VII.1 Organic compounds contain carbon atoms which bond to one another in chains, rings, and networks to form a variety of structures. Organic compounds can be named using the IUPAC system. (3.1ff)

VII.2 Hydrocarbons are compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Saturated hydrocarbons contain only single carbon-carbon bonds. Unsaturated hydrocarbons contain at least one multiple carbon-carbon

bond. (3.1gg)

VII.3 Organic acids, alcohols, esters, aldehydes, ketones, ethers, halides, amines, amides, and amino acids are categories of organic molecules that differ in their structures. Functional groups impart distinctive physical and chemical properties to organic compounds. (3.1hh)

VII.4 Isomers of organic compounds have the same molecular formula but different structures and proper-ties.(3.1ii)

VII.5 In a multiple covalent bond, more than one pair of electrons are shared between two atoms.Unsaturated organic compounds contain at least one double or triple bond. (5.2e)

VII.6 Types of organic reactions include: addition, substitution, polymerization, esterification, fermentation, saponification, and combustion. (3.2c).