Daemen College Academic Festival

A Celebration of Academic Achievement,
April 29, 2020.

Daemen College to showcase the academic and creative achievements of students in a special virtual Academic Festival available beginning April 29. The 19th annual festival has been moved to an online format for the health and safety of the campus community in light of the coronavirus pandemic.


Hygiene Hypothesis in Food Allergies, Asthma, and Autoimmune Diseases.

Sougandhika Bharadwaj
Faculty Sponsor: Paulette Niewczyk, Douglas Kalinowski

Researchers are exploring factors that could provide an explanation for the rise in allergies, autoimmune diseases, and asthma among children in the developed countries of the world. The hygiene hypothesis suggests that children growing up in households with extremely clean environments are less exposed to the necessary microorganisms and other substances that help build up their maturing immune systems. The lack of exposure would pose a challenge to their immune system and lead to inadequate defense responses that is theorized to result in faulty mechanisms in the body such as allergies, asthma, and autoimmune diseases. Currently in the United States it’s estimated that 1 in 13 children have a food allergy, so based on the relevancy alone it would be worthwhile to explore the theory and research conducted on the hygiene hypothesis.

How does entrepreneurism, branding, and contemporary art share space at the Venice Biennale?

Alissa Rice
Faculty Sponsor: Daniel Shanahan

The Venice Biennale was founded in 1895 and is considered one of the most prestigious cultural institutions in the world; promoting current trends in the contemporary arts through a multidisciplinary approach that includes fine art, cinema, architecture and performance. The Biennale provides a forum for countries to curate how they want to be perceived and invites audiences from around the world to join an expansive conversation about the present-tense. The 2019 biennale was titled May You Live in Interesting Times. With my knowledge in Graphic Design and Entrepreneurism, this presentation investigates the motives and organizational principles for how countries want to be perceived in an international forum. Drawing from trends in graphic design, the Israel pavilion used performance as engagement beyond a traditional branding strategy, whereas Brazil, also performance based, used a minimal and culturally centered approach. After attending the Biennale I will discuss the impact of these two different approaches to marketing.


Fracking. Is it all its cracked up to be?

Jessica Yagel
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Phillips

We hear fracking used in the headlines as a negative, destructive and toxic word. In truth, more than half of the United States population knows little or nothing at all about fracking. It is used as a political platform while failing to educate Americans of why it’s bad. Fracking uses a combination of water, sand and chemicals to access natural gases and crude oils. The amount of chemicals used in that formula is between 0.5% to 2%. They are only used to prevent corrosion on the equipment. In a store brand shampoo, there are anywhere between 10% to 15% of various chemicals in the formula. This presentation will discuss the laws New York State has on fracking, the negative results of those bans, the positives and encourage readers to form their own opinions.

Flipping about GDV!

Kelly Engels
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) is a life threatening, rapidly progressing, condition that occurs most commonly in dogs. This describes when the stomach dilates and distends, due to food, and a build up of gas that's unable to expel. Increasing the pressure inside the stomach, can cause it to rotate leading to a blockage of the caudal vena cava; ultimately, decreasing the amount of oxygen delivered to tissues, causing necrosis and sending the dog into shock. Once diagnosed, the best treatment option is surgery to rotate the stomach back to the proper position and asses the organs' viability. This presentation will demonstrate diagnosis, treatment, complications, causes of the disease, and possible ways to help prevent it.

Flipping about GDV!

Safety and Efficacy of Tamiflu

Brooke Altman
Faculty Sponsor: Paulette Niewczyk

 Although Oseltamivir, an antiviral neuraminidase inhibitor also known as “Tamiflu”, is widely used to improve symptoms from the flu as well as recovery time, it has not been well established if Oseltamivir’s benefits outweigh the risk of adverse effects particularly among children. A secondary review of published research is underway to determine the safety and efficacy of Oseltamivir for seasonal influenza. METHODS: A meta-analysis of primary research articles on the use of Oseltamivir in adults and children for influenza. RESULTS: Results are forthcoming.

Impact of blood draw on patients’ laboratory results: A connection of nursing knowledge with laboratory practice

Donatus Donabon
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Merriam

Abstract Introduction: In hospitals, nurses draw blood for Laboratory (Lab) tests. It is common for Lab staff to reject blood samples due to errors from blood draw. The research question was: what is the nursing knowledge on blood draw for lab tests? The researcher hypothesized that a gap existed between lab requirements and nursing knowledge of drawing blood for valid lab results. Research methods: The researcher designed a survey containing ten questions that tested nurse’s knowledge on five areas of blood draw. Nurses from fourteen units of the hospital participated in the survey. Results: A total of 99 participants took the survey from which 89 qualified for the study and data analysis. Participants' overall mean score on the ten questions was 56.52%. Conclusion: The knowledge level of nurses about blood draw to meet lab requirements for testing was unsatisfactory. Nursing and lab departments should collaborate and develop a remediation plan.

Association between Migraine-associated vertigo and perimenopause/menopause

Erick Dytche
Faculty Sponsor: Brian Wrotniak, Whitney Mendel

The goal of this study is to assess whether an association exists between migraine-associated vertigo and menopause or perimenopause. Clinical observation has suggested that MAV may be linked to hormonal changes due to menopause and changes in the menstrual cycle because of the high rate of females presenting with a sudden onset of MAV around the age that perimenopause and subsequent menopause starts to naturally occur. A retrospective chart review was conducted to determine if there was a significant correlation between age and onset of MAV.

Iowa 2020: The Importance of Retail Politics in Presidential Nominating Contests

Sam Williams, Sam Williams, Tysai Washington, Carlos Mcknight, Ricardo Marquez, Lindsey Hornnung
Faculty Sponsor: Jay Wendland

Every four years, political parties nominate candidates to run for the presidency. Since 1972, the first election after reforming the nominating process, Iowa has held “first-in-the-nation” status and kicked off the primary season. Through generous Think Tank funding, we were able to travel to Iowa from January 16, 2020 through January 21, 2020 to attend political events throughout the southern half of the state and observe the importance of retail politics (physically interacting with voters through town hall meetings, answering questions, and taking selfies). This paper will discuss how Iowa obtained this privileged status, how candidates compete for caucus votes in Iowa, and our first-hand observations of the retail politics found in Iowa prior to their caucuses on February 3, 2020.

Regional Attitudes Toward Abortion and Their Effects on Women's Decision-Making Processes in the United States

Ashley Giaquinto
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Scheid

Abortions are medical procedures which are completed by factors driven both medically and non-medically. The procedures entail the use of medication or surgical technique in order to complete the removal of the fetus. The concept of choice and autonomy play roles in justification of such a controversial procedure. There has been research that focuses on the different procedures, but few have addressed why women get abortions and even further, what, if anything, influences their decision-making process. Attitudes are subjective to individuals and additionally speaking, may vary from location to location. Based on different geographical regions in the United States, there may be different attitudes that are specific to that particular area; thus, women in the decision-making stages of abortion consideration may be directly influenced by those attitudes. A systematic literature review of ten applicable research studies investigated how regional attitudes toward abortion affect women’s decision-making process.

We Speak for the Water: Should Lake Erie Have Legal Rights?

Rebecca Chilelli
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Phillips, Brenda Young

Lake Erie provides us with fresh water, a habitat for many aquatic species, and a place for recreation. The Clean Water Act and New York Environmental Conservation Law protect the lake from pollution. Do these laws do enough to hold polluters accountable? In recent years, large algal blooms stemming from pollution have caused major issues with Lake Erie’s water quality. In 2019 a Lake Erie Bill of Rights was introduced in the New York State Legislature, and it is now in committee. This is a “rights of nature” law, which is a type of law that gives legal rights to natural resources. If passed, it would allow legal action to be taken against polluters on Lake Erie’s behalf. Would a Lake Erie Bill of Rights have the legal standing to effectively protect the lake from polluters? My presentation will attempt to answer this question.

Buffalo's Skateland: Oral History Project

Ryan James
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Artman, Melissa Peterson

The purpose of the Buffalo’s Skateland oral history project is to preserve the history of Buffalo’s Skateland community through photos and interviews. We would like to introduce the community to the personal histories of Skateland skaters. This project will also highlight the important social and cultural history of Buffalo. Specifically, it will address the overlooked history of African Americans in Buffalo and elsewhere, by revealing how much that we don’t know and haven’t documented. Skateland was a central location where childhood and leisure experiences could be enjoyed by the historic Buffalo community. The photos that lined the rink from top to bottom showed how the African American community triumphed through hard times, which would not have been possible if it weren’t for safe central locations such as Buffalo’s Skateland.

The Franco Era Hierarchy and the Catholic Church against Gender and Sexual Minorities: La Mala Educación

Shania Livecchi
Faculty Sponsor: Katherine Anson, Melissa Fiori

During the Franco Era dictatorship in Spain (1939-1975), a hierarchy was formed between the government and the Catholic Church to maintain control over the population. The Franco dictatorship required that children go to Catholic schools, and the Catholic education system preached values such as love, family, and loyalty. However, the hierarchy between the Church and state established societal norms, and those who did not fit those norms were punished in various ways. By persecuting people for not fitting into societal norms, the Church went against the values they preach in order to assert their power over the Spanish people. La Mala Educación (Bad Education) by Pedro Almodóvar shows how the values of the hierarchy affected people who did not fit the gender and sexuality norms, especially within the Catholic Church. This thesis will analyze the power dynamic of the hierarchy and how it affected people while analyzing the film.

Depression and Acculturative Stress Among Vietnamese International Students: A Study to Examine Risk Factors and Protective Factors

Dung Dinh
Faculty Sponsor: Shannon Lupien

The number of Vietnamese individuals studying in the U.S. has been increasing steadily. However, most research examining the psychological well-being of Asian international students have focused primarily on East Asian countries, which share only moderate cultural similarity with Viet Nam. Thus it is likely that Vietnamese international students experience some of the same reported difficulties, but may also have unique risk factors. Additionally, protective factors may shield against depression but have rarely been examined in this population. Therefore, the prevalence of depressive symptoms as well as specific risk and protective factors were examined. Results indicated that risk factors, like language discrimination, acculturative stress, academic stress, and ostracism were co-morbid and strongly predicted depression. However, protective factors, particularly optimism and affiliative humor style, predicted lower depressive symptoms. Interestingly, optimism was the strongest predictor, suggesting that increasing optimism could be an important intervention to protect against depression among Vietnamese international students.


Fluoride and Neurotoxocitity in the Developing Human Brain

Ashley Krupski
Faculty Sponsor: Paulette Niewczyk

 Over seventy percent of the population in the United States has access to fluoride through community water systems (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). When ingested, fluoride has the ability to cross the blood brain barrier (Akinrinade et al., 2015) with previous studies indicating that high levels can cause neurotoxicity in adults and effects on memory and learning in rodents ( Chan, 2012). Little is known about the impact of fluoride on human neurodevelopment and at what threshold these abnormalities occur. Since fluoride is ubiquitous in the environment and dental products, the detrimental neurological effects of systemic exposure need to be analyzed to deliver possible changes in community water fluoridation policies. Central nervous system development may not be complete until early adulthood (Johnson et al., 2009) creating a necessity to understand the neurologic effects of systemic fluoride from infancy into early adulthood. (Grandjean & Landrigan, 2014). Objective: A secondary review of the literature was conducted to investigate the health effects of systemic fluoride ingestion and subsequently, to determine the amount of fluoride exposure safe for children and adults. Methods: Primary research articles published in peer-reviewed journals will be obtained and synthesized. Results: The results are forthcoming. Conclusion: It is anticipated that exposures to fluoride through community drinking water at the controlled recommended level of 0.7-1.2mg per liter of water is safe for both children and adults.  

Women's Health Issues & Service Learning Zambia

Josette Brodhead, Salina Alvarado, Miller Barmasse, Brittany Bobeck, Cecelia Elliott, Kassie Vogel, Morgan Fowler, Shannon Gestwick, Julie Janson
Faculty Sponsor: Josette Brodhead

Zambia, in southern Africa, is a landlocked country known for its rural landscape and diverse wildlife. In collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Ministry of Health and provincial health offices, the goals to prevent and treat HIV, malaria, diarrheal diseases, along with other infectious health threats are a top priority. This presentation will provide an overview of the Zambian culture's impact on women's health issues, specifically focusing on Mukuni Village, which is part of the Kazungula District of Southern Province. The health promotion service-learning projects completed to assist the community members will also be discussed.

Successful Applications of Behavior Analysis

Vanessa Patrone, Angela Deoki, Jennifer Panepento, Jessica Wess
Faculty Sponsor: Vanessa Patrone, Vicki Madaus Knapp

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a science that strives to help individuals make meaningful and lasting changes to their behavior. The behaviors targeted by behavior analysts are varied and the science of behavior analysis is applied in many different settings with many different types of people. ABA graduate students in are not only learning the basic concepts and principles of the science, but are also steeped in the scientist-practitioner model where they research topics, use single subject research designs and make evidence-based decisions. This symposium will allow a small group of ABA graduate students to show-case the work they have done through their master’s capstone projects. The projects presented by our students will feature elements of behavioral assessment, skill building and challenging behavior intervention for individuals diagnosed with developmental disabilities.

Fang Wound Shape of Rattlesnakes

Paige Ringo
Faculty Sponsor: Domenic D'Amore

Rattlesnakes have undergone extensive cranial modifications in order to better acquire prey, and to maximize the effectiveness of their venom delivery system. Rattlesnake teeth, in particular, play a vital role in the delivery of venom, but the exact shape of the wound that the tooth creates has only been speculated upon. The goal of this project was to determine if rattlesnakes created a cavity with their bite that was greater than the size of the tooth, and subsequently to establish a new method of collecting tooth data. Methods included sculpting and casting dummy test mice from synthetic ballistics gels, and letting live rattlesnakes strike at them. The bite marks were removed from the larger gel structure and photographed using a macro lens. Upon observation, the marks appear to be longer and more curved than the tooth itself. Additionally, there appears to be differences in tooth mark size and shape between species of snake. Further statistical analysis needs to be done to confirm a quantitative difference.


Rental Discrimination Laws

Arieona Ellis
Faculty Sponsor: Brittany Jones, Margaret Phillips

Discrimination is seen almost everywhere, from everyday shopping to buying a car. It is also very apparent in the rental community, this presentation will show what rights renters have in regards to discrimination and help educate the public on discrimination in Buffalo compared to other similar sized cities.

Diabetes Mellitus: When Our Pets are Too Sweet and Cannot Manage Their Own Sweetness.

Shannon Weatherley
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

Diabetes is common in humans; it is also possible for companion animals to be diagnosed with Diabetes. I will be focusing on this endocrine disease, common clinical signs and symptoms, and treatments in companion animals. This disease branches farther than humans and has become commonly diagnosed in many companion animals. Monitoring an animal at home can improve the outcomes of the diagnosis.

Diabetes Mellitus


Posters will be available in PDF beneath each abstract.

“LEEDing” the Way: Green Building Design at Daemen

Katherine Steszewski, Natalie Widmer, Kimberly Wiggins, Rachel Witkowski, Henry Moffitt, Kimberly Acosta, Jacob Latshaw
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young, Kevin Kegler

Daemen College’s Research and Information Commons and Visual and Performing Arts Center received LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) gold recognition for their environmentally-friendly features and inviting interiors. Greener building designs typically save energy, water and use healthier materials in their construction. Natural lighting and building comfort are also important considerations in their design. We will discuss some of these design features for our buildings and the benefits associated with them.


"Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film": Civil Rights

Tyler Francis, Trinity Hinds, Lisbet Martinez , Sean Robinson , Marcus Roberson
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

"Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film": Feminism

Kaitlin Burnett, Jozlyn Du Bois , Laniyah Kenner , Sophia Kreib
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

"Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film": Feminism

Nicole Hibsch, Adam Wojtulski , Michelle Thibodeau , Taylor Smith
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

"Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film": The Sixties

Conrad Bremer, Sean Denniston , Bradley Kimmel , Kenneth Santana , Alexander Schoenly
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

"Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film": The Vietnam Era

Aaron McFarland, Allyson Schoener , Easton Speer , Michael Wisniewski , Khai Harris
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

A Synthesis of Note-Taking Modality Literature

Amelia Dochak, Amanda Lauricella, Meaghan O'Leary, Taylor Reilley
Faculty Sponsor: Colleen Kashino

Despite that students’ use of computers in higher education classrooms, it is becoming increasingly common. In recent years, researchers have investigated the question of whether academic outcomes are dependent on note-taking modality. The focus of most of this work has directly compared computer and hand-written note-taking modalities. Their findings have been mixed. While the results of some of these studies provide evidence that the use of computers for note-taking (compared to hand-written notes) hinders academic performance, the findings of other studies do not support this claim. The purpose of the present presentation is to summarize this work and to highlight the designs that were utilized and the inherent biases built in to the protocols that directly contribute to the internal validity of these studies. We also discuss how some these biases can affect outcome data, and propose solutions that may help clarify future literature.

An Analysis of the Effects of Exercise on Sleep for Individuals with Parkinson's Disease

Victoria Muto, Julia Winkle, Emma Johnson, Zachery Barnes
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Mazzone

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by depleting dopamine levels within the brain. This causes a disruption in typical brain circuitry and results in motor and non-motor symptoms. The cardinal motor symptoms for an individual with PD are rigidity, bradykinesia, postural instability, and tremor. Non-motor symptoms include changes in memory and cognition, mood symptoms, loss of smell, orthostatic hypotension, and difficulty sleeping. Sleeping disorders are one of the most common non-motor symptoms that increases in frequency and severity with disease progression. This impacts their ability to function throughout the day and alters nighttime habits. Current research evidence supports the benefits of exercise on sleep in the general population, with limited investigation for individuals with PD. Although exercise regimens are provided, there is a lack of research on parameters and connection to sleep. Evidence on the impact of exercise on sleep in individuals with PD will be presented.

An Evaluation of the Use of Visual Supports to Facilitate Transitions of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Maria Bergey
Faculty Sponsor: Vicki Madaus Knapp

The use of Visual Supports is an evidence-based, behavior-analytic, antecedent intervention that has been shown to improve independence with tasks for people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Visual Supports are often used by the general public in discreet ways, including the use of an electronic calendar. A review of the literature regarding the use of Visual Supports to facilitate transitions for individuals with ASD was completed, and an evaluation of the use of Visual Supports in a social skills group setting was outlined. The goal of this evaluation was to decrease transition time between activities for individuals with ASD in a group setting. Preliminary data will be presented and are expected to show that the use of Visual Supports can decrease in time spent transitioning and increase time spent participating in group sessions.

An investigation of Backward Gait Analysis (BGA) and the Standardized Walking Obstacle Course (SWOC) for typical older adults

Anne Schick, Sydney McDonough , Camille Green, Marina Ayoub
Faculty Sponsor: Sharon Held

Physical therapists (PTs) use standardized outcome measures (SOMs) to assess individuals' functional abilities/limitations and participation with results guiding outcomes and interventions. Various SOMs are available to assess postural stability/balance, functional ambulation and fall risk in older adults with/without neuromuscular disorders; however, they may not include contextual factors such as direction, obstacles, terrain, lighting, and load, which greatly affect participation. Backwards Gait Analysis (BGA) and the Standardized Walking Obstacle Course (SWOC) are SOMs that consider contextual factors; however, they have not been fully validated. This presentation analyzes current evidence on contextual factors affecting postural stability/balance, functional ambulation and fall risk, clinically accepted SOMs, as well as backwards gait and obstacle course measures, providing a foundation for a study examining BGA and the SWOC for typical older adults. Study results would provide PTs with normative baselines on these SOMs, which would be useful when assessing clinical populations and developing outcomes and interventions.

Assessment of Nurse Confidence to Practice During Orientation

Loren Stitt
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Merriam

Loren Stitt Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Deborah Merriam The purpose of this quality improvement project was to identify registered nurse’s self-confidence in nursing practice at the beginning and completion of their orientation. Self-confidence is identified as a reason leading to new nurse turnover, and is essential for a nurse to be successful, for patient safety and positive patient outcomes. Registered nurses beginning their orientation completed the 22-item survey (NCSES) at the beginning and completion of their orientation. The self-reported levels of confidence were compared by demographic information collected on age, gender, educational preparation, and the years’ experience as a registered nurse. The self-reported level of confidence was explored to see if there was an increase in confidence at the end of orientation. This quality improvement project contributes to existing knowledge by identifying if there is a difference in self-reported confidence according to demographic criteria which in turn may help guide future orientation practices for nursing success.


“Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film”: The Cold War

Loren Alberts, Tiffany Stayer, Molly Williams, Saferino Dour
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger, Robert Cianciosa

This poster is part of a group project created by students in the “Legacies of the Sixties in History & Film” Learning Community. This Learning Community examines the history, politics, and culture of the United States from the 1950s through the recent past, emphasizing important themes in recent American history while also analyzing how the American film industry has helped to interpret and create the popular understanding of that past. Each group has chosen a major theme or issue and members have contributed to a poster that draws upon class materials, primary document research, oral history interviews, and film analysis to explore that issue.

“Traumatic Spaces: Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Salem Witch Trials”

Erica Jankowski, Samantha Miller
Faculty Sponsor: Nancy Marck

Students in LIT 420: Seminar for English majors investigated the intersection of gothic literature and place studies, an interdisciplinary field in the environmental humanities that investigates the relationships among literature, geography, architecture, and ecology. Focusing on collective trauma in literature written about the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, we wanted to learn how the victims of trauma process their emotional responses as a community. We believed that the collective trauma experienced by the Salem community impacted not only individuals but the identity of the town, a trauma passed down to descendants like Hawthorne. A Think Tank grant enabled the class to travel to Salem to research the locations, and we found that the town’s natural and manmade environments demonstrated the enduring social and cultural effects of collective trauma. Our poster evaluates the tourism industry that now has become a key part of the local economy, and we include material on the Salem Witch Museum, the execution site at Gallows Hill, the official memorial to the accused witches, and Hawthorne’s House of the Seven Gables.


Barriers and Facilitators to Graduate Nurses Transitioning to the Role of Critical Care Nurse

Tabitha McNamara
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Merriam

Abstract Title: Barriers and Facilitators to Graduate Nurses Transitioning to the Role of Critical Care Nurse Problem Statement: What are the barriers and facilitators to new graduate nurses transitioning to the role of critical care nurse? Method: Mixed method action research with the use of a descriptive survey with open ended questions. Sample: Participants were recruited from the WNY Critical Care Conference. The participants consisted of 33 nurses, 6 nurse managers, 1 nurse practitioner, 1 physician assistant, 1 educator and 1 nurse educator. Findings: The facilitators were additional support, the use of preceptors and mentors, positive attitude toward learning, longer or extended orientation time with classroom time for educational opportunities and prior experience and or critical care exposure. The barriers were not having enough support from preceptor, mentor, and support staff, a negative attitude towards learning, a short orientation time, in general less than six months, without enough classroom time or educational opportunities, and not having prior experience or prior exposure to the critical care setting. Implications: In order to successfully transition the new graduate nurses require extended orientation, preceptors should attend structured training programs, support should be provided to the new graduate nurses and they must be willing to learn and accept recommendations from preceptor/mentor. The purpose of this research was to use a mixed method action research design to identify barriers and facilitators to graduate nurses transitioning to the role of critical care nurse. Participants from the WNY Critical Care Conference (33 nurses, 6 nurse managers, 1 nurse practitioner, 1 physician assistant, 1 educator, 1 nurse educator) completed a descriptive survey. Identified facilitators were additional support, the use of preceptors/mentors, a positive attitude toward learning, extended orientation time, prior experience and/or critical care exposure. Identified barriers were not having enough support from the preceptor/mentor or support staff, a negative learning attitude, a short orientation time, and no prior experience or exposure to the critical care setting. An Action plan was recommended to facilitate the transition with an extended orientation, structured preceptor training programs, increased support and fostering an attitude with an openness to learn and accept recommendations from preceptor/mentor.


Behavior in Black-Capped Squirrel Monkeys

Cooper Law
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

I will be conducting an ethogram on black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensus). The goal of my research is to use the ethogram to determine a time budget for two females in the Buffalo Zoo exhibit. The time budget will allow me to determine the percentage of time that the individuals spend feeding and engaging in social behavior in captivity.


Blurring the Lines: How US Federal Courts are Adapting First Amendment Principles to Hate Speech Online

Cale Silvestri
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger

In the age of the internet, the world is constantly changing and evolving. US democracy, and for this project's purposes, Federal Court precedents, need to continuously be updated to keep up with the evolving world. In the world of the internet and social media, a world where anyone can hop online and post whatever they want, whenever they want, and under any name they want, the lines between what is/is not speech protected by the First Amendment are being blurred. In the words of Justice Anthony Kennedy, social media has led to a speech “revolution of historic proportions.” This project will explore US Federal Court cases (dating back to 2005) that involve social media, hate speech, and a First Amendment question. In my analysis of the cases, I will look for patterns in how liberal and conservative justices tend to rule in the hopes of finding who is more restrictive, and who is more protective, when it comes to speech online.

Bus Poster Awareness

Emily Goldenberg
Faculty Sponsor: Mike Jones

This poster will examine the impact of bus posters on public awareness. Although the firm that placed our bus posters around Buffalo had data showing how many people saw the poster, we did our own short survey, This poster will illustrate the results of the brief survey of bus riders and whether their attention was drawn to bus posters or if it was just one more ad in a sea of marketing imagery.

Can Variations in the Morphology of the Skull in Reptiles Explain Edentulism in Turtles?

Lauren St.Marie
Faculty Sponsor: Domenic D'Amore

While reptiles share the same class there are many differences in the functional morphology of each clade, one of those being dentition. The purpose of this research was to compare head width of turtles and other reptiles to the distance between the quadrates of the jaw and the cutting edges of the premaxilla/maxilla for turtles, and along the tooth row for toothed taxa. The skulls of each specimen were photographed from the dorsal, palatal, and lateral views and the distances analyzed through statistical programming. The results showed that almost all turtles had a smaller distance from the quadrates to the cutting edges when compared to other reptiles. From this we can hypothesize about the development of edentulism in turtles.

Changing Trophic Cascades due to Invasive Plant Species

Amy Haines
Faculty Sponsor: Jeffrey Law

Invasive plant species are notorious for disrupting the ecosystems of invaded regions. The Northeastern United States is highly invaded by two plant species, Elaeagnus umbellata and Rosa multiflora; however the question must be asked, how do these invaders change the biological interactions of this environment? We evaluated the presence of invertebrates and microbes, and looked at the concentration of important soil nutrients (N and P), to catch a glimpse into the disruption invaders cause on natural trophic cascades. Twelve plots were established in Allegany, NY with varying levels of invading species to quantify the differences in the plots. We hypotheses a difference in the species of invertebrates present in areas with and without invasives, as well as an increase in microbial colonies in the invasive areas to supply the nutrients for the invaders, and an overall increase in soil nutrient levels from the microbes for the growing number of invasives.


Chronic Housing Problems in Buffalo

Ryan Kalis
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Phillips, Brittany Jones

Buffalo has been known to have the oldest housing stock out of any major city. With this, it leads to poor living conditions. Especially for those who have low incomes or are minorities. Many housing problems include pests such as rats and roaches, poor living conditions, and sometimes no heating. Due to poor housing conditions, many tenants refuse to pay their monthly rent. With tenants not paying their rents, they are being evicted by their landlords. This leads to what should be done in order to fix these problems in older houses.

Clinical Education: Understanding the Clinical Education Climate and Methods Physical Therapy Schools can Foster Ongoing Relationships with Clinical Mentors

Justin Petrocy, Robert Avery , Timothy Poole, Jamie Thomas
Faculty Sponsor: Michael Policella

Clinical experience is a cornerstone part of the education process for healthcare professionals including those of physical therapy. Research indicates that these hands-on educational experiences make students more confident and proficient clinicians. Current research on the efficacy of clinical education and placement is limited; however there are many topics that present with promise when it comes to improving clinical site placements. Topics such as strategies to foster relationships between physical therapy schools and clinical mentors, the benefits, disadvantages and barriers to having a student in the clinic are all research areas worth pursuing. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the impact mentoring a student places on a clinical instructor and how the experience as a whole may be improved. The current research in the area of Clinical Education in the U.S. is limited in quality and quantity; therefore, further research is needed.

Clinical Effects of a 12 Week Country Line Dancing Class in Community Dwelling Older Adults

Irene Barry, Theodore Boyle, Emily Bush, Django Denne, Halle FitzGerald
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Bogulski

Falls are an increasing cause of injury and disability for individuals over 65 years old in the United States.1 Current evidence demonstrates that some exercise programs reduce fall risk in community dwelling elderly people.1 Country line dancing (CLD) is a form of exercise that seeks to decrease fall risk and increase overall health in older populations. There is a limited amount of research investigating the positive effects of CLD. Risk factors associated with falls include impaired balance, mobility, lower extremity strength, and gait speed.1-5 These risk factors can be assessed and monitored over time with clinical outcome measures such as the Four Square Step Test and the BTrackS Balance Plate, which is a reliable device used to assess static balance.2 This project seeks to review the literature regarding the impact of a country line dancing program on improving balance and reducing fall risk.

Clinical Effects of a 12 Week Country Line Dancing Class in Community Dwelling Older Adults

Irene Barry, Theodore Boyle, Emily Bush, Django Denne, Halle FitzGerald
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Bogulski

Falls are an increasing cause of injury and disability for individuals over 65 years old in the United States. Current evidence demonstrates that some exercise programs reduce fall risk in community dwelling elderly people. Country line dancing (CLD) is a form of exercise that seeks to decrease fall risk and increase overall health in older populations. There is a limited amount of research investigating the positive effects of CLD. Risk factors associated with falls include impaired balance, mobility, lower extremity strength, and gait speed. These risk factors can be assessed and monitored over time with clinical outcome measures such as the Four Square Step Test and the BTrackS Balance Plate, which is a reliable device used to assess static balance. This project seeks to review the literature regarding the impact of a country line dancing program on improving balance and reducing fall risk.

Clinical Effects of an 8-Week Country Line Dancing Class in Community Dwelling Older Adults

Alexandrea Artise, Elizabeth Egloff, Loran Fleischman , Mark Lukomskiy, Christian Kyles , Allison Malloney, Kelly Nolan, David Perez
Faculty Sponsor: Laura Favaro, Jennifer Bogulski

Primary Investigators: Jennifer Bogulski PT, DPT and Laura Favaro PT, DPT Graduate Researchers: Alexandrea Artise SPT, Elizabeth Egloff SPT, Loran Fleischman SPT, Christian Kyles SPT, Mark Lukomskiy SPT, Allison Maloney SPT, Kelly Nolan SPT, David Perez SPT Clinical Effects of an 8-Week Country Line Dancing Class in Community Dwelling Older Adults Falls among individuals 65 years and older are one of the leading causes of disability in the United States.An increasing number of community-dwelling elders are attempting to stay physically active, maintain a healthier lifestyle, and decrease their risk of falls. Nine community-dwelling elderly individuals participated in an 8-week country line dance program. The participants’ risk of falls and cardiopulmonary performance were evaluated using a variety of tests, including the BTracks Balance System and MicroRPM. A statistically significant difference in systolic blood pressure (mean difference= 10.5mmHg; 95% CI 19.25, 1.75; p= 0.025) was found from baseline to 8 weeks. In this small sampled pilot study, the results suggest that participation in a CLD program can decrease systolic blood pressure, but further investigation in regards to frequency of the CLD program per week and a larger sample size is warranted to continue to examine the effects on balance, lower extremity strength, walking speed, and cardiopulmonary fitness in the elderly.

Clinical Effects of an 8-Week Country Line Dancing Class in Community Dwelling Older Adults

Allison Maloney, Christian Kyles, Kelly Nolan, Loran Fleischman , Alexandrea Artise, David Perez, Elizabeth Egloff, Mark Lukomskiy
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Bogulski, Laura Favaro

 Falls among individuals 65 years and older are one of the leading causes of disability in the United States.An increasing number of community-dwelling elders are attempting to stay physically active, maintain a healthier lifestyle, and decrease their risk of falls. Nine community-dwelling elderly individuals participated in an 8-week country line dance program. The participants’ risk of falls and cardiopulmonary performance were evaluated using a variety of tests, including the BTracks Balance System and MicroRPM. A statistically significant difference in systolic blood pressure (mean difference= 10.5mmHg; 95% CI 19.25, 1.75; p= 0.025) was found from baseline to 8 weeks. In this small sampled pilot study, the results suggest that participation in a CLD program can decrease systolic blood pressure, but further investigation in regards to frequency of the CLD program per week and a larger sample size is warranted to continue to examine the effects on balance, lower extremity strength, walking speed, and cardiopulmonary fitness in the elderly.

Combined Use of Sex Offender Prevention and Individual Therapy to Meet Individual Treatment Goals

Stephanie Paolini
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Bessel

In 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice completed a 9-year longitudinal study that looked at recidivism rates of released sexual offenders. They found that these offenders were more than three times more likely to be arrested for rape or sexual assault than individuals who served time for crimes other than sexual offense. Evidence suggests that clients who complete Sex Offender Prevention Treatment programs that adhere to the Risk-Need-Responsivity (SOPT-RNR) model have lower rates of recidivism than past offenders who did not receive this treatment. Using single subject evaluation, this poster examines whether combined SOPT-RNR and individual therapy yield positive results for a 19-year old client on probation for a sexual offense charge. The study will examine whether the combined therapeutic intervention effectively supports the client in completing his individualized treatment plan. Key findings and specific recommendations about continued use of the combined intervention will be presented.

Comparing Physical Activity Levels of Health Profession Students

Kristen Schlabach
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Scheid

The American College of Sports Medicine recommends 150 minutes/week of moderate exercise. The purpose of this study is to compare physical activity levels of nursing, physician assistant students to physical therapy and athletic training students and then to further compare physical therapy students to athletic training students. Actigraphs and a journal log were used to objectively measure physical activity. Inclusion criteria was students 18 years or older, currently enrolled in the nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, or athletic training programs at Daemen college, and voluntarily agrees to participate in the study. We had a total of 18 students participate. The average age was 21.5 ± 2.0 years, average body mass index was 26.8 ± 6.9 kg/m² and average waist to hip ratio was 0.80 ± 0.06. Average physical activity levels of students was 271± 148 minutes/week. We were unable to identify differences in physical activity levels between programs.

Compensation for College Athletes

Joseph Wallace
Faculty Sponsor: Shawn J Kelley

Last year, during the NCAA March Madness Basketball tournament, it was reported that the “NCAA pulled in $933 million in revenue from media rights fees, ticket sales, corporate sponsorships, and a proliferation of television ads”(Parker, Tim). Because collegiate athletes are labeled as amateur, the student athletes participating in the games did not see one dime of that money. I will examine the history of amateur athletics, the current state of Division 1 athletics, and the future of amateur athletics. I strongly believe that there needs to be a change in the way the NCAA supports their student athletes in the present and for their futures. Being a division one athlete is a full time job and the athletes should be paid accordingly. It is unfair and unjust for the NCAA to continue to make millions of dollars because of the athlete’s abilities and not give the athletes any compensation.

Considering the Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in College Academic Success

Mary Dormer
Faculty Sponsor: Steven Harvey, Christina Coyle-Lenz

This paper was developed to investigate the disciplines of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation within the context of college student academia. The principal argument of this writing suggests that the phenomenon of intrinsic motivation leads to the highest instances of mastery learning orientations therefore impacting higher outcomes of college student success. Several theories were explored that were relevant to learning and human motivation. Research methodology for this paper presented a comprehensive survey from the National Survey of Student Engagement and this assessment tool measured quantitative outcomes in college student engagement. Key findings revealed strong connections to theories within the literature review and evidence of the superiority of intrinsic motivation in learning. Concluding remarks synthesized the overall findings linking learning mastery outcomes to self-efficacy and internal drive. Recommendations collectively expressed further research of this topic, application of the findings for institutional effectiveness, and encouragement of supportive academic environments.

Custody in Family Court

Chelsea Schiedel
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Phillips, Brittany Jones

I will be discussing the different types of custody issues and situations in the family court world. I will explain the different types of custody that I learn about while at my service learning. I plan to discuss how to obtain custody, what would make you lose custody and what kind of things the Family Court system can do to assist families with these issues. I will include information on how many families go through this system and how it can help.

Custody in New York

Kaitlyn Bulega
Faculty Sponsor: Brittany Jones, Margaret Phillips

A child has to have lived in New York for the past six months for New York courts to have jurisdiction on these specific kinds of cases. Neither parent has preferred right to custody of the child in New York State. When there is no order of custody present then either parent can keep the child with him/her. "The best interest of the child" is determined if this case is brought to court, and either parent can apply for custody in Family Court. This is a large issue brought to Family Court in Buffalo and this presentation will focus on how New York State laws resolve the conflict.

Daemen’s LEED Buildings: Reaching their Target or Falling Short?

Katherine Steszewski, Natalie Widmer, Kimberly Wiggins, Rachel Witkowski, Henry Moffitt, Kimberly Acosta, Jacob Latshaw
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

Daemen College has two buildings awarded LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) gold status under earlier versions of this certification process. The newest version of LEED requires building owners to provide ongoing data such as building energy and water use in order to maintain their credentials. This record-keeping ensures that buildings are maintained at the same level of efficiency as intended. We will apply the new standards to our Research and Information Commons and Visual and Performing Arts Center to determine whether we would meet today’s target for our certification.


Desensitization of a Daily Toothbrushing Routine with a Child with Autism

Andrea Dietz
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Napolitano

Compliance with oral hygiene may be difficult for parents of children with autism due to problem behavior (Brickhouse, Farrington, Best, and Ellsworth, 2009). The participant in this study was a preschool student with autism who displayed an aversion to a daily toothbrushing routine. To develop treatment, the participant’s acceptance of a toothbrush and toothpaste was assessed. After it was determined that the participant refused toothbrushing (i.e., gagging), an intervention to increase acceptance with completing a toothbrushing routine was developed. This included the use of desensitization to the toothpaste. A Changing Criterion Design was used to assist with desensitization of toothpaste. Successful steps included increasing tolerance of the toothpaste. Data were collected on successful completion of each step and refusal behaviors. The goal of this intervention is to first identify most tolerated toothpaste flavor and consistency utilizing a preference assessment. Information from the preference assessment, was used to improve tolerance of toothbrushing and toothpaste by breaking the routine down into small steps, and gradually introducing greater amounts of toothpaste. Strategies will be generalizable across different brands and flavors of toothpaste.

Effects of Audio-Biofeedback and Rhythmic Auditory Cueing on Gait in Persons with Parkinson’s Disease

Nicholas Frappa, Brian Castonguay, Erin Egan, Allyson Weber
Faculty Sponsor: Lisa Inglis, Michael Ross

 Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the basal ganglia.1,2 Common presentations of PD include bradykinesia, rigidity, resting tremor, postural instability, and a festinating gait.1,2 While many of the motor symptoms can be managed with levodopa, gait and postural symptoms demonstrate unfavorable responses to levodopa1; therefore, a variety of interventions exist to enhance gait in patients with PD. Current evidence1-3 supports that the use of auditory cueing can improve gait in patients with PD. Additionally, biofeedback has been implemented as an intervention for improving gait in patients with PD.4 However, there is little evidence on the combination of auditory rhythmic cueing in combination with a biofeedback device. The purpose of this review is to compare the effects of audio-biofeedback and rhythmic auditory cueing on the gait parameters of patients with PD. 

Effects of Road Salt Runoff on Benthic Stream Algal Community Composition

Jessica Burka
Faculty Sponsor: Sarah Whorley

Road salt contamination in freshwater systems is a growing concern in the Western New York area. This research will highlight findings on the effects of road salt runoff on benthic stream algal community composition. Five streams were sampled, and algae was collected. A minimum of 150 algal cells were identified for each sample using a compound light microscope and the Freshwater Algae of North America taxonomic key. Results demonstrate that salinity was high in October and remained high throughout the winter months. Algal biodiversity seemed to be unaffected by high salinity and specific conductivity. Rather temperature played a major role. Further research should be conducted on the effects of stream salinity and algal biodiversity during non-winter months.

Effects of Road Salt Runoff on Gene Expression in Freshwater Algae

Cassandra Mayle
Faculty Sponsor: Sarah Whorley

Algae are important primary producers in aquatic ecosystems and support multiple levels of the aquatic food web. These organisms provide the inhabitants of aquatic ecosystems with key nutrients, namely essential fatty acids, which are externally-acquired compounds crucial to the health of primary and secondary consumers. In northern regions of the United States, including New York state, excessive road salt application during winter months has the potential to pollute urban freshwater streams and increase their salinity drastically. There is very little research examining the effects of salinization on freshwater algae, specifically how fatty acid production and related gene expression are affected. This study investigates how increased salinity affects expression of the delta-6 desaturase gene in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and provides insight regarding the resulting impact on freshwater food webs.

Effects of Volatiles on Pollinator Behavior

Sarah Duewiger
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

In recent years, populations of many important pollinators have shown steady declines. Pollinators such as, honey bees, bumble bees, and other bees are exposed to many stressors such as parasites, changing temperatures, and increased chemical usage. Pollinators are important for agricultural practices, and the function of ecosystems. Many pollinators locate flowers via sight and olfactory senses. The purpose of this study is to determine if a very odiferous herbicide decreases pollinator visitation rate to flowering wildflowers. 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid was used as a potent herbicide, the less odiferous, Triplex® low odor was used to compare the effects of odor on visitation. Bee visits were monitored for six days before and ten days after herbicide spraying to determine whether there was an herbicide effect.

Equitable Estoppel and the Establishment of Paternity

Chiara Cirulli
Faculty Sponsor: Brittany Jones, Margaret Phillips

In Family Court matters, the establishment of paternity becomes a primary focus. Paternity allows for custody, visitation, and child support proceedings to commence. But, what happens when a parental figure is not genetically related to the child? In New York State, there is a process called Equitable Estoppel. Equitable Estoppel, in reference to its case law, “ is to preclude a person from asserting a right after having led another to form the reasonable belief that the right would not be asserted, and loss or prejudice to the other would result if the right were asserted.”( Shondel J. v. Mark D., 2006). Equitable Estoppel’s primary focus is to ensure fairness between parties, and to ensure that the parties are well supported. This plays into paternity, primarily, on the basis of financial support and care to the child. Even if the parental figure is not related by DNA, if there is evidentiary support that the child has benefited from the parental figure financially, or a strong bond has formed, then as proven in New York State case law, the figure has responsibility to the child ( Shondel J. v. Mark D., 2006), (B.C.M. v. N.S,2018).

Evaluating Success of a Teen Relationship Violence Summit to Promote Understanding and Action

Kelley Perkins
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Bessel

The Erie County Commission on the Status of Women (ECCSW) works to eliminate all forms of gender discrimination. ECCSW recently held its Annual Teen Relationship Violence Summit with a focus on establishing healthy boundaries in relationships. The event included guest speakers from the Family Justice Center, Child and Family Services, and UB Law School, as well as a survivor who shared her personal story. Teens in attendance were invited to create an action plan for their school to increase awareness of this important topic. A formative evaluation was undertaken to determine the summit’s effectiveness in promoting understanding and inspiring action among attendees. Students were invited to complete a post-event survey to share their thoughts on the impact the Summit made on them. Faculty/staff members were invited to share how the information provided was put to use at their school. Evaluation results and recommendations for future Summit activities are shared.

Everyday challenges for Refugees

Yaa Tuffour
Faculty Sponsor: Charles Wesley

Everyday Challenges for Refugees A refugee is a person who leaves his/her country for fear of persecution due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. Recently refugees have become more visible due to coverage in the media. Millions of people worldwide are considered refugees, living in virtually every country in the world. Unfortunately, the difficulties faced by refugees are often not understood by the general population. Refugees in the United States can have a hard time due to language barriers and cultural differences. These challenges make it harder for them to be able to get a job, pay the bills, get around, attend school and succeed academically. This paper will discuss some of the challenges refugees face and how local organizations help them overcome them.

Factors That Statistically Influence Your Car Insurance Rate

Jordan Vazquez
Faculty Sponsor: Claudiu Mihai

This project presents how car insurance rates are determined based on specific factors, some of which include location, marital status and driving record. The highest paying insurance rates will be displayed from statistical analyses. This is an important concept to familiarize oneself with, as it could help save you money.

Food Waste at Daemen Costs a Pretty Penne!

Katherine Steszewski, Natalie Widmer, Kimberly Wiggins, Rebecca Chilelli
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young, Kevin Kegler

Colleges in the United States create about 20 million pounds of food waste per year. At Daemen, the amount of food prepared is often greater than the amount of food needed. One specific area where this problem is prevalent is Daemen’s catered events, such as LEADS, TGIF, Campus Climate, and guest speakers. If you have ever gone to a catered event, you may have noticed leftover food in the back. Using interviews and data from stakeholders, we are creating sustainable solutions to this problem. How do we decrease food waste in the most effective and practical way possible? This problem can only be fixed if Daemen College as a whole comes together.


Generalization of a Theory of Suicidal Behavior for Pet Owners

Leah May, Brian Morreale, Dennis Poepsel
Faculty Sponsor: Dennis Poepsel

Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior (IPTS; Joiner, 2005) states there are three conditions to dying to suicide: feelings of isolation, the thought that their lives will not be missed, and the ability to commit self-harm. The current study investigated the generalization of the IPTS by focusing on the population of pet owners. Pet owners’ ability to self-harm may be uniquely affected by exposure to health concerns of their pets. We hypothesize the frequency, intensity, and the amount of time since their pet’s health concerns will predict the owners’ acquired capability. Four-hundred eighty-eight participants completed measures on Mechanical Turk, including the nature of their pet ownership, and the frequency, intensity, and recency of their pet’s health concerns. They were also asked how often they engage in painful life activities, perceptions of being a burden and being isolated, and assess physical capability to self-harm. Relationships among these measures will be presented.


Health Care Provider Knowledge of Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management

Andrew Ward, Kailey Ballou, Josh Jacob, Amanda Middione
Faculty Sponsor: Michael Ross

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally, representing approximately one-third of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke. The most important behavioral risk factors for CVD include smoking, a lack of physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and harmful use of alcohol. Smoking cessation, regular physical activity, reduction of salt in the diet, adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, and avoiding harmful amounts of alcohol have been shown to reduce the risk of CVD and play an important role in the management of the disorder. Thus, a thorough understanding of CVD risk factors, for both the patient and clinician, is important for optimal prevention and management strategies. This presentation will assess health care provider knowledge regarding CVD risk factor screening and management strategies for patients with CVD.


How One Hospital Improved Their Patient Experience Scores Six Times Greater than that of the National Average

Eric Holet
Faculty Sponsor: Christina Coyle-Lenz

This presentation examines the strategies that one urban hospital in the Northeast implemented over a two-year period to dramatically improve their patient experience scores. A survey was developed and interviews conducted with four key leaders intimately involved in leading the change from within hospital. The data was gathered and analyzed alongside the best practices identified in a literature review. The findings revealed that the methods utilized to make the improvements aligned very closely with literature, further strengthening the research. The findings indicate four main areas of focus the hospital undertook that led to these improvements. Namely, Engagement of the Leadership, Education, Empowerment, and Empathy. These areas can be identified as the “Four Es of Improving Patient Experience”.

How to Avoid and Prevent the Diseases Associated with Parasites from Harming your Animal

Olivia Knudsen
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

Fleas, mosquitos, and ticks are common parasites that feed on blood from host animals such as dogs, cats, and other wildlife. Mosquitos can carry parasites and infect animals with heartworm disease when they bite them. Fleas can carry bacterial diseases, and ticks can carry both bacterial and viral illnesses that can affect both pets and their owners. Pet owners should be educated on the risks associated with these pests and options to prevent health complications. My poster will discuss the health risks and the types of preventatives and treatments available.


Improving Worker Morale in Unionized Work Environments

Anitra Hood
Faculty Sponsor: Steven Harvey, Christina Coyle-Lenz

The purpose of my research is to study how to improve employee morale in the unionized work industry. Employee engagement, empowerment, and morale are all connected. Corporations that set high precedence on employee engagement can effectively lead change and have high employee satisfaction rates. Unionized employees are believed to be unsatisfied with their work environments, they are considered greedy and continually looking for ways of getting more benefits for less work than non-unionized employees. The information gathered identifies how to create sustainable change by nurturing intrinsic motivation. Findings were verified with recently published supporting research articles, an analysis between Japanese and American management systems, and through an anonymous survey created through SurveyMonkey. Engaged employees are excited and want to be a part of the improvement of their corporation. These employees help brainstorm innovative methods to help improve corporate agendas, even during times when not at work.

Increasing Tolerance of Shoe Wearing for a Student with Autism

Andrea Stutz
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Napolitano

The purpose of this project was to examine the effectiveness of reinforcement to increase tolerance of wearing shoes during school for a youth diagnosed with autism. Wearing shoes in public places is critical for safety. Refusal to wear pieces of clothing is not unusual for persons with autism. First, a common assessment strategy called a functional analysis (FA) was conducted. The FA is used to identify the reasons why the participant is not wearing their shoes. Once the reasons are identified, an intervention to increase the participant’s tolerance to wear shoes will be implemented. The goal of identifying the reasons why will be to increase his tolerance of wearing shoes by using reinforcers identified in the functional analysis. It is hypothesized, based on previously published literature, that the functional analysis will identify the function of the behavior to determine an effective reinforcer to increase tolerance for wearing shoes.

Integrated Clinical Experience

Hannah Miller, Hannah Lattimer, Daniel Gilbert, Emily Rounds
Faculty Sponsor: Theresa Kolodziej

Integrated Clinical Experience (ICE) is a method of clinical exposure implemented in varying healthcare programs. ICE began in 1970 as an integral part of many medical schools; however, the application of ICE in Physical Therapy programs began more recently. Supporters of the ICE model claim the advantages include early psychomotor practice opportunities for students and pro bono services for community dwelling individuals. Research suggests that the implementation of ICE is inconsistent amongst accredited physical therapy programs. This literature review examines the basic constructs of ICE and its proposed strengths and weaknesses. The purpose of this review was to determine the prevalence and quality of research conducted on the ICE model, as well as to help determine what future research is necessary.

Investigating the Validity of the Pediatric Balance Scale Second Edition

Sarah Hill, Joseph Mescall , Patrick Murphy , Morgan O'Connor
Faculty Sponsor: Mary Rose Franjoine

The Pediatric Balance Scale (PBS) is a 14-item, criterion-referenced measure used world-wide to examine functional balance in children, ages 2 to 13 years. The PBS requires less than 20- minutes for administration and scoring, uses common everyday equipment and has excellent psychometric properties. Limitations of the tool include its ceiling effect, which limits its ability to differentiate levels of balance abilities in children 6 years and older. To address these limitations, modifications were introduced to the PBS, creating a second edition (PBS-2). The original 14 items were preserved, although modifications were introduced to their administration and scoring. Additionally, 6 new items were added. The PBS-2 has been administered to over 700 children. The purpose of this study is to examine the existing data for the presence of a ceiling effect and to establish age-based performance expectations. This poster will explore the literature related to the PBS and its need for modification.

Knowledge Assessment of Human Trafficking Awareness and Intervention Among Registered Nurses at a Veteran’s Health Administration Hospital (VHA)

Nicole White
Faculty Sponsor: Deborah Merriam

Title: Knowledge Assessment of Human Trafficking Awareness and Intervention Among Registered Nurses at a Veteran’s Health Administration (VHA) Hospital The purpose of the quality improvement project was to assess the educational needs of registered nurses at VHA Hospital related to human trafficking identification and intervention. A quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental survey design was used to identify gaps in knowledge. Thirty-eight (38) VHA registered nurses employed in both inpatient and outpatient care areas participated in the survey. The data was analyzed using measures of frequency. The needs assessment identified 85 % of nurses reported little confidence in identifying, treating or providing care for victims, an absence of training, lack of awareness, and unfamiliarity with resources as gaps in knowledge. Overall, nurses lacked confidence in the ability to identify victims, and were unfamiliar with how to help if human trafficking was suspected. Using this information, tailored education can be developed and provided to increase awareness and improve outcomes for identified victims.


Leadership Education in DPT Curriculum

Andrew Blaszak, Joseph Conroy, Rachel Corbelli , Sarah Turck
Faculty Sponsor: Christina Kelly

The physical therapy (PT) profession is continuously becoming more autonomous resulting in the need for leadership; however, minimal standards exist for leadership training in PT education. Transformational leadership is a style of leadership characterized by individuals inspiring and empowering others beyond their own self-interests. It is a leadership style predicated on individuals casting vision and motivating others to work toward a common goal. This style of leadership is essential for continued reform and growth in the PT profession. A significant body of literature exists regarding leadership and leadership training in medical and allied health practice and education. While some literature addresses leadership in the clinical and organizational settings of the PT profession, minimal evidence exists regarding leadership education in graduate PT programs. This presentation will analyze the literature related to leadership in the PT profession and graduate education and will provide recommendations for future research based on the analysis.

Oh No! Is the Komodo On the Go?

Shannon Weatherley
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

Komodo dragons, Varanus komodoensis, are the largest living lizard species and are native to several Indonesian islands. A Komodo dragon can eat around 80 percent of its body weight with one feeding. I will be studying the captive Komodo dragon at the Buffalo Zoo conducting an ethogram using behavioral observations. My observations will allow me to compile an activity budget for common behaviors observed in the captive Komodo dragon and will compare these to behaviors noted for the species in the wild.


Physical Activity in Health Professional Students

Kyra Kress, Nicholas Garlock, Samantha Carro, Nicholas Puleo
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Scheid

Obesity in college-aged students is a widespread problem that affects multiple systems throughout the body. Obesity and sedentary behavior are correlated with adverse health outcomes, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased mortality rates. Healthcare professionals are often seen as advocates of healthy lifestyles; however, current literature suggests a trend in obesity among health care providers, such as physical therapists, physician assistants, athletic trainers, and nurses. Standard guidelines have been created outlining the suggested minimum daily physical activity levels for individuals. It is hypothesized that full-time Daemen College healthcare students who are overweight and/or obese are not meeting these physical activity requirements. Results will be discussed in relation to the literature findings, specifically risk factors contributing to obesity, types of physical activity, school/lifestyle demands, and previous participation in organized sports programs.

Physical Activity in Undergraduate and Graduate Health Professional Students: What are the Barriers to Physical Activity?

Taylor Miller
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Scheid

Physical activity can be defined as “bodily movement that is produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle and that substantially increases energy expenditure.” The first purpose of this study was to compare the amount of physical activity between graduate and undergraduate health professional students. The second was to compare levels of physical activity to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) physical activity recommendations. Lastly, we looked at predictors of physical activity or inactivity. A cross-sectional study was performed on 18 Daemen College health professional students. ActiGraph accelerometers were used to collect physical activity data, and a demographic survey was used to determine any potential physical activity barriers. This study provided evidence that both undergraduate and graduate health professional students are engaging in physical activity, despite their year of study. Also, graduate health professional students are meeting the ACSM physical activity recommendations and are unaffected by the predicting barriers.

Predictor Variables for First-Time Success on the National Physical Therapy Examination

Samantha Barker, Kelsey Zabel, Daniel Clark, Derek Kelkenberg
Faculty Sponsor: Greg Ford

Physical therapy programs prepare students for entry-level clinical practice and success on the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE). The NPTE assesses entry-level clinical competence of individuals seeking to gain professional licensure via a minimum score of 600/800. Previous research has identified predictor variables for first-time success on the examination including, but not limited to, grade point average (GPA), Graduate Record Examination (GRE), and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Physical therapy programs have prioritized identifying these predictors of first-time success on the NPTE in order to best align required admission and persistent academic standards. Current research has identified that the strongest predictors of first-time success on the NPTE are a portion of the GRE and first year graduate PT program GPA. Future research should validate or refute previous findings and investigate additional predictor variables for first time success on the NPTE.


Reaching Refugees - Stitch Buffalo

Claire Denies
Faculty Sponsor: Charles Wesley

My poster will focus on the nonprofit organization “Stitch Buffalo” and how it impacts the lives of refugee women in Buffalo, NY. Refugees face many uncertainties, one of which is economic. Stitch Buffalo supports women by creating opportunities for financial independence through the creation of handcrafted textiles. The creation of these beautiful textiles not only supports the women in connecting with their cultural heritage but also provides opportunities for cross-cultural exchange through interactions among refugee and non-refugee community members. The financial and cultural support, as well as having a place of belonging, supports the women and their families and also positively impacts the broader Buffalo community. This poster will display Stitch Buffalo’s role in the Buffalo community and its impact on the lives of refugee women, as well as highlight the stories of a few specific refugee women involved in this wonderful organization.


Role of Solution-Focused Intervention in Addressing Depression, Homelessness, and Family Relationships: A Case Study

Allison Laing
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Bessel

John (identity changed for confidentiality purposes) is a 43-year-old male who currently resides in a rehabilitation facility after repeated leg fractures and poor overall physical health. John has experienced multiple bouts of homelessness with his ex-wife and five children (ages 9-20) and is currently estranged from them. John experiences pronounced depression related to this in addition to being unable to secure housing in the community. Solution-focused therapy is a future goal-directed, evidence-based social work intervention designed to assist clients in identifying and implementing solutions to pressing personal problems. This single subject design examines the effectiveness of solution-focused therapeutic intervention in reducing depression. Goal attainment scales will also be used to determine the success of these efforts in helping John secure housing and improve his relationships with his children.

Sequence of Butterfly Wing Apoptosis

Sebastian Zmijewski
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Ramos

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is the process used by organisms to form the final shape of organ structures known as organ sculpting. In butterflies, the wings must be sculpted from a larger tissue mass during metamorphosis- the generation of the adult structures. To investigate the timing of sculpting events, we used a TUNEL assay, which stains apoptotic cells with a fluorescent dye. Our analysis will focus on apoptosis during pupal development the results represent one of the first attempts to characterize the timing of vital apoptotic sculpting in butterfly pupal wings.

Shifting Perspectives: How the American News Media’s Coverage of the Tet Offensive Affected the Public and Political Leader’s View of the Vietnam War

Alec Karcher
Faculty Sponsor: Penny Messinger

The Vietnam War's Tet Offensive began on January 31, 1968, when communist forces attacked countless strategic locations to American and allied forces, serving as a shock to service members and leaving Americans at home aghast that the war was not under control. Television ownership was at an all-time high, and the American news media began to cover the horrors of war more in-depth, featuring more death, violence, and combat than at any point before in America’s first living-room war. The media’s coverage of Tet created social and political narratives that critically dampened support for hawkish politicians and the Vietnam War itself. The significance of this topic cannot be of greater value: The televising of the Tet Offensive prevented U.S. foreign policy from prevailing, tanked President Lyndon Johnson’s favorability rate and led to his bleak primary outlooks, and led Americans to believe their forces would never leave Indochina as victors.

Social Behaviors of Captive Western Lowland Gorillas

Jessica Burka
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

The Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is a critically endangered species. My research is focused on understanding the social behaviors among six Western Lowland Gorillas housed at the Buffalo Zoo in New York. I will construct an ethogram of aggressive and affiliative behavior directed towards group members and analyze possible behavioral differences to determine if the commonality of the type of behavior depends on the gorillas’ age or gender. My poster will summarize the frequencies of aggressive and affiliative behaviors among group members, noting pairwise interactions among the silverback male, adult females (2) and offspring (3).

The Effect of Cupping Therapy on Hamstring Flexibility

Calvin Dejong
Faculty Sponsor: Lynn Matthews

The Effect of Cupping Therapy on Hamstring Flexibility Dejong C, BS, ATS; Matthews L, ATC, PT, DPT, COMT: Daemen College, Amherst NY Recent research indicates that cupping therapy may increase flexibility in muscles, and thus reduce the risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cupping therapy and hamstring flexibility. In this randomized control trial, the change scores in knee extension angle (KEA), which was used to measure hamstring flexibility, were compared between a control group (no treatment) and a treatment group (cupping). Participants consisted of Daemen College students and faculty (3 males and 13 females; age = 24.94 (9.72) y, height = 168.69 (9.41) cm, mass = 68.63 (11.99) kg; The findings of this study demonstrated statistically significant changes in KEA following a single cupping treatment, t(14) = 2.57, p = .02. Participants in the cupping group (M = 6.17, SD = 7.41) on the average had a greater increase in KEA than those in the control group (M = -1.83, SD = 4.69).

The Effectiveness of Different Types of Cueing on Patient Performance with Home Exercises in a Parkinson’s Disease Population

Abby Gendron, Leighanna Hewes, Ashleigh Steffanhagen, Aleksandr Trokhimuk
Faculty Sponsor: Lisa Inglis

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder characterized by diminished dopamine in the substantia nigra1, resulting in symptoms such as bradykinesia, resting tremors, rigidity, and postural instability. Current research supports the use of amplitude training, sequences of movement that encourage the normalization of larger and faster movements, to improve function. During amplitude training, external cues are provided through visual and auditory means, in order to override the patients’ impaired internal cueing mechanisms. The presence of these cues leads to an increase in the magnitude of patients’ movements. One way to carry over the positive effects of these training sessions is to incorporate a home exercise program (HEP) into the patient’s plan of care; however research is lacking regarding effectiveness of HEP’s in the PD population. The purpose of this presentation is to analyze the effectiveness of different types of cueing on patient performance with home exercises within this population.


The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Meditation on Pain Outcome Measures: A Critically Appraised Topic

Audrey Yokopovich
Faculty Sponsor: Rebecca Begalle

The benefits accompanying sport participation are vast, but there is an inherent risk of musculoskeletal injury. Mental burdens, such as depression, frustration, self-doubt and the fear of reinjury, can arise post-injury and impede rehabilitation. Pain is a major influence on these comorbidities and, in turn, can prolong an athlete’s return to play. Mindfulness meditation is the process of paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the moment, and nonjudgmentally. The inclusion of mindfulness meditation during injury rehabilitation may promote more positive healing, both physically and mentally. This Critically Appraised Topic (CAT) investigates the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on pain measures. Three articles met the inclusion criteria for this CAT. Clinicians seeking to decrease pain during patient rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries should consider incorporating minfulness-based meditation in their plan of care. However, future research should investigate the benefits of mindfulness meditation in athletes recovering from sport related injury, specifically.

The effects of group dance exercise on physical function in community-dwelling elderly adults

Morgan Park, Amber Custodi, Oluebube Nduka, Peyton Notebaert
Faculty Sponsor: Laura Favaro

As one ages, several changes to body systems occur and when paired with a more sedentary lifestyle, may lead to increased morbidity and risk for falls. There are several recent interventional studies exploring the efficacy of group dance exercise (GDEx) in community-dwelling elderly adults (CDEA), including tai boxing,^1 low intensity ballet,^2 and ballroom dance.^3 Commonly used outcome measures in these studies were the 6-minute walk test, peak oxygen uptake, grip strength, gait speed, repeated sit to stands, and Timed Up and Go test. These tests may have limitations such as testing ceiling effects, economic barriers and physical space limitations. Maximal respiratory muscle testing has predictive morbidity abilities and norm values for age and sex,^4 but it is rarely used in GDEx studies with CDEA. The purpose of this poster is to present outcome measures found in a sampling of the literature looking at GDEx in CDEA and to make recommendations. 1. Areeudomwong P, Saysalum S, Phuttanurattana N, Scripoom P, Buttagat V, and Keawduangdee P. Balance and functional fitness benefits of a thai boxing dance program among community-dwelling older adults at risk of falling: a randomized controlled study. Arch of Gerontol Geriatr. 2019; 83:231-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.04.010. 2. Rodrigues-Krause J et al. Effects of dancing compared to walking on cardiovascular risk and functional capacity of older women: a randomized controlled trial. Exper Gerontol. 2018; 114: 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.10.015. 3. Holmerova I, Machacova K, Vankova H, Veleta P, Juraskova B, Hrnciarikova D, Volicer L, and Andel R. Effect of the exercise Dance for Seniors (EXDASE) program on lower-body functioning among institutionalized older adults. J Aging Health. 2010; 22(1): 106-119. doi: 10.1177/0898264309351738. 4. Pegorari MS, Ruas G, Patrizzi LJ. Relationship between frailty and respiratory function in the community-dwelling elderly. Braz J Phys Ther. 2013; 17(1): 9-16. doi.http://dx/doi.org/10.1590/S1413-35552012005000065.

The Effects of Static and Dynamic Stretching Warm-Ups on Performance and Biomechanics during the Vertical Jump

Griffin Spatorico
Faculty Sponsor: Rebecca Begalle

Static and dynamic stretching warm-ups increase tissue extensibility, however the impact on sports performance and biomechanics is debated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of static vs. dynamic stretching warm-ups on performance (maximum vertical jump height) and biomechanics (peak knee flexion, peak ankle dorsiflexion) during the vertical jump test. Healthy participants were randomized to the static (n=2; age=21.5±0.50yrs; height=167.09±3.09cm; mass=63.05±4.08kg) or dynamic group (n=3; age=21.5±0.50; height=170.49±6.60cm; mass=73.93±6.13kg). Three vertical jump trials were performed pre- and post-intervention. Independent samples t-tests compared change scores (Post-Pre) between groups for each variable. No group differences in the amount of change were present; maximum vertical jump height (t(3) = -1.79, p = 0.19), peak knee flexion (t(3) = -.21, p= 0.85), ankle dorsiflexion (t(1.16) = 0.91, p= 0.51). In this pilot study, the magnitude of change in measured variables was similar between the static and dynamic stretching warm-up groups.

The Effects of Yoga versus HIIT on Measures of Psychological Mindset

Abigail Gullo
Faculty Sponsor: Rebecca Begalle

College students often have decreased physical activity due to barriers such as stress, which can impact mental health. Exercise is recommended for stress relief; however, the psychological benefits of exercise types are unknown. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of Yoga versus high intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological mindset. Fourteen college students participated in this pre-test, post-test, crossover design (age=22.43 yrs±1.16, height=169.29±8.44cm, mass=69.30±10.07kg). All participants completed both interventions in a counterbalanced order separated by one week. Psychological mindset questionnaires administered Pre- and Post-Intervention assessed happiness, anxiety, well-being, and state mindfulness. Friedman tests identified differences in change scores (Post-Pre) and a Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test compared Post-Yoga and Post-HIIT State Mindfulness values. Changes in happiness, anxiety, and well-being were not different between interventions. State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity was significantly greater Post-Yoga compared to Post-HIIT (p=0.02), indicating greater mindfulness following this mind-body intervention. 

The Relationship between Past Concussion History and Current Depression Levels of Junior College Football Players

Justin Losowski
Faculty Sponsor: Lynn Matthews, Anthony Surace

Concussions may increase the risk for prolonged health conditions, such as depression. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between past concussion history and the current depression status of junior college football players. Methods: This study was a Retrospective cohort study. Participants were 34 junior college football players with a history of no concussions and concussions. The participants completed a SurveyMonkey link on concussion history and depression status. A Spearman Rho Correlation test was used to determine the relationship between past concussion history and current depression levels. Results: The Spearman Rho Correlation provided a positive correlation coefficient of r = 0.380 with a significance of p = 0.027. Conclusions: Our results of a positive correlation between past concussion history and current depression levels of junior college football players is supported by other studies who have found an association between past concussion history and a greater risk of severe depression.  


The Rights of Transgender People in New York State

Danielle Draschan
Faculty Sponsor: Margaret Phillips, Brittany Jones

In my paralegal service learning experience so far, I have filed a name change order for a transgender person. Filing the name change order got me interested in the rights that transgender people have in New York State and how some of those rights came to be. For my poster, I will be diving deeper into the rights that transgender people have in New York State and the specific cases that helped to get transgender people their rights in New York State. My presentation will focus on the recent legislation and litigation regarding the rights of transgender people  in specific cases that I have researched.

The Use of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) in an Early Childhood Education Classroom for Students who are Gifted and Talented

Desirae Marotta, Crystal Hammer
Faculty Sponsor: Mark Brown

STEM is defined as a curriculum based idea of educating children with four basic disciplines, science, technology, engineering, and math. The acronym STEM was originated by Dr. Judith A. Ramaley in the early 2000’s, changing SMET to STEM. Expansions of STEM would be Science Technology Engineering Art and Mathematics (STEAM) and Science Technology Religion Engineering Art and Mathematics (STREAM). STEM can be applied to all ages and curriculum both in and out of the early childhood to second grade classrooms. The early childhood educator can incorporate various hands-on activities such as making slime or play-dough, teaching concepts of sink or float, creating 3-D sculptures, making Harry Potter potions, incorporating technology, and so much more. Research demonstrates how the principles of STEM can positively engage young learners who are gifted and talented.


Use of Group-Based Play Therapy to Address Healthy Development of Self in Young Children with ADHD:A Case Study

Juliet Holme
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Bessel, Diane Bessel

Over the past twenty years, researchers have examined the use of play therapy as a non-medication therapeutic approach for children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Several studies, including Bratton et al.  (2005) and Hashemi et al. (2018), have documented the effectiveness of short-term, individually based play therapy in reducing ADHD-related behaviors in school-aged children (ages 7-10). Less is known, however, about the effectiveness of group-based play therapy for individual participants especially as it relates to healthy development of self as well as interpersonal skills. Using single-subject design, this study examines the effectiveness of group-based play therapy as an intervention designed to improve the self-confidence, self-regulation, and social functioning of an 8yo African American male diagnosed with ADHD. Following completion of this study, recommendations will be made regarding continued use of group-based play therapy for this client and others.

Use of Psychoeducational Groups to Reduce Intimate Partner Violence

Stephanie Paolini
Faculty Sponsor: Diane Bessel

According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, approximately 20 people are physically abused by an intimate partner every minute of the day in the United States. In addition, recidivism by offenders is extremely high – with approximately 80% of victims abused by the same offender. Psychoeducational groups which hold offender’s accountable for their behaviors are the most commonly used technique to reduce recidivism. These efforts are designed to increase offender knowledge of problematic attitudes and beliefs in order to disrupt violent behavior. This formative evaluation examines two (2) different psychoeducational curricula to address intimate partner violence among mandated clients (i.e., participants in parole or probation). The evaluation will determine which of each of these approaches is more effective at increasing offender knowledge of problem attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors using pre-post test data. Evaluation results and recommendations for continuance of psychoeducational programming will be offered.

Use of Yoga as a Complementary Treatment for Preschool Aged Children with Developmental Delays

Ashley Schoenhardt, Kelley Pickard , Stefanie Briggs, Darian Decker
Faculty Sponsor: Jennifer Priore

Research states 1 in 6 children ages 3-17 years old in the U.S. are diagnosed with developmental delays, such as Cerebral Palsy, Learning and Intellectual disabilities, Down Syndrome, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Developmental disabilities often cause persisting impairments across many body systems that challenge functional activities. Children receive many traditional therapies and may seek out complementary interventions to fully address all of their needs. Yoga is one approach that children use to augment existing therapies, despite limited research in these populations supporting its use. Research has conclusively shown that yoga implemented in children with typical development demonstrates improvements in self-regulation and motor skills. Recent emerging evidence suggests that yoga improves coordination in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, however research on the motor effects of yoga for children with atypical development is very limited. This poster reviews the evidence on the effect of yoga in children developing typically and atypically.

Validation of the Yellow Flag Risk Form for Management of Chronic Low Back Pain in Physical Therapy Patients

Emily Gartenman, Anna Ruth Manta, Dylan Lodowski, Kourtney Cox
Faculty Sponsor: Ron Schenk

Validation of the Yellow Flag Risk Form for Management of Chronic Low Back Pain in Physical Therapy Patients Psychosocial factors are often associated with chronic low back pain, a condition which affects up to 80% of people within their lifetime.1 Patients with psychosocial risk factors can be subclassified using the pain-mechanism classification system (PMCS) into groups based on affective, central sensitization, and motor autonomic domains to effectively guide treatment.2 Various questionnaires exist to identify psychosocial risk factors in chronic pain patients including the previously validated STarT Back Tool (SBT) and the Yellow Flag Risk Form (YFRF).3,4 Although the SBT identifies the presence of psychosocial risk factors in patients with chronic pain, it does not classify patients into intervention driven subgroups. However, the YFRF categorizes patients based on their individual psychological construct.4 This research aims to analyze the validity of the YFRF compared to the SBT to enable the use of the YFRF in treating people with chronic pain and psychosocial risk factors. 

Vigilance Behavior of Captive Meerkats at The Buffalo Zoo

Sarah Duewiger
Faculty Sponsor: Brenda Young

I am conducting a behavioral analysis on a group of meerkats at the Buffalo Zoo. Meerkats are small, burrowing mammals that are native to many African deserts. They are social animals that live in groups ranging from 20 to up to 50 members. Often one or more meerkats will stand guard in high locations to scan for potential predators, and emit a warning call when one is observed. My work will focus on the vigilance behavior of the captive meerkats as they scan the area around their enclosure. I will determine the rate and duration of vigilance for meerkats in the captive group.


Art Gallery Installation

Valerie D'Agostino, Valerie D'Agostino, Julia Koprevich, Erin Reilly
Faculty Sponsor: Casey Kelly, Emily Burns Perryman

Students led a community art event in Black Rock, Buffalo, NY this Spring. They worked with a local nonprofit (Unite by Night led by VP Marketing Emily Burns Perryman) in developing the concept, design, and implementation of the art project and promotion. A storefront was decorated and local schools and community members created artwork from house templates that were constructed to create an installation that demonstrated the diversity, culture, and pride in the community. The event was held on Valentine’s Day weekend in Black Rock, where businesses held open houses, artwork was displayed, and an artist talk was scheduled by a local muralist. On display were the houses that were created by students and the community, and a space developed by Daemen students. This project demonstrates how design, illustration, and creativity can bring together a variety of people from all walks of life to celebrate a community.

Gentrification in Latin America and the US

Jericho Adams, Shania LiVecchi, MaryEllen Crawley, Alysha Jackson , Ricardo Marquez
Faculty Sponsor: Katherine Anson

In recent years, Buffalo has experienced a renaissance at the Waterfront. In an effort to attract tourists, old and vacant buildings have been repurposed, such as the areas around the KeyBank and Harbor Center, and the Canalside boardwalk. The regeneration of this area affects the original working-class residents by causing the cost of living to rise and therefore forcing them to find new places to reside. Through a study of the urban history of the zone, the urban changes proposed by the local government and the Erie Canal Harbor Development Corporation (ECHDC), and grassroots organizations involved in this process, this study aims to show: a) the role of the community in the revitalization plan, b) the community ties and cultural roots that are being displaced/strengthened as a result of the project, c) the way in which grassroots organizations such as P.U.S.H are responding or integrating to gentrification initiatives.

Tutorial of Texturing in Maya

Jarred Lee
Faculty Sponsor: Mike Jones

This presentation will show the process of texturing CG objects in the animation software, Maya. Maya is the most prominent software used for digital animation in the world today. The informative and entertaining narrative video tutorial will demonstrate the tools used in order to texture, ie put color and a surface, on objects in a CG environment . I will give a talk before the screening describing the process students used to create the video.

Academic Festival Animation


Festival Musicale

Rita Buccieri, Sam Warner
Faculty Sponsor: Jeremy Hall

Festivale Musicale is an event created to celebrate the hidden and unhidden musical talents that exist within the Daemen College community. The event seeks to provide an opportunity for the music lovers and music makers on campus to connect and enjoy the harmonies and melodies that resonate within us all. The event is also open to spoken word and poetry pieces on student perspectives regarding diversity, social issues, intercultural awareness, etc. at Daemen.


Issues in Islam - Poster Session (Private)

Heike Peckruhn
Faculty Sponsor: Heike Peckruhn

In this poster session, students in my LC Intro to Islam will present information on an issue of interest connected to Islam / Muslim experience. I am planning on a semi-private event, with students (who will have worked in teams of 2 on their research and poster) presenting to each other, and perhaps a few invited faculty / staff who can give them constructive feedback. The rationale for this format: These are first year students, who are still learning and practicing college level research in the humanities. Keeping this session private will reduce some of the anticipated anxiety, while also giving them a "practice run" at presenting, and participating in the academic festival (hopefully encouraging them to propose again in the future).

Bilingualism & Cognitive Development - Bilinguismo y Desarrollo Cognitivo

MaryEllen Crawley, Jericho Adams, Shania LiVecchi
Faculty Sponsor: Melissa Fiori, Katherine Anson

Bilingualism, which is speaking a second language with some level of fluency, is shown to present young children with different advantages and disadvantages in terms of cognitive development, namely in terms of increased executive functioning (cognitive control of decision making) and decreased lexical access (amount of access to a mental lexicon). The current study aimed to see if the pattern in young children continued on into the population of college-aged bilinguals. Six individuals between the ages of 18 and 20 completed a gradient scale of bilingualism (Can-Do Statements Scale), two tasks to measure executive function (N-Back Matching Task and Faux Pas Task), and two tasks to measure lexical access (Multi-Category Naming Task and Picture Naming Task), and correlations were run on the data. Results showed that increased levels of bilingualism led to increased executive function but did not show significant results in terms of lexical access. Individual trends of participants suggest that increased exposure of a second language of older bilinguals may lessen the disadvantages that are shown in terms of lexical access.

The Gender Fluidity of Manuela in "El lugar sin límites" (1987) by Arturo Ripstein

Jericho Adams, Shania LiVecchi , MaryEllen Crawley
Faculty Sponsor: Katherine Anson, Melissa Fiori

Throughout the years, there have been many changes regarding how we define gender. Often people confuse gender with one's biological sex, but in reality, they are different; the way in which a person identifies is their choice. This presentation will critically analyze Arturo Ripstein's movie titled "El lugar sin límites" (1987) and how the gender fluidity of the character Manuela, played by Roberto Cobo, represents something that does not follow the rules of societal norms. Although their gender fluidity is beautiful, it creates emotional responses that bring microagressions known as any interaction between individuals from different ethnicities, cultures, or gender that can be interpreted as an act of aggression. In addition, this presentation will discuss how the constructs of heteronormativity and hipermasculinity play a role in aggression as well. Manuela's fluidity questions modern day sexual norms.

PA Case Studies: An Evidence-Based Approach

Class of 2020 PA Students
Faculty Sponsor: Gregg Shutts

In PAS 613 Research II, a capstone course, students in the Class of 2020 present challenging and thought-provoking clinical cases to their peers emphasizing the principles of evidence-based medical practice. Students demonstrating excellence in research and presentation will be selected by faculty advisors and their peers for participation at the Academic Festival. Up to 8 students will present 20 minute case studies to the large audience that includes all of the faculty and PA students in the Classes of 2021 and 2022. These honorees will also be recognized at the PA Program's White Coat Ceremony before commencement in May.

Core Competencies

The Daemen College Core is an innovative competency-based curriculum. Every course approved for core credit includes at least three competencies, including at least one primary competency. Course syllabi state the learning objectives that relate to the competencies and the assessment techniques that will be used to determine mastery.


Michael Brogan - Senior Vice President, Academic Affairs
Jill Robins - Director of Stewardship
Diana Alvarado - Printing Shop
Sabrina Fennell - Academic Support Services
Ann Kelly - Classroom Technology Services
Amanda Gross - Office of the President
Heather Maclin - Student Activities 
Hella Jacob - Center for Excellence in Teaching & Learning
Kara Kane - Conference Services
Susan Marchione - New Programs/Initiatives, Institutional Effectiveness & Systems Integration
Michael Morgan - Publications
Yolanda Morris - Enrollment Management
Doris Murphy - Academic Affairs
Ryan Richardson - Daemen Dining Services
Joyce Strobel - Publications
Danielle Vallone - Conference Services
Tom Wojciechowski - Web Communications
Brenda Young - Global/Local Sustainability, Natural Sciences
John Zaepfel - Web Development

Faculty Proposal Reviewers

Brenda Young, Coordinator; Rebecca Begalle, Diane Bessel, Mark Brown, Erin Carman, Susan Dunkle, Greg Ford, Kevin Kegler, Casey Kelly, Vicki Madaus Knapp, Shannon Lupien, Stephanie Malinenko, Lynn Matthews, Margaret Mazzone, Caitlyn Montross, Michael Policella, Michael Ross, Jennifer Scheid, Robert Selkowicz, Sally Ann Smesko, Mary Stiles, Mark Warren, Sarah Whorley, and Andrew Wilton.

Poster & Front Cover

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Valerie D'Agostino, BFA in Illustration/Drawing, 2021

Back Cover

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Carly Uzar, BFA in Illustration/Drawing, 2020

Back Inside Cover

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Rachel Witkowski, BFA in Graphic Design, 2020

T-shirt Design

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Jemal Clarke, BFA in Graphic Design, 2021

Wayfinding Signage

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Branden Woodhead, BFA in Graphic Design, 2021

Wayfinding Signage

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Kristen Dolinar, BFA in Animation, 2022

Wayfinding Signage

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Carly Uzar, BFA in Illustration/Drawing, 2020

Social Media

2018 Academic Festival Cover View Larger Version »

Brianne Nightingale, BS in Visual Arts Education, 2021