG)

ENS 309: Population Dynamics (3)

An examination of the relationships between human and animal populations and their environment. Topics include demography, population growth and relevant models, population genetics and environmental stresses on populations. Prerequisite: BIO 302. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 309: Population Dynamics (3)

An examination of the relationships between human and animal populations and their environment. Topics include demography, population growth and relevant models, population genetics and environmental stresses on populations. Prerequisite: BIO 302. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENS 310: Global Water Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Information Literacy; Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as SUST 310. This course investigates the environmental, technological and health-related issues associated with the availability and quality of water worldwide. Case studies of global water problems will highlight these water problems in the context of socioeconomic and politicial issues. Prerequisite: BIO 100, BIO 110, ENS 201, or Permission of Instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

ENS 310: Global Water Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Information Literacy; Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as SUST 310. This course investigates the environmental, technological and health-related issues associated with the availability and quality of water worldwide. Case studies of global water problems will highlight these water problems in the context of socioeconomic and politicial issues. Prerequisite: BIO 100, BIO 110, ENS 201, or Permission of Instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

Entrepreneurship

ENTR 201: The Entrepreneurial Mindset (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course identifies and analyzes the values, abilities, and personal attributes of successful entrepreneurs. The primary premise of the course is that all people have the inborn ability to be successful. Students will be guided through a self awareness of the skills and attributes common to successful entrepreneurs. Concepts to be explored include creativity and innovation, creative problem solving and brainstorming, opportunity recognition, networking, technology utilization, effective written, verbal, and non-verbal communication, new venture development and entrepreneurship as it relates to profit, non-profit, and social ventures. (UG)

ENTR 301: The Entrepreneurial Skill Set (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. In this course, students will learn and develop the skills necessary to transition an idea into action. Building off of ENTR 201, students will utilize techniques to effect creative thinking in combination with the practical skills for implementation. They will learn how to identify the critical tasks and hurdles in building an entrepreneurial venture (social action, business idea, or other venture), brainstorm creative solutions, and identify the necessary means for realization. These challenges and the resulting solutions will fall within the following categories: financing, planning, networking, and growing (or exiting the business). Students will learn how to develop their leadership skills and organizational effectiveness with an emphasis on recognizing the critical importance of high ethical standards necessary for success. Prerequisite: ENTR 201. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ENTR 401: Entrepreneurship in Action (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course is designed to explore entrepreneurial and business competencies by interconnecting ideas and objectives, through practical experience of assessing, planning, implementing, measuring and controlling a new business or social venture. Students will apply their knowledge of organizational management, best practices, problem solving, and strategic planning on real business scenarios. The course is relevant to entrepreneurs from all disciplines who want to develop a business venture in realistic terms, or to develop new ventures inside existing organizations.It is also relevant to students who are interested in pursuing social ventures, establishing non-profit organizations and creating a business with a strong mission. Prerequisites: ENTR 201 and ENTR 301. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Environmental Science

ESC 107: Introduction to Earth Science (3)

An introduction to the earth sciences with emphasis on geology, oceanography and meteorology. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

English as a Second Language

ESL 047: Selected Topics (3)

This course is intended to strengthen English skills for non-native speakers on both Intermediate and Advance levels. A variety of topics may be offered at any one time, including speaking and listening, academic reading, academic writing, business english, pronunciation, speaking clearly, and introduction to American culture. Offered As Needed. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

ESL 215: Scholarly Research and Writing (3)

The course prepares the international nursing student to develop a written research project. The steps of literature review to determine the state of the science of the student's selected topic is addressed. Students will research and compile an annotated historical review/bibliography of a research journal series related to their topic. Instruction focuses on several forms of expository writing common in the health professions while emphasizing effective communication between the writer and different audiences. The course emphasizes critical reading and thinking, argumentative writing, library research, and documentation of sources in an academic setting. Offered as Needed (UG)

Finance

FIN 212: Investing With Your Values (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Writing Intensive. This course is a basic course in the operation of the stock market and learning to invest in this market. The primary emphasis will be on natural investing and choosing profitable investments that will contribute to environmental and economic sustainability. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FIN 212: Investing With Your Values (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Writing Intensive. This course is a basic course in the operation of the stock market and learning to invest in this market. The primary emphasis will be on natural investing and choosing profitable investments that will contribute to environmental and economic sustainability. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FIN 325: Corporate Finance (3)

This course focuses on the principles of managing finance in all forms of corporate entities, emphasizing value creation by financial managers. Specific topics include an overview of the financial system, the determinants of firm value, securities' markets and valuation, the value of the firm, and investment decisions. In addition, coursework addresses ethics, accounting, business statistics, economics, computer information systems, and legal environment of business components of the common professional business core. Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Semester (UG)

FIN 325: Corporate Finance (3)

This course focuses on the principles of managing finance in all forms of corporate entities, emphasizing value creation by financial managers. Specific topics include an overview of the financial system, the determinants of firm value, securities' markets and valuation, the value of the firm, and investment decisions. In addition, coursework addresses ethics, accounting, business statistics, economics, computer information systems, and legal environment of business components of the common professional business core. Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Semester (UG)

FIN 328: Investments (3)

A study of investment principles, including the determination of objectives and a constructive approach to the attainment of these objectives. Securities markets, real estate, banking and insurance form the nucleus of the course. Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

FIN 328: Investments (3)

A study of investment principles, including the determination of objectives and a constructive approach to the attainment of these objectives. Securities markets, real estate, banking and insurance form the nucleus of the course. Prerequisite: ACC 226. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

FIN 409: Money and Banking (3)

Nature of money, development of the American monetary system, role of the banking system in creating the nation's money supply and structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System as the principal agency for monetary control. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FIN 409: Money and Banking (3)

Nature of money, development of the American monetary system, role of the banking system in creating the nation's money supply and structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System as the principal agency for monetary control. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Literature in Translation

FLIT 200: Literature in Translation: Crisis of Identity in the 20th Century (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. The horrors committed against the Jewish people and other ethnic groups, in particular during the 1930s and 1940s in Europe, is the most obvious manifestation of a profound crisis of identity that dates most immediately to the great European conflicts of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This course will examine the theme of identity and marginalization through the films and the major works of literature of the pre and post-war period. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Forensic Science

FOR 101: Introduction to Forensic Science (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing-Intensive. An introduction to the fascinating world of how science solves crimes. The topics for this course include and are not limited to: the history of forensic science, crime scene investigation, trace analysis, drugs, arson, fingerprints, firearms, tool mark analysis and document analysis. Lecture, 3 hours. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered Each Year. (UG)

FOR 210: Criminalistics (3)

An introductory course in the use of science for evaluation of physical evidence. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FOR 334: Forensic Entomology (4)

Cross-listed as BIO 334. A study of insects important in forensic science. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FOR 334L: Forensic Entomology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Forensic Entomology. Co-requisite: FOR 334. (UG)

French

FRE 101: Elementary French I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of French through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write French. Prerequisite: Less than 2 years previous French instruction. Offered Each Year. (UG)

FRE 102: Elementary French II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of French through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write French. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students who successfully complete FRE 101 or have completed a college-level Elementary French I course. Offered Each Year. (UG)

FRE 105: Intermediate French for Professional Communication I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. After a brief review of basics, the student continues to develop communicative ability in French in professional situations. Prerequisite: Successful completion of FRE 102 or its equivalent or 3 years high school French. Offered Each Year. (UG)

FRE 106: Intermediate French for Professional Communication II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. After a brief review of basics, the student continues to develop communicative ability in French in professional situations. The specific areas covered may include Social Services, Education, Health-related professions, Travel and Tourism, Banking and Finance, and Law Enforcement. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students who have successfully completed FRE 105 or an equivalent college-level Intermediate French I course. Offered each year. (UG)

FRE 207: French Conversation and Composition I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. The course is intended to develop the conversational and writing abilities of students in non-technical areas. Grammar review as needed. A variety of media is used, including film, TV, newspapers and magazines. Prerequisite: FRE 106, or four years high school French, or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 208: French Conversation and Composition II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. The course is intended to develop the conversational and writing abilities of students in non-technical areas. Grammar review as needed. A variety of media is used, including film, TV, newspapers and magazines. Prerequisite: FRE 106, or four years high school French, or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 220: Introduction to Literature in French (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. The course will introduce students to a variety of genres, time periods and authors of literature in French from France and the Francophone world. Focus will be on short stories, drama, poetry and the novella. While all work will be done in French, the pace will be appropriate for a student's initial experience with literature in the language. Prerequisite: FRE 106, or four years high school French or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 240: Grammar and Culture Workshop I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Class work will be designed to meet the career needs of the students. The class will include intensive career-specific vocabulary, role-playing, lesson planning and the use of trade and professional journals. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200 level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 250: Grammar & Culture Workshop II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A continuation of FRE 240 Grammar and Culture Workshop I. Class work will be designed to meet the career needs of the students. A strong introduction to culture will also be included. The class will include intensive career-specific vocabulary, role-playing, lesson planning and the use of trade and professional journals. Prerequisite: FRE 240. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 288: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in 288: the sophomore year of study, 388: the junior year of study, 488: the senior (488) year of study. Prerequisite: FRE-106 or concurent enrollment in same or completion of any 200 level French course. (UG)

FRE 299: Service Learning in French (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in French in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies, etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previous development project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. This course may be taken up to three times for credit. Prerequisites: Three credits French 200 level course or permission of instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

FRE 307: Survey of French Literature I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. This course broadens the student's awareness of the developments of French literature. It provides a literary background for the religious, historical and political growth of the French nation. It fosters critical and creative thinking in French, and will enable the student to compare French literary trends with those of other nations. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 308: Survey of French Literature II (3)

This course broadens the student's awareness of the developments of French literature. It provides a literary background for the religious, historical and political growth of the French nation. It fosters critical and creative thinking in French, and will enable the student to compare French literary trends with those of other nations. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FRE 311: French Translation (3)

This course provides the student, regardless of area of major study,with the skills necessary to translate from French to English and vice versa. The student will have the ability to apply language skills to a variety of written expressions. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 312: Advanced French Grammar (3)

Fulfils core competency: Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. The more difficult concepts of French grammar will be analyzed in order to increase the student's ability to use them correctly in both the written and spoken language. Prerequisite: FRE 200-level or higher, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 315: French Civilization and Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The study of all the elements which combine to form the French nation. This course will include contemporary culture and norms as well as the traditional civilization components of historical, religious, economic, literary and artistic trends. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Culture; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 326: Advanced Conversation in French (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course will focus on oral expression, giving the student the opportunity to hear and speak French exclusively in both directed and spontaneous conversations. Extensive use of French media is included. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 300-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 333: Special Topics in Literature (3)

This course will provide majors, minors, and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore various authors or genres of French literature. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 334: Special Topics in Culture (3)

This course will provide majors, minors, and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore various aspects of French or Francophone culture. Prerequisite: Three credits FRE 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Culture; Literature and Culture. (UG)

FRE 335: Special Topics in Linguistics (3)

This course will provide majors, minors and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore the field of French linguistics. The course is delivered in the French language. Prerequisites: completion of 3 credits in French studies at the 200-level or higher. May be taken for credit up to three times (9 credits maximum). Offered as Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

FRE 388: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in 288: the sophomore year of study, 388: the junior year of study, 488: the senior (488) year of study. Prerequisite: FRE 288. Offered Each Year. (UG)

FRE 399: Service Learning in French (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in French in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies, etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previously development project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. This course may be taken up to three times for credit. Prerequisite: 3 credits in French at the 300 level. (UG)

FRE 420: Methods and Assessment (3)

A study of the theories and applications of methodology and behavioral objectives in classroom management, planning and instruction. Peer-teaching of lessons using various methods of second language instruction. Observation and evaluation of middle and high-school classes. Prerequisite: FRE 300-level or higher or permission of instructor, upper division status in Adolescent Certification French program. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FRE 442: Senior Project Research (1)

Each Modern Language major must complete a senior project as one of the requirements for graduation. In this course, which must be taken in the junior year, students select the topic for research and make substantial progress on researching the senior project under the direction of Modern Language faculty members. Students are required to: submit a polished research proposal, submit an annotated bibliography, and present the research proposal to the class and faculty orally. Students may not enroll in FRE 443 Senior Project until FRE 442 is passed. Prerequisite: All junior majors must register for this course. This preparation course for the Senior Project is required of all majors and must be taken in the junior year. (UG)

FRE 443: Senior Project (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. The French major will complete this 3 credit project that demonstrates mastery of the language in the context of literary or cultural studies or professional applications. The project may be a traditional thesis on a literary or cultural topic, or it may reflect the student's involvement in professional or volunteer work in the language. The project will normally require a significant research base culminating in the submission of an extensive written report and presentation at the Academic Festival. Prerequisite: Successful completion of FRE 442. Offered As Needed. (UG)

FRE 488: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in 288: the sophomore year of study, 388: the junior year of study, 488: the senior (488) year of study. Prerequisites: FRE-388 and either concurrent enrollment in or completion of any 300 level French course. Offered Each Year (UG)

FRE 499: Service Learning in French (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in French in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies, etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previously development project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. This course may be taken up to three times for credit. Prerequisites: Three credits FRE 400 level course or permission of instructor. (UG)

Geography

GEO 117: World Geography (3)

This course will familiarize students with the spatial geography of the United States and other major regions of the world and will help them to understand the political and economic differences between nations, regions, and differently populated areas. Offered Each Year. (UG)

Health Care Studies

HCS 102: Introduction to Health Care: Systems & Professions (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course explores the current health care system with an emphasis on health care professions, and provides students with an understanding of the major tenants of the health care system and the scope of practice in each of the health professions. The desired skills of health care professionals and the contributions these professions bring to patient care will be investigated. A review of educational preparation and practice requirements for each of the health careers will be explored to assist students in further delineating their own educational and career goals. The course will also provide opportunity for students to appropriately explore the current databases and literature and engage in discussions on the ethics and current events of health care. Offered Each Year (Fall and Spring). (UG)

HCS 105: Introduction to Weight Training (1)

This course introduces the student to the weight room environment. Specific instructions will be given on how to use resistance training equipment such as free weights, machines, and adjunct equipment to exercise and train the major muscle groups of the body to attain a higher fitness level. Basic concepts will be presented to allow the student to apply the knowledge gained in the course to their personal training goals. No prior exercise experience is necessary; this course is designed for the beginner. Offered as Needed (UG)

HCS 106: Introduction to Core Strengthening (1)

This course will introduce students to a range of exercises aimed at increasing core strength, enhancing stability, and supporting posture. Students will learn and identify anatomical structures related to the core and perform tests to assess core strength and ability. Physioball, mat work and other exercises will be demonstrated and practiced, including modifications for beginning, intermediate and advanced routines. Beginners will learn how to safely incorporate these exercises into a personal training routine, while more advanced students will benefit by learning techniques and approaches for teaching these exercises to fitness clients. Offered as Needed. (UG)

HCS 200: CPR and Emergency Health Care (2)

This course outlines the roles of the health care provider and the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in emergency care. The course focuses on first aid management for life-threatening and non-life-threatening emergencies such as choking, respiratory and cardiac arrest, medical emergencies, injury emergencies, and environmental emergencies incurred during daily, work and athletic activities. Content will also address the concept of "duty to act," liability, disease transmission/prevention, personal protective strategies and blood borne pathogen training. Successful completion by the student is required for eligibility for the Emergency Care and Safety Institute (ECSI) Health Care Provider CPR and AED and First Aid Certifications. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 201: Survey of Eastern and Western Complementary Medical Approaches (3)

This course provides an overview of current complementary and alternative medical approaches/therapies (CAM). These approaches/therapies, each in its own way, attempt to achieve a state of balance between physical, mental, emotional and spiritual aspects of the person, to help promote the return to wellness and to help the individual remain healthy in the future. Each approach/therapy will be presented by experts/practitioners of the field, and will then be compared and contrasted as to its history, purpose, uses, education/training and current based evidence. Offered Every Other Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 205: Healthy Eating and Body Image (2)

This course explores community health education as it relates to disordered eating behaviors and body image. Both individual and societal preoccupations with body image are referenced, as modern Western society places increasing emphasis on women's and men's weight and appearance. The effects of popular media on individual's body perception and the way these effects manifest themselves in various physical and psychological disorders will be discussed. Healthy eating will be emphasized as well as other individual and community level approaches to prevention and education. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HCS 206: Cardiovascular Health Education (2)

The course will cover selected topics in cardiovascular health education including heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Current epidemiological research will be reviewed including risk factors, and screening; treatment and prevention of disease at the primary, secondary and tertiary level will be emphasized. Current models of health education promoting cardiovascular health will be introduced. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HCS 215: HIV/AIDS Education: Science and Society (1)

This course explores multiple perspectives of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, including fundamental principles of HIV/AIDS education, current biomedical advances, and psychological and social aspects of living with the virus. The course will allow students to comfortably discuss issues related to HIV/AIDS, will provide experience with several strategies used in teaching HIV/AIDS education, and will assist students in planning for and developing appropriate educational programs. Offered as Needed. (UG)

HCS 216: Sexual Health Education (2)

This course explores a multitude of concepts related to the theory, practice and teaching of sexual health education at a community level. The course includes comprehensive coverage of information and issues of human sexuality, those related to sexuality education, and an explanation and practice of educational skills necessary for skilled sexuality educators. Offered as Needed. (UG)

HCS 225: Healthy Relationships (1)

This course introduces theories and approaches to education on healthy relationships. It will explore the formation of non-intimate and intimate relationships between people, and the effects (with an emphasis on health) of these relationships on people. These relationships include the everyday associations we have with others as a result of the positions we occupy in various situations (often called role-relationships), as well as the more intimate relationships we form with others (friendships, family relationships, and sexual relationships). Offered As Needed. (UG)

HCS 229: Holistic Lifestyle Practices (3)

This course will introduce students to fundamental theories and approaches to a holistic, or wellness based lifestyle. Current evidence on the physiological and psychological effects of stress, as well as stress management techniques, expressive therapies and coping strategies will be explored. The course will explore the role of physical activity and nutrition as it relates to modern day lifestyles, including contemporary findings on functional foods, alternative diets and other nutritional and fitness approaches to health. This is an applied course in which students will actively engage in a wellness coaching model, stress management exercises, relaxation techniques, self assessments, and personal behavior change projects as related to disease prevention. Offered Every Other Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 234: Foundations of Public Health (3)

This is an introductory course which explores the basic principles of public health practice, including the history, function and infrastructure of public health; biopsychosocial perspectives of public health problems; the public health professions; and the legal and ethical concerns. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 300: Contemporary Issues in Integrative Health Care (3)

Writing Intensive. This course explores contemporary issues in integrative health care, or the combination of evidence based complementary and alternative health care practices with Western, conventional practices. The changing paradigm of the current health care arena requires an inquisitive approach, research and critical thinking regarding new directions of health care. Controversial topics and themes in integrative health care will be introduced and students will examine these topics considering the perspective of the patient/consumer, health care provider and the health care system within which the services are being provided. This course is intended for Health Care Studies majors only. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 301: Physiology of Exercise and Cardiopulmonary Assessment (3)

This course focuses on the physiological bases of active living and sport activities. Addresses functional capacity of the human body, in particular the cardiopulmonary systems, to adjust to demands of work entailing various duration, intensities and technical requirements of the activity. Factors such as age, gender, risk factors, sedentary and non-sedentary life style, and training habits of individuals will be considered as they relate to cardiovascular assessment, training and individual limitations to performance including possibilities for safely minimizing limitations and maximizing performance. Course includes laboratory experiences directed toward competence in graded exercise testing, exercise prescription, and exercise programming as applied to asymptomatic apparently healthy individuals and prevention of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic diseases. Prerequisite: BIO 207/L and BIO208/L, or BIO316/L, or BIO 330/L and BIO340/L. Corequisite: HCS 301L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 301L: Physiology of Exercise and Cardiopulmonary Assessment Laboratory (0)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for HCS 301. (UG)

HCS 305: Communicating Health (3)

This course will present fundamental models and theories of health communication to students interested in health promotion and education. Students will move through the steps of the health communication process, from planning to evaluation; will learn to assess an audience and create culturally appropriate materials; and will examine and critique existing health promotion materials, media, and campaigns. Contemporary research in the areas of intercultural communication, provider-patient-family communication, community mobilization, advocacy, social marketing and health technology will be explored. Offered Every Other Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 308: Environmental Health (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course will provide an introduction to the public health function of environmental and occupational health. This course is intended to give students a basic understanding of how environmental factors impact the health of individuals and the community as a whole, and of the efforts made to prevent or minimize the effects of negative impacts. The emphasis of this course is to explore the relationship of people to their environment how the environment affects individual health and how an individual affects the environment. Efforts and strategies to protect and enhance one?s health and to influence the quality of the environment will be discussed. Offered as Needed. (UG)

HCS 310: Health Promotion and Education (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Through this course students will explore concepts and models of health and wellness, health promotion and health education. This course will review the history and profession of health promotion and education, the development of health education materials, learning theories, and will explore health related programs and initiatives in school, clinical, government and corporate settings. Strategies and implementation tactics will be discussed for successful development and delivery of health and wellness programs to address community and individual needs. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 313: Principles of Health Behavior Change (3)

This course will focus on the theoretical background of health education, health promotion and disease prevention. Students will build critical thinking skills as they explore individual and social health behavior theories and their application to behavior change research and practice. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 315: Health Research Design and Methodology (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving; Information Literacy. Fulfills Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This course will introduce students to the field of research design and methods for health related issues. Students will be prepared to critically review research articles and gain a comprehensive understanding of the research process, types of research designs, samples, bias and interactions in research studies as well as how to comprehend the results and study findings. Students will learn how to pose research questions, construct a relevant hypothesis, make valid causal inferences, operationalize concepts, and ways to formally test their hypotheses. This course is intended for HCS Majors only, to be completed the Senior Year. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 317: Human Motion: Principles and Perspectives (4)

This course is a study of functional anatomy, biomechanical principles, and kinesiology as applied to human movement. Structure and function of the neuromusculoskeletal system including muscle actions, joint motions, and the basic principles of kinesiology are covered. Emphasis is placed on Newton's Laws and force vector analyses as applied to the study of kinematics, kinetics, anthropometrics and muscle mechanics across all regions of the body. Laboratory sessions will incorporate cadaver prosections and problem-based learning experiences to promote development of skill in critical analysis of normal and abnormal movement, the application of kinetic and kinematic biomechanical analysis of movement directed toward assessment for prevention of injury, promotion of function, and optimizing motor skill performance. Prerequisites: BIO 207/L and BIO 208/L or BIO 316/L or BIO 330/L and BIO 340/L. Pre/corequisite: HCS 301/L. Corequisite: HCS 317L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 317L: Human Motion: Principles and Perspectives Laboratory (0)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for HCS 317. (UG)

HCS 320: Community Health Education and Disease Prevention (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. The course identifies and explores infectious and non-infectious diseases in relationship to risk factors, populations at risk, and epidemiology. Etiology and mechanisms of injury and disease onset are presented with emphasis on principles and strategies for education, prevention and health maintenance. Medical and therapeutic interventions designed to address common injuries and infectious and non-infectious diseases will be discussed as they relate to community education, prevention and safety program development. Offered Each Year (Fall and Spring). (UG)

HCS 330: Health Promotion Program Planning, Implementation and Evaluation (3)

This course will provide the knowledge and skills needed to plan, implement and evaluate health promotion programs in a variety of settings. Students will be introduced to concepts related to community needs assessment, data collection and measurement, intervention strategies, developing health education materials, evaluation techniques, acting as a health promotion/education resource person, and communication and coordination of health promotion programming. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 331: Community Health Education: Outreach and Fieldwork (3)

This course will introduce students to practical methods and processes related to community health fieldwork, outreach and community collaboration. Fieldwork and research methods, essential skills in communication and cultural competence, and skills necessary to act as a community resource person will be introduced and practiced as students actively engage in community outreach events. Offered Every Other Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 332: Strength & Conditioning (3)

In this course, students will explore and apply concepts and principles used to develop effective and appropriate strength and conditioning training programs. Material will cover fundamental strength training philosophies, program design variables, and traditional and contemporary strength training techniques. Students will gain experience in the execution and appropriate instruction of various resistance training techniques. Prerequisites: HCS 301 and HCS 317. Required corequisite: HCS 332L. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 332L: Strength and Conditioning Lab (0)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for HCS 332. (UG)

HCS 335: Critical Issues in Global Health (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The course introduces the many contexts of global health. Critical issues to be explored include multiple determinants of health, the disparities and burden of disease experienced around the globe, particularly by such populations as women and children, the ethical dimensions related to these disparities, current health priorities, and the importance of global health in terms of development. The Millennium Development Goals will be referred to as a standard for future goals on a global scale. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 338: Social Determinants of Health (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. This course will provide students with an understanding of how social factors contribute to racial/ethnic, socioeconomic and gender disparities in health and health care. This course will explore the way the social environment and social behavior influence health. We will cover the most recent research findings in the area of social epidemiology and medical sociology and discuss and debate the causes and consequences of social inequalities in health. Students will gain experience in judging the sometimes conflicting evidence between claims and apply the body of literature to situations with which they are familiar and may have encountered in everyday life. Students will discuss the policy interventions that have been designed to address disparities in health and health care. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HCS 340: Musculoskeletal Fitness Assessment (3)

This course is designed to prepare Health Care Studies students for a career in a health or fitness profession by providing them with musculoskeletal fitness assessment knowledge and skills. This lecture/lab course will explore the steps of musculoskeletal examination, as well as provide the students with the tools to assess static and dynamic musculoskeletal fitness. The importance of musculoskeletal health to overall wellness will also be discussed. Prerequisites: HCS 301 and HCS 317. Corequisite: HCS 340L. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 340L: Musculoskeletal Fitness Assessment Lab (0)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for HCS 340. (UG)

HCS 350: Fitness Training and Exercise Prescription (3)

In this course students develop the rationale for and the skills to examine, evaluate, and prescribe a comprehensive, individualized health-related fitness programs for groups and individuals in a variety of settings. The class includes lectures, demonstrations, and practical laboratories in which students will acquire knowledge and competence in exercise prescription, exercise programming, and health assessment as applied to asymptomatic apparently healthy individuals. The course will include the physiological basis of the short-term response and long-term adaptation of the neuro-musculoskeletal and metabolic systems to exercise including the effect of manipulating specific exercise parameters. Program design and instruction in the proper techniques and execution of training activities is emphasized. Prerequisite: HCS 301 and HCS 317. Corequisite: HCS 350L. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HCS 350L: Fitness Training and Exercise Prescription Laboratory (0)

This course satisfies the laboratory requirement for HCS 350. (UG)

HCS 353: Introduction to Epidemiology (3)

This course will introduce students to the field of epidemiology, which is the study of the distribution and determinants of health in populations. The course will emphasize methods for assessing factors associated with the distribution and etiology of health and disease. This course will introduce students to key epidemiological concepts and calculations, how to identify and evaluate sources of health information, epidemiological investigation techniques and the evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of different study designs. Prerequisite: MTH 104, NSC 310 or PSY 333. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HCS 491: Professional Practicum in Community Health (1 - 3)

Minimum 3 credits. The primary purpose of this course is to assist in the development of a competent health care professional who is aware of and can demonstrate those personal and professional competencies necessary for functioning as a contributing professional in a health care environment. The focus of the course is on the implementation of communication skills, critical thinking and the application of knowledge and skills gained in didactic coursework in their target employment environment. In collaboration with, and supervised by Health Care Studies faculty, students will be placed in a practicum site, and will develop learning objectives relative to their placement, This 3-credit experience requires a minimum of 150 hours in the workplace and is typically completed within one 15-week semester. If a student chooses a second specialization, a minimum of one additional credit is required in that area of specialization. Offered Fall, Spring and Summer. (UG)

HCS 492: Professional Practicum in Health and Fitness (1 - 3)

Minimum 3 credits. The primary purpose of this course is to assist in the development of a competent health care professional who is aware of and can demonstrate those personal and professional competencies necessary for functioning as a contributing professional in a health care environment. The focus of the course is on the implementation of communication skills, critical thinking and the application of knowledge and skills gained in didactic coursework in their target employment environment. In collaboration with, and supervised by Health Care Studies faculty, students will be placed in a practicum site, and will develop learning objectives relative to their placement, This 3-credit experience requires a minimum of 150 hours in the workplace and is typically completed within one 15-week semester. If a student chooses a second specialization, a minimum of one additional credit is required in that area of specialization. Offered Fall, Spring and Summer. (UG)

HCS 493: Professional Practicum in Complementary and Alternative Health Care Practices (1 - 3)

Minimum 3 credits. The primary purpose of this course is to assist in the development of a competent health care professional who is aware of and can demonstrate those personal and professional competencies necessary for functioning as a contributing professional in a health care environment. The focus of the course is on the implementation of communication skills, critical thinking and the application of knowledge and skills gained in didactic coursework in their target employment environment. In collaboration with, and supervised by Health Care Studies faculty, students will be placed in a practicum site, and will develop learning objectives relative to their placement, This 3-credit experience requires a minimum of 150 hours in the workplace and is typically completed within one 15-week semester. If a student chooses a second specialization, a minimum of one additional credit is required in that area of specialization. Offered Fall, Spring and Summer. (UG)

History & Political Science

HP 250: Introduction to Historic Preservation (3)

Cross-listed as IND 250. Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Introduction to Historic Preservation will provide a comprehensive introduction to historic preservation history, principles and practices. The course will begin with a review of the evolution of historic preservation doctrine and philosophy. We next will discuss the legal background for historic preservation, with an emphasis on the judicial and statutory underpinnings that support, and limit, current preservation efforts. Next, we will consider why certain buildings and locations are considered "historic" and we will discuss the designation and documentation process that protects those assets and the federal "treatments" (i.e., standards) that guide their preservation, restoration, reconstruction and rehabilitation. We then will discuss historic preservation as an economic development tool. The course will close with consideration of economic incentives that are available for historic rehabilitation activities. (UG)

HP 333: Methods of Teaching Secondary Social Studies (3)

Writing Intensive. Registration in this course is limited to History & Government Adolescence Education/Social Studies majors. This course is designed to prepare prospective teachers who will engage in teaching social studies at the secondary level. It is intended to invest them with an understanding of the skills of teaching as well as provide them with content knowledge. It is also intended to assist prospective teachers in generating and implementing ideas and then assessing how well these plans have worked in the classroom. Students must complete 50 hours of field experience as part of course requirements. Prerequisite: EDU 203, EDU 237, EDU 313, EDU 314, EDU 336, and SED 270 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HP 442: Thesis Research (2)

Registration in this course is limited to History & Government (including Adolescence Education/Social Studies and Environmental Studies) and Political Science majors. In this course, taken in the spring semester of the junior year, students select topics for their research projects and make substantial progress on researching the senior thesis under the direction of History and Government faculty members. Students are required to submit a polished research proposal and an annotated bibliography and to make an oral presentation of the research proposal to the class. Prerequisite: Upper division status in department. Co-requisite: HP 331 or PSC 331. This course is a prerequisite for HP 443 Research Project. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HP 443: Research Project (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. Registration in this course is limited to History, History & Government (including Adolescence Education/Social Studies and Environmental Studies) and Political Science majors. In this capstone course for students majoring in the History & Government department, students research an approved topic under the direction of History & Government faculty members and write a thesis of approximately 30 pages that synthesizes research from appropriate primary and secondary sources. Students are required to present their research orally, in a forum selected by the course instructor(s). Prerequisite: Upper division status in department, HST 331 or PSC 331, and HP 442. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

Health Science

HSC 112: Health Promotion Across the Lifespan (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course focuses on the promotion of health and wellness across the lifespan from the perspective of both the individual and the family. Contextual factors will be examined through the lenses of self, family, provider, governmental and societal responsibility to explore the relationship between individual, community and global health. Students will assess their own health-promoting behaviors and identify their own health risks. Current evidence will be explored and critically examined to identify influences on health and well being. (UG)

HSC 221: Issues in Women's Health (3)

Cross-listed as NUR 221. This elective course is designed to provide students with an overview of topics impacting women's health in contemporary society. The course focuses on controversial issues related to women's health and investigates the roles that women play as health care consumers and as health care providers. The course is designed for students from multiple areas of study. These students will explore specific health care problems impacting upon women and will analyze contextual factors that affect the delivery of health care to women. Prerequisite: CMP 101; Lecture, 3 hours. Offered as Needed (UG)

HSC 232: Learning Through Service (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. Cross-listed as PHI/REL 232 (HSC listing limited to majors in the Health Professions). Learning experience through participation as a volunteer for approximately four hours per week in a community-based agency within the area. Students will also be expected to keep a journal account of their experiences and attend class every other week for about an hour to process with others what is being learned. The focus of the course is to help students gain an appreciation that being of service to others is a way of learning and a way of growing as a person. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSC 233: Herbs, Drugs, Supplements and the Body (3)

Cross-listed as NUR 233. Grounded in a holistic framework, this course focuses on general concepts of herbs, drugs, supplements and nutrition in relation to the well being of self and the client. This course develops a basic comprehension of nutrition emphasizing the role of phyto-nutrients as well as toxic ingredients in our food. The impact of culture, spirituality, and biological factors, as well as psychosocial, economic, and ethical considerations, is discussed in relation to improving and maintaining health in self and client. Relevant and current evidence-based research is included. The notion of food, herbs, and supplements as pharmacy is explored throughout. The newest information on drug/herb interactions, Joint Commission requirements for herbal products, new FDA labeling guidelines, and how to select a quality herbal or supplemental product are addressed. This course fosters understanding and strategies for promoting specific herbs and supplements for individuals attempting to maintain health and coping with pathology. Health promotion (learning to make healthy choices in our toxic environment, healthy sleep habits) and maintenance are stressed. Concepts related to family therapy, consumerism, and advocacy are addressed. Students learn such strategies for improving self and client health as risk assessment, stress management, nutritional counseling, and health teaching. Offered as Needed. Lecture: 3 hours (UG)

HSC 340: Foundations of Palliative Care for the Health Care Professional (1)

This course is designed to introduce the health care profession student to concepts relating to palliative care. Contextual factors impacting views of death, the history of the palliative care movement, policy factors relating to palliative care, and future directions for palliative care will be addressed. This course is meant to serve as an introduction to the field of palliative care and to sensitize the health care student to macro and micro factors impacting upon end of life care. Open to students in the following majors who have earned a minimum grade of C in a 300 level course in the major: Health Care Studies; Nursing; Physical Therapy; Physician Assistant; Social Work. Offered Summers. (UG)

HSC 400: Current Issues in Health Systems Management (3)

Cross-listed as HSM 400. This course reviews social, demographic, and sociopsychological factors in the initiation, maintenance and adaptation of health related behaviors. Studies behavioral change strategies for primary and secondary prevention of disease from a health policy perspective. Also focuses on issues of compliance with health regimens. Prerequisite: Senior status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Health Systems Management

HSM 210: Introduction to Health Systems Management (3)

An introduction to the structure and function of the health care delivery system. Includes basic concepts and measures of health, disease, quality, values, needs, and utilization; issues in health care workforce, institution, and system organization; general issues in policy, reimbursement, and regulation; and broad community and organizational considerations in health. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HSM 210: Introduction to Health Systems Management (3)

An introduction to the structure and function of the health care delivery system. Includes basic concepts and measures of health, disease, quality, values, needs, and utilization; issues in health care workforce, institution, and system organization; general issues in policy, reimbursement, and regulation; and broad community and organizational considerations in health. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HSM 295: Health Systems Marketing (3)

The major objective of this course is to broaden and apply the conceptual system of marketing to the marketing problems of non-profit organizations. The concepts of product, price, promotion and distribution, which are employed by profit-sector marketers, are redefined for maximum relevance to non-profit organizations. The concept of profit maximization is translated into benefit-cost maximization. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 295: Health Systems Marketing (3)

The major objective of this course is to broaden and apply the conceptual system of marketing to the marketing problems of non-profit organizations. The concepts of product, price, promotion and distribution, which are employed by profit-sector marketers, are redefined for maximum relevance to non-profit organizations. The concept of profit maximization is translated into benefit-cost maximization. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 302: Health and Administrative Law (3)

A look at the legal and fiduciary environment surrounding health care. The role of the administrator and board members with regard to liability issues is examined. Discussion centers on ways in which the health care facility can avoid unnecessary legal issues and suggests ways in which to reduce the negative consequences of those that cannot be eliminated. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 302: Health and Administrative Law (3)

A look at the legal and fiduciary environment surrounding health care. The role of the administrator and board members with regard to liability issues is examined. Discussion centers on ways in which the health care facility can avoid unnecessary legal issues and suggests ways in which to reduce the negative consequences of those that cannot be eliminated. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 350: Grants and Contract Development (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course provides an overview of the role of grants and contracts in an organization's budget. Students will learn to plan grant projects, locate sources of funding, give effective presentations about their projects, and develop written grant proposals. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 350: Grants and Contract Development (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course provides an overview of the role of grants and contracts in an organization's budget. Students will learn to plan grant projects, locate sources of funding, give effective presentations about their projects, and develop written grant proposals. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 360: Health Care Finance and Economics (3)

Examination of the principal components of the financial system including policy formation, planning, programming, legislative control and execution of state, local and non-profit budgets. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202. Offered As Needed (UG)

HSM 360: Health Care Finance and Economics (3)

Examination of the principal components of the financial system including policy formation, planning, programming, legislative control and execution of state, local and non-profit budgets. Prerequisites: ECO 201 and ECO 202. Offered As Needed (UG)

HSM 400: Current Issues in Health Systems Management (3)

Cross-listed as HSC 400. This course reviews social, demographic, and sociopsychological factors in the initiation, maintenance and adaptation of health related behaviors. Studies behavioral change strategies for primary and secondary prevention of disease from a health policy perspective. Also focuses on issues of compliance with health regimens. Prerequisite: Senior status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 400: Current Issues in Health Systems Management (3)

Cross-listed as HSC 400. This course reviews social, demographic, and sociopsychological factors in the initiation, maintenance and adaptation of health related behaviors. Studies behavioral change strategies for primary and secondary prevention of disease from a health policy perspective. Also focuses on issues of compliance with health regimens. Prerequisite: Senior status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HSM 425: Health Systems Operations Management (3)

An introduction to the planning, analysis, and control of health systems operations. Students will study some of the important tools used by health systems operations managers, including Total Quality Management, capacity planning, scheduling, facility layout, project management, and inventory management. Prerequisites: Senior status. Offered As Needed (UG)

HSM 425: Health Systems Operations Management (3)

An introduction to the planning, analysis, and control of health systems operations. Students will study some of the important tools used by health systems operations managers, including Total Quality Management, capacity planning, scheduling, facility layout, project management, and inventory management. Prerequisites: Senior status. Offered As Needed (UG)

History

HST 104: The Human Place in Nature: An Introduction to Global Environmental History (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility; Moral & Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as IND 104. In this course, we will focus on different patterns of human responses to environmental challenges and identify ways in which they have changed over time. Whether discussing events from the 15th century in South America or events in the 20th century in China, you will be challenged to understand individual and collective behaviors in their social, cultural, political, and economic contexts. Unlike many history courses, we additionally provide special attention to the natural setting and the religious, ethical, and aesthetic responses to various environmental challenges. This course highlights several key aspects of environmental history: 1) humankind's impact on the environment as we have attempted to alter our natural surroundings; 2) various moral and ethical perspectives about the environment and humankind's place in the natural world; 3) the role that nature has played in various aesthetic visions; 4) modern environmental crisis and their political impact; and 5) the modern "green" movement as a grassroots call for social justice in response to environmental degradation. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered as Needed. (UG)

HST 105: Introduction to World History I: From Antiquity to 1500 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The two-course world history sequence focuses on the peoples, forces and ideas that have shaped the way individuals have experienced (and still do experience) the world. The course's perspective is global and focuses on the origins and development, geographical context, and interactions of world cultures. In this course, we will focus on two key themes of early world history: 1) the ways in which different cultures emerged in response to the demands of their environmental surroundings; and 2) the ways in which different peoples began to increasingly interact with one another by 1500. Offered Each Year (Fall). . (UG)

HST 106: Introduction to World History II: From 1500 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The two-course world history sequence focuses on the peoples, forces and ideas that have shaped the way individuals have experienced (and still do experience) the world. The course's perspective is global and focuses on the origins and development, geographical context, and interactions of world cultures. In this course, we will focus on two key themes of modern world history: 1) the ways in which global connections have developed; and 2) the ways in which different peoples at different times have resisted globalization, instead seeking to preserve their distinct cultural traditions. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HST 125: Historical Approaches to Contemporary Problems: Domestic Affairs (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course attempts to deepen understanding of contemporary issues in American society by studying their historical evolution. We will examine the events and impact of contested economic, political, social, and cultural issues in the U.S. since the 1960s. Major topics include the impact of foreign policy on domestic affairs; the civil rights movement; the women's movements; the New Left; liberation movements; Watergate; the rise of modern conservatism; and the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 137: African American History (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. A study of the African American experience in America. The course will explore African origins and cultural influences and examine the social and political significance of African Americans in American history. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HST 206: Twentieth Century Europe (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course deals with the story of Europe during the tumultuous 20th century. While we will focus much of our attention on political, economic and diplomatic developments; considerable time will be devoted to social and cultural phenomena as well. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 211: Introduction to Public History (3)

This survey course introduces students to the field of public history - how historians make history come alive for the general public. Among areas covered will be the role of historians in museums, historical societies, archives, historic preservation, government and business organizations, and other non-academic careers. Students will explore effective exhibit design and presentation of history to the public through museum visits and class projects. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

HST 215: Introduction to Women's Studies (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Cross-listed as WST 215. This course is an interdisciplinary overview of the language, concepts, and issues in the field of Women's Studies. We will explore the construction of gender by focusing upon the intersection of race, class, gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and religion in shaping women's lives, and will look at women's efforts to define their identities through work, creative activity, and through feminism. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HST 216: History of Medieval Europe: 300 - 1400 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course will focus on five specific developments: 1) the transition from the Roman world to the medieval world; 2) the emergence of several distinct cultures within the territories of the old Roman empire; 3) the key role played by religion in the various medieval cultures; 4) the burst of creative energy and economic expansion associated with the High Middle Ages; and 5) the crises of the 14th century (church schism, the Black Death, etc.) that devastated medieval Europe. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 219: Colonial Americas (3)

A comparative study of the four American colonial empires: French, Spanish, Portuguese and English. Topics include patterns of colonization, slavery, interactions between Europeans and Native Americans, religious developments, imperial control and movements for independence. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 220: American History to 1877 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course, an introduction to American civilization from the age of exploration and colonization through the Civil War and Reconstruction, focuses on central themes and issues in the development of American society and institutions by raising questions about human values, economic growth, institutional change, cultural development, and political democracy in the American past. Major themes include: exploration and colonization; life in early America; the creation of a slave society; colonial America and the British empire; the establishment of representative government; the American Revolution; establishing a new nation; the era of Andrew Jackson; the first industrial revolution; social and cultural life in the early republic; expansion and sectional crisis; and the Civil War and Reconstruction. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HST 221: American History From 1877 to Present (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course seeks to have students gain a perspective on the position of the United States among the nations of the world and on the controversies and agreements among Americans concerning the desired attributes of their own culture, government, and ideals. Major themes include: conquest of the West; the Populist movement; the creation of the Jim Crow system; industrialization and its effects on the American society, economy, and political processes; immigration and urbanization; the American Empire; Progressivism and the struggle for social justice; World War I; social changes of the 1920s, the Great Depression, and the New Deal; World War II; post-war affluence and social change, the Cold War and anti-communism; the liberal state; minorities and civil rights; the Vietnam era; the New Right and neo-conservatism; and the recent past. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HST 222: Urban America (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A study of the growth of the city from colonial times to the present. Will relate the development of cities to broad national events such as the American Revolution, settlement of the West, industrial revolution, ethnic and racial conflict, changing economy of the twentieth century. The history of Buffalo will also be studied as a microcosm of the nation's urban development. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 224: History of the Byzantine Empire: 300 - 1453 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course introduces students to the history of the Byzantine Empire. This course focuses on the following key features of Byzantine history: 1) the transformation of the Roman Empire into the Byzantine; 2) the role of the Byzantine church in political and cultural affairs; 3) the interaction of Byzantium with the other "heirs" of Rome: medieval Islam and medieval Western Christendom; and 4) the influence of Byzantium on neighboring states that interacted with Byzantium, especially "Kievan Rus." Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 229: History and Film: Democracy in the 20th Century (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This course examines issues confronting societies around the world and the ways in which films portray them. Students should be prepared to write several papers based on films and readings. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 230: Problems of the Third World (3)

The growing consciousness of the developing nations (LDC's) and their relationship with the advanced capitalist nations (First World) has been a major development of the post World War II period. While the term "Third World" was originally a political designation, it now implies certain economic and cultural characteristics. This course is designed to acquaint the student with many of the economic, political, social and international problems faced by these nations, while exploring the historical roots of these problems. Offered Each Year. (UG)

HST 237: History of Early Modern Europe: From the Renaissance to the Age of Napoleon (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course introduces students to the key elements of modern European society that began to emerge during the period from the Renaissance to the age of Napoleon. In this course, we will focus on the following key developments: 1) the Renaissance; 2) the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Reformation; 3) the rise of the modern system of European states; 4) the creation of the Atlantic economy; 5) the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment; 6) the global rivalries of the European colonial powers; and 7) the French Revolution and its legacy. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 248: Ancient Mediterranean World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course introduces students to the various cultures of the ancient Mediterranean world. The course is divided into four sections: 1) the origins of Mediterranean civilizations, including the history of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt; 2) the Greek cultural expansion from the classical period through the Hellenistic age; 3) the history of Rome from the foundations of the republic to the fall of the empire; and 4) the rise of Christianity as a cultural phenomenon in the Mediterranean world. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 304: Modern China (3)

This course focuses primarily on twentieth century China and will include the Revolution of 1911, the rise of the Kuomintang or Nationalist Party, and China since the Communist victory in 1949. Students will be encouraged to make their own evaluations regarding the Maoist regime, U.S.-Chinese relations in the twentieth century and the Chinese relationship with Third World nations. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 308: Modern Latin America (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. A course to acquaint the student with significant historical and cultural developments in Latin America since independence (political instability, economic underdevelopment, class conflict, anti-clericalism, militarism, and the relationship with the United States). Select countries such as Brazil, Argentina and Cuba will be emphasized; however, a topical rather than a country-by-country approach will generally be followed. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

HST 309: Introduction to the History of American Women (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as WST 309. This course surveys the social, political, and economic history of American women from the colonial era to the present. The class places particular emphasis on the ways in which women's experiences have been shaped by such factors as race, class, and ethnicity, as well as by gender. Prerequisites: None, but upper division status, or foundational coursework in history or women's studies, is highly recommended. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HST 312: Sub-Saharan Africa (3)

A study of essential historical and cultural background necessary for understanding contemporary problems of Sub-Saharan Africa. Emphasis is placed on pre-selected countries: Nigeria, Zaire, Ghana and the Republic of South Africa. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 313: History of Russia to 1801 (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration.Major topics covered include: the rise of "Kievan Rus" and its relations with the larger world; the impact of the Mongol invasion; the rise of absolutism; church-state relations; the reforms of Peter the Great; the rise of the Russian Empire and its growing role in European and Asian politics; the peasant question in Russia; the emergence of the intelligentsia in the 18th century; and the question of "westernization" during the reigns of Catherine II and Nicholas I. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 314: Russia: 1801 to the Present (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Major topics covered include: the importance of the Russian Empire in European politics; the peasant question in Russia; the emergence of the radical intelligentsia in the 19th century; the reforms of Alexander II; the economic modernization of Russia in the late 19th century; the revolutionary movements and the revolutions of 1905 and 1917; the Bolshevik Revolution and creation of the Soviet Union; Stalin's "revolution" and the modernization of the Soviet economy; the Soviet role in World War II; the creation of the Soviet Empire in Eastern Europe; the Cold War and the clash between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.; de-Stalinization and Khrushchev's reforms; the growing opposition movement in the 1960s and 1970s under Brezhnev; and Gorbachev's reforms and the collapse of the Soviet Empire. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 315: Modern Political Thought (3)

Students will analyze key problems in political philosophy by reading original works by thinkers who have influenced our own political discourse today. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 317: The Middle East (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Concentrating primarily on the period following World War I, the course mixes the thematic with the chronological approach. Includes discussions of Islam, the growth of nationalism, Pan Arabism, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and Gulf War. Offered Each Year. (UG)

HST 319: 20th Century Russia and Eastern Europe (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course explores the nature of communism in Russia and Eastern Europe, the reasons for the collapse of communist regimes, and the transition to the post-communist era. We begin by examining how communist governments gained control in Russia and Eastern Europe, the nature of communist rule, and the crisis confronted by various regimes. In addition, we explore the nature of the Cold War and the ideological struggle between state and society, the "democratization" of politics, the problems of ethnic conflict, and changing relations with the West. Offered As Needed (UG)

HST 324: Global Environmental History (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. This course deals with several key aspects of environmental history: 1) humankind's impact on the environment as we attempt to alter our natural surroundings; 2) various philosophical and religious concepts of the environment and humankind's place in the natural world; 3) European global expansion and the impact of this ecological imperialism on indigenous peoples and ecologies; 4) the modern "green" movement; and 5) global environment crises and their impact on domestic affairs and international relations. Offered As Needed. (UG)

HST 325: Introduction to Polish Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration; Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as IND 325. Students are introduced to the history of Polish culture. This survey course will focus primarily on cultural developments, but students will also learn about key political, economic, and social developments in Polish history. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

HST 331: Introduction to Historiography (3)

Writing Intensive. Registration in this course is limited to BA History majors. Classes are conducted in seminar format. Class discussions are based on the intensive study of a wide variety of historical writings. Historiography is the study of the history of history writing; thus, discussions and assignments will focus on a close study of the changing interpretations of history. Prerequisite: Junior status in department. For majors only; non-majors may enroll with permission of instructor. Co-requisite: HP 442. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

HST 345: Introduction to Russian Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as IND 345. This course introduces students to select themes in the Russian cultural tradition. The peoples of Russia have engaged actively with other cultures in Europe and Asia for over a millennium. We will explore how a distinct Russian culture has emerged, with special emphases on the following developments: the introduction of Christianity; the "Mongol Yoke;" the "Europeanization" of Muscovite Russia; the cultural splendor of the Russian empire during the reign of Catherine II; the flourishing of Russian literary culture under an absolutist regime during the "Golden Age" of the mid-19th century; and Russia's role in the birth of Modernism at the end of the tsarist era. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

HST 416: Internship in Public History (3)

Encouraged for students who are pursuing a public history minor. Prerequisite: HST 211. (UG)

Interdisciplinary

IND 101: Sustainable and Critical Relationships (3)

Introduces freshmen students to the rich complexities of college education. It provides an extended orientation during which students are introduced to the meaning and value of a liberal arts education; learn to successfully adapt to the academic, personal and social complexities of college life; develop important social relationships with other students and with the broader campus community and learn to access important campus resources that support students' academic achievement as well as their physical and mental health. Along with this orientation, students will begin a journey of intellectual, aesthetic, moral and ethical self-reflection and growth. The primary intent of the course is to facilitate students' abilities to analyze knowledge from disparate sources and to enhance critical thinking skills. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

IND 104: The Human Place in Nature: An Introduction to Global Environmental History (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility; Moral & Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as HST 104. In this course, we will focus on different patterns of human responses to environmental challenges and identify ways in which they have changed over time. Whether discussing events from the 15th century in South America or events in the 20th century in China, you will be challenged to understand individual and collective behaviors in their social, cultural, political, and economic contexts. Unlike many history courses, we additionally provide special attention to the natural setting and the religious, ethical, and aesthetic responses to various environmental challenges. This course highlights several key aspects of environmental history: 1) humankind's impact on the environment as we have attempted to alter our natural surroundings; 2) various moral and ethical perspectives about the environment and humankind's place in the natural world; 3) the role that nature has played in various aesthetic visions; 4) modern environmental crisis and their political impact; and 5) the modern "green" movement as a grassroots call for social justice in response to environmental degradation. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 120: Introduction to Global Studies (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course will introduce students to the various aspects of global interaction that characterize our world today. While our focus is on the 20th and 21st centuries, we will also discuss deeper historical contexts for the economic, political, and cultural challenges posed by globalizing forces in earlier eras. (Sponsored by the History & Government Department.) (UG)

IND 123: Introduction to Sustainable Communities (3)

Cross-listed as SUST 123. Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Students will be introduced to economic, environmental and social sustainability, and evaluate local communities on sustainable characteristics. Research will be reviewed on model sustainable communities: locally, nationally and internationally. Students will visit exemplary sites in Buffalo and participate in community meetings and lectures. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 203: Peer Mentoring: Theory (1)

Prerequsite: Successful completion of Learning Community I. Fulfills one credit for training (IND 203) applicable to core competency: Civic Responsibility; and an additional 2 credits toward Civic Responsibility if/when student spends a semester as a Peer Mentor. May be used toward fulfillment of 3-credit hour Service Learning requirement in the Core. Course prepares students to act as mentors in the Peer Mentor Program in support of Learning Community 1. It can also prepare students to act as mentors in other departments and programs as they develop within the college community. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

IND 205: Peer Mentoring: Practicum (2)

Requires (prerequisite) successful completion of IND 203. Applicable to core competency: Civic Responsibility: 2 credits toward Civic Responsibility if/when student successfully completes a semester as a Peer Mentor. May be used toward fulfillment of 3-credit hour Service Learning requirement in the Core. Course prepares students to act as mentors in the Peer Mentor Program in support of Learning Community 1. It can also prepare students to act as mentors in other departments and programs as they develop within the college community. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

IND 209: Campus Environmental Service Learning (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students engage in a semester-long campus project that addresses sustainability of the campus environment. Students conduct a needs assessment, decide on a project (or continue on a previously developed project), create an action plan and actively participate in implementing the plan. Projects will vary depending on student interest and faculty expertise. Possible projects could include a campus energy audit, recycling plan, and campus beautification. (Sponsored by the Natural Sciences Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 210: Romantic Impulse (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Focus upon man's search for an all-encompassing theory of the universe and how circumstances and events influenced that search and modified the theory within a discrete time period. Beginning in the Romanesque period of the Middle Ages and culminating in the 19th century Romantic movement, the course will examine music, painting, sculpture, poetry, politics, philosophy, technology, and science and how each of these adapted to the others as the world and the world-view underwent changes. The term "romantic impulse" refers to the fact that so many of the necessary changes that occurred did so in accordance with someone's dissatisfaction with the status quo and the feeling that improvements were possible. (Sponsored by the English Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 212: Latino and Latin American Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course examines the historical, literary, religious and artistic elements that form the cultures of Spanish-speaking people in the US, the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America. It is designed to inform students about L/LA cultures and to enable them to appreciate the richness of those cultures and to discern the different ways people of those cultures view themselves and the ways people in the U.S. view them. From understanding and appreciation will come an awareness of the many factors that create a moral and ethical framework that may be different from one's own, yet still be moral and ethical. The course will use historical and contemporary readings as well as literature and film, and to a lesser extent, fine art, to provide a framework for the value systems of Latinos & Latin Americans. (Sponsored by the Modern Language Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 213: Service Learning Through VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) Program (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course certifies students to participate in the VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) Program. Students learn how to prepare basic tax returns. Students will be able to e-file these tax returns using TaxWise Software. The students will work at several VITA sites preparing tax returns for low-income taxpayers in the local community. The students will also identify social and political issues impacted by state and federal taxes. (Sponsored by the Accounting and Information Systems Department.) Prerequisite: ACC 318. Offered Each Spring. (UG)

IND 214: Environmental Education in the Community (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Given input from targeted community members, students will develop, facilitate, and participate in a local environmental action project within a community educational setting (e.g., school, nature center, museum, community center). Through this experience, students will develop an awareness of the value of intergenerational community health and working towards common goals as well as an understanding of life-long civic responsibility. Examples of possible projects include school yard habitat projects (rain gardens, tree planting), butterfly gardens, vegetable gardens, energy audits and energy saving programs. Can be substituted for PHI 232 for Education majors with permission of Department Chair. (Sponsored by the Education Department). (UG)

IND 215: Service Learning for Refugees Studies (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course will give students the opportunity to examine the issues of refugees from the global perspective. Students from various disciplines will be able to study refugees from the historical, political, legal, social, cultural, language, health, psychological, religious, and educational perspectives, among others. Potential topics to be explored include but are not limited to: the concepts of US citizenship, political asylum, role of IOs & NGOs, US Immigration policies, oral history, cross cultural education, refugees & US government/courts/agencies, voting, roles of: social workers, counselors, refugee agencies, groups and communities, as well as civic engagement, among others. Students will engage in a semester long off campus service project which addresses the study of refugees locally and globally. Offered as Needed. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department). (UG)

IND 219: 20th Century Film, Society and Ideology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course will examine a number of varied films from the 1930's to the end of the century in terms of text and technique. It will also examine film and the film industry as an institution of cultural validation within and challenges to modern society. It will also highlight how various films and their creators either support or confront society's dominant political and social ideologies, in terms of genre, genre criticism, and auteur theory. (Sponsored by the English Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 232: Service Learning to Promote Sustainable Communities (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course challenges students to explore the concepts of citizenship, civic engagement, and sustainability as well as their own roles in society. Students engage in semester long off-campus projects that address community needs. Students conduct a needs assessment, decide on a project or continue on a previously developed project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. Possible projects may include literacy projects such as tutoring children in after-school programs, cross-cultural education projects with global refugees, computer literacy projects for children,and diversity programs. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 233: SL-History and Politics of Poverty and Homelessness (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course will examine the public issues of poverty and homelessness in America, as well as globally. It will combine academic study with Service Learning experience in the local community, as a point of departure for students' awareness and intervention strategies to combat the impacts of poverty and homeless as a public issue. Students will devote four hours per week to community service. In addition, students will conduct a community needs assessment, decide on a project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 248: International Service Learning (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. May also be taken as IND 348 or 448, as determined by student's standing. Students will perform service in another country in a variety of settings, such as schools, community organizations, and social service agencies. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Consultation with the International Studies Program advisor is required. This course may be taken up to three times for credit.(Sponsored by the Modern Language Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 249: Performance Enhancement (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Students will learn the latest in sport performance techniques, including the dynamic warm-up that develops pillar strength, posture, and flexibility. They will also engage in resistance training and read about current and controversial topics in the field of nutrition. This course requires moderate to strenuous physical exercise. (Sponsored by the Accounting and Information Systems Department). Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 250: Introduction to Historic Preservation (3)

Cross-listed as HP 250. Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Introduction to Historic Preservation will provide a comprehensive introduction to historic preservation history, principles and practices. The course will begin with a review of the evolution of historic preservation doctrine and philosophy. We next will discuss the legal background for historic preservation, with an emphasis on the judicial and statutory underpinnings that support, and limit, current preservation efforts. Next, we will consider why certain buildings and locations are considered "historic" and we will discuss the designation and documentation process that protects those assets and the federal "treatments" (i.e., standards) that guide their preservation, restoration, reconstruction and rehabilitation. We then will discuss historic preservation as an economic development tool. The course will close with consideration of economic incentives that are available for historic rehabilitation activities. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 256: The American Identity (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. What do you have in common with Christopher Columbus, Wilma Mankiller, Spike Lee, Amy Tan, Madam C. J. Walker, Lee Iacocca, Goyathlay, Cesar Chavez, Albert Einstein, I.M. Pei? The American Identity will examine the on-going process of Americanization of six racial/ethnic/religious groups: Native-, African-, European-, Jewish-, Asian-, and Hispanic-Americans. Through full-length films, film clips, readings, political cartoons and discussion we will explore Native American property rights, the Anglo-Saxon power structure, Africans as non-immigrants, anti-semitism, the impact of WWII, Korea and Vietnam on perceptions of Asians, the English Only movement and more. We will tackle the stereotypes and realities of how we see ourselves and how others see us. (UG)

IND 269: Hollywood's America (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This course explores the way that the divisive social issues of the recent past have been represented in film. The course will revolve around five sets of topics (Vietnam, the Cold War, civil rights, feminism, and the culture wars). The course will explore both technical and aesthetic aspects of the various films and the way that the film reflects and comments upon social reality. (Sponsored by the Philosophy and Religious Studies Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 315: Perspectives on Blacks & Education (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course will be organized around historical time periods and it will illustrate how education was shaped for blacks in the diaspora. The course will also focus on contemporary issues in education, including the social, political and economic implications of schooling for blacks in America. (Sponsored by the Education Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 322: Alternative and Renewable Energy Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking & Creative Problem Solving. Cross-listed as SUST 322. This course will introduce students to the history of energy use, different energy technologies available and under development, as well as discuss the role of governmental policies and funding in promoting new technologies. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 325: Introduction to Polish Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration; Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as HST 325. Students are introduced to the history of Polish culture. This survey course will focus primarily on cultural developments, but students will also learn about key political, economic, and social developments in Polish history. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

IND 326: Green Buildings (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Cross-listed as SUST 326. This course is designed to introduce students to the concepts of green building design through the use of Daemen's buildings as experimental laboratories. The US Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification system will be used as a guide to investigate and discuss construction site selection and protection, building energy-efficient features, water conservation strategies, indoor environmental quality and materials and resources used in buildings. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Prerequisites: MTH 124. Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 328: The Image of Women in Art and Media (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as WST 328. This course addresses the ways in which women have been represented visually (painting, sculpture, film, advertising). The examination will examine both historical prototypes and contemporary examples. Among the issues we will discuss in an open forum are: the depiction of women from both a masculine and feminine vantage point, how the feminist agenda has been perceived in contemporary culture to condone sexualization and objectification, and how the image conveys assumptions and knowledge. (Sponsored by the Visual and Performing Arts Department.) Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

IND 334: Non-Western Art & Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is a survey of art, literature, and religion from Africa, India, Japan and China. It will examine the products of these individual cultures, and discuss how they relate to contemporary historical events and philosophical or religious trends. Although the focus will be primarily on art objects, significant discussions will take place on related historical or religious themes, and other examples of this expression (i.e. literature, music, etc.) Among the issues discussed in the course are: the colonization of non-western cultures, the implications of the word "primitive," and the diverging belief systems of Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism. (Sponsored by the Visual and Performing Arts Department.) Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

IND 338: Food and Agriculture Issues (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as SUST 338. The course integrates the science associated with food production with the social and economic issues influencing food production, distribution, safety and policy. Current and future use of sustainable practices in agriculture and food distribution will be discussed. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 340: Community Mural Painting (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. This course will challenge students to explore the art of painting and its ability to actively engage and contribute to diverse communities. Students will engage in a semester long service learning project whose final goal will be a completed public mural. The course will be simultaneously an introduction to basic painting techniques and brainstorming dialogue and instruction with community members with whom the class will collaboratively create a mural. The course will involve class painting exercises, in-class discussions, 60 hours of service, and written and photographic journaling. (Sponsored by the Visual and Performing Arts Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 344: Sustainable Business Practices (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as SUST 344. This course will introduce the concepts of sustainable business practices and corporate social responsibility. Sustainable business is a paradigm shift from a management style of maximizing profit at any cost. Sustainable business aims to restore and maintain environmental quality and develop social equity, while pursuing long term profitability. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Prerequisites: Sophomore status or permission of instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 345: Introduction to Russian Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as HST 345. This course introduces students to select themes in the Russian cultural tradition. The peoples of Russia have engaged actively with other cultures in Europe and Asia for over a millennium. We will explore how a distinct Russian culture has emerged, with special emphases on the following developments: the introduction of Christianity; the "Mongol Yoke;" the "Europeanization" of Muscovite Russia; the cultural splendor of the Russian empire during the reign of Catherine II; the flourishing of Russian literary culture under an absolutist regime during the "Golden Age" of the mid-19th century; and Russia's role in the birth of Modernism at the end of the tsarist era. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department.) Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

IND 348: International Service Learning (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. May also be taken as IND 348 or 448, as determined by student's standing. Students will perform service in another country in a variety of settings, such as schools, community organizations, and social service agencies. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Consultation with the International Studies Program advisor is required. This course may be taken up to three times for credit.(Sponsored by the Modern Language Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

IND 351: Urban Planning and Community Development (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility. Cross-listed as SUST 351. This course will introduce the theories of urban design, history of urban development, decline and rebirth, and the roles that all stakeholders play in developing sustainable communities. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Prerequisites: Sophomore status. Offered as Needed. (UG)

IND 398: International Experiential Learning (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course provides students and faculty an opportunity for short-term experiential learning in a foreign country. This course is designed to provide students with background information such as history, art, culture, language, social mores,economy, environment, design, etc of another country so that a faculty-lead student group can apply classroom learning during a short-term stay in that country (defined as less than a semester). The focus of the course may be fully interdisciplinary or specifically focused on one aspect of the other nation.Offered as Needed, including Intersemester and Summer. (UG)

IND 412: Social Entrepreneurship (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Critical Thinking & Creative Problem Solving; Information Literacy; fulfills Research and Presentation requirement; Writing Intensive. This course introduces the student to the field of social entrepreneurship which focuses on creating long-term, sustainable change and impact through mission driven profit and non-profit ventures. The course will familiarize students with major social entrepreneurs and the challenges that they faced in growing their ventures from an idea to a fully mature organization or company. In addition, the course will encourage students to consider ventures within the context of social problems in areas such as education, community development, economic stability, health and other current issues. Prerequisites: Senior status and permission of academic advisor. Offered As Needed. (Sponsored by the Accounting and Information Systems Department.) (UG)

IND 443: Senior Project (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy; Research and Presentation requirement; Writing Intensive. This course is intended for students whose major is Individualized Studies, and whose program has been approved. (UG)

IND 448: International Service Learning (1 - 3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. May also be taken as IND 348 or 448, as determined by student's standing. Students will perform service in another country in a variety of settings, such as schools, community organizations, and social service agencies. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Consultation with the International Studies Program advisor is required. This course may be taken up to three times for credit.(Sponsored by the Modern Language Department.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

Technology in Education

IPP 318: Technology in Education (3)

This course examines technology in today's educational system for students seeking certification in adolescence education. Emphasis is on current trends and issues, seminal readings, and research findings related to the use of technology in education. Issues related to curriculum planning, program development and evaluation, and staff development are addressed. Prerequisite: 3 credits in a minimum 200 level course with a competency. Offered as Needed. (UG)

Italian

ITA 101: Elementary Italian I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of Italian through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write Italian. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students with less than two years previous Italian instruction. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ITA 102: Elementary Italian II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A continuation of study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of Italian through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write Italian. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students with less than two years previous Italian instruction. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ITA 105: Intermediate Italian I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Intermediate I and II courses will continue to stress the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) with stronger emphasison the listening and speaking components. The art, architecture and history of Italy will be examined. The student will progress from the "novice high/intermediate-low to the intermediate-mid" (Part I) "intermediate-mid to the intermediate-high" (Part II) level as defined by the guidelines established by the American Councilon the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Prerequisites: Successful completion of ITA 102 or three years high school Italian. Offered As Needed. (UG)

ITA 106: Intermediate Italian II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Intermediate I and II courses will continue to stress the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) with stronger emphasis on the listening and speaking components. The art, architecture and history of Italy will be examined. The student will progress from the "novice high/intermediate-low to the intermediate-mid" (Part I) "intermediate-mid to the intermediate-high" (Part II) level as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. (UG)

ITA 207: Italian Conversation & Composition I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Conversation and Composition I and II courses will continue to stress the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) with stronger emphasis on productive language skills: writing and speaking. Literature, culture, current events, film, games and role-playing will be some of the elements to foster both spoken and written proficiency in Italian. The student will progress from the intermediate-mid level to intermediate-high/advanced-low level (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages:ACTFL). The student will acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to effectively communicate orally and in writing with native speakers of Italian. (UG)

ITA 208: Italian Conversation & Composition II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Conversation and Composition I and II courses will continue to stress the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) with stronger emphasis on productive language skills: writing and speaking. Literature, culture, current events, film, games and role-playing will be some of the elements to foster both spoken and written proficiency in Italian. The student will progress from the intermediate-mid level to intermediate-high/advanced-low level (as defined by the guidelines established by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages:ACTFL). The student will acquire the vocabulary, grammar and cultural information to effectively communicate orally and in writing with native speakers of Italian. (UG)

Literature

LIT 112: Approaches to Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. This survey course in literature includes textual analysis of literary works, classic through contemporary, selected from various genres. Writing assignments are based on the readings. CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

LIT 201: World Literature I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. A study of the Greco-Roman literature with emphasis on epic and drama, medieval literature with emphasis on epic and folklore. Readings of the Renaissance include Dante's Divine Comedy and Cervantes' Don Quixote. The second semester consists of a survey of European literature (exclusive of that of England)from the Neo-classic Period to 1900. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

LIT 202: World Literature II (3)

A study of western literature since the neo-classical period. Masterpieces of the romantic, realistic, and modernist period will be considered. The greatest emphasis will be placed on transitions and the context in which they occurred. Special attention will be paid to Goethe's "Faust" and Flaubert's "Madame Bovary". Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

LIT 203: Readings in British Literature I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. This course is designed to give the student an understanding and appreciation of the traditions of British literature from Anglo-Saxon times to the early nineteenth-century Romantic period. Through close and critical reading of selected works, students are acquainted with the various genres and major thematic and philosophical movements in British literature. Prerequisite: CMP 101 and LIT 112 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

LIT 204: Readings in British Literature II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. This course is designed to give the student an understanding and appreciation of the traditions of British literature from the early nineteenth-century Romantic period to the present. Through close and critical reading of selected works, students are acquainted with the various genres and major thematic and philosophical movements in British literature. Prerequisite: CMP 101 and LIT 112 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

LIT 211: Readings in American Literature I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. During the first semester, emphasis will be placed upon the "becoming" of American literature and the development of an identity that is communicated in specifically American letters. The second semester will carry through with Whitman (whose early poetry will terminate the first semester's study) and present a different set of complexities from those of early America: industrialization, urbanization, and immigration, among others. It will trace the development of the literature and the aesthetic theory of a second "new" America - and take that development to the present. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 212: Readings in American Literature II (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Affective Awareness; Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. During the first semester, emphasis will be placed upon the "becoming" of American literature and the development of an identity that is communicated in specifically American letters. The second semester will carry through with Whitman (whose early poetry will terminate the first semester's study) and present a different set of complexities from those of early America: industrialization, urbanization, and immigration, among others. It will trace the development of the literature and the aesthetic theory of a second "new" America - and take that development to the present. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 213: Contemporary Native American Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course provides an introduction to contemporary Native American literature, drawing readings from authors representing diverse culture areas. Fiction, poetry, and drama produced by Native American writers will be read as reflections of tribal and regional concerns and as material raising the broader questions of Native identity within mainstream white American culture. Critical analysis of the readings will address literary portrayals of the individual in her/his relation to the community, nature, spirituality, gender roles, political/economic conditions, and art and creativity. Literary images of Native America will be both reinforced and challenged with sensory experiences offered by contemporary film, dance, music, and artwork. Students will gain a deeper understanding of Native American perspectives on contemporary American culture. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 219: Literature and Film (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. This course examines the various literary genres (short story, novel, drama, poetry, and non-fiction) in relation to film. The course assumes that film has radically expanded both the forms of literary communication and the way literature (especially literary narrative) is understood and received. The course also assumes that film not only supplements more traditional literary forms and media, it also depends on them in a way which is at once parasitic and synergistic. In keeping with its primary and secondary competencies, the course emphasizes the aesthetic and communicative aspects of literature and film. The course also examines these same aspects in the commercial and technical/ technological process involved in adapting literature to the screen, e.g., aesthetic choices made in adapting a short story, a novel, a play or "the poetic" to film, both for the large screen and the small (television). Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 241: Literary Legacies of the Sixties (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. This introductory course to literature includes the study of selected literary works of late twentieth-century America. It contextualizes contemporary literature and provides students with sources (including works of literature, film, and other primary source materials) that explain the background and development of a number of issues including the Cold War, Vietnam, the Civil Rights Movement, the Feminist Movement, the Gay Rights Movement, and the Culture Wars. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 248: Whodunit? The Detective Story (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Affective Awareness; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving; Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course focuses on the history and rhetorical strategies of detective fiction, which begins in the nineteenth century with works by Edgar Allen Poe and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and continues into the present with many variations along the way, including several popular films and television series. Today it is a widely read form of popular fiction that usually has several entries on the bestseller lists. This course follows the general division of the detective story into three categories: the Amateur Detective, the Private Investigator and the Police Procedural. Students will explore the conventions of each category through short stories and will write a term paper on a representative novel. Prerequisite: CMP 101. Offered as Needed. (UG)

LIT 301: Chaucer (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. An intensive study of the major poems with attention given to language and historical background. An extensive reading of the minor poems. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 302: Milton (3)

An intensive study of "Paradise Lost" and the minor poems, as well as a discussion of Milton's representative prose. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 304: The Romantic Movement in English Literature (3)

A detailed study of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Bryon, Shelley, and Keats with supplementary readings in other less well-known poets of the period. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 306: Adventures, Enchantments & Wonders: The Literature of Fantasy and Science Fiction (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. A comprehensive study of the new and traditional forms of folk myths, fantasy stories, and tales of the future, with special emphasis on the future of our civilization and the nature of alternative realities. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 307: Literature of the Supernatural (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. A study of prose and poetic works which have, as a central focus, supernatural beings, events, and/or phenomena, and an examination of how such literature reflects mankind's deepest desires and drives. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 309: Film Seminar (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. This course involves screening and discussion of classic and contemporary feature-length films. It is designed to expose students to a wide variety of film periods, styles, and genres, as well as cinema cultures and national co-texts. Discussion of technical matter provides background for interpreting film as a distinct literary genre. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 310: The English Novel (3)

A study of the evolution of the novel as a genre, beginning with its prototypes in the romance and allegory and including representative selections from the more prominent 19th and 20th century authors. The study will include various types of novels as well: the novel of manners, the sociological novel, the philosophical novel, etc. Offered As Needed (UG)

LIT 311: Survey of English Poetry I (3)

Analysis of representative English poetry from 1530 to the present, in terms of thought, technique, type, and historical background. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 312: Survey English Poetry II (3)

Analysis of representative English poetry from 1530 to the present, in terms of thought, technique, type, and historical background. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 313: The Gothic Imagination (3)

Gothic literature pushes the boundaries of social convention, exploring the darker side of human experience and opening taboo subjects. This course engages contemporary critical and theoretical assessments as it covers three main avenues of gothic literature - horror stories, sensation fiction, and detective narratives. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 315: Religious Themes in Modern Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment.Cross-listed as REL 315. The purpose of this course is to analyze the relationship of theology to literature by examining the religious dimensions as they are portrayed in modern creative literature. Themes to be developed will be: religious perspectives in eastern and western religions, the pursuit of religious identity in western culture, good and evil, relationship of sacred to profane, the loss of innocence, love, suffering, freedom and destiny, time and eternity. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

LIT 317: Gender Trouble: Literature and Film (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as WST 317. Do the gender roles represented in literary works reflect a "reality" based on biological differences between the sexes? Or are gender roles simply a product of a culture's religious, economic, and political agendas? This course examines works from various genres and historical periods in order to understand how they reinforce or subvert gender stereotypes that inform and condition people's lives. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 318: The English Drama (3)

A study of the development of English drama from its medieval beginnings in church ritual to its contemporary forms. Readings include representative selections from the mystery and morality plays of the 14th century, Renaissance and Restoration drama, 19th century social drama, and modern experimental theatre. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 320: Modern & Contemporary Irish Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. In this course we will read and analyze works (fiction, drama, poetry) produced in Ireland during the twentieth century. The early part of this period, following the late 19th c. Celtic Twilight, is known as The Irish Renaissance. This period saw a resurgence of Irish Nationalism that manifested itself in several ways, some of which were renewed interests in the Irish language, literature and culture. The latter part of the period is marked by the emergence of Ireland as a postcolonial republic under partition (post 1922), leading up to the ongoing sectarian conflict we still refer to today as "The Troubles." More recently in the 1990's, Irish writing reflects Ireland's entrance into the European market economy, earning the epithet "The Celtic Tiger." The works we will read are all part of the Anglo-Irish tradition (written or translated into English). We will focus on modern and contemporary Ireland in selected works of its major writers as they examine their country's encounters with the British Empire, Catholic/Protestant religious conflict and its own mythological past. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 323: 18th Century English Literature (3)

Dryden to the Pre-Romantics. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 324: Jane Austen (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. This study of the works of Jane Austen situates the six major novels in the context of early nineteenth-century culture, introducing the comedy of manners as an important contribution to the rise of the novel in the nineteenth century. Readings include excerpts from Austen's letters as well as the juvenilia and fragments. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 329: Imagining Trauma (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment; Writing Intensive. In this course we will read and analyze literary works that deal with traumatizing events arising out of personal experience (e.g., racial, sexual) to the communal experience (e.g., war, terrorism). While often confronted and pathologized as an individual problem, in the contemporary globalized world, trauma may in fact have transcultural significance and be a defining feature of contemporary life. The works studied in this course will examine the aesthetic and rhetorical strategies of the literary representation of trauma within a specific historical/cultural context. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 330: The Scottish Renaissance and Scottish National Identity (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Affective Awareness; Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Writing Intensive. This course examines the major works of fiction of the second Scottish Renaissance (1982) as they both reflect and contribute to the preservation/ formation of a distinctive but highly contested and increasingly fragmented sense of Scottish national identity. It examines this fiction as a primary means for reinvigorating Scottish national identity while at the same time challenging it by critically examining the past rather than nostalgically reproducing it in light of past and present forces that have altered and in many cases eroded both community and identity. Alisdair Gray's "Lanark," Irvine Welsh's "Trainspotting," Alan Warner's "Morvern Callar," Janice Galloway's "The Trick Is to Keep Breathing" are some of the required readings. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 334: British Women Writers (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. This course presents selections from the work of British women writers from the fifteenth century to the present, with emphasis on the nineteenth century, when female authors came into their own through the popularity of prose fiction. We place these literary works in their social context, learning about historical, legal, and scientific influences on the condition of women in Britain. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 337: Contemporary American Novel (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Affective Awareness; Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. In this course contemporary novels will be presented as additions to, and variations on, the novel form. The study will include the theory of the novel and the development, and the connections between contemporary themes and those of earlier American literature. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 338: The Short Story (3)

This course will focus on the development of the short story as a literary genre, or on a specific aspect or period of that development, e.g. the contemporary American (or British, or Irish) short story. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 339: Contemporary British Novel (3)

This course introduces students to a representative sampling of some of the most interesting, important and influential British novels and novelists of the past two decades, while situating these works in the larger context of contemporary British literary, cultural, socio-economic and political life. In addition, the course uses these works to hone students' reading, writing, research and critical thinking skills. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 340: Dickens and Victorian Culture (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Charles Dickens was without a doubt Victorian England's favorite literary celebrity, and his characters have amused and brought tears to the eyes of readers for nearly two hundred years. In this course, we will read representative works from each phase of Dicken's long career in the light of the aspects of Victorian culture illuminated by his novels. Background readings will help you to understand the social conditions that prompted Dickens to write passionately in the cause of a variety of social issues. Textual analysis of the novels and other primary sources will help you to appreciate the social, political, and moral climate of Dickens' London, as we assess how his novels shaped public policies, laws, and popular attitudes toward the complex human problems so movingly rendered in his works. We will also consider the impact of contemporary film adaptations as they help the novels to reach a broader modern audience. Written assignments will support your development of analytical, research, and interpretive skills, as you offer argumentative readings of literary texts, supported by critical commentaries on Victorian culture. Prerequisite: CMP 101. Offered as Needed. (UG)

LIT 401: Contemporary American Poetry (3)

An investigation of the particular concept of American poetics as expressed in Olson's "Projective Verse" and developed from Whitman through Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams, the influence of which is evident in the work of poets representing all of the major schools of American poetry since the 1950's. Prerequisite: LIT 112.Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 403: Myth and the Invention of Self (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Writing Intensive. Through a series of readings and discussions of primal myths, urban legends, and folk tales, the course first examines the dynamics of the storytelling process and then how the story becomes elevated by repetition and ritual into myth. After further research into mythopoesis, we investigate how the individual's concept of the self is developed with reference to myths, or stories of belief. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 410: Shakespeare (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. An intensive study of the major plays considered in the light of philosophical, political, and social ideas of the time. An examination of Shakespeare's thought and of his achievement as dramatist and poet. Prerequisite: CMP 101 and LIT 112. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

LIT 411: Modern Poetry (3)

An intensive study of the modernist period in American and British Poetry. Special attention will be given to William Butler Yeats, Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot,William Carlos Williams, and Wallace Stevens. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 413: Victorian Literature (3)

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the major authors and works of British literature of the Victorian Age. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 415: Modern and Contemporary British Literature (3)

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the major figures of British literature since 1900, plus the literary and cultural characteristics of the period. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LIT 420: Seminar for English Majors (3)

This course involves the intensive study of a literary topic selected by the instructor. It requires intensive reading and research as well as report writing and presentation of research in a cooperative seminar format. The course is open only to English majors or to non-majors nominated by the English faculty. Students may take LIT 420 more than once, providing the topic is different. Prerequisites: LIT 112, LIT 203, LIT 204, and CMP 311. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

LIT 443: Senior Seminar (3)

In this course the student writes, with faculty advice and supervision, a literary thesis of substantial length. Prerequisites: LIT 112, LIT 203, LIT 204, and CMP 311. Offered Each Year (Fall & Spring). (UG)

Language

LNG 307 : The English Language: Its Evolution and Structure (3)

The nature and origin of language, the ancestry and growth of English, history of English sounds and inflections, sources of vocabulary and variations in standards. Offered Each Year. (UG)

LNG 309 : Language in Society (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course introduces students to the field of sociolinguistics, examining the relationship between language and society on a national and global level through the examination of social factors such as age, gender, educational level, social class, race, and the like. Topics include: monolingualism to multilingualism; language contact, prestige and change; diglossia and code switching; language identity, language socialization and language ideology; consequences for educational policy and practice. Offered As Needed. (UG)

LNG 335 : Special Topics in Linguistics (3)

This course will provide majors, minors and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore the field of linguistics. The course is delivered in the English language. Prerequisites: completion of 3 credits in language studies at the 200-level or higher. May be taken for credit up to three times (9 credits maximum). Offered as Needed (UG)

LNG 337 : Practicum in Implementing Language Arts at the Secondary Level (3)

The primary purpose of this course is to provide secondary English education majors with a comprehensive examination of the many methods and materials used in the classroom at the secondary level. Particular emphasis is placed on the introduction and examination of the characteristics, definitions, standards and trends employed in effective middle and high schools. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

LNG 415 : 2nd Lang Acquisition/Applied Linguistics (3)

This course examines the processes of language learning from linguistic, psychological, and social perspectives. While it address native language acquisition, the focus is on second language acquisition. The underlying assumptions of the three perspectives will be examined from a research vantage point as well as from the perspectives of the language teaching professional. Offered as Needed. (UG)

Management - Quantitative

MGQ 221: Business Statistics I (3)

Fulfills Quantitative Literacy requirement. An introductory business statistics course that focuses on data collection, presentation, and analysis. Topics covered include graphical methods, descriptive statistics with exploratory data analysis, probability theory, probability distributions, sampling distributions, and confidence intervals. A microcomputer package will be used for analyzing selected data sets. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MGQ 221: Business Statistics I (3)

Fulfills Quantitative Literacy requirement. An introductory business statistics course that focuses on data collection, presentation, and analysis. Topics covered include graphical methods, descriptive statistics with exploratory data analysis, probability theory, probability distributions, sampling distributions, and confidence intervals. A microcomputer package will be used for analyzing selected data sets. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MGQ 222: Business Statistics II (3)

Fulfills Quantitative Literacy requirement. A continuation of MGQ 221 which covers hypo-thesis testing, simple linear regression and correlation analysis, multiple regression models, analysis of variance, chi-square tests and statistical quality control. The course will require extensive use of a microcomputer statistical package. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MGQ 222: Business Statistics II (3)

Fulfills Quantitative Literacy requirement. A continuation of MGQ 221 which covers hypo-thesis testing, simple linear regression and correlation analysis, multiple regression models, analysis of variance, chi-square tests and statistical quality control. The course will require extensive use of a microcomputer statistical package. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MGQ 360: Production and Operations Management (3)

An introduction to the design, planning, and control of systems that create goods and services. Topics include Total Quality Management, Just-in-Time, capacity planning, scheduling, facility layout, project management, and inventory management. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MGQ 360: Production and Operations Management (3)

An introduction to the design, planning, and control of systems that create goods and services. Topics include Total Quality Management, Just-in-Time, capacity planning, scheduling, facility layout, project management, and inventory management. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MGQ 427: Managerial Decision Making (3)

An introduction to some of the important models and problem-solving techniques used in business decision-making. Topics include statistical decision theory, queuing theory, linear and integer programming, the transportation and assignment models, graph theory, and network flow models. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MGQ 427: Managerial Decision Making (3)

An introduction to some of the important models and problem-solving techniques used in business decision-making. Topics include statistical decision theory, queuing theory, linear and integer programming, the transportation and assignment models, graph theory, and network flow models. Prerequisites: MGQ 221. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

Management

MGT 208: Principles of Management (3)

This course is designed to introduce students to the major principles, theories and issues pertaining to the management of organizations, including organizational behavior and human resource management. It will provide a basic foundation for future studies in management. Major topic areas will include the role and scope of management, decision-making, planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MGT 208: Principles of Management (3)

This course is designed to introduce students to the major principles, theories and issues pertaining to the management of organizations, including organizational behavior and human resource management. It will provide a basic foundation for future studies in management. Major topic areas will include the role and scope of management, decision-making, planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MGT 260: Introduction to Sport Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A comprehensive introduction to the field of sport management which covers sport management specializations, required skills, and career opportunities. Offered Each Year. (UG)

MGT 260: Introduction to Sport Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. A comprehensive introduction to the field of sport management which covers sport management specializations, required skills, and career opportunities. Offered Each Year. (UG)

MGT 302: Labor Relations (3)

This course will provide a comprehensive overview of the general nature of the labor-management relationship as it currently exists in the U.S. today. A historical and legal background will be provided as well as a review of labor contract contents and administration. A number of "real-life" arbitration cases will be reviewed to enhance understanding of course concepts. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208 Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MGT 302: Labor Relations (3)

This course will provide a comprehensive overview of the general nature of the labor-management relationship as it currently exists in the U.S. today. A historical and legal background will be provided as well as a review of labor contract contents and administration. A number of "real-life" arbitration cases will be reviewed to enhance understanding of course concepts. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208 Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MGT 306: International Management (3)

This course delineates the key frames of reference for understanding global human resource management by discussing various functional human resource management (HRM) areas and their implementation in the global arena, and by focusing on a number of countries and the HRM processes typical of their foreign affiliates. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208 Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MGT 306: International Management (3)

This course delineates the key frames of reference for understanding global human resource management by discussing various functional human resource management (HRM) areas and their implementation in the global arena, and by focusing on a number of countries and the HRM processes typical of their foreign affiliates. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208 Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MGT 312: Human Resource Management (3)

This course will provide an understanding of the policies and practices of human resource management. Specific emphasis will be on recruitment, selection, training, appraisal and compensation of personnel. Considerable attention will be given to the issue of equal employment opportunity and other areas of legislation that affect this field. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208, Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MGT 312: Human Resource Management (3)

This course will provide an understanding of the policies and practices of human resource management. Specific emphasis will be on recruitment, selection, training, appraisal and compensation of personnel. Considerable attention will be given to the issue of equal employment opportunity and other areas of legislation that affect this field. Prerequisites: BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208, Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MGT 321: Organizational Behavior and Theory (3)

An in depth examination of theories and practices relating to human behavior in organizations. Three levels of behavior will be examined; individual, group and organizational. Some topics included are employee personality, attitudes, job satisfaction, motivation, leadership, power, group processes and organizational culture. Prerequisites:BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208, and Junior status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MGT 321: Organizational Behavior and Theory (3)

An in depth examination of theories and practices relating to human behavior in organizations. Three levels of behavior will be examined; individual, group and organizational. Some topics included are employee personality, attitudes, job satisfaction, motivation, leadership, power, group processes and organizational culture. Prerequisites:BA 211, BA 220, MGT 208, and Junior status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MGT 410: Seminar in Human Resource Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. This is the final course in the Human Resource Management Specialization. It integrates the practical applications and theoretical concepts covered in previous human resource management courses, and discusses current topics affecting these applications and concepts. A written paper with an oral component will be required. Prerequisite:Senior Status. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MGT 410: Seminar in Human Resource Management (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. This is the final course in the Human Resource Management Specialization. It integrates the practical applications and theoretical concepts covered in previous human resource management courses, and discusses current topics affecting these applications and concepts. A written paper with an oral component will be required. Prerequisite:Senior Status. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Management Information Systems

MIS 201: The E-World (3)

An exploration of the electronic world and how websites are designed to affect the consumer. Diverse exercises in criticism and analysis to broaden the student's awareness of the impact of these sites on the individual will be completed. In addition the student will design and implement a website using Macromedia Dreamweaver MX and Flash MX software. Prerequisite: Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MIS 201: The E-World (3)

An exploration of the electronic world and how websites are designed to affect the consumer. Diverse exercises in criticism and analysis to broaden the student's awareness of the impact of these sites on the individual will be completed. In addition the student will design and implement a website using Macromedia Dreamweaver MX and Flash MX software. Prerequisite: Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MIS 205: Ethics of the Electronically Connected World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course examines the different ethical situations that arise in the realm of an electronically connected world that affect both the individual and society, such as computer and internet crime, privacy issues, freedom of expression, intellectual property, and employer/ee issues. The student will discuss what ethics are, why it is important to act in ways that are consistent with a code of principles and will develop a personal approach to ethical decision making. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MIS 205: Ethics of the Electronically Connected World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course examines the different ethical situations that arise in the realm of an electronically connected world that affect both the individual and society, such as computer and internet crime, privacy issues, freedom of expression, intellectual property, and employer/ee issues. The student will discuss what ethics are, why it is important to act in ways that are consistent with a code of principles and will develop a personal approach to ethical decision making. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MIS 231: Visual Software (3)

A basic course in the field of computer arts that prepares the student to use the computer for animation, video, and multimedia productions. The student will first learn the principles of effective design and communicating information visually. Next, the student will learn how to use graphics for many purposes including for print and/or web distribution. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 231: Visual Software (3)

A basic course in the field of computer arts that prepares the student to use the computer for animation, video, and multimedia productions. The student will first learn the principles of effective design and communicating information visually. Next, the student will learn how to use graphics for many purposes including for print and/or web distribution. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 280: Computer Studies and Problem Solving (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This is an intensive introductory computer course for majors in the Accounting and Business programs. Topics include the fundamentals of information processing including computer hardware concepts, operating systems, program management, electronic spreadsheets, and word processing. Emphasis is placed on analysis of business problems using PC software. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MIS 280: Computer Studies and Problem Solving (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This is an intensive introductory computer course for majors in the Accounting and Business programs. Topics include the fundamentals of information processing including computer hardware concepts, operating systems, program management, electronic spreadsheets, and word processing. Emphasis is placed on analysis of business problems using PC software. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MIS 290: Information Systems Management (3)

This course is designed to develop concepts and applications to give students a view of how computer-based processing is used in the functions of management in modern enterprises. Terminology and concepts of information management and control developed to process transactions and to create reports used in management decision-making. Prerequisite: MIS 280. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MIS 290: Information Systems Management (3)

This course is designed to develop concepts and applications to give students a view of how computer-based processing is used in the functions of management in modern enterprises. Terminology and concepts of information management and control developed to process transactions and to create reports used in management decision-making. Prerequisite: MIS 280. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MIS 295: Accounting Information System (3)

Accounting information systems are a subsystem of management information systems that processes financial transactions. It is more about critical thinking and judgment rather than journal entries. Its purpose is to provide internal reporting to managers for use in planning and controlling current and future operations and for non-routine decision making. It also impacts external reporting to outside parties such as to stockholders, creditors, and government agencies. In addition, students will become proficient in the use of advanced EXCEL techniques and become familiar with XBRL and Quickbooks. Prerequisites: ACC 225 and MIS 280. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MIS 295: Accounting Information System (3)

Accounting information systems are a subsystem of management information systems that processes financial transactions. It is more about critical thinking and judgment rather than journal entries. Its purpose is to provide internal reporting to managers for use in planning and controlling current and future operations and for non-routine decision making. It also impacts external reporting to outside parties such as to stockholders, creditors, and government agencies. In addition, students will become proficient in the use of advanced EXCEL techniques and become familiar with XBRL and Quickbooks. Prerequisites: ACC 225 and MIS 280. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MIS 305: Software Design with Visual Programming Languages (3)

The purpose of the course is to enable students to gain proficiency in the utilization of visual programming languages. Topics include building applications, designing user interfaces, and programming language fundamentals. The course emphasizes "hands-on" learning through in-class computer laboratory exercises. Prerequisites: Upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 305: Software Design with Visual Programming Languages (3)

The purpose of the course is to enable students to gain proficiency in the utilization of visual programming languages. Topics include building applications, designing user interfaces, and programming language fundamentals. The course emphasizes "hands-on" learning through in-class computer laboratory exercises. Prerequisites: Upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 315: Database Management Systems (3)

Successful business operations depend on well-designed databases. Database management systems (DBMSs), which provide the capabilities to effectively store, manipulate and access data as well as provide data security, data sharing, and data integrity, are the foundation of database systems. A successful Information professional must understand not only the concepts, principles and theory of database systems but also the associated management issues. The course will introduce students to DBMSs, data modeling and DBMSs application development. The course will emphasize both theory and hands-on experience. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 315: Database Management Systems (3)

Successful business operations depend on well-designed databases. Database management systems (DBMSs), which provide the capabilities to effectively store, manipulate and access data as well as provide data security, data sharing, and data integrity, are the foundation of database systems. A successful Information professional must understand not only the concepts, principles and theory of database systems but also the associated management issues. The course will introduce students to DBMSs, data modeling and DBMSs application development. The course will emphasize both theory and hands-on experience. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 331: Animation Software (3)

An advanced course in the computer arts field that teaches methods of animation for the Web and CD-Rom. The principles of effective design and communicating information visually will be reinforced. The student will learn how to develop their own digital movies, animate websites and add text, audio and video elements to their movies. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 331: Animation Software (3)

An advanced course in the computer arts field that teaches methods of animation for the Web and CD-Rom. The principles of effective design and communicating information visually will be reinforced. The student will learn how to develop their own digital movies, animate websites and add text, audio and video elements to their movies. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 410: Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce (3)

This course surveys issues, technologies, and skills relating to the application of data communications and telecommunications technology in business. Students will develop an informed perspective on the revolutionary new field of electronic commerce. The course covers data communications technology, such as internetworking, local area networks, wide area networks, network operating systems, communications protocols, firewalls, and network security. The course will also cover commercial applications of this technology including electronic commerce, secure electronic payments, electronic data interchange and electronic marketing. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 410: Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce (3)

This course surveys issues, technologies, and skills relating to the application of data communications and telecommunications technology in business. Students will develop an informed perspective on the revolutionary new field of electronic commerce. The course covers data communications technology, such as internetworking, local area networks, wide area networks, network operating systems, communications protocols, firewalls, and network security. The course will also cover commercial applications of this technology including electronic commerce, secure electronic payments, electronic data interchange and electronic marketing. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 420: Systems Analysis and Design (3)

Overview of the information systems development life cycle; use of structured tools/techniques for systems development with emphasis on systems analysis and conceptual design; information and reporting activities; transition from conceptual design to physical design. Prerequisites: Upper division status, MIS 305 and MIS 315. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 420: Systems Analysis and Design (3)

Overview of the information systems development life cycle; use of structured tools/techniques for systems development with emphasis on systems analysis and conceptual design; information and reporting activities; transition from conceptual design to physical design. Prerequisites: Upper division status, MIS 305 and MIS 315. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MIS 428: Forensic Accounting Data Analysis (3)

Forensic data analysis helps the forensic accountant learn the techniques required to audit large volumes of transactions to discover fraudulent activities. The student will utilize various software programs such as ACL and Auditworks to test financial records for fraud. Topics include: digital prevention and deterrence, digital detection and investigation, and digital presentation and reporting tools. Prerequisite: ACC 325. Offered as Needed. (UG)

MIS 428: Forensic Accounting Data Analysis (3)

Forensic data analysis helps the forensic accountant learn the techniques required to audit large volumes of transactions to discover fraudulent activities. The student will utilize various software programs such as ACL and Auditworks to test financial records for fraud. Topics include: digital prevention and deterrence, digital detection and investigation, and digital presentation and reporting tools. Prerequisite: ACC 325. Offered as Needed. (UG)

Marketing

MKT 209: Principles of Marketing (3)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles of marketing. Focus areas include market and product planning, selection of target markets, market segmentation, competitive influences, and the marketing mix. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MKT 209: Principles of Marketing (3)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles of marketing. Focus areas include market and product planning, selection of target markets, market segmentation, competitive influences, and the marketing mix. Offered Each Semester (UG)

MKT 302: Physical Distribution Management (3)

Logistical considerations of plant, warehouse and store location, inventory control, warehousing and transportation planning. Channels of distribution from an institutional-behavioral viewpoint. Design, management and evaluation of the distribution system. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 302: Physical Distribution Management (3)

Logistical considerations of plant, warehouse and store location, inventory control, warehousing and transportation planning. Channels of distribution from an institutional-behavioral viewpoint. Design, management and evaluation of the distribution system. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 310: Foreign Markets of International Business (3)

This course applies marketing concepts and practices in an international business setting. Special attention is given to the management of marketing functions and networks that span national boundaries. Key international business marketing decisions are studied. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. (Spring). (UG)

MKT 310: Foreign Markets of International Business (3)

This course applies marketing concepts and practices in an international business setting. Special attention is given to the management of marketing functions and networks that span national boundaries. Key international business marketing decisions are studied. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. (Spring). (UG)

MKT 312: Promotional Strategies (3)

This course is a study of the functions, theory, principles and applications of the many parts of the promotion variable. Topics include: advertising, personal selling, publicity, public relations and direct marketing. Emphasis is placed on the decision-making aspects of promotional strategy. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 312: Promotional Strategies (3)

This course is a study of the functions, theory, principles and applications of the many parts of the promotion variable. Topics include: advertising, personal selling, publicity, public relations and direct marketing. Emphasis is placed on the decision-making aspects of promotional strategy. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 313: Customer Relations (3)

This course will introduce the students to the skills required to uncover consumer needs, the methods of establishing and building trust, and effective techniques for constructive resolution of consumer complaints. Special emphasis is placed on understanding consumer behavior and motives. Prerequisites:, MKT 209, MGQ 221 and Junior Status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MKT 313: Customer Relations (3)

This course will introduce the students to the skills required to uncover consumer needs, the methods of establishing and building trust, and effective techniques for constructive resolution of consumer complaints. Special emphasis is placed on understanding consumer behavior and motives. Prerequisites:, MKT 209, MGQ 221 and Junior Status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MKT 335: Market Research (3)

The course covers the essential methods, techniques, and analysis approaches used in contemporary market research. Study areas include the marketing research process, designing qualitative and quantitative studies, sampling and testing, as well as data analysis and reporting. Prerequisites: MKT 209, MGQ 221 and Junior status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 335: Market Research (3)

The course covers the essential methods, techniques, and analysis approaches used in contemporary market research. Study areas include the marketing research process, designing qualitative and quantitative studies, sampling and testing, as well as data analysis and reporting. Prerequisites: MKT 209, MGQ 221 and Junior status. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

MKT 402: Sport Marketing (3)

This course applies traditional marketing theory to the business of sport. It covers product marketing of products such as professional and amateur teams as well as recreational and sport club services. Innovative and traditional approaches to promotion and public relations in the sport industry are studied. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MKT 402: Sport Marketing (3)

This course applies traditional marketing theory to the business of sport. It covers product marketing of products such as professional and amateur teams as well as recreational and sport club services. Innovative and traditional approaches to promotion and public relations in the sport industry are studied. Prerequisites: MKT 209 and Junior Status. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MKT 420: Marketing Planning and Strategy (3)

Fulfills Research and Presentation. This is the capstone course for the Marketing specialization. Students will focus on the analysis and application of previously studied marketing principles and techniques critical to an organization's strategic marketing strength. Special emphasis is placed on developing strategic thinking capabilities in areas of innovation, long-term competitiveness, customer satisfaction, and profitability. Prerequisite: MKT 209, MKT 302, MKT 312 or MKT 313, and MKT 335. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

MKT 420: Marketing Planning and Strategy (3)

Fulfills Research and Presentation. This is the capstone course for the Marketing specialization. Students will focus on the analysis and application of previously studied marketing principles and techniques critical to an organization's strategic marketing strength. Special emphasis is placed on developing strategic thinking capabilities in areas of innovation, long-term competitiveness, customer satisfaction, and profitability. Prerequisite: MKT 209, MKT 302, MKT 312 or MKT 313, and MKT 335. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Mathematics

MTH 100: Mathematics in Our Daily Life (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Fulfills Quantitative Literacy requirement. A course designed to improve students' application of mathematical concepts in their everyday experience. These concepts will be developed through inductive/deductive reasoning, and topics such as fractal, pattern, sequences, geometry, logic, and statistics. Not offered for credit to mathematics majors. Prerequisite: MTH 97 or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 102: Finite Mathematics (3)

Selected topics from sets, logic, reasoning and valid arguments, switching circuits, counting problems, combinations and permutations, problem solving, linear equations and problem solving, linear programming, mathematics of finance, graphs and trees, scheduling problems, minimum spanning trees, traffic flow, probability, statistics, game theory, and history and foundations of mathematics. Not offered for credit to mathematics majors. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 104: Survey of Statistics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. An intuitive study of descriptive and inferential statistics with emphasis on applications using a statistical package. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by the mathematics placement). This course is not permitted for BA Math majors. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MTH 111: Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. Basic ideas underlying mathematics in general, arithmetic and geometry in particular. Prerequisites: MTH 97 or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 112: Geometry and Logic (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. The second of a two-course sequence for future elementary teachers. Elementary logic and truth tables, geometric entities with their properties as sets of points, coordinate geometry, measurement, other geometries. Prerequisite: MTH 111. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 124: College Algebra (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. The real number system, first and second degree equations and inequalities, exponents, polynomials and rational functions are studied in depth. Elementary analytic geometry is also covered. Prerequisite: MTH 97 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MTH 131: Calculus and Mathematics for Business and Social Sciences (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. This course is specifically designed for non-science majors. It covers single and multi-variables calculus, linear algebra including the simplex method for linear programming, with their applications in business and social sciences. Prerequisite: MTH 124 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MTH 134: Pre-Calculus (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. Topics in this pre-calculus mathematics course include functions; graphing; polynomial, exponential, and logarithmic functions; and trigonometry. Intended for students who must take calculus but who lack the necessary background. Prerequisite: MTH 124 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

MTH 135: Mathematical Analysis for Management (3)

Continuation of MTH 131. Emphasizes topics used in management, optimatization techniques of functions of several variables using both algebra and elementary linear programming; calculus applications to business and economics, differential equations; matrix algebra and Markov chains; probability and other selected topics in finance and finite mathematics. Prerequisite: MTH 131 or MTH 144. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 144: Calculus and Analytic Geometry I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. Limits, continuity, differentiation, anti-differentiation, definite integrals, transcendental functions, formal integration, and application to physical, natural and engineering sciences. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in MTH 134 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 145: Calculus and Analytic Calculus II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Quantitative Literacy. Limits, continuity, differentiation, anti-differentiation, definite integrals, transcendental functions, formal integration, and application to physical, natural and engineering sciences. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in MTH 144 (or adequate competence as determined by mathematics placement). Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 246: Linear Algebra (3)

This course is an introduction to linear algebra. Topics covered include systems of linear equations, vector spaces and subspaces, dimension of vector spaces, linear transformations and eigenvalues. The interrelationship between these concepts is emphasized. An attempt is made to provide motivation for abstract ideas by presenting them as natural generalizations of familiar geometric concepts. Prerequisite: a grade of a C or better in MTH 144 or equivalent. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 254: Calculus and Analytic Geometry (3)

Polar coordinates, infinite sequences, series, vector algebra and geometry, two and three dimensional vector algebra, calculus of functions of several variables, vector differential calculus lines and surface integrals. Prerequisite: a grade of a C or better in MTH 145. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 255: Calculus and Analytic Geometry IV (3)

Polar coordinates, infinite sequences, series, vector algebra and geometry, two and three dimensional vector algebra, calculus of functions of several variables, vector differential calculus lines and surface integrals. Prerequisite: MTH 254. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 264: Discrete Mathematics (3)

Study of a variety of discrete mathematical systems. Introduction to mathematical logic and its applications; sets, relations, and functions; combinatorics; discrete number systems; induction, recursion and generating functions; graph theory; lattices and boolean algebra. Prerequisite: Minimum grade C in MTH 144. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 274: Differential Equations (3)

Ordinary equations of the first, second and higher orders; linear differential equations with constant coefficients; applications in physics and geometry. Solutions of linear systems of ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite: MTH 145. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 303: Introduction to Proofs (3)

A course that teaches students how to read and construct proofs as they are typically presented in the textbook, journal articles, and other mathematical literature, at the appropriate level. Prerequisites: Minimum grades of C in MTH 145 and MTH 264. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 307: Introduction to Abstract Algebra I (3)

This is the first part of a two-course sequence. Introduction to theory of groups, rings, ideals, integral domains and fields; vector spaces, matrices and determinants. Prerequisite: MTH 145 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 308: Introduction to Abstract Algebra II (3)

This is part two of a two-course sequence. Introduction to theory of groups, rings, ideals, integral domains and fields; vector spaces, matrices and determinants. Prerequisite: MTH 307 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 310: Methods in Teaching Secondary and Middle School Mathematics (3)

An introduction to the secondary school curriculum and pedagogical implications for teaching mathematics. Topics include developing lesson plans, exploring assessment techniques, and special learning techniques. Includes lectures, field experience, the role of technology as a teaching resource and classroom tool, and classroom management issues. Students are expected to complete 50 hours of field experience. Prerequisite: Upper division status. This course cannot be used as a Math elective for BA Math majors or Education majors with Math Area Studies. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 351: Modern Geometry (3)

Historical background, transformational geometry: mapping and transformation, synthetic plane geometry: Mobius and hyperbolic geometry, other geometries: projective geometry, pseudo geometry, universal and multidimensional projective geometry. Prerequisites: MTH 145 and MTH 264 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 407: Advanced Calculus (3)

This is part one of a two-course sequence. A rigorous study of calculus, sequence, real number system, functions, limits, continuity, differentiation, integration, infinite series. Prerequisite: MTH 255 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 408: Advanced Calculus II (3)

This is part two of a two-course sequence. A rigorous study of calculus, sequence, real number system, functions, limits, continuity, differentiation, integration, infinite series. Prerequisite: MTH 407. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 414: Elementary Theory of Probability (3)

Algebra of sets applied to discrete sample spaces; combinational analysis; conditional probability; binomial, Poisson and normal distributions. Applications of advanced probability techniques to a research problem. Prerequisite: MTH 145, MTH 264 and upper division status, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 415: Theory of Mathematical Statistics (3)

Sampling, distributions, statistical inference, estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing and regression. Prerequisite: MTH 414. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 416: Numerical Analysis (3)

Cross-listed as CSC 416. Study of finite differences, interpolation, root finding algorithms; numerical differentiation and integration. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite:MTH 145. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 430: Mathematics Reading List and Proseminar (3)

History, development and foundations of mathematics. Prerequisite: MTH 264 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 457: Independent Study or Research (1 - 6)

Individually arranged reading and research. Open to qualified students at the invitation of the faculty. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 459: Introduction to Mathematical Research (1)

In this course students select topics for their research project and make substantial progress on researching the senior thesis required in MTH 460 Mathematics Capstone. Students are required to submit a polished research proposal and an annotated bibliography and to make an oral presentation of the research proposal to the class. Prerequisite: Upper division status in the Mathematics Department. Offered as Needed. (UG)

MTH 460: Mathematics Capstone (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This course has been designed to give students an introduction to research and literature in mathematics. Students will demonstrate their research, analytical, oral, and writing skills by researching and writing an original document (minimum 12 pages) based on sources appropriate to the discipline and approved by the instructor. At the end of the semester students will offer oral presentations to the class with selected members of the Daemen College community in attendance. Prerequisite: Junior/Senior status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MTH 90: Pre-Algebra (3)

This self-paced course emphasizes basic computational skills including whole number operations, fractions, mixed numbers, decimal fractions, ratios and proportions, signed numbers, simple linear equations and operations on polynomials. As a student's level of preparation for entry into this course may vary, mastery of course content may require enrollment in the course for more than one semester. Offered Each Semester. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

MTH 96: Developmental Skills in Basic Mathematics (3)

This course emphasizes computational and fundamental skills, including whole numbers, fractions, decimals, proportions, percents, and beginning algebra. Offered in HEOP Summer Program. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

MTH 97: Basic Mathematics (3)

This course covers the essentials of algebra, including signed numbers, fractions, factoring, polynomials, rational functions, solving equations, and word problems. Intended for students needing skills in mathematics. Prerequisite: MTH-90 or adequate competency as determined by mathematics placement. Offered Each Semester. Please note: The number of credits this course carries are in clock hours, not institutional credit hours. A clock hour course will not advance your degree progress; rather, it is designed to strengthen your skill in order to qualify for a credit-bearing course in this area of study or in a related field. The clock hours DO count, however, towards your course load and for financial aid purposes. (UG)

Music

MUS 100: Introduction to Music (3)

Basic concepts and terminology; survey of selected periods in music history, with study of representative compositions. Offered As Needed. (UG)

MUS 115: The Music of the United States (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. A survey of the entire range of American music: religious, folk, classical, popular, jazz, etc. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Natural Science

NSC 130: Scientific Excavation as a Window on the Past (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Two Western New York scientific excavation projects will be used to demonstrate the application of the scientific method to real-life situations in complex and sometimes misleading field situations. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 201: Comprehensive Science I (3)

An integrated approach to the sciences, covering physics, chemistry, earth science, astronomy and biology. Interconnections of these disciplines is emphasized to promote a basic science literacy and informed civic involvement. Intended for non-majors. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 202: Comprehensive Science II (3)

Continuation of NSC 201. Cannot be used for science credit for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 205: Planet Earth I: Physical Features (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 205. An introduction to physical aspects of geology, hydrology, the atmosphere and oceanography of the Earth and the application of these principles from a scientific perspective to land use and planning. Cannot receive credit for both ESC 107 and ENS/NSC 205. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

NSC 206: Planet Earth II: Geographical Features (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 206. An examination of the features that distinguish the different ecosystems. Topics include the use of spatial statistics, remote sensing and interpretation of land/satellite data as a means of distinguishing the features. This course cannot be used as credit in the major for science majors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 209: Service Learning in the Natural Sciences (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning requirement. A course that involves students working together to use their scientific knowledge to benefit the community. Project topics will vary each semester, but will involve students in identifying relevant community problems, developing proposed solutions and helping to implement these in the community. Science majors cannot use this course for credit in the major. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 231: Natural Science: Scientific Language & Literacy Seminar (3)

A seminar on research problems and recent advances in natural science. Emphasis is placed on using different forms of media and presentation to communicate scientific ideas. Prerequisites: Biology, Biochemistry or Natural Science major; Sophomore status = min. grade C in CHE 111, BIO 110, and 3 credits in an additional 300/400 level BIO or CHE. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

NSC 244: Scientific Techniques and Data Interpretation (3)

A survey of basic methods of data collection and analysis. Students will learn about the theory and practice of basic laboratory skills that are considered necessary for entry-level laboratory positions or beginning graduate studies in the sciences. Methods of data collection and analysis for different techniques and instrumentation will be reviewed. Prerequisite: BIO 110, CHE 111. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 303: Environmental Toxicology (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 303. Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of different types of toxins, their routes into organisms, environmental fates and roles in metabolic pathways. Applications to environmental and occupational health as well as detection and risk assessment are included. Prerequisites: BIO 109 and BIO 110/L and CHE 111/L. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

NSC 306: Teaching Science in Middle and High School (3)

An investigation of the diverse methods for presenting science material in the middle and high school classroom to meet the national and state standards for science education. Classroom visitation will be required outside of course time. Prerequisites: Upper division status in biology, EDU 313 and EDU 327. Offered Alternate Years (Fall) or As Needed. (UG)

NSC 307: Pharmacotherapeutics (3)

Cross-listed as NUR 307. (Not open to Biology, Biochemistry or Natural Science majors). This elective course presents the latest information about the newest medications and up-to-the minute information about traditional drugs in a manner that is relevant to the needs of the professional nurse caring for patients in a variety of clinical settings. Through a nursing process approach, the course stresses pharmacological principles that will aid the nurse in the administration of medications. The course is designed for the nurse who already has a basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. Problem-solving sessions throughout the course focus on therapeutic usages and monitoring of each of the classes of agents. Prerequisites: BIO 207-208 or BIO 330-340. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

NSC 310: Biostatistics (3)

An introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics with emphasis on applications in biological and health sciences. Prerequisite: MTH 134, BIO 110. Lecture, 3 hours; Computer Lab, 1 hour. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

NSC 331: Natural Science Literature Survey (2)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with NSC 443, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. An introduction to the general principles and procedures of scientific research with emphasis on the use of scientific literature and methods of research. Prerequisite: Upper division status in Biochemistry, Biology or Natural Science and successful completion of BCH 317 or CHE 302 and 3 additional courses in BIO or CHE at the 300/400 level. Seminar, 1 hour; Literature work, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

NSC 342: Biomaterials (3)

An examination of the range of biomaterials available for orthopedics, cardiology, plastic surgery, dentistry, and other applications. The selection of materials and their manufacture for implantation in the body are discussed. Issues surrounding safety of biomaterials in the body, as well as the FDA processes governing implants and clinical trials are examined. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and CHE 111. Offered As Needed. (UG)

NSC 401: Research Problems in Cell Biology (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in cell biology under supervision. Prerequisites: BIO 325; NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 404: Research Problems in Mammalian Physiology (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in mammalian physiology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 405: Research Problems in Genetics and Microbiology (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in Genetics and/or Microbiology. Prerequisites: NSC 331, permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 406: Research Problems in Organic and Environmental Chemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in organic or environmental chemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 407: Research Problems in Molecular Biology and Biochemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in molecular biology and/or biochemistry. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 408: Research Problems in Biochemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in molecular biology and/or biochemistry. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 409: Research Problems in Analytical and Physical Chemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in analytical or physical chemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester (UG)

NSC 410: Research Problems in Ecology and Environmental Biology (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in ecology and evolutionary biology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 412: Research Problems in Zoology and Natural History (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in zoology and/or natural history under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 413: Research Problems in Organic & Biochemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in organic chemistry and/or biochemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 414: Research Problems in Developmental Biology (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in developmental biology under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 415: Research Problems: Bioengineering and Wound Healing (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in bioengineering and/or wound healing under supervision. Prerequisites: NSC 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 416: Research Problems: Inorganic Biochemistry (1 - 3)

Individual literature and/or laboratory research in inorganic biochemistry under supervision. Prerequisites: NCS 331; permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NSC 443: Natural Science Research Seminar (2)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy; Writing Intensive. Together with NSC 331, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. A capstone seminar focusing on research conducted by seniors and faculty. Prerequisites: NSC 331, with a grade of C or better; Senior status in Biochemistry, Biology or Natural Science. Seminar, 1 hour; Literature and/or Laboratory Work, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

NSC 458: Natural Science Directed Study (1 - 3)

Independent study or project in a natural science discipline under supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisites: Senior status in a natural science discipline and permission of the department chairperson. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Nursing

NUR 221: Issues in Women's Health (3)

Cross-listed as HSC 221. This elective course is designed to provide students with an overview of topics impacting women's health in contemporary society. The course focuses on controversial issues related to women's health and investigates the roles that women play as health care consumers and as health care providers. The course is designed for students from multiple areas of study. These students will explore specific health care problems impacting upon women and will analyze contextual factors that affect the delivery of health care to women. Prerequisite: CMP 101; Lecture, 3 hours. Offered as Needed (UG)

NUR 222: Healing, Holism and Spirituality in Health Care (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as PHI 222. This three (3) credit course is a truly inter-disciplinary, inter-divisional course team-taught by a faculty member of the nursing department and a faculty member of the humanities. The course is designed to explore the meaning and mutual inter-connectedness of healing, holism, spirituality and care. Students will investigate the role of spirituality in their own personal lives, the power of healing and care both in medicine and everyday experience. Complementary therapeutic modalities such as prayer, therapeutic touch, meditation, friendship, etc. will be explored. There will be special focus on matters relating to the living-dying continuum exploring end-of-life matters), the inter-relatedness of the universe, and the implications of certain cultural differences, especially those in eastern cultures. Assignments for the course, including journal assignments and a hospice experience, are designed to stimulate personal as well as professional growth. Assigned readings, faculty presentations, and class discussions are intended to encourage student self-reflection, as well as a shared learning experience. Lecture/seminar, 3 hours. Offered each year (Fall) (UG)

NUR 232: Herbs, Drugs, Supplements and the Body (3)

Cross-listed as HSC 232. Grounded in a holistic framework, this course focuses on general concepts of herbs, drugs, supplements and nutrition in relation to the well being of self and the client. This course develops a basic comprehension of nutrition emphasizing the role of phyto-nutrients as well as toxic ingredients in our food. The impact of culture, spirituality, and biological factors, as well as psychosocial, economic, and ethical considerations, is discussed in relation to improving and maintaining health in self and client. Relevant and current evidence-based research is included. The notion of food, herbs, and supplements as pharmacy is explored throughout. The newest information on drug/herb interactions, Joint Commission requirements for herbal products, new FDA labeling guidelines, and how to select a quality herbal or supplemental product are addressed. This course fosters understanding and strategies for promoting specific herbs and supplements for individuals attempting to maintain health and coping with pathology. Health promotion (learning to make healthy choices in our toxic environment, healthy sleep habits) and maintenance are stressed. Concepts related to family therapy, consumerism, and advocacy are addressed. Students learn such strategies for improving self and client health as risk assessment, stress management, nutritional counseling, and health teaching. Offered as Needed. Lecture: 3 hours (UG)

NUR 233: Herbs, Drugs, Supplements and the Body (3)

Cross-listed as HSC 233. Grounded in a holistic framework, this course focuses on general concepts of herbs, drugs, supplements and nutrition in relation to the well being of self and the client. This course develops a basic comprehension of nutrition emphasizing the role of phyto-nutrients as well as toxic ingredients in our food. The impact of culture, spirituality, and biological factors, as well as psychosocial, economic, and ethical considerations, is discussed in relation to improving and maintaining health in self and client. Relevant and current evidence-based research is included. The notion of food, herbs, and supplements as pharmacy is explored throughout. The newest information on drug/herb interactions, Joint Commission requirements for herbal products, new FDA labeling guidelines, and how to select a quality herbal or supplemental product are addressed. This course fosters understanding and strategies for promoting specific herbs and supplements for individuals attempting to maintain health and coping with pathology. Health promotion (learning to make healthy choices in our toxic environment, healthy sleep habits) and maintenance are stressed. Concepts related to family therapy, consumerism, and advocacy are addressed. Students learn such strategies for improving self and client health as risk assessment, stress management, nutritional counseling, and health teaching. Offered as Needed. Lecture: 3 hours (UG)

NUR 251: Special Topics: Oncology Nursing I (3)

This is the first of two courses designed to give the international registered nurse student a core knowledge base in oncology nursing. This course serves as an introduction to the student to nursing theory, nursing research, and evidence-based nursing to patient and family centered oncology nursing practice. The purpose of this course is to acquaint registered nurse students with the fundamentals of cellular basics of cancer, biology of cancer, health promotion, epidemiology, prevention and detection, treatment modalities, oncologic emergencies, psychosocial issues, supportive care, palliative care, survivorship, and research. (UG)

NUR 251L: Special Topics: Oncology Nursing I Lab (6)

This practicum is designed to introduce Registered Nurse students to the role of the professional nurse in the oncology care setting. Emphasis is on further development of professional nursing skills and the use of the nursing process, particularly assessment, decision making, and evaluation. Clinical experiences in a variety of inpatient and ambulatory care settings enable students to develop essential skills for providing accessible, continuous, collaborative, affordable, and patient centered oncology care. Students gain experience in independent and interdisciplinary decision making with nurse preceptors and other health team members. Students have the opportunity to participate in off-unit/clinic experiences such as with the Ostomy & Skin Care team, Diagnostic Radiology, Infusion and Chemotherapy Amherst Satellite, and surgery. Clinical rotations will include opportunities in both inpatient and outpatient settings within Roswell Park Cancer Institute. The rotation includes a quality improvement Capstone project. The lab will include 18 hours of clinical practice per week (3/1 ratio). (UG)

NUR 252: Special Topics: Oncology Nursing II (3)

This is the second of two courses designed to give the international registered nurse student an advanced knowledge base in oncology nursing. This course serves as an introduction to the student to advancing nursing theory, nursing research, and evidence-based nursing to patient and family centered oncology nursing practice. The purpose of this course is to acquaint registered nurse students with advanced concepts of cancer symptom management. Prequisite: NUR 251/L. (UG)

NUR 252L: Special Topics: Oncology Nursing II Lab (6)

Continuation of NUR251Lab. The rotation includes a research Capstone project. The lab will include 18 hours of clinical practice per week (3/1 ratio). (UG)

NUR 305: Health Assessment (3)

This course is designed to provide the student with the knowledge and skills necessary to perform a health assessment on an adult and child. The impact of genetics and genomics are explored in relation to disease prevention, health promotion, and health screening. Critical thinking and clinical reasoning are utilized to inform assessment and evidence-based nursing diagnoses. Emphasis is place on normal findings of the physical assessment. Lecture, 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 207 and BIO 208. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NUR 307: Pharmacotherapeutics (3)

Cross-listed as NSC 307. (Not open to Biology, Biochemistry or Natural Science majors). This elective course presents the latest information about the newest medications and up-to-the minute information about traditional drugs in a manner that is relevant to the needs of the professional nurse caring for patients in a variety of clinical settings. Through a nursing process approach, the course stresses pharmacological principles that will aid the nurse in the administration of medications. The course is designed for the nurse who already has a basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. Problem-solving sessions throughout the course focus on therapeutic usages and monitoring of each of the classes of agents. Prerequisites: BIO 207 and BIO 208 or BIO 330 and BIO 340. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

NUR 315: Concepts of Professional Nursing Practice (3)

This course provides an introduction to the nature of professional nursing with a dual emphasis on self as learner and self as nurse. The course is designed to introduce the student to the application of nursing theory to contemporary nursing practice. Nursing theory will be explored as the foundation for the development of professional nursing. This course also broadens the Registered Nurse's perspective of professionalism, the role of research, and value-based behavior at the baccalaureate level. Web-enhanced. Offered Each Semester (and Summer); majors only. Also available in a web-based format. (UG)

NUR 316: Holistic Perspectives (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course focuses on the relationship between values and attitudes of the nurse, individuals, and families in the health care system based on a holistic approach. Various macro and micro-cultures are explored in terms of specific cultural influences affecting the adaptation response of individuals, families, and communities. The rendering of health care to meet health needs as well as culture specific values, communication, religion, customs, and health beliefs and practices is emphasized. Future implications for the health care delivery system based on concepts of caring and humanistic nursing are explored. Web-enhanced. Offered Each Semester (and Summer). Also available in a web-based format. (UG)

NUR 317: Professional Nursing Practice I (6)

This course is designed to enhance critical thinking and clinical reasoning abilities by introducing the student to the application of nursing research and evidence based practice to contemporary nursing practice. The purpose of this course is to acquaint nursing students with the fundamentals of research methods and to understand the importance of research in practice. Evidence based practice will be explored as a basis for further development of professional practice. Application of research and the formation of evidence based practice will be explored in classroom and external learning experiences. Lecture, 4 hours; External Learning Experiences, 4 hours. Offered in a web-enhanced format. Prerequisite: NUR 315. Corequisite NUR 317L. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NUR 317L: Professional Nursing Practice I Lab (0)

This course satisfies the external learning experiences requirement for NUR 317. 60 hours per semester. (UG)

NUR 324: Leadership Development in Clinical Nursing (3)

This course prepares students with the knowledge and skills in leadership, communication, interprofessional teamwork and quality improvement systems that are necessary to provide quality health care. Group dynamics and group processes are examined. The course emphasizes ethical and critical thinking/clinical reasoning skills used to initiate and maintain effective working relationships, and develop conflict resolution strategies in professional nursing practice. Leadership theory and management functions in contemporary nursing practice will be explored. Various models of nursing practice will be examined and related to the leadership function of nurses. Offered as Needed. (UG)

NUR 417: Professional Nursing Practice II (6)

This course prepares students with the knowledge and skills in leadership, communication, interprofessional teamwork and quality improvement systems that are necessary to provide quality health care. Group dynamics and group processes are examined. The course emphasizes ethical and critical thinking/clinical reasoning skills used to initiate and maintain effective working relationships, and develop conflict resolution strategies in professional practice. Leadership theory and management functions in contemporary nursing practice will be explored. This course enhances the nurse's ability to manage him or herself and others effectively within the context of change occurring within the health care system. Offered in a web-enhanced format. Lecture, 4 hours; Prerequisites: RN Licensure, majors only, NUR 315. Corequisite: NUR 417L. Offered Each Semester (and Summer). (UG)

NUR 417L: Professional Nursing Practice II Lab (0)

This course satisfies the external learning experiences requirement for NUR 417. 60 hours per semester. (UG)

NUR 432: Professional Issues (3)

Together with NUR 453, fulfills Research and Presentation requirement for Nursing majors. This capstone course continues the process of professional nursing socialization. It is designed so that students may lead seminars to discuss issuses affecting the nursing profession. The course includes a student led debate and written articulation of each student's philosophy of nursing. The major goals of this course are to increase student involvement in policy/politics and to enhance student awareness of the importance of life long learning. Lecture, 3 hours. Majors only. Prerequisites: NUR 317 and 417. Corequisite: NUR 453. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NUR 453: Professional Nursing Practice III (6)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with NUR 432, meets Research and Presentation requirement. In this course, the student applies the nursing process to population-focused nursing of the community. Population-focused nursing care in this course incorporates working with the community as partner, assessing determinants of health, examining available resources within the community, and identifying needs to improve health outcomes of the community. In addition, students collaborate with healthcare professionals and utilize informatics to promote conditions and healthy behaviors to improve population health. Offered in a web- enhanced format. Lecture, 3 hours; External Learning Experiences, 6 hours. Prerequisite: NUR 317, RN licensure, majors only. Co-requisite: NUR 453L. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

NUR 453L: Professional Nursing Practice III Lab (0)

This course satisfies the external learning experiences requirement for NUR 453. 90 hours per semester. (UG)

Paralegal Studies

PAR 201: Introduction to Paralegal Studies (3)

This course will introduce students to the complexities of the legal system and legal reasoning, and will focus on helping students develop critical analysis abilities. Students will learn about the legal system, the role of paralegals, and the basics of legal argument. Offered each Semester. (UG)

PAR 301: Legal Research and Writing (4)

This course is designed to teach paralegal students to use a law library and a variety of electronic legal sources, perform legal research, analyze legal problems, and write legal documents, primarily case briefs and legal memos. Students are taught to locate and use both primary and secondary legal research sources to solve legal problems, including federal and state cases, digests, statutes, treatises, encyclopedias, law reviews, citators and practice works. Prerequisites: PAR 201, minimum grade B in CMP 101 and upper division status in program, or declared Pre Law minor or permission of instructor. Offered every semester. (UG)

PAR 302: Law Office Computer Technology (3)

This course is designed to teach the student commonly-used software in the law office and to apply the knowledge of computer hardware and software applications in legal work such as development and maintenance of hypothetical case files. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 303: Litigation (3)

This course introduces students to the principles of civil litigation in federal and state courts. All phases of the litigation process will be reviewed in detail, with special emphasis upon rules of procedure, discovery, and pre-trial, trial and post-trial practices, as these are areas in which paralegals are most extensively used. Ethical considerations as applied to litigation will also be covered. The principles learned will be applied to practical exercises and legal writing projects. Some legal research will be required. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 304: Contract Law (3)

This course provides an introduction to the law of contracts, including analysis of the basic elements of contract formation, defenses to contract performance, breach of contract and remedies, drafting and interpretation of contracts. Pratical projects will require legal research and writing. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 305: Real Property Law (3)

This course is an Introduction to Real Estate Law & Practice. Topics include property rights, types of land ownership/estates, easements and rights-of-way effect on title and use of real estate, agreements for sale, financing, conveyancing, title insurance, settlement procedures, recording and post-closing matters that deal with residential, commercial, condominiums and planned communities types of real estate. The course will also cover real estate leasing agreements. Ethics will be discussed throughout the semester relating to specific scenarios that may occur during the practice of real estate law. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 306: Tort Law (3)

This course will provide an introduction to the broad area of civil wrongs, and their appropriate remedies, as well as Tort Law principles in the traditional areas of intentional torts, negligence, absolute liability, product liability, nuisance and commonly employed defenses. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status in program. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 307: Criminal Law and Procedure (3)

This Criminal Law and Procedure course is designed to provide student paralegals with an overview of the criminal justice process and apply this knowledge to practical writing projects such as motions and memos. This course covers the substantive aspects of criminal law and includes the general principles of criminal liability, specific analysis of particular crimes, parties to crimes, and the substantive defenses to crimes. Constitutional safeguards and procedures from arrest through trial, sentencing, punishment, and appeal are also studied. Prerequisites: PAR 201, PSC 117 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 308: Family Law (3)

This course presents fundamental common law and statutory concepts of family law with emphasis on the paralegal's role in this area. Topics include formal and informal marriages, separation, divorce, annulment, marital property, the parent-child relationship, child custody and support, adoption, guardianship, domestic relations court procedures, public records research, and the paralegal's role in alternative dispute resolution/mediation processes. Ethical obligations, family law terminology and emerging computer applications in domestic relations practice are also presented. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status in program. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 320: Paralegal Issues With Refugees (3)

Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course requires Paralegal Studies students to develop their practical law office skills at the same time as they are exposed to refugees from different parts of the world. The students will be working with refugees under the supervision of an attorney and will be responsible for clear and effective communication in order to accomplish and effectively resolve problems encountered by refugees. Practical skills may include assistance with client interviews, record maintenance, problem solving, document organization, factual investigation, and other general legal services. Prerequisites: PSC 230 or PAR 201 and permission of Instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PAR 401: Elder & Estates Law (3)

Students will be introduced to topics in the law affecting older persons. Topics including ethical and communications issues, advance directives and guardianships, financial and estate planning, health care, personal planning and protection, and consumer protection will be covered in the course.Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 402: Environmental Law (3)

Students will develop a broad understanding of the roles of federal, state, and local environmental laws in a highly industrialized society and be introduced to relevant concepts in administrative, tort, and real estate law. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 403: Business and Corporate Law (3)

This course will cover the formation, operation, and dissolution of various kinds of business organizations. Subjects covered include: sole proprietorships, corporations, partnerships, the law of agency and employment agreements. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 404: Intellectual Property (3)

This course is intended to provide the student with an in-depth analysis of the law pertaining to the fields of intellectual property: trademarks, copyrights, patents, trade secrets, and unfair competition. The methods by which each is created and protected will also be explored. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 405: Immigration Law (3)

This course will provide an overview of immigration law in the United States, with an emphasis on the practical application of that law in a law firm or corporate environment. Students will learn the skills needed to deal with a deadline-oriented caseload for a diverse clientele. Topics will include the basics of immigration and education, employment, family based immigration, refugee law and the procedures for applying for citizenship and asylum. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 406: Bankruptcy Law (3)

An overview of the laws of bankruptcy and its application, including voluntary and involuntary liquidations, discharge of debts, exemptions, creditor claims, trustee functions, reorganizations, Chapters 7, 11, 12 and 13 plans and alternative insolvency proceedings. Prerequisites: PAR 201 and upper division status. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 408: Administrative Law (3)

This course introduces students to basic concepts of administrative law in federal and state agencies, with emphasis on the paralegal's role in the administrative process. Students will learn both formal and informal advocacy techniques, including representing clients before administrative bodies. Substantive topics will include administrative delegation of power, rule making, agency discretionary powers, remedies, and judicial review. Procedural topics include agency operation, adjudication, hearing preparation, and administrative and judicial appeals. Practical projects which require legal research and writing will be required. Prerequisites: PAR 201, PAR 301 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 409: Advanced Litigation (3)

This class is an extension of Litigation, and builds upon the knowledge and skills learned in that class. Students will have legal writing projects that may include responses to discovery demands, deposition summaries, trial evidence logs, compiling an appellate record, settlement documents, and mediation/arbitration documents. Prerequisites: PAR 301, PAR 303, and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 410: Advanced Research and Writing (3)

This course is designed to build upon the research and writing skills introduced in Legal Research & Writing. Development of electronic research skills and analytical skills will be emphasized, and students will be assigned research and writing projects in various areas of the law. Prerequisite: PAR 301 and upper division status in program, or permission of instructor Offered As Needed. (UG)

PAR 450: Internship (3)

The paralegal internship is a wonderful means of experiential learning. Placements will be arranged with the assistance of the Department Chair according to availability and interests of the student.The credits earned for the internship will be credits earned in excess of the 120 credits required in the BS program, or in excess of the 28 credits required for the Certificate program. Prerequisite: PAR 301, upper division status, and permission of instructor required. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Physician Assistant Studies

PAS 310: Pharmacology I (2)

This course is designed in sequence with the topics presented in Fundamentals of Clinical Medicine I and focuses on practical pharmacotherapeutics. Mechanisms of drug action, therapeutic uses, specific effects and toxicity, effects on organ systems, contraindications and drug interactions will be presented. Emphasis is placed on the most commonly used categories of drugs. Prerequisites: PAS 301, 302, 303, 312, and 314; Corequisites: PAS 304, 306, and 313. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

Philosophy

PHI 110: Philosophical Thinking (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An exploration of the nature and content of philosophical inquiry. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PHI 113: Critical Thinking (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. In this course critical thinking will be presented as a set of skills that has been long established and well defined in our philosophical tradition. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

PHI 203: The Question of the Human (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as REL 203. In order to explore the dignity and worth of the human, the course examines the relationship between the individual and community. Through a series of readings and reflections, the attempt is made to expose the inter-relatedness of various thinkers from the liberal arts tradition. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

PHI 209: Science and Values (3)

This course will explore the standards, values, and goals of science by examining issues related to bioethics and health care, technology, the environment, and animal rights. Rather than viewing science merely as a cold impersonal way of arriving at the objective truth about natural phenomena, this course is premised on the idea that science is intimately involved in questions of values; it is committed to standards of right and wrong, and in doing so it moves toward larger social aims. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 211: African American Thought (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as REL 211. This course explores the tradition of African-American response to slavery and legalized racism. After some brief historical background, this course will focus on three particularly important moments in this tradition of resistance: the slave narratives (especially Frederick Douglass and Linda Brent), the turn of the century debates over education (especially Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois and Marcus Garvey), and the civil rights movement (especially the student movement, Martin Luther King, Malcom X, and the Black Power movement.) Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 213: Reflections on Contemporary Moral Issues (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as REL 213. Designed to be offered in learning community format with BIO 200 Science and Contemporary Social Issues. The course introduces students to moral issues and questions with regard to such matters as human cloning, genetic engineering, stem cell research, euthanasia, the environment and sustainability, and the emergence of life (e.g., fetal development). Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 222: Healing, Holism and Spirituality in Health Care (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as PHI 222. This three (3) credit course is a truly inter-disciplinary, inter-divisional course team-taught by a faculty member of the nursing department and a faculty member of the humanities. The course is designed to explore the meaning and mutual inter-connectedness of healing, holism, spirituality and care. Students will investigate the role of spirituality in their own personal lives, the power of healing and care both in medicine and everyday experience. Complementary therapeutic modalities such as prayer, therapeutic touch, meditation, friendship, etc. will be explored. There will be special focus on matters relating to the living-dying continuum, exploring end-of-life matters, the inter-relatedness of the universe, and the implications of certain cultural differences, especially those in eastern cultures. Assignments for the course, including journal assignments and a hospice experience, are designed to stimulate personal as well as professional growth. Assigned readings, faculty presentations, and class discussions are intended to encourage student self-reflection, as well as a shared learning experience. Lecture/seminar, 3 hours. Offered each year (Fall) (UG)

PHI 225: Readings in World Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as REL 225. This course is part of a learning community exploring the relationship among texts, historical contexts, and cultural conflicts. Students will study crucial moments in the modern era (i.e. slavery, the Holocaust, the Native American experience, the Cold War, and the immigrant experience) and will examine a variety of different texts (film, memoirs, novels, speeches, etc.) that reflect and comment upon these seminal historical moments and conflicts. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 231: Moments of Vision (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as REL 231. Co-sponsored by the Jewish Chautauqua Society and the National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods. The objective of this course is to consider the human imagination as it gives rise to certain visions which speak to dimensions of human experience with respect to a depth otherwise lost and hidden in the everyday world. The course explores the predicaments of evil and suffering, joy and silence, to gain an understanding of the need for visions about the boundaries and depths which open within human experience. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 232: Learning Through Service (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. Cross-listed as REL/HSC 232 (HSC listing limited to majors in the Health Professions). Learning experience through participation as a volunteer for approximately four hours per week in a community-based agency within the area. Students will also be expected to keep a journal account of their experiences and attend class every other week for about an hour to process with others what is being learned. The focus of the course is to help students gain an appreciation that being of service to others is a way of learning and a way of growing as a person. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 234: Scientific and Religious Views of the World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as REL 234. The focus of this interdisciplinary course is to engage in healthy dialogue with respect to problems and possibilities, conflicts and complementarities, differences and/or similarities of religious and scientific perspectives. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

PHI 248: Selected Periods in the History of Philosophy (3)

Selected periods in the History of Philosophy, e.g. ancient philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy, etc. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 306: Eastern Philosophies (3)

This course will explore various philosophical and religious concepts in Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism. Some cultural and historical background will be provided from which students can understand better how these various concepts, with their associated symbols and myths, arose. A methodology will be provided by which these concepts might be related to the spectacle of our age. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 308: The Religious and Spiritual Traditions of the World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as REL 308. This course will help the student appreciate the religious and spiritual approaches of both the East and West. Attention will be paid to such classic Indian traditions as Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism; to such Western spiritual traditions as Judaism, Christianity and Islam; and to Native American and Goddess worship. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PHI 309: The Holocaust (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as REL 309. This course analyzes the variety of historical, religious, philosophical and political issues posed by the Nazi policy of systematic genocide. We will explore religious and racial anti-Semitism, the philosophy of fascism, the logic of genocide and the development and implementation of the final solution. Attention will also be paid to concentration camp life and to its effect upon the perpetrators and the survivors. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PHI 310: Nature in Human Experience (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course will examine the philosophical foundations of our relations with nature. It will explore the values humans find in nature, and the responsibility humans have to the natural environment. It will discuss the ethical dimensions of our relation with animals. Finally, it will study a number of contemporary environmental issues. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PHI 312: Ethics (3)

An examination of the principal ethical theories and their relevance to problems of conduct. Readings from classical and contemporary philosophy on the nature of the moral life. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

PHI 314: Aesthetics (3)

An analysis of aesthetic experience in art, nature, and life worlds. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 315: Social Philosophy (3)

An examination of some of the philosophical concepts and moral principles employed in the rational appraisal of social life. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 321: Medical Ethics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Topics to be discussed include general introduction to ethical theory, health as a value, death and dying, euthanasia, behavior control, medical care and distributive justice. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PHI 322: Philosophy of Law (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. An exploration of some of the fundamental issues in the philosophy of law. Topics discussed include: the nature of law, law and morality, issues involving freedom of speech and constitutional interpretation, equality and the law, responsibility, crime and punishment, issues in tort law. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PHI 326: Meaning of Care in a Technological Society (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as REL 326. This course will probe the complexity of the issue of human values as these relate to a humane and meaningful future for society. It is a course committed to discovering the interrelations of religious and ethical thinking with the social issues of economics, politics, science and technology. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

PHI 328: Comparative Genocide (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as REL 328. This course will examine phenomenon of modern genocide, with particular attention to the ideological motivation of the perpetrators and to the effect upon families and individuals. After some opening theoretical reflections on the connection between modernity and genocide, the course will focus on four particular examples: American slavery, the Nazi final solution, the Khmer Rouge revolution, and the Rwanda genocide. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Physics

PHY 101: Physics I (3)

A study of the elements of physics. Part I covers mechanics, heat and sound. Prerequisite: MTH 134 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

PHY 101L: Physics I Lab (1)

Experimental analysis of concepts discussed in Part I lecture. Co or prerequisite: PHY 101. Laboratory, 3 hours. (UG)

PHY 102: Physics II (3)

A continuation of the study of the elements of physics. Part II covers electricity, magnetism, light and radioactivity. Prerequisite: PHY 101. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

PHY 102L: Physics II Lab (1)

Experimental analysis of concepts discussed in Part II lecture. Co or prerequisite: PHY 102. Laboratory, 3 hours. (UG)

PHY 125: Forensic Physics (4)

An overview of how many concepts in physics can be used to solve crimes. Topics for this course include: blood spatter analysis, ballistics, and auto accident recreation. (UG)

PHY 125L: Forensic Physics Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Forensic Physics. Co-requisite: PHY 125. (UG)

PHY 151: General Physics I Lecture (4)

A typical course in general physics intended for students in Biochemistry and Mathematics. Emphasis is placed on fundamental principles and theories. Prerequisite: MTH 144 or equivalent placement. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed (Fall). (UG)

PHY 151L: General Physics I Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Physics I. Corequisite: PHY 151. (UG)

PHY 152: General Physics II Lecture (4)

A continuation of General Physics I. Prerequisite: PHY 151. Lecture, 3 hours; Laboratory, 3 hours. Offered As Needed (Spring). (UG)

PHY 152L: General Physics II Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for General Physics II. Corequisite: PHY 152. (UG)

Public Relations

PR 222: Introduction to Mass Communication (3)

Cross-listed as CA 222. This course will emphasize the application of the theories and concepts to specific forms of human communication including mass media, the graphic arts, interpersonal and group communications, and written communication. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PR 301: Dynamics of Interpersonal Communication (3)

Cross-listed as CA 301. A thorough and intensive study of dyadic (two-person) interaction, its component parts, and its basic issues and concerns. Particular attention is given to the evolution of human relationships. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PR 322: Introduction to Public Relations (3)

An introduction to the concepts, history, ethics and techniques of public relations. The course is designed to provide the student with both theoretical knowledge and the development of basic skills required in professional public relations positions. Research, planning and programming, evaluation and analysis are examined and practiced in the classroom/workshop format. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

PR 420: Promotional Writing (3)

Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as CMP 420. This course introduces students to a style of marketing writing commonly known as "copywriting." Students will learn to write text (copy) whose aim is to promote products and services. Among units focused on will be brochures, print advertisements, broadcast advertisements, public service announcements for radio and television, direct mail, and other elements of marketing communications. CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PR 443: Research Practicum (3)

This course will provide an introduction to research through an individual project and thesis in the area of public relations. The topic selected by the student is subject to approval by the instructor. Prerequisite: PR 420. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Political Science

PSC 101: Comparative Politics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is a general introduction to the field of comparative politics. The course's main objective is to enable students to analyze the political systems of countries outside the U.S.. The course covers countries selected from established democracies, transitional political systems, and developing societies. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

PSC 113: Introduction to American Politics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. This is an introductory course focusing on the basic structure and processes of the American political system, the institutions of the federal government, and the processes of decision making. The course is also a foundation for the American Politics subfield of the political science discipline. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

PSC 114: State and Local Government (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. A survey of the development, structure and functions of state and local government in the United States. Specific reference is made to the politics and problems of New York State and the Buffalo Metropolitan Area. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

PSC 117: Introduction to Criminal Justice (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The case-based approach used in this course requires students to analyze criminal procedure rulings of the United States Supreme Court. Students will be exposed to the logical and legal arguments of a series of cases which comprise the evolving corpus of the Court's criminal rights jurisprudence. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 121: International Relations (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. An introduction to international politics. Covers the transformation of world politics since the late medieval era. Examines major international events such as the two world wars, the Cold War, and the end of the Cold War. Exploration of the origins and causes of wars and conflicts, the roles of international organizations and international law in achieving lasting peace, and key issues of post-Cold War international politics. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

PSC 125: Introduction to Public Policy (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving. This course is an introduction to the policy making process and the subfield of Public Policy and covers the evolution of the field of public policy, and the policy making process from agenda setting to policy termination and change; select substantive policy areas and current events are used as illustrative examples. Students will learn the basic social science research approach and its critical uses in policy-making and analysis. Offered each Year (Spring). (UG)

PSC 210: The Politics of Globalization (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course focuses on the politics of globalization in the new world order and its impact on international relations and on developing nations. Topics include international terrorism, issues of justice and poverty, the role of multinational corporations, environmental issues, and the role of international organizations such as the IMF, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 211: Environmental and Energy Policies I (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 211. A survey of major environmental and energy policies and the intergovernmental administrative system established to implement them. Topics include a history of the environmental movement, green politics, international environmental issues and the contrasts between scientific and political decision-making. If taken as ENS 211, this course cannot be used as a science elective. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 212: Environmental and Energy Policies II (3)

A continuation of ENS/PSC 211. Prerequisite: PSC/ENS 211. Offered As Needed. EFFEC F13 REPLACES GVT 212, RUBRIC CHGE (UG)

PSC 213: Sustainability and Third World Development (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course examines the process of development in the Third World. Topics include HIV/AIDS, overpopulation, the role of women, the environment, socio-cultural barriers, and responses to inequality and poverty. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 215: Issues in Public Policy (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. An examination of the various analytical models employed by political scientists in the study of political life and the application of these models to specific domestic policy areas. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 217: American Political Parties and Pressure Groups (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. An examination of the principles, development and organization of American political parties as well as the electorate and the electoral process. The nature and role of political interest groups will be examined. Special emphasis will be placed on environmental activism at national, state and local levels. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 218: US Government, World Politics & Globalization (3)

This course examines the complexity of the United States Government, and its connections to the challenges of world politics and globalization forces. It will primarily focus on the constitutional framework and development, structure, principles, processes/procedures, actors, branches, agencies, civil rights, political parties, the media, public opinion, American democracy, domestic and foreign policy, as well as the impact of globalization forces on these factors and policies. In addition, the course will involve intensive readings, analyses, and discussions of the subject matter and student participation in intensive debates, research, and class reports on current issues relating to U.S. Government. For example, students will be prepared to address issues relating U.S. role in the war in Iraq; war on terrorism; the role of U.S. Supreme Court on Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Civil Liberty cases, and the Patriot Act. The course will also cover issues relating to the right to bear arms, government surveillance of Americans, immigration, and corruption in U.S. Government and politics as well as Presidential elections, the role of the first black President and his election, Congressional elections, the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives, U.S. Foreign Policy and its' role in international politics and the current economic crises. This course is not approved for core competency credit. (UG)

PSC 219: Politics, Planning and Land Use (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 219. Principles and practice of land management policies at the state and local levels of government. Topics include zoning power of local government, preparation of master plans, variance procedures, federal mandates and Environmental Impact Statements. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 221: Political Economy of East Asia (3)

Cross-listed as ECO 221. An analysis of the successful industrialization of East Asia. Topics include the roles of development strategies, political institutions, industrial policy, culture, financial and monetary policies and China's recent transition toward a market economy. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 223: Political and Civil Rights in the United States (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. This course will examine the development and current state of political and civil rights in the U.S., through the use of texts, court cases and the U.S. Constitution. Areas covered will include prohibitions against discrimination, voting rights and elections, freedom of expression and the right to privacy. While emphasis is placed on the role of the Supreme Court, discussion will address the interplay of the other branches of government as well as other factors (historical, economic, societal, etc.) in the evolution of political and civil rights. Students will be asked to consider whether these rights exist primarily to serve the interests of individuals, or to promote communitarian values. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PSC 224: American Political Campaigns and Elections (3)

A study of the process of leadership selection in the United States, including an examination of voting behavior, electoral laws and campaign activity. The course will cover national, state and local elections. Students will be given the opportunity to participate in local political activities. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 225: Politics of China (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is an introduction to Chinese politics. We will study the history, institutions, and processes of Chinese politics. We will critically examine the economic and political reforms that have transformed China since the late 1970's. We will also compare China's reforms with other countries that have undergone similar transitions. Finally, this course will examine the strategic and economic impact of China's rise as a great power. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 227: Introduction to Public Administration (3)

This is a general survey course designed to familiarize students with the role and function of government agencies. This course will introduce students to the field of public administration through an examination of both theory and practice. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 228: Community Planning and Sustainability (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. This course focuses on neighborhood planning for both citizens and professionals. Students will learn how to pinpoint key issues, set clear goals, and devise strategies to achieve these goals. In addition, they will learn what type of information to collect, where to get it, and how to assess it. Finally they will be able to package the information, implement the plan and update it periodically. This will be achieved both through classroom work and actual development and implementation of a neighborhood plan. (Sponsored by the History and Government Department) (UG)

PSC 230: United States Judicial Process (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. This course will examine the basic elements of the United States judicial system. Among the topics to be discussed will be the functions of the courts within a federal system of government, different roles of different state and federal courts, roles of attorneys and judges within the system, distinctions between different areas of the law, different methods of dispute resolution and the difference between the trial and appellate process, judicial selection and philosophy, and judicial policymaking. Students will also address the effect of the judicial process on citizens and ways in which citizens can either support or oppose the current functioning of the judicial system. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PSC 231: Global Governance (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course explores the growing importance of global governance. This course studies how recent trends have generated greater international cooperation in various issue areas, such as proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, trade and investment, environment, and workers' rights. Students will be required to design their own plans to resolve selected policy problems through global cooperation. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 232: International Political Economy (3)

Cross-listed as ECO 232. Study of the globalization of the world economy, why nations trade with each other and why they sometimes practice trade protectionism. Examines the growing importance of regional economic blocs, such as the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Other topics include the rise and decline of American economic hegemony, the rise of Japan's economic power, global trade conflicts, economic reforms in the former Soviet Union and China, and causes of development and underdevelopment in the third world. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 233: Democracy in America (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Students will gain comprehension of the democratic process and participatory rights in the United States. This knowledge will be geared toward helping students better understand myriad forms of civic engagement and encouraging greater political efficacy. The manifestation of democratic ideals in America will be analyzed against the backdrop of historical developments and worldwide trends in democratization. Thus, while the primary focus will be on democracy in America, students will study how the development of the American political system compares to broader conceptions of democracy and democratic theory. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 236: Sports and International Politics (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is designed to provide an introduction to the interaction between sport and international politics. Despite its significance, sport remains both an underestimated and understudied aspect of international relations. Students will be expected to learn the dialectic process between sport and international relations: how it has become an important part of and how it influences international politics, as well as how it has been shaped by the international system. The course will begin with theoretical backgrounds which are essential to understanding any international phenomena. It will then progress to cover important issues in international relations such as nationalism, nation building, interstate disputes, diplomacy, international institutions, globalization, domestic economic development, international competition over images and prestige, gender issues, etc. with rich examples of relevant sport events. (UG)

PSC 238: Dictatorship and Democracy in World Politics (3)

This course examines the global resurgence of democracy in recent decades, analyzing the causes and dynamics of this recent wave of democratization as well as the different paths of democratic transitions in Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Exploration of strategies for achieving successful democratic consolidation. Study of factors that influence successful democratic consolidation, such as ethnic conflicts, economic reform, constitutional choice, and the role of culture. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 242: African Politics, Culture & Society (3)

This course examines African politics, culture, and society from pre-colonial era to present. It will primarily focus on the political, historical, and developmental processes that have shaped contemporary African societies as we know them today. It will involve intensive readings, theoretical analyses, critique, discussions, and in- depth examination of this unique continent and its impact on our contemporary world historically. Some of the themes addressed include, an examination of the culture of traditional Africa, cultural barriers to development, change and continuity in African politics and society, European colonization, African nationalism, impact of modernization, impact of today's globalization, impact of transatlantic slave trade, and why Africa is the richest continent in world (in terms of natural resources), but the poorest in per capital income. The course will also address post independence problems, quality of life, corruption, and diseases, among other topics. In addition, students will engage in cross cultural education experience off-campus in select humanitarian groups and organizations that serve African people; such as refugees, agencies, the African community. (UG)

PSC 305: American Constitutional Law (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course offers an in-depth examination of major constitutional doctrines, including judicial review, separation of powers, and federalism and theories of constitutional interpretation. This course is excellent preparation for pre-law students and for those who want familiarity with the foundations of American constitutional government. Upper Division or PSC 117 or PSC 230 highly recommended. Offered each Year (Fall). (UG)

PSC 310: Seminar in Black Political Leadership, Consciousness and Change (3)

This course will examine the role of Black political leadership and consciousness in American political system. What is the impact of Black political leadership in changing American society? What are the current and future prospects for Black leadership in America? This course will attempt to answer these and other questions. It will involve intensive readings, analyses, critique, discussions, reports, interviews, and in-depth research by students in the issue area of Black political leadership and consciousness in American political system. In addition, students will be asked to select a Black leader and/or problem area in Black political leadership for class presentations. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 311: Seminar in Legislative Politics (3)

An advanced study of Congress, its organization, membership, procedures and policy outputs. Other topics will include relationship to other national institutions, theories of representation, and recent reforms. Offered as Needed. (UG)

PSC 315: Politics of Western Europe (3)

An examination of the politics and governments of selected nations of Western Europe including Britain, France and Germany. Special emphasis on comparative and contemporary policymaking and on progress toward European unification. Prerequisite: PSC 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 320: Gender and Policy in the US (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving. Cross-listed as WST 320. This course will be a survey of the development of, and current issues involving, legal rights as they are impacted by gender in the U.S. Among the topics that will be covered are interpretation of the U.S. Constitution and gender concerns regarding equal protection, reproductive rights, political participation, education law, labor issues, and family law. The course will also address the role of feminism in the development of civil rights, including the diversity of approaches and concerns among different branches of feminism. Also addressed will be examples of ways in which males have been negatively affected by protective legislation and rigid policy approaches to gender roles. Prerequisites: None, but upper division status or HST/WST 215 or HST/WST 309 or PSC 223 highly recommended. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PSC 325: Local Government Reform and Community Renewal (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Civic Responsibility; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course provides an examination of local government in New York State, including counties, towns and villages, with emphasis on structure, function and duties of each municipality, and the rise of local government reform. Students will research the origin, purpose and principles of local governments in providing service delivery, representation in local and state policy-making, and as a pass-through entity for state and federal funding. Particular emphasis will be given to citizen engagement and coalition-building in local governance and the rise of citizen-led efforts for reform. Offered as needed. (UG)

PSC 326: Politics of East Asia (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principal events and interactions in East Asia. Various political, social, and economic aspects of China, Japan, and the two Koreas will be closely examined within the regional context of the past and present, carefully discerning the similarities and differences among those East Asian countries. Prerequisite: PSC 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 327: Politics of South Asia (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course is designed to provide an introduction to the governments and politics of South Asia. We will begin the course with an overview of South Asian civilization and its unique development for over several millennia. We then look at the British colonialism and independence movement. Since the independence and the partition that soon followed, the countries in the Indian subcontinent have taken different paths to modernity and national development. The politics, society, and economy of each country - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka - will then be carefully examined. In doing so, students will gain a better understanding of such questions as how and why these countries have adopted different ways; what are the sources of social and religious tensions in each country; how these countries have accommodated social diversity, etc. We will complete the course by paying special attention to the conflict between India and Pakistan, two nuclear-armed states. Prerequisite: PSC 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed (UG)

PSC 331: Political Science Research Methods (3)

Registration in this course is limited to Political Science and History & Government Adolescence Education/Social Studies majors. This course addresses the different ways in which political scientists formulate and attempt to answer questions about politics and political behavior. We will begin by considering fundamental issues in the philosophy of science, including the process of inquiry, the limits to knowledge, and the extent to which the study of politics can be scientific. We will address issues central to the discipline of Political Science: methodological approaches, the literature review, research designs, and data collection as they pertain to both qualitative and quantitative research. Prerequisite: junior status in the department; majors only. Co-requisite: HP 442. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

PSC 350: Political Argumentation and Debate (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course will be an introduction to the skills of persuasive speaking and argumentation. Students will develop the ability to advocate a position persuasively, in an enthusiastic yet dignified manner, using current political controversies as subjects. In the process, students will also gain a deeper understanding of the multiple points of view inherent in current political controversies which they have selected to discuss. Among the topics that will be covered are the role of argumentation in society, structure and process of debate, development of arguments, researching and analyzing subjects for debate, use of evidence, use of logic and rhetorical devices, refutation and the role of emotion in advocacy. Prerequisites: None, but upper division status or PSC 113 or PSC 125 or PSC 223 highly recommended. Offered Each Year. (UG)

PSC 411: Environmental Law (3)

Cross-listed as ENS 411. Case method approach to judicial interpretations of environmental laws. Additional topics may include litigation as a political tactic, expansion of standing to sue and intervener funding strategies. Prerequisite: PSC/ENS 211. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 415: Seminar on the Presidency (3)

This seminar focuses on the institutional powers of the modern executive, the presidential selection process, presidential campaigns and elections, presidential character and performance and presidential/congressional relations. Discussion and analysis will follow current events in presidential politics and practice. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSC 416: Internship in Public Administration (3)

Available to students who have declared a minor in Public Administration. Prequisite: PSC 227. (UG)

Psychology

PSY 103: Introduction to Psychology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. A single-semester introduction to psychological science, including research methods, brain and behavior, individual differences and intelligence, memory, learning, development, motivation, perception, personality, mental disorders, and social psychology. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 209: Sexuality and Psychology of Love (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course examines the biological, psychological, emotional, and social components of human sexual behavior. Sample topics include historical aspects of human sexuality, theories of human sexual behavior and attitudes, love and attraction, gender identity, sexuality throughout the lifecycle, sexual dysfunctions and disease, and deviant forms of sexuality. Topics will be discussed within the framework of the scientific method, and may also address ethical and legal considerations. Presentation of course material and the discussions that occur will sometimes require exposure to sexually explicit materials and/or content. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSY 220: Life Span Development (3)

This course will explore human psychological development from birth through aging, including physiological, cognitive, and psychosocial changes that occur from birth until death. The role of individual/personality characteristics, relationships with others, and the sociocultural environment in which individuals live will be discussed with regard to their influence on social, cognitive, emotional, and psychophysiological development. Current research and theories used to describe and explain human growth and change will be discussed within the framework of the scientific method. Offered as needed. (UG)

PSY 223: Forensic Psychology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course surveys multiple ways in which the field of psychology and the legal system interact. Theories of criminal behavior, available treatment for mentally ill offenders, and ethical controversies related to psychologists' involved in law are also discussed. Topics include mental disorders and crime, competency to stand trial and the insanity defense, eyewitness testimony and other questions of evidence, forensic assessment (polygraph testing, hypnosis), psychopathy, serial murder, sexual offending, and juvenile crime. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 229: Health Psychology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course examines psychosocial influences on how we stay healthy, why we become sick, and why individuals have different responses when they become ill. The biopsychosocial model will be discussed as it relates to individuals' risk for illness, resilience, ability to achieve optimal wellness, and longevity. Topics include placebo and nocebo effects, stress and coping, trauma and resilience, personality and disease, emotional influences on illness, health behavior change, addiction, eating disorders, and medical adherence. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 302: Developmental Psychology: Infancy Through Childhood (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course explores human psychological development from infancy through childhood, including cognitive and language development, socialization, and personality. The course will also include a critical evaluation of current methodologies used to study development, and discussions of practical and social applications of psychological knowledge about children. This course includes observations of children in real life settings. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 304: Counseling and Interviewing (3)

This course is an introduction to theories of counseling and psychotherapy, emphasizing the acquisition of basic skills in listening and interviewing. This is a practical and applied as well as theoretical course including demonstrations of counseling techniques, and practice using these techniques in class. Course format is varied, including lecture, group discussion, team based activities, and hands-on practice of skills being learned in lecture portions of the course. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

PSY 309: Assessment in Psychology and Education (3)

This course considers historical, political, and legal aspects of testing and reviews currently available tests of aptitudes, skills, and personality traits. The course will review test construction, test item selection and interpretation, and ethical issues that arise in testing/assessment situations. Students in this course will participate in hands-on activities that help them develop skills in test use and interpretation of test results. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSY 310: Social Psychology (3)

This course focuses on the ways in which individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the presence of others/social interaction. Experimental findings will be used to understand individuals in a social context. Sample topics include stereotyping and prejudice, conformity and obedience, attitude formation and persuasion, and aggression and conflict. In addition, practical application of theory and research findings will be discussed (e.g., jury decision making, reducing prejudice). Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 311: Psychology of Adolescence (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course introduces students to psychological changes that occur between childhood and adulthood, including psychological correlates of physical maturation, cultural definitions of adolescence, cognitive change, and social challenges facing adolescents. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 312: Psychology of Adult Development and Aging (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course views adulthood and aging as developmental stages. Sample topics include the interaction between behavior and physical change, cognitive and role change, life stage theories, and cultural definitions of adulthood and aging. Although the course focuses on normal development, consideration of psychological aspects of problems associated with aging will also be discussed. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSY 313: History and Systems of Psychology (3)

This course traces the evolution of psychology from its historical roots in philosophy and nineteenth century physiology through the present. Past and present theories that have shaped and continue to shape the science and practice of psychology will be discussed. Strengths and weaknesses of theory and methodology that has evolved over time within the discipline will also be analyzed. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSY 315: Cognitive Psychology: Learning, Thinking and Problem Solving (3)

This course introduces students to the scientific study of mental processes and human information processing, with emphasis on theory and research findings, both historical and present. Sample topics include: attentional processes, memory, language learning and processing, reasoning and decision making, learning, and motivation. Animal behavior will also be considered. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring) (UG)

PSY 321: Sensation and Perception (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving; Information Literacy; Writing Intensive. This course introduces students to theories, empirical data, and research tools and techniques related to sensation and perception. Perceptual organization and the relationship of perception to clinical and social areas will be considered. Prerequisites: CMP 101 and PSY 103. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 333: Statistics for Psychology and Social Sciences (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving; Quantitative Literacy requirement. This course covers topics such as probability, frequency distributions, and descriptive and inferential statistics, including correlational, non-parametric, and ANOVA. Emphasis will be placed on the application of statistics to the analysis of research data. Prerequisite: PSY 103 and 3 credits MTH 100 or higher or Placement test score in credited math course. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 335: Junior Seminar in Psychology (3)

This course involves students in an in-depth exploration of a specific topic or a series of related topics in contemporary psychology through primary source readings in the research literature, and secondary source material relevant to discussion and analysis (topics may vary each semester). Course format is generally discussion rather than lecture oriented. Brief lectures may be used to provide a framework for discussion and debate. Students develop critical thinking, critical reading, analytic, research, and writing skills by preparing discussion topics in both oral and written format. Prerequisite: Upper division status in Psychology and completion of PSY 353/353L with C or better, or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 353: Research Methods in Psychology (4)

This course is the first in a required sequence of research courses for upper division psychology majors. The main purpose of this course is to help students understand psychology as a behavioral science by introducing them to the methods by which psychologists gather, analyze, and evaluate data. Sample topics include: Experimental methods, correlational methods, survey methods, observational designs, single subject methods, and research ethics. Students will engage in hands-on laboratory exercises involving literature review, planning research studies, collecting and statistically analyzing data, and reporting research in APA format, the scientific writing style of the discipline. This course culimnates in a required literature review that forms the basis of a research proposal in Psy 354/354L. Prerequisite: PSY 333 with C or better and upper division status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 353L: Research Methods in Psychology Laboratory (0)

Laboratory techniques for Research Methods in Psychology. Corequisite: PSY 353. (UG)

PSY 354: Topics in Psychological Research Psychology (4)

Writing Intensive. This course is the second in a required sequence of research courses for upper dvision psychology majors. Building on skills learned in PSY 353/353L, students plan, conduct, analyze, and report several research projects focused on one topic area of psychology (topic varies by instuctor). Topics include personality and health, development, cognition, biopsychology, and social psychology. As in Psy 353/353L, students will engage in hands-on laboratory exercises. This course culimnates in a required research proposal that forms the basis of the senior thesis requirement for graduation in the major. Prerequisite: PSY 353/353L with C or better and upper division status. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 354L: Topics in Psychological Research Lab Psychology Lab (0)

Laboratory techniques for Topics in Psychological Research. Corequisite: PSY 354. (UG)

PSY 380: Behavioral Pharmacology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course surveys behavioral effects of drugs as a result of drug distribution, drug elimination, and drug-receptor interactions in the body. It covers fundamentals of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology as they relate to these, and emphasizes current, historical and moral vs. legal contexts for use and distribution in the US and other countries. Other drug classes are considered and discussed for comparative purposes. It includes drug classification and development and the role of learning and addiction as they relate to drug use/abuse. Because mental disorders are among the most debilitating conditions worldwide and are commonly comorbid with other psychiatric, and medical illnesses, the course is useful to students of behavioral, legal, and healthcare-related fields. Prerequisites: PSY103; Junior status (minimum 55 credits completed). Offered each year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 404: Biological Bases of Behavior (3)

A neurophysiological approach to understanding the relationship between the brain and the various aspects of behavior, including emotional, developmental, cognitive, and social behavior. Films, laboratory experiences and guest speakers are included. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

PSY 408: The Psychology of Mental Illness (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course surveys the origins, symptoms, and treatment of various forms of mental illness described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (IV-TR and V). Current theories of the causes of mental disorders are also discussed, along with recent research evidence to support or question these explanations. Controversies associated wtih the cause, course, and treatment of mental illness as well as ethical considerations will be covered. Legal implications for mentally disordered offenders will be considered, along with other legal issues associated with mental disorders. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of the instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall or Spring). (UG)

PSY 444: Senior Thesis (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy, Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. This capstone course for psychology majors is the last course in the required research sequence for psychology majors. Using the research proposal they designed in Psy 354/354L, students develop an independent research project derived from the existing research literature in an area or several related topic areas and expand on that literature with new data. With the guidance of their faculty thesis instructor, students determine an appropriate research methodology for their project, acquire and/or construct necessary materials for data collection, collect data, statistically analyze data, and report on their findings both in oral format at a required poster session, and written format in a final paper that follows the current specifications of the American Psychological Association (APA style, 6th edition). Prerequisites: successful completion of PSY 353/353L and PSY 354/354L (C or better in both), and senior status in psychology. Junior year students who meet the prerequisite requirements may be eligible by permission of instructor and department chairperson. Required of all seniors. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 457: Independent Study Or Research (1 - 6)

This course is an opportunity for students to become involved in research outside the classroom under the mentorship of a faculty member (s) in the department. Students may assist faculty with ongoing research, design their own project, or design an extension of prior faculty research or their own prior research. Prior coursework and skills required to participate may vary by project/faculty mentor. Open to juniors and seniors with a 2.5 GPA, no current Incomplete grades, and permission of the instructor. Sophomore students with exceptional preparation may also be considered. Students must complete an independent study contract in order to registerfor this course (see department chair and/or your faculty mentor for details). Offered Each Semester. (UG)

PSY 458: Field Experience in Psychology (1 - 6)

This course is an opportunity for students to gain practical experience in a community agency, business organization, or other psychology-related setting. Prerequisite: Permission of psychology department chair. Individual agencies/organizations may also require students to complete specific requirements prior to placement (e.g., specific coursework, background checks, upper division status, etc.) Offered Each Semester. (UG)

Physical Therapy

PT 101: Freshman Seminar in Physical Therapy (1)

This course is designed to introduce students to the physical therapy profession and to the professional phase of the physical therapy curriculum. Students will be introduced to the history of the physical therapy profession, scope of practice, professional organizations, roles of other health care professionals, and the importance of scientific research and its link to the concept of evidence-based practice. Concepts related to managed care and the changing health care environment will be explored as they relate to the health care professional and consumer. Additionally, issues of contemporary practice will be discussed and debated. Prerequisite: PT freshman status or permission of instructor or PT Department. Offered Each Fall and Spring Semester (As Needed). (UG)

PT 201: Sophomore Seminar in Physical Therapy (1)

This course is the second in a sequence of two courses designed to introduce students to the professional phase of the physical therapy curriculum and the profession. Topics will include an introduction to medical terminology and documentation formats in physical therapy, principles of therapeutic communication, core values, sociocultural issues and cultural competence in health care delivery, issues in professional continuing education in a dynamic profession, and computer literacy in physical therapy. Prerequisite: PT 101 or permission of instructor or PT Department. Offered Each Fall and Spring Semester (As Needed). (UG)

PT 312: Principles of Teaching and Learning (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Together with CMP 315, Advanced Composition for Health Professionals, combination of both courses meets Research & Presentation requirement. The course focuses on educational principles associated with adult learning. Topics will include theoretical models of cognitive development, adult learning styles, and taxonomies of educational objectives. Principles of teaching and learning will be applied in the affective, cognitive, and psychomotor domains. The importance of designing educational experiences to meet the unique needs of the learner will be emphasized as they relate to individuals from different social, economic, and cultural backgrounds, as well as individuals with disabilities. Students will be required to design and orally present a learning activity to a selected audience. Prerequisites: PT 101, PT 201 or permission of instructor or PT Department.Offered Each Spring (As Needed). (UG)

Religious Studies

REL 105: God and Violence (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course explores the nature of the three Western monotheistic religions of the Book (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) and seeks to understand the way that these religions both encourage and discourage inter-communal violence. The course focuses upon the way that holiness and holy spaces function within the foundational texts and practices of each religion. Includes exploration of the role that the holy places in Jerusalem and Saudi Arabia have played in conflicts between Jews and Christians, between Muslims and Jews, and between Islam and the United States. Offered As Needed (UG)

REL 109: Contemporary Religious Thought (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. An examination of the different approaches to religious thinking. The content and methodological assumptions of various schools of religious inquiry. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

REL 114: Culture and Story (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course, which compliments and will be in continued dialogue with THA 119 Theatre, Madness and Power, examines the role that ancient religious belief plays in establishing and maintaining categories that have been essential to modern life: purity, holiness, morality, sexuality, and honor. We will then look at how modern life maintains, redefines and transgresses these fundamental categories. For the first part of the course, which deals with antiquity, we will primarily employ the Bible, which will be put in dialogue with the plays of Sophocles and Shakespeare. The modern part of the course will explore the relevant issues with the help of both historical events and secular and religious writers. Offered as Needed. (UG)

REL 200: Introduction to the Old Testament (3)

A course for beginners in the literature of the Hebrew Bible. Particular emphasis will be directed to the Pentateuch, especially the Book of Genesis. Special attention will be paid to the archeology, sociology, anthropology and geography of the Bible as keys to interpretation. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 203: The Question of the Human (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness Cross-listed as PHI 203. In order to explore the dignity and worth of the human, the course examines the relationship between the individual and community. Through a series of readings and reflections, the attempt is made to expose the inter-relatedness of various thinkers from the liberal arts tradition. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 211: African American Thought (3)

Fulfills core requirement: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as PHI 211. This course explores the tradition of African-American response to slavery and legalized racism. After some brief historical background, this course will focus on three particularly important moments in this tradition of resistance: the slave narratives (especially Frederick Douglass and Linda Brent), the turn of the century debates over education (especially Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois and Marcus Garvey), and the civil rights movement (especially the student movement, Martin Luther King, Malcom X, and the Black Power movement). Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 213: Reflections on Contemporary Moral Issues (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as PHI 213. Designed to be offered in learning community format with BIO 200 Science and Contemporary Social Issues. The course introduces students to moral issues and questions with regard to such matters as human cloning, genetic engineering, stem cell research, euthanasia, the environment and sustainability, and the emergence of life (e.g., fetal development). Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 221: Introduction to the New Testament (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. An introduction to the historical and cultural background of the New Testament era. The emphasis will be upon methods of interpretation and textual investigation of central ideas. Presentation of contemporary insight in New Testament criticism. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 224: Women and Religion (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as WST 224. This course will explore the place of women in the three Western monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam). The course will explore the views of women found in the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, the non-canonical Gospels, and the Koran. It will also explore modern attempts to rework the biblical tradition (e.g., in the novel "The Red Tent") and to confront the Islamic revolution (e.g., in the graphic novels "Persepolis I & II"). The class will also explore a number of contentious gender related issues (e.g., birth control, women clergy, traditional marriage, homosexuality). Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 225: Readings in World Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as PHI 225. This course is part of a learning community exploring the relationship among texts, historical contexts, and cultural conflicts. Students will study crucial moments inthe modern era (i.e. slavery, the Holocaust, the Native American experience, the Cold War, and the immigrant experience) and will examine a variety of different texts (film, memoirs, novels, speeches, etc.) that reflect and comment upon these seminal historical moments and conflicts. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 231: Moments of Vision (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as PHI 231. Co-sponsored by the Jewish Chautauqua Society and the National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods. The objective of this course is to consider the human imagination as it gives rise to certain visions which speak to dimensions of human experience with respect to a depth otherwise lost and hidden in the everyday world. The course explores the predicaments of evil and suffering, joy and silence. To gain an understanding of the need for visions about the boundaries and depths which open within human experience. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 232: Learning Through Service (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. Cross-listed as PHI/HSC 232 (HSC listing limited to majors in the health professions). Learning experience through participation as a volunteer for approximately four hours per week in a community-based agency within the area. Students will also be expected to keep a journal account of their experiences and attend class every other week for about an hour to process with others what is being learned. The focus of the course is to help students gain an appreciation that being of service to others is a way of learning and a way of growing as a person. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 234: Scientific & Religious Views of the World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as PHI 234. The focus of this interdisciplinary course is to engage in healthy dialogue with respect to problems and possibilities, conflicts and complementarities, differences and/or similarities of religious and scientific perspectives. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

REL 308: The Religious and Spiritual Traditions of the World (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as PHI 308. This course will help the student appreciate the religious and spiritual approaches of both the East and West. Attention will be paid to such classic Indian traditions as Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism; to such Western spiritual traditions as Judaism, Christianity and Islam; and to Native American and Goddess worship. Offered Each Year. (UG)

REL 309: The Holocaust (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as PHI 309. This course analyzes the variety of historical, religious, philosophical and political issues posed by the Nazi policy of systematic genocide. We will explore religious and racial anti-Semitism, the philosophy of fascism, the logic of genocide and the development and implementation of the final solution. Attention will also be paid to concentration camp life and to its effect upon the perpetrators and the survivors. Offered Each Year. (UG)

REL 313: Religious Values and Contemporary Moral Problems (3)

The interaction between religious values and contemporary moral concerns. A discussion of selected ethical topics and perspective, nature of religious ethics and the meaning of religious values for modern society. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 315: Religious Themes in Modern Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as LIT 315. The purpose of this course is to analyze the relationship of theology to literature by examining the religious dimensions as they are portrayed in modern creative literature. Themes to be developed will be: religious perspectives in eastern and western religions, the pursuit of religious identity in western culture, good and evil, relationship of sacred to profane, the loss of innocence, love, suffering, freedom and destiny, time and eternity. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 316: Gospels Scholarship: Assessing the Field (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Writing Intensive. This course will examine recent trends within New Testament scholarship, with particular attention to recent scholarship on the Gospels. The course will focus on three large sets of topics: methodological questions (what is the best approach to reading the Gospels?), ideological questions (what is the place of gender and social status in the analysis of the Gospels?), and historical questions (what is the relationship between the Gospels and their historical environment?). In particular, the course will focus on the following topics: historical reconstructions of the situation in Palestine during and immediately following the life of Jesus; feminist readings of the Gospel; Christian conflicts with Judaism; the relationship between early Christianity and the Roman empire; and the interrelationship between the Gospels. Students will be asked to read and evaluate the recent forms of criticism and to draw their own conclusions on how best to approach the text. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 322: The Gospels (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. After locating the Gospels in the complex and diverse world of first century Judaism, we will examine the four New Testament Gospels as well as other, non-canonical Gospels (The Coptic Gospel of Thomas, The Sayings Source). Particular attention will be paid to the distinctive structure, characterization, themes, rhetoric and theology of each Gospel. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 326: Meaning of Care in a Technological Society (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as PHI 326. This course will probe the complexity of the issue of human values as they relate to a humane and meaningful future for society. It is a course committed to discovering the interrelations of religious and ethical thinking with the social issues of economics, politics, science and technology. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 328: Comparative Genocide (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as PHI 328. This course will examine phenomenon of modern genocide, with particular attention to the ideological motivation of the perpetrators and to the effect upon families and individuals. After some opening theoretical reflections on the connection between modernity and genocide, the course will focus on four particular examples: American slavery, the Nazi final solution, the Khmer Rouge revolution, and the Rwanda genocide. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 331: Reading List (2)

Seminar provides a discussion of literature in the discipline. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 332: Reading List (2)

Seminar provides a discussion of literature in the discipline. Offered As Needed. (UG)

REL 351: Psychology and Religion (3)

A comparison of healthy personality development with theological models of sanctity. Freud, Jung, Fromm, Frankl, Maslow, et al. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

REL 443: Proseminar (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Communication Skills; Information Literacy. Research & Presentation; Writing Intensive. Introduction to research through an individual project. Required of all seniors. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Special Education

SED 102: American Sign Language, Level I (3)

Cross-listed as CA 102. An introductory course in the use of manual communication within the framework of everyday conversation. The course includes background on language, deafness, deaf Americans and their culture, communication modes, approximately 370 signs, the numbers 1-30, and the American Manual Alphabet. At the culmination of this course, the student will begin to develop functional proficiency in American Sign Language using everyday situations as context for communication, listen and speak effectively using ASL, gain a basic understanding of language, deaf Americans and their history and culture, and form reasons, values, and judgments about the larger culture we exist in, and the deaf culture. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SED 106: American Sign Language, Level II (3)

Cross-listed as CA 106. This course is a continuation and extension of American Sign Language I for students who have completed the first level course SED 102 American Sign Language I. The course will further develop the communicative competencies of manual sign language beyond the basic level. Students will continue with the examination and understanding of deaf culture, history and language, along with exposure to ASL sentence types, time, and all aspects of grammar, syntax and pragmatic use of manual sign. Prerequisite: CA/SED 102. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SED 270: Introduction to Nature and Educational Needs of Children with Disabilities (3)

A comprehensive survey of factors related to individuals with disabilities, including those who have learning disabilities, mental retardation, emotional or behavior disorders, visual impairments, hearing impairments, orthopedic impairments, or multiple disabilities, autism spectrum disorders or who are gifted. Topics addressed in the course include definitions, prevalence, identification, characteristics, related vocabulary, educational implications, ancillary services, relevant legislation and litigation, and current issues and trends in special education. A field experience (practicum) of four (4) hours is required. Prerequisites: grade of C or concurrent registration in EDU 203. A grade of C or better is required in this course for admission to upper division. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

SED 340: Inclusive Education for Children with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders (3)

This course will provide an understanding and knowledge of current terminology and definitions of students with emotional/behavioral disorders (E/BD); social characteristics; effects of dysfunctional behavior on learning; use of formal/informal social and academic assessment; identification and use of intervention strategies in the classroom; planning, organization and implementation of individualized instruction for cognitive and affective needs of students with E/BD. This course also examines programs for inclusion of E/BD while addressing career/vocational and transition issues; promotes understanding of the use and selection of specific management techniques for individuals with E/BD and the special educator's role as a collaborator and/or consultant to assist with reintegration of students with E/BD into the classroom. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in SED 270. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SED 363: Inclusive Education for Children with Learning Disabilities and Mild Disabilities (3)

This course provides a historical and contemporary overview of mild disabilities (learning disabilities, mental retardation, behavior disorders and emotional disorders and autism) and learning theories, methods, and instructional strategies for educating these children in the least restrictive environment. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SED 364: Inclusive Education for Children with Moderate/Severe Disabilities (3)

The purpose of this course is to provide an overview of the historical and present management of the physically disabled in the educational environment. It will deal primarily with the treatment of cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, rheumatoid arthritis, congenital abnormalities, and chronic health impairments. Other areas will also be addressed. Emphasis will be placed on resource room intervention techniques. Prerequisites: EDU 203 and SED 270. Field experience (practicum) of 15 hours required. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SED 371: Classroom Management Techniques for Individuals with Disabilities (3)

Writing Intensive. This course covers the skills and competencies needed in order to design, implement, and evaluate behavior management programs for individuals with behavior disorders, emotional handicaps, mental retardation, learning disabilities, and other pervasive developmental disorders. Principles of operant learning, relationships between behavior and environmental events, and systematic data collection and analysis will be included. Provides teacher candidates an opportunity to observe individual student behavior, collect baseline data, design and implement an intervention plan to increase appropriate behavior and/or decrease inappropriate behavior, and evaluate the results. A field experience (practicum) of 15 hours is required. Prerequisite: C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Upper Division Course. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SED 401: Methods of Inclusive Special Education (3)

The course and its corresponding practicum enable students to understand and apply methods of effective collaboration and/or co-teaching while providing the opportunity to practice instructional design and delivery, assessment, and reflection. This course examines methods for effective development of IEP and lesson plan objectives; creation of lesson plans and learning centers incorporating instructional design features shown in research to increase effectiveness with students with disabilities; and use of performance data to make changes and adaptations to materials, teaching procedures, or curricular content. The course also explores curriculum models and teaching/learning approaches used across a continuum of special education settings; classroom arrangements, activities, and procedures that have been shown in research to increase the achievement and learning of students with disabilities; and cultural and linguistic factors that affect the design and implementation of instruction for students with disabilities. A field experience (practicum) of 45 hours is required. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in EDU 203, EDU 217, EDU 237, and SED 270. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SED 457: Independent Study or Research (1 - 6)

Research project arranged for the individual or a small group under the guidance and direction of a faculty member of the Education Department. Prerequisites: Permission of department chairperson and instructor required. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SED 458: Directed Study (1 - 6)

An examination by an individual teacher candidate of a specialized topic in the field of education or the completion of a specialized project related to teaching at either the elementary or secondary school level under the guidance and direction of a faculty member of the Education Department. Prerequisites: Permission of department chairperson and instructor required. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SED 476: Student Teaching and Seminar at the Childhood Level 1-6 Inclusive Education (6)

For dual certification majors. One professional laboratory experience covers observation of special education classroom situations with gradually increasing responsibility through participation under supervision. Individual student teachers are guided by periodic conferences with the College supervisor. Prerequisites: Completion of all courses, except for EDU 327 and EDU 475 which are taken concurrently; a minimum GPA of 2.55 overall and in Education courses; permission of Department Chair required. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

Sociology

SOC 110: Individual, College and Society: Introduction to the Sociological Imagination (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. The purpose of this course is to introduce beginning Daemen students to some of the core concepts drawn from sociology while at the same time giving them an opportunity to see the relationship between themselves, colleges and universities, and the social world. In addition, a significant amount of attention will be devoted to orienting students to a competency-based core curriculum, in general, and critical thinking, in particular. Further, students will be introduced to the current literature on what it means to be educated, the purposes of colleges and universities, the meaning of an undergraduate degree, the purposes of liberal education, and what society needs from higher education. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SOC 201: Introductory Sociology (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. The systematic study of social behavior and human groups. Examination of the influence of social relationships upon people's attitudes and behavior and on how societies are established and changed. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

SOC 202: Individual and Society (3)

Focus on social interaction, the emergence of mind and the development of the self. Examines the symbolic aspect of the individual and the constructed nature of his or her mental world environment. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SOC 209: Social Problems (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Major social problems, e.g., racism, sexism, heterosexism, militarism, crime, substance abuse, poverty and their effect on the individual and society, will be examined. Theories will be evaluated relative to the role that existing social arrangements play in perpetuating social problems. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SOC 217: Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Other Addictions (3)

Cross-listed as SW 217. Examines the broad range of important facts and information about AOD use and abuse. The major legal and illegal drugs, patterns and trends in drug usage, the history of drug usage in our culture, public policy and treatment issues will be the focus of the course. Students will also explore the concept of addictions as the framework for analysis of AOD use and abuse. Prerequisite: SOC 201 or 209 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SOC 218: Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as SW 218. This course introduces students to the history of social welfare as a social institution and to the profession of social work. The course provides an overview of the professional knowledge, skills, and values that are necessary for effective generalist social work practice. Attention is given to learning about key factors that led to the development of social work as a profession, social welfare policies that govern the delivery of social welfare services and the evolution of social work practice with specific client populations. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SOC 224: Ethnicity, Race and Cultural Diversity (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. Explores the dynamics of human diversity and social differentiation. Differentiation based upon race, ethnic identification, sex, and sexual orientation, majority and minority groups, lifestyle and life chances; social class and caste will be examined. Students are required to spend two hours per week in service learning. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

SOC 232: The Aging Process: An Introduction to Gerontology (3)

Cross-listed as SW 232. Examines a profile of aged Americans; major biological, psychological and sociocultural paradigms of aging; societal and individual response to the aged and the aging process. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SOC 243: Child Welfare Policy and Services (3)

Cross-listed as SW 243. Presents concepts, policy and practices in the field of child welfare. The needs of children and their families as well as programs designed to meet these needs are examined. Content also includes the child welfare service system, historical and current developments, child abuse and neglect, and the legal system relative to child welfare services. Prerequisite: SOC 201, or PSY 302, or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester and Summer. (UG)

SOC 303: Sociology of the Family (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Writing Intensive. A study of the family as a distinctive social world; emphasis on the structuring and dynamics of the family; cross-cultural comparisons; analysis of contemporary family systems. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SOC 304: Social Class and Inequality (3)

Examination of the existence of different types of inequality and the various explanations for them. Historical and structural interconnections with various forms of inequality will also be explored. Prerequisite: SOC 201. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SOC 305: Sociology of Sport (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Writing Intensive. This course provides an in-depth sociological examination of sport in American society in an effort to create a better understanding of sport as both a positive and negative social force on people's lives. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SOC 307: The Juvenile Justice System (3)

Cross-listed as SW 307. This course will present concepts, policies and practices regarding Juvenile Justice in our country. The subject is examined in relation to the needs of children, their families, the major programs and social services that have been designed for them, and the issues which emerge for future planning. The intent of the course is to instill in students a desire to advocate for children in our society and to provide students with a basis for more proficient practice in their chosen field. Prerequisite: PSY103 or SOC201. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SOC 327: Death, Dying and Bereavement (3)

Cross-listed as SW 327. Students are guided through an examination of death as a universal human experience. The psychological and sociocultural impact of dying will be explored as well as a brief history of thanatology, the process of grief, mourning and bereavement, ethical issues concerning death, legal aspects of death, euthanasia and funeral and last rites. Prerequisites: SOC 201, PSY 103. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SOC 328: Basic Training in Military Culture (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Moral & Ethical Discernment. Cross- listed as SW 328. The United States has been engaged in some form of combat across the world for almost a hundred years. Understanding military culture and the environmental and political nature of the military is crucial for all service providers. The current war on terror presents its own challenges and stressors due to the total force concept of the military, long deployments and redeployments, signature injuries of PTSD and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), anxiety, depression, and suicide. This course will engage students in researching information regarding the historical and contemporary aspects of military culture; the physical and mental wounds combat veterans suffer from, including the signature injuries of the current conflicts, and their impact on military families. Students will examine the structure, policies and services of the Veterans Administration, and local veteran community providers. Students will also engage in field research as they spend some time with a service provider in the Veteran community and engage in conversation with guest speakers from the military community. Prerequisites: SOC 110 or SOC 201 or PSY 103. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SOC 411: Contemporary Issues in Mental Health (3)

Cross-listed as SW 411. This course is structured with a glance to the past and a view of the future of mental health and the mental health system. Themes that will be explored are the history of mental health, the mental health system, governmental roles in the mental health system, mental health services, the mental health exam, assessment of lethality and crisis intervention, children and the mental health system, dual diagnosis, the elderly and the mental health system, religion, race, ethnicity and gender and mental health, consumer rights and the mental health system and mental health services in the managed care environment. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SOC 432: Contemporary Social Welfare Policy and Services (3)

Cross-listed as SW 432. A functional analysis of contemporary social policies and how they are developed in social welfare delivery systems, the linkages between social problems, policies, programs and services and the advocacy and lobbying processes; political and economic implications of major social welfare legislation. Prerequisites: SW 311 and senior status in Social Work program. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

Spanish

SPA 101: Elementary Spanish I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of Spanish through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write Spanish. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students with less than 2 years previous Spanish instruction. Offered Each Year. (UG)

SPA 102: Elementary Spanish II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A study of the basic grammar and vocabulary of Spanish through oral and written drills designed to develop the ability to understand, speak, read and write Spanish. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students who successfully complete SPA 101 or who have completed a college-level Elementary Spanish I course. (UG)

SPA 105: Intermediate Spanish for Professional Communication I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. After a brief review of basics, the student continues to develop communicative ability in Spanish in professional situations. Prerequisite: successful completion of SPA 102 OR 3 years high school Spanish. Offered Each Year. (UG)

SPA 106: Intermediate Spanish for Professional Communication II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. After a brief review of basics, the student continues to develop communicative ability in Spanish in professional situations. Prerequisite: This course is intended for students who have successfully completed SPA 105 or an equivalent college-level intermediate Spanish I course. Offered Each Year. (UG)

SPA 110: Spanish for the Health Professions (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course introduces the student to the basics of Spanish grammar, focusing on vocabulary and expressions useful to health care providers. Classes will concentrate on patient-provider dialog including Q & A and examinations. Cultural information for effective treatment of the Latino population is included. No prerequisites. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 207: Spanish Conversation and Composition I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. These courses are intended to develop the conversational and writing abilities of students in non-technical areas. Grammar review as needed. A variety of media are used, including film, TV, newspapers and magazines. Prerequisite: SPA 106, four years high school Spanish, or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 208: Spanish Conversation and Composition II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. These courses are intended to develop the conversational and writing abilities of students in non-technical areas. Grammar review as needed. A variety of media are used, including film, TV, newspapers and magazines. Prerequisite: SPA 106, four years high school Spanish, or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 209: Business Spanish (3)

Class work will be designed to meet the career needs of the student. The class will include intensive career-specific vocabulary, role-playing, lesson planning and the use of trade and professional journals. Prerequisite: SPA 106, four years of high school Spanish, or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. Course type: Fluency; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 210: Advanced Spanish for the Health Professional (3)

This course prepares students in health care professions to work with a Spanish speaking population. Students will acquire the linguistic and cultural skills to work with patients and professionals in Spanish. Students will work with native speakers and participate in visits to appropriate sites. There are no formal prerequisites for this course, but students should have the equivalent of 4 years of high school, intermediate college level or other previous experience with Spanish. Registration in this course is limited to the following majors: Bio-Chemistry Pre-Professional (Pre-Med), Health Care Studies, Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, and Nursing. (UG)

SPA 220: Introduction to Literature in Spanish (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. The course will introduce students to a variety of genres, time periods and authors of literature in Spanish from Spain, Latin America and the U.S. Focus will be on short stories, drama, poetry and the novella. While all work will be done in Spanish, the pace will be appropriate for a student's initial experience with literature in the language. Prerequisite: SPA 106, or four years high school Spanish, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 240: Grammar and Culture Workshop I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This course is a bridge between language-learning courses and more advanced study in Spanish. The course will teach the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing), with greater emphasis on listening and speaking, focusing on the people and culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Pre-requisites: SPA 106, 4 years high school Spanish , or permission of instructor. Course type: Fluency; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 250: Grammar and Culture Workshop II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. A continuation of SPA 240 Grammar and Culture Workshop I. This course is a bridge between language-learning courses and more advanced study in Spanish. The course will teach the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing), with greater emphasis on listening and speaking, focusing on the people and culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Class work will be designed to meet the career needs of the students. The class will include intensive career-specific vocabulary, role-playing, lesson planning and the use of trade and professional journals. Prerequisite: SPA 240. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 288: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in the sophomore (288), junior (388), and senior (488) year of study. Prerequisite: SPA 106 or either concurrent enrollment in or completion of any 200 level Spanish course. (UG)

SPA 299: Service Learning in Spanish (1 - 6)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in Spanish in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies, etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previously developed project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 200 level course or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 307: Survey of Spanish Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness.l Writing Intensive. This course provides a survey of literature written in Spanish. This course will present narrative, poetry and drama from major authors from Spain approximately covering the Early Middle Ages to contemporary writers. Students will understand and appreciate the many cultures that have contributed to literature written in Spanish from the Islamic, Jewish and Christian traditions of early Spanish literature to the Italian influences of the Renaissance, the height of Spanish literary achievement in the Golden Age and the considerable French influence in the 18th and 19th centuries, the critical self-analysis of the Generation of `98, the innovations of the Generation of `27, the censorship of the Franco era and the explosion of creativity on the heels of democracy. Critical thinking skills will be promoted as students analyze literature as part of a broader cultural reality that deals with issues of national and personal identity, gender, social status and religion. Prerequisite: 200-level Spanish course, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 309: Survey of Spanish-American Literature (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Writing Intensive. This course provides a survey of literature originally written in Spanish by authors in the Spanish speaking nations of the Western Hemisphere. This course will present narrative, poetry and drama from major authors from pre-conquest indigenous writing to contemporary writers. Students will understand and appreciate the European, Indigenous and African cultures that have contributed to Spanish-American literature from the creation book of the Maya, Aztec poetry and Inca drama, the historical narratives of the Conquest, the nascent regional identities of Colonial texts, nationalistic post-independence literature, the innovations of Vangardista poetry of the early 20th century and the phenomenal creativity of the Boom narrative of the late 20th century. Select contemporary readings will be included as well, including writings by US Latino authors. Critical thinking skills will be promoted as students analyze literature as part of a broader cultural reality that deals with issues of national and personal identity, gender, social status and religion. Prerequisite: 200-level Spanish course, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 311: Spanish Translation (3)

This course provides the student, regardless of area of major study, with the skills necessary to translate from Spanish to English and vice-versa. The student will have the ability to apply language skills to a variety of written expressions. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 312: Advanced Spanish Grammar (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. The more difficult concepts of Spanish grammar will be analyzed in order to increase the student's ability to use them correctly in both the written and spoken language. Prerequisite: Three credits of SPA 200-level or higher, or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 315: Spanish Civilization and Culture (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. The study of all the elements which combine to form the Spanish nation. This course will include contemporary culture and norms as well as the traditional civilization components of historical, religious, economic, literary and artistic trends. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 316: Spanish-American Civilization and Culture (3)

This course will expose the student to the varied elements of Hispanic culture. There will be emphasis on the three major influences: the Spanish, the Indian and the African. The student will learn to appreciate the many unifying factors among Spanish-speaking nations, as well as the enormous differences among them. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Culture; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 326: Advanced Conversation in Spanish (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This course will focus on oral expression, giving the student the opportunity to hear and speak Spanish exclusively in both directed and spontaneous conversation. Extensive use of Spanish media is included. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 300-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 328: Spanish Language Film (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course will use film in Spanish from Spain, Latin America and the US as a vehicle for artistic expression, for linguistic enrichment and for cultural understanding. Students will come to see film both as an art form and as a vehicle for social commentary. Prerequisites: 200-level SPA course or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. Course type: Culture; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 333: Special Topics in Literature (3)

This course will provide majors, minors, and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore various authors or genres of Spanish literature. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Literature; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 334: Special Topics in Culture (3)

This course will provide majors, minors, and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore various aspects of culture of Spanish speaking people. Prerequisite: Three credits SPA 200-level or higher or permission of instructor. May be taken for credit up to three times. Offered As Needed. Course type: Culture; Literature and Culture. (UG)

SPA 335: Special Topics in Linguistics (3)

This course will provide majors, minors and advanced language students with the opportunity to explore the field of Spanish linguistics. The course is delivered in the Spanish language. Prerequisites: completion of 3 credits in Spanish studies at the 200-level or higher. May be taken for credit up to three times (9 credits maximum). Offered as Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 336: Phonetics & Phonology-Spanish (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Spanish Phonetics and Phonology is designed to bring an understanding of the phonetic features of Spanish sounds, the linguistic logic and historical context behind how the sounds are organized into a system, and how they operate when they form syllables, words, sentences and discourse (phonology). This course is both analytical and practical and covers: contemporary Spanish pronunciation (phonetics and phonology); how geographical, social and ethnic variation is manifest throughout the Spanish sound system through the study of geolects and dialects; as well as the interplay of morphological, syntactical and lexical elements with the phonological system. Ultimately students will: improve their pronunciation in Spanish, develop and improve their auditory perception of the Spanish sounds, reasonably successfully replicate L2 pronunciation and intonation patterns, recognize dialectal variation for improved comprehension and communication, all within sociocultural, historical, pragmatic, and contexts of the language and the cultures particular to the language. Prerequisite: Completion of a 200-level Spanish course. Offered as Needed. Course type: Fluency; Language and Linguistics. (UG)

SPA 388: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in the sophomore (288), junior (388), and senior (488) year of study. Prerequisites: SPA 288. (UG)

SPA 399: Service Learning in Spanish (1 - 6)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in Spanish in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previously developed project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. Prerequisite: SPA 299 or permission of instructor. (UG)

SPA 420: Methods and Assessment (3)

A study of the theories and applications of methodology and behavioral objectives in classroom management, planning and instruction. Peer teaching of lessons using various methods of second language instruction. Observation and evaluation of middle and high-school classes. Prerequisite: SPA 300-level or higher or permission of instructor, upper division status in Adolescent Certification Spanish program. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 442: Senior Project Research (1)

Each Modern Language major must complete a senior project as one of the requirements for graduation. In this course, which must be taken in the junior year, students select the topic for research and make substantial progress on researching the senior project under the direction of Modern Language faculty members. Students are required to: submit a polished research proposal, submit an annotated bibliography, and present the research proposal to the class and faculty orally. Students may not enroll in SPA 443 Senior Project until SPA 442 is passed. Prerequisite: All junior majors must register for this course. This preparation course for the Senior Project is required of all majors and must be taken in the junior year. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 443: Senior Project (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Research and Presentation requirement. Writing Intensive. The Spanish major will complete this 3-credit project that demonstrates mastery of the language in the context of literary or cultural studies or professional applications. The project may be a traditional thesis on a literary or cultural topic, or it may reflect the student's involvement in professional or volunteer work in the language. The project will normally require a significant research base culminating in the submission of an extensive written report and presentation at the Academic Festival. Prerequisite: SPA 442. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SPA 488: Colloquium (1)

The course is designed to assist language majors (including student teaching candidates) to: move beyond the partial control phase in their linguistic development; address language standards and learn by assisting less proficient peers; address the need for intercultural knowledge and competence. Students enroll in the colloquia in the sophomore (288), junior (388), and senior (488) year of study. Prerequisites: SPA-388 and either concurrent enrollment in or completion of any 300 level Spanish course. (UG)

SPA 499: Service Learning in Spanish (1 - 6)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Service Learning. Students will perform service in Spanish in a variety of settings: schools, community organizations, social service agencies etc. Projects will vary depending on student interest. Students will conduct a needs assessment of the agency or individual, decide on a project or continue on a previously developed project, and actively participate in implementing the plan. Prerequisite: SPA 399 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Sustainability

SUST 123: Introduction to Sustainable Communities (3)

Cross-listed as IND 123. Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Students will be introduced to economic, environmental and social sustainability, and evaluate local communities on sustainable characteristics. Research will be reviewed on model sustainable communities: locally, nationally and internationally. Students will visit exemplary sites in Buffalo and participate in community meetings and lectures. Offered As Needed. (UG)

SUST 140: Sustainability Design Seminar I (3)

First of annual seminars taken by students in the Global and Local Sustainability major. The seminar introduces students to the process of approaching community problems as a team to seek sustainable solutions. From identifying the problems through community conversations and to communicating possible solutions, seminar students will apply the process to real-world issues. The first seminar will introduce the design process to identifying community problems and developing their solutions. Seminar projects will typically address campus-wide problems or work within one of the three neighborhoods where Daemen's Center for Sustainable Communities has established programs and relationships. Some field trips will be scheduled outside of class meeting time. Offered each year (Spring). (UG)

SUST 240: Sustainability Design Seminar II (3)

Second in annual seminars taken by students in the Global and Local Sustainability major. The seminar introduces students to the process of approaching community problems as a team to seek sustainable solutions. From identifying the problems through community conversations and to communicating possible solutions, seminar students will apply the process to real-world issues. This second seminar will introduce research methods appropriate for community assessment. Seminar projects will typically address campus-wide problems or work within one of the three neighborhoods where Daemen's Center for Sustainable Communities has established programs and relationships. Some field trips will be scheduled outside of class meeting time. Prerequisite: SUST 140 or permission of the instructor. Offered each year (Spring). (UG)

SUST 304: Conservation Biology (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration;Civic Responsibility; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as BIO 304. An interdisciplinary science course that combines theory and applied research to address the problems of widespread loss of biological and genetic diversity. Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 109 and BIO 110, and CMP 101. Lecture, 3 hours. Offered Alternate Years (Spring). (UG)

SUST 310: Global Water Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Information Literacy; Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as ENS 310. This course investigates the environmental, technological and health-related issues associated with the availability and quality of water worldwide. Case studies of global water problems will highlight these water problems in the context of socioeconomic and politicial issues. Prerequisite: BIO 100, BIO 110, ENS 201, or Permission of Instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 322: Alternative and Renewable Energy Issues (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking & Creative Problem Solving. Cross-listed as IND 322. This course will introduce students to the history of energy use, different energy technologies available and under development, as well as discuss the role of governmental policies and funding in promoting new technologies. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 326: Green Buildings (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Cross-listed as IND 326. This course is designed to introduce students to the concepts of green building design through the use of Daemen's buildings as experimental laboratories. The US Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification system will be used as a guide to investigate and discuss construction site selection and protection, building energy-efficient features, water conservation strategies, indoor environmental quality and materials and resources used in buildings. Prerequisites: MTH 124. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 338: Food and Agriculture Issues (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as IND 338. The course integrates the science associated with food production with the social and economic issues influencing food production, distribution, safety and policy. Current and future use of sustainable practices in agriculture and food distribution will be discussed. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 340: Sustainability Design Seminar III (3)

Third in annual seminars taken by students in the Global and Local Sustainability major. The seminar introduces students to the process of approaching community problems as a team to seek sustainable solutions. From identifying the problems through community conversations and to communicating possible solutions, seminar students will apply the process to real-world issues. This third seminar will emphasize qualitative and quantitative methods in data analysis, oral and visual presentation, peer critique, and communication styles for different audiences. Seminar projects will typically address campus-wide problems or work within one of the three neighborhoods where Daemen's Center for Sustainable Communities has established programs and relationships. Some field trips will be scheduled outside of class meeting time. Prerequisite: SUST 240 or permission of the instructor. Offered each year (Spring). (UG)

SUST 344: Sustainable Business Practices (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration; Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as IND 344. This course will introduce the concepts of sustainable business practices and corporate social responsibility. Sustainable business is a paradigm shift from a management style of maximizing profit at any cost. Sustainable business aims to restore and maintain environmental quality and develop social equity, while pursuing long term profitability. (Sponsored by the BA Global and Local Sustainability program.) Prerequisites: Sophomore status or permission of instructor. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 351: Urban Planning and Community Development (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Civic Responsibility. Cross-listed as IND 351. This course will introduce the theories of urban design, history of urban development, decline and rebirth, and the roles that all stakeholders play in developing sustainable communities. Prerequisites: Sophomore status. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SUST 440: Sustainability Design Seminar IV (3)

Fourth in annual seminars taken by students in the Global and Local Sustainability major. The seminar introduces students to the process of approaching community problems as a team to seek sustainable solutions. From identifying the problems through community conversations and to communicating possible solutions, seminar students will apply the process to real-world issues. This fourth seminar will emphasize leadership skills in facilitating community change. Seminar projects will typically address campus-wide problems or work within one of the three neighborhoods where Daemen's Center for Sustainable Communities has established programs and relationships. Some field trips will be scheduled outside of class meeting time. Prerequisite: SUST 340 or permission of the instructor. Offered each year (Spring). (UG)

SUST 443: Capstone Research in Sustainability (3)

The capstone course provides the opportunity for students to demonstrate their understanding of the concepts of sustainability, apply these to a community research project and evaluate the effectiveness of the project. Capstone research projects may result from previous community work in the Sustainable Design seminars, other coursework or Study Abroad experiences. (UG)

Social Work

SW 217: Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Other Addictions (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 217. Examines the broad range of important facts and information about AOD use and abuse. The major legal and illegal drugs, patterns and trends in drug usage, the history of drug usage in our culture, public policy and treatment issues will be the focus of the course. Students will also explore the concept of addictions as the framework for analysis of AOD use and abuse. Prerequisite: SOC 201 or 209 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 218: Introduction to Social Work & Social Welfare (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration.Cross-listed as SOC 218. This course introduces students to the history of social welfare as a social institution and to the profession of social work. The course provides an overview of the professional knowledge, skills, and values that are necessary for effective generalist social work practice. Attention is given to learning about key factors that led to the development of social work as a profession, social welfare policies that govern the delivery of social welfare services and the evolution of social work practice with specific client populations. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SW 226: Adolescence: Interdisciplinary Approach To the Understanding and Treatment of Adolescents (3)

A course designed to provide students with both theoretical understanding and practical skills for dealing with adolescent behavior. Primary emphasis will be on working more effectively with adolescents. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 232: The Aging Process: An Introduction to Gerontology (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 232. Examines a profile of aged Americans; major biological, psychological and sociocultural paradigms of aging; societal and individual response to the aged and the aging process. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 243: Child Welfare Policy and Services (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 243. Presents concepts, policy and practices in the field of child welfare. The needs of children and their families as well as programs designed to meet these needs are examined. Content also includes the child welfare service system, historical and current developments, child abuse and neglect, and the legal system relative to child welfare services. Prerequisite: SOC 201, or PSY 302, or permission of instructor. Offered Each Semester and Summer. (UG)

SW 307: The Juvenile Justice System (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 307. This course will present concepts, policies and practices regarding Juvenile Justice in our country. The subject is examined in relation to the needs of children, their families, the major programs and social services that have been designed for them, and the issues which emerge for future planning. The intent of the course is to instill in students a desire to advocate for children in our society and to provide students with a basis for more proficient practice in their chosen field. Prerequisite: PSY103 or SOC201. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SW 311: Methods of Social Work Research I (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Together with SW 312, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. Introduces students to major research techniques used to observe and interpret the social world. Engages students in exploration and analysis of such research concepts as research methods, measurements, sampling and surveying, single subject designs; culturally sensitive professional skill development in scientific inquiry, problem formation, planning and implementation of research designs, analysis of data, and assessment of research. Prerequisite: SW 214. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SW 312: Methods of Social Work Research II (3)

Fulfills core competency: Information Literacy. Writing Intensive. Together with SW 311, combination of both courses meet Research and Presentation requirement. Building on SW 311, students examine and apply theory and research techniques for evaluating change, needs assessment, and assessment of social systems utilizing descriptive and inferential statistics to social work problems and issues. Students acquire experience in computer statistical programs and apply quantitative research methods in a final research project. Prerequisite: SW 311. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SW 325: Foundations of Generalist Practice I (3)

This is the first of a four-course practice sequence. The generalist model of professional practice utilizing the sequential problem solving approach is presented. Content focuses on value based, culturally sensitive techniques for effective worker-client communication; establishing, maintaining, and terminating effective working relationships; and engaging in data collection, assessment, intervention and evaluation processes with client systems of various sizes. Students are required to spend two hours per week in service learning. Prerequisites: SW 214 and upper division status in Social Work program. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SW 326: Foundations of Generalist Practice II (3)

Continues building on a value based, culturally sensitive generalist model of social work practice from a strengths perspective. Interactional skills necessary for intervention with systems of all sizes with a focus on individuals and families are explored. Emphasis is placed on personal and ethical issues as students examine and refine learned skills from their personal frame of reference. Students are required to spend 2 hours per week in service learning. Prerequisites: SW 325 and upper division status in Social Work program. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SW 327: Death, Dying and Bereavement (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 327. Students are guided through an examination of death as a universal human experience. The psychological and sociocultural impact of dying will be explored as well as a brief history of thanatology, the process of grief, mourning and bereavement, ethical issues concerning death, legal aspects of death, euthanasia and funeral and last rites. Prerequisites: SOC 201, PSY 103. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 328: Basic Training in Military Culture (3)

Fulfills core competencies: Contextual Integration; Moral & Ethical Discernment. Cross- listed as SOC 328. The United States has been engaged in some form of combat across the world for almost a hundred years. Understanding military culture and the environmental and political nature of the military is crucial for all service providers. The current war on terror presents its own challenges and stressors due to the total force concept of the military, long deployments and redeployments, signature injuries of PTSD and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), anxiety, depression, and suicide. This course will engage students in researching information regarding the historical and contemporary aspects of military culture; the physical and mental wounds combat veterans suffer from, including the signature injuries of the current conflicts, and their impact on military families. Students will examine the structure, policies and services of the Veterans Administration, and local veteran community providers. Students will also engage in field research as they spend some time with a service provider in the Veteran community and engage in conversation with guest speakers from the military community. Prerequisites: SOC 110 or SOC 201 or PSY 103. Offered as Needed. (UG)

SW 333: Human Behavior and Social Environment I (3)

This course engages students in analysis of the behavior of individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities in their bio-psycho-socio-cultural milieu. The theoretical paradigms that impact the development of individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities are examined with special emphasis on evaluating the impact of social class, gender, sexual orientation, and racial/ethnic group membership. Students are required to spend two hours per week in service learning. Prerequisites: SW 214, SOC 224, BIO 103 and upper division status in Social Work program, or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall and Spring). (UG)

SW 334: Human Behavior and Social Environment II (3)

This course engages students in analysis of the behavior of individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities in their bio-psycho-socio-cultural milieu. The theoretical paradigms that impact the development of individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities are examined with special emphasis on evaluating the impact of social class, gender, sexual orientation, and racial/ethnic group membership. Students are required to spend two hours per week in service learning. Prerequisites: SW 333 and upper division status in Social Work program, or permission of instructor. Offered Each Year (Fall and Spring). (UG)

SW 351: Intervention in Marriage and Family Problems (3)

The course introduces students to the area of marital and family dynamics with particular focus on the major areas of dysfunction. Through both analysis of the essential elements of these relationships as well as introspective looks at their own families, students learn to identify the primary reasons for marital and family discord. Prerequisite: Junior status. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 409: Social Work With Groups (3)

This course examines the various types of groups used in contemporary social work practice for the purpose of acquainting students with the process of assessing for therapeutic need for a group. In addition, students will acquire a basic understanding of all the stages required for proposing, developing, and leading a group. Prerequisites: SW 214, SW 325 and upper division status in Social Work. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SW 411: Contemporary Issues in Mental Health (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 411. This course is structured with a glance to the past and a view of the future of mental health and the mental health system. Themes that will be explored are the history of mental health, the mental health system, governmental roles in the mental health system, mental health services, the mental health exam, assessment of lethality and crisis intervention, children and the mental health system, dual diagnosis, the elderly and the mental health system, religion, race, ethnicity and gender and mental health, consumer rights and the mental health system and mental health services in the managed care environment. Prerequisite: PSY 103 or permission of instructor. Offered Alternate Years. (UG)

SW 424: Foundations of Generalist Practice III (3)

Guides students in the value based, culturally sensitive, conceptually framed professional skill development utilizing the interactional (mediation) model of intervention with diverse populations and systems of all sizes. Target systems include individuals and groups. Offered concurrently with the first semester of field placement. Prerequisites: SW 326, 334, senior status in Social Work program and concurrent enrollment in SW 451. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SW 432: Contemporary Social Welfare Policy and Services (3)

Cross-listed as SOC 432. A functional analysis of contemporary social policies and how they are developed in social welfare delivery systems, the linkages between social problems, policies, programs and services and the advocacy and lobbying processes; political and economic implications of major social welfare legislation. Prerequisites: SW 311 and senior status in Social Work program. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

SW 451: Field Experience in Social Work I (5)

Senior assignment, which requires students to complete a 420-hour, supervised field placement experience (210 hours per semester). Students are given the opportunity to work in agencies with diverse systems of all sizes. This experience affords students the opportunity to achieve a maximum integration of social work knowledge, values and skills and engage in professional relationships with the social work practice community. A weekly field experience seminar is held concurrently with the field experience and attendance is required. This seminar provides the opportunity for the integration of the theoretical and practice components of the bachelor's level field placement experience. Prerequisite: Senior status in Social Work program. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

SW 451S: Field Experience in Social Work I Seminar (1)

This course will focus on processing and understanding central issues in field placement and enhancement of general practice and clinical skills, from social work practice to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), diagnoses, as professionally experienced concurrently by the student in their field placement. The role of ethnicity, and diversity in practice will also be addressed. Corequisite: SW 451 (UG)

SW 452: Field Experience in Social Work II (5)

Senior assignment, which requires students to complete a 420-hour, supervised field placement experience (210 hours per semester). Students are given the opportunity to work in agencies with diverse systems of all sizes. This experience affords students the opportunity to achieve a maximum integration of social work knowledge, values and skills and engage in professional relationships with the social work practice community. A weekly field experience seminar is held concurrently with the field experience and attendance is required. This seminar provides the opportunity for the integration of the theoretical and practice components of the bachelor's level field placement experience. Prerequisite: SW 451; Senior status in Social Work program; Co-requisite:SW 452S. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

SW 452S: Field Experience in Social Work II Seminar (1)

This course is the second seminar in a two-course sequence. This second seminar builds upon and continues discussion of issues raised in SW 451S, and therefore, has the expectation of an increase in student knowledge, understanding, and performance of advanced Social Work practice. Corequisite: SW 452. (UG)

SW 454: Foundations of Generalist Practice IV (3)

This course continues the interactional (mediation) model of intervention and engages students in value/ethically based, culturally sensitive professional skill development needed for establishing, and maintaining, effective working relationships with organizations and communities as client systems. Students are required to spend two hours per week in community service learning. Prerequisite: SW 424, and concurrent enrollment in SW 452. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

SW 457: Independent Study Or Research (1 - 6)

Individually guided research in social work. Prerequisite: Senior status in Social Work program. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Theater Arts

THA 103: Basic Acting Technique (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Acting as an art, survey and evaluation of its development, analysis of method acting and current trends. Exercises and application of acting principles to individual talents and towards development of an ensemble. Theatre games, improvisation, and beginning scene work. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

THA 106: Introduction to the Theater (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Analysis of theater and drama, historical and current production practices, in order to enhance aesthetic appreciation. Offered Each Semester. (UG)

THA 108: Masked Performance (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. This introductory class will explore the fundamentals of acting and characterization through the lens of the mask and the specific problems it creates for the actor. Offered Each Year (Spring) (UG)

THA 119: Theater, Madness, Power (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This course, which complements and will be in continued dialogue with REL 114 Culture and Story, examines the role that theater plays in establishing, creating, maintaining or transgressing the categories and boundaries considered essential to modern life: purity and the sacred; morality; sexual identity and gender roles; sanity; honor; free will and choice. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 203: Improvisation in the Classroom (3)

This course will introduce students to the work of improvisational practitioners Viola Spolin, Paul Sills and Keith Johnstone. They will gain practical experience with these techniques as tools to engage students in a classroom environment, and will learn how to create a class activities progression, assess student progress, and use the techniques themselves as means of assessment. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 207: Improvisation (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. The class will look at improvisation in various performative and cultural contexts. Activities will include practical experiences, including solo and group performances, readings, viewings, research, and writing on historical aspects and contexts of improvisation. Prerequisite: THA 103. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

THA 213: Introduction to Stage Combat (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This class will focus on the idea of unarmed, staged violence, and will seek primarily to gain an understanding and respect for the physical safety concerns of the stage. Prerequisite: THA 103. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 214: Stage Movement (3)

Studies techniques for presence and movement on stage. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 215: Introduction to Suzuki Method of Actor Training (3)

This course introduces students to the Suzuki method of actor training. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 216: Mask Construction & Performance (3)

In this course, students will learn to engage in an aesthetic conversation with the forms and materials involved with mask construction. This awareness will then be used to create original masked performance, as well as exploring the various uses of mask and what advantages each of these uses offers within an Applied Theater context: ritual, educational, psychological and physical. Prerequisite: THA106. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 222: Costume Design (3)

Introduces the student to the art of costume design. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 223: Lighting Design (3)

This course presents techniques and facets of lighting design. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 224: Set Design (3)

This class focuses on the fundamentals of set design. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 225: Sound Design (3)

This course provides instruction in the basics of sound design. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 230: Acting for Animators (3)

The course will deal in depth with the skills and sensibilities associated with communication through speech, the physical appearance and structure of the vocal articulators, the implementation of the Laban effort actions and their relationship to the definition of a character and the use of improvisation as a tool for creating and evaluating narrative structure. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

THA 231: Performing Objects (3)

The manipulation of objects is an ancient form of popular performance. This course will explore the history, technology, theory and practice behind puppetry, both mainstream and experimental, and how the traditional role of puppetry has been, and can continue to be extended into previously unexplored areas and sources of objects. Prerequisite: THA106. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 246: Design for the Theater: History of Theatrical Space (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. This course explores the design of theatrical spaces throughout history, especially in terms of the cultures that shaped them. We will use this information to investigate what we can learn about a culture from its theatrical events and the spaces designed to hold these events. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 250: Voice and Speech for the Actor (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. This class explores the different facets of vocal communication and how they can be manipulated purposefully towards a theatrical end. The class will also investigate the differences between the concerns of stage voice and everyday voice. Prerequisite: THA 103. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

THA 253: Theater As Outreach (3)

Fulfills core competency: Civic Responsibility. Fulfills Service Learning requirement. The broad purpose of this course is to equip students with the means to design and lead theater workshops for others, especially disadvantaged citizens. The course will train students to facilitate workshops and residencies in a range of settings (schools, hospitals, places of detention, etc.), and will prioritize assisting people of all ages and in a variety of circumstances to find and express an artistic voice. Our main focus will be learning how to assist non-actors to express their issues and concerns through the medium of theater, and to empower members of our community to articulate those concerns in live performances that can then serve as forums for community discussion. A signed petition from the Coordinator of Service Learning is required for registration in this course. (UG)

THA 260: Advanced Acting: Scene Study (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This course for advanced acting students focuses on the skills involved in interpreting text, especially in terms of character development. We will explore the notions of character objective, tactics and arc, as well as continuing our study of narrative structures and the actor's responsibilities toward story. Prerequisite: THA 103. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 308: Community Acts: Community-Based Theater (3)

This course focuses on creating new works for performance through workshops, improvisation, and rehearsal. Students are engaging acting skills and using basic storytelling and improvisation techniques to craft a new work through collaboration. Prerequisite: THA103, THA207, THA253. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 326: Performance in Space (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking. A collaborative experience with ART 344: Art in Space and Environment that leads students to address issues relating to art and theater in a site-specific context. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 328: Advanced Improvisation (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. This course for advanced acting students is a continuation of the skills introduced in THA 207. Prerequisite: THA 207. Offered As Needed. (UG)

THA 333: Stage Management (3)

This course will explore and articulate the various duties, responsibilities and skill sets associated with the role of stage manager in a theatrical production. Prerequisite: THA106. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 352: Directing for the Stage (3)

This course will give students an immersive introduction to the process of directing live performance. It will be a project-based examination of the process, from text selection to fully realized production, including negotiating design elements, exploration of dramaturgical questions and working with performers. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 404: Devised Performance (3)

Devising performance is one of the most exciting of contemporary ensemble practices. In this course, students will learn about theories of narrative and dramatic structure, and experiment with a range of methods and techniques for applying these creatively in practice. The course focuses on creating new works for performance through workshops, improvisation and rehearsal, and will teach students to engage acting skills, storytelling and improvisational techniques, as well as making directorial and design decisions. Prerequisite: THA106. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 410: New Media & Performance (3)

This course will introduce students to practical and theoretical innovations in contemporary theater and performance. We will explore new technologies, and investigate how these technologies affect performance, either through communication, information processing/exchange and the performer as interface. Through practical exploration and theoretical study, students will explore the human on stage and how s/he is commented upon, mediated, alienated or celebrated through technological intervention. Prerequisite: THA106, THA326. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 419: Theater of the Oppressed (3)

This course will expose the students to the methodologies of Augusto Boal and the various formats and styles of performance that are covered broadly by his "Theater of the Oppressed". It is a practical course that will focus on project-based learning and a high level of reflective analysis and writing to build a relationship with the work of Boal. Prerequisite: THA106. Offered as Needed. (UG)

THA 480: Applied Theater Practicum (3)

In this course, students will engage in supervised work in schools, with youth programs, and in community service settings. They will conceive, organize and implement their own applied theatre projects, in consultation with representatives of the partners as well as the theater faculty advisors. Students will meet weekly with the faculty advisor to chart time, troubleshoot about organizational issues and discuss assignments. The faculty advisor will correspond closely with the cooperating partners to monitor student progress. Prerequisite: Permission of Program Director. Offered as Needed. (UG)

Visual Effects

VFX 110: 2D and 3D Matchmoving (3)

In this course students will begin acquiring post-production skills for employment in the Visual Effects industry. This first section instructs students on how to adjust for lens distortion by incorporating survey data in order to solve complex and problematic shots. Offered As Needed. (UG)

VFX 115: Rotoscoping (3)

In this course students will develop a thorough knowledge of the software Nuke and its Roto/Paint node. Specific attention will be placed on basic studio practices related to work flow, such as establishing proper file structures and naming conventions. Offered As Needed. (UG)

VFX 220: Compositing (3)

In this course students will effectively utilize Nuke for compositing purposes, and to develop a full working knowledge of basic production and pipeline procedures. Additionally, the course explores the more traditional aspects of cinematography as they pertain to visual effects. Prerequisites: VFX110, VFX115. Offered As Needed. (UG)

VFX 230: Paint and Rig Removal (3)

In this course students will continue working with the software Nuke in its Paint/Roto node. Additional emphasis will be placed on basic studio practices, such as proper file structures and naming conventions. Prerequisites: VFX110, VFX115. Offered As Needed. (UG)

VFX 255: Stereoscopic Conversion (3)

In this course students will learn to employ different techniques to convert standard 2D plates into stereo shots. They will discover the latest techniques for solving complex stereo problems, including how to rectify different focal lengths, to address vertical misalignment between plates, to employ stereo re-timing to solve stereo artifacts and rotation misalignment. Prerequisites: VFX220, VFX230. Offered As Needed. (UG)

Women's Studies

WST 215: Introduction to Women's Studies (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Cross-listed as HST 215. This course is an interdisciplinary overview of the language, concepts, and issues in the field of Women's Studies. We will explore the construction of gender by focusing upon the intersection of race, class, gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and religion in shaping women's lives, and will look at women's efforts to define their identities through work, creative activity, and through feminism. Offered Each Year (Fall). (UG)

WST 224: Women and Religion (3)

Fulfills core competency: Moral and Ethical Discernment. Cross-listed as REL 224. This course will explore the place of women in the three Western monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam). The course will explore the views of women found in the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, the non-canonical Gospels, and the Koran. It will also explore modern attempts to rework the biblical tradition (e.g., in the novel "The Red Tent") and to confront the Islamic revolution (e.g., in the graphic novels "Persepolis I & II"). The class will also explore a number of contentious gender related issues (e.g., birth control, women clergy, traditional marriage, homosexuality). Offered As Needed. (UG)

WST 309: Introduction to the History of American Women (3)

Fulfills core competency: Contextual Integration. Cross-listed as HST 309. This course surveys the social, political, and economic history of American women from the colonial era to the present. The class places particular emphasis on the ways in which women's experiences have been shaped by such factors as race, class, and ethnicity, as well as by gender. Prerequisites: None, but upper division status, or foundational coursework in history or women's studies, is highly recommended. Offered Each Year (Spring). (UG)

WST 317: Gender Trouble: Literature and Film (3)

Fulfills core competency: Communication Skills. Writing Intensive. Cross-listed as LIT 317. Do the gender roles represented in literary works reflect a "reality" based on biological differences between the sexes? Or are gender roles simply a product of a culture's religious, economic, and political agendas? This course examines works from various genres and historical periods in order to understand how they reinforce or subvert gender stereotypes that inform and condition people's lives. Prerequisite: CMP 101 or permission of instructor. Offered As Needed. (UG)

WST 320: Gender and Policy in the US (3)

Fulfills core competency: Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving. Cross-listed as WST 320. This course will be a survey of the development of, and current issues involving, legal rights as they are impacted by gender in the U.S. Among the topics that will be covered are interpretation of the U.S. Constitution and gender concerns regarding equal protection, reproductive rights, political participation, education law, labor issues, and family law. The course will also address the role of feminism in the development of civil rights, including the diversity of approaches and concerns among different branches of feminism. Also addressed will be examples of ways in which males have been negatively affected by protective legislation and rigid policy approaches to gender roles. Prerequisites: None, but upper division status or HST/WST 215 or HST/WST 309 or PSC 223 highly recommended. Offered Each Year. (UG)

WST 328: The Image of Women in Art and Media (3)

Fulfills core competency: Affective Awareness. Cross-listed as IND 328. This course addresses the ways in which women have been represented visually (painting, sculpture, film, advertising). The examination will examine both historical prototypes and contemporary examples. Among the issues we will discuss in an open forum are: the depiction of women from both a masculine and feminine vantage point, how the feminist agenda has been perceived in contemporary culture to condone sexualization and objectification, and how the image conveys assumptions and knowledge. Offered As Needed. (UG)